Archibald McMurdo

Flag of a vice-admiral, Royal Navy

British naval officer born in Scotland, after whom Antarctica's McMurdo Sound, McMurdo Station, McMurdo Ice Shelf, McMurdo Dry Valleys and McMurdo–South Pole Highway are named.

- Archibald McMurdo

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McMurdo Station

United States Antarctic research station on the south tip of Ross Island, which is in the New Zealand–claimed Ross Dependency on the shore of McMurdo Sound in Antarctica.

Nuclear reactor commemorative plaque
The supply ship MV American Tern during cargo operations at McMurdo Station during Operation Deep Freeze 2007. The square building in the foreground is Discovery Hut.
McMurdo Station from above.
McMurdo Station in November 2003.
A 10K-AT "All Terrain" forklift moves a loaded cargo-sled as part of an Operation Deep Freeze resupply mission
Ivan the Terra Bus.
This 1983 image of USNS Southern Cross at McMurdo Station shows cargo operations on a floating ice pier. Such piers have been in use since 1973.
being led by the Russian icebreaker to McMurdo Station during Operation Deep Freeze 2006. Mount Erebus is visible in the background.
Byrd Historic Monument
Annotated view over the Station, also showing Scott Base and the McMurdo Ice Shelf

The station takes its name from its geographic location on McMurdo Sound, named after Lieutenant Archibald McMurdo of.

McMurdo Sound

Sound in Antarctica.

McMurdo Sound, Antarctica
An iceberg that calved off Iceberg B-15 caused extensive pack ice buildup in McMurdo Sound, blocking shipping and preventing penguin access to open water.
MV American Tern bringing supplies for McMurdo Station
Weather instruments such as this device installed upon Iceberg B-15A provide scientists a better understanding of Antarctica's impact upon global climate. Photograph by: Josh Landis. National Science Foundation
A research diver reaches towards a jellyfish that thrives in the -1.5 C salt water of McMurdo Sound.
Underwater photo showing the diverse animal life in McMurdo Sound, including the scallop Adamussium colbecki, sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, sea sponge Homaxinella balfourensis, brittlestar Ophionotus victoriae and sea spider Colossendeis
The tanker USNS Lawrence N. Gianella on standby at Winter Quarters Bay near McMurdo Station. Photograph by: Peter Rejcek. National Science Foundation.
The Erebus Ice Tongue near the ship channel used during annual resupply missions to McMurdo Station (NASA)
Most visitors to Antarctica's frozen landscape arrive via ship-borne cruises.
A Zodiac inflatable is hoisted aboard an expedition cruise ship in Antarctic waters after ferrying passengers to shore.
Mount Erebus from Castle Rock, near McMurdo Station
Orca whale off Ross Island
Orcas in McMurdo Sound
Winter Quarters Bay at McMurdo Station
Iceberg B-15A at McMurdo Sound
Icebreakers near McMurdo Station, 29 December 1965
Most visitors to Antarctica's frozen landscape arrive via ship-borne cruises.

Captain James Clark Ross discovered the sound, which is about 1300 km from the South Pole, in February 1841, and he named it after Lt. Archibald McMurdo of HMS Terror.

William Harwar Parker

Officer in the United States Navy and later in the Confederate States Navy.

Captain William Harwar Parker, during the American Civil War, in the Confederate States Navy
USS Columbus
USS Cumberland (1842), then flagship for the squadron encompassing USS Potomac
The U.S. Naval Academy in the 1850s, a decade after Parker spent less than year there as a student.
The sloop of war USS Dale, similar in design to Yorktown.
The Washington Navy Yard in the mid 19th century
USS Cyane
USS Merrimack
Cruise of the USS Columbus to Europe and South America (1842–1843)
Cruise of the USS Columbus to South America (1843–1844)

Along the way, Yorktown met up with both the British brig under the command of Archibald McMurdo and USS Perry (1843), which was then under the command of Captain Andrew H. Foote.

James Clark Ross

British Royal Navy officer and polar explorer known for his explorations of the Arctic, participating in two expeditions led by his uncle Sir John Ross, and four led by Sir William Parry, and, in particular, for his own Antarctic expedition from 1839 to 1843.

1834 painting of James Clark Ross
Illustration of the discovery of the North Magnetic Pole from Robert Huish's 1835 book.
Ross expedition in the Antarctic, 1847, by John Carmichael
"E.I. 1849": and, inscribed by a crew member of the Ross expedition on Somerset Island
James Clark Ross, depicted in 1850 by Stephen Pearce

Captain Francis Crozier was second-in-command of the expedition, commanding, with senior lieutenant Archibald McMurdo.

Ross expedition

Voyage of scientific exploration of the Antarctic in 1839 to 1843, led by James Clark Ross, with two unusually strong warships, HMS Erebus and HMS Terror.

HMS Erebus and HMS Terror in the Antarctic, by James Wilson Carmichael, 1847.
Portrait of Sir James Clark Ross by John R. Wildman. The object lower right is a dip circle.
One of the expedition's ships, either HMS Erebus or HMS Terror, from the Illustrated London News, 1845
Wandering of South Magnetic Pole from observation, starting with Ross, and prediction
Adélie penguin, from the Ross Expedition to the Antarctic of 1839–1843. The Zoology of the Voyage of HMS Erebus and Terror Vol 1, 1875. Drawn by C. Hillman
Title page of Flora Antarctica, 1844–1846
Fagus betuloides (Flora Antarctica, Plate CXXIV)
The red alga Nitophyllum smithi

McMurdo Bay (now known as McMurdo Sound) was named after Archibald McMurdo, senior lieutenant of the Terror.