Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery

Lord RoseberyEarl of RoseberyThe Earl of Rosebery5th Earl of RoseberyRoseberyArchibald PrimroseThe 5th Earl of RoseberyLord Rosebury The Right Honourable Archibald Primrose 5th '''Earl of Rosebery''' PC 5th Earl
Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, 1st Earl of Midlothian, (7 May 1847 – 21 May 1929) was a British Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from March 1894 to June 1895.wikipedia
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Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, 1st Earl of Midlothian, (7 May 1847 – 21 May 1929) was a British Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from March 1894 to June 1895.
The new Liberal leader was the ineffectual Lord Rosebery.

1895 United Kingdom general election

18951895 general election1895 UK general election
He succeeded Gladstone as prime minister and leader of the Liberal Party in 1894; the Liberals lost the 1895 election.
It was won by the Conservatives led by Lord Salisbury who formed an alliance with the Liberal Unionist Party and had a large majority over the Liberals, led by Lord Rosebery.

1895 vote of no confidence in the Rosebery ministry

vote of confidencelost a voteThe Cordite Vote
On 21 June 1895, the government lost a vote in committee on army supply by just seven votes.
The vote of no confidence in the Rosebery ministry of 21 June 1895, also known as the Cordite vote, was the occasion on which the Liberal Government of the Earl of Rosebery was defeated in a vote of censure by the House of Commons.

William Johnson Cory

William CoryWilliam Johnson
His remarkable intellect, displayed in debates, attracted the attention of William Johnson Cory.
Among his former pupils are numbered several statesmen of the period, including Lord Rosebery, Captain Algernon Drummond, Henry Scott Holland, Howard Overing Sturgis, Charles Wood, 2nd Viscount Halifax and Arthur Balfour.

Charles Street, Mayfair

Charles Street
Archibald Philip Primrose was born on 7 May 1847 in his parents' house in Charles Street, Mayfair, London.
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, British prime minister, was born in his father's house at 20 Charles Street in 1847.

Midlothian campaign

a massive speaking campaigncampaigning againstfamous campaigning speech
Rosebery first came to national attention in 1879 by sponsoring the successful Midlothian campaign of William Ewart Gladstone.
The Earl of Rosebery was the campaign manager.

William Ewart Gladstone

GladstoneWilliam GladstoneW. E. Gladstone
Rosebery first came to national attention in 1879 by sponsoring the successful Midlothian campaign of William Ewart Gladstone.
The Queen did not ask Gladstone who should succeed him, but sent for Lord Rosebery (Gladstone would have advised on Lord Spencer).

Marie Fox

Marie "Mary" Henriette Adelaide FoxPrincess Marie of LiechtensteinPrincess Mary of Liechtenstein
He was pressed to marry Marie Fox, the sixteen-year-old adopted daughter of Henry Fox, 4th Baron Holland.
At the age of sixteen, Marie was courted by Archibald Primrose, later 5th Earl of Rosebery, but refused to marry him as she was unwilling to renounce Roman Catholicism.

Sir George Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet

George TrevelyanSir George Trevelyan, BtSir George Otto Trevelyan
Sir George Otto Trevelyan – Secretary for Scotland
In a ministerial career stretching almost 30 years, he was most notably twice Secretary for Scotland under William Ewart Gladstone and the Earl of Rosebery.

Henry Campbell-Bannerman

Sir Henry Campbell-BannermanCampbell-BannermanC.-Bannerman
There were two future prime ministers in the Cabinet, Home Secretary H. H. Asquith, and Secretary of State for War Henry Campbell-Bannerman. However the war was opposed by a younger faction of Liberals, including David Lloyd George and the party leader Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman.
He also served as Secretary of State for War twice, in the Cabinets of Gladstone and Rosebery.

Epsom Derby

The DerbyDerbyDerby Day
Rosebery is reputed to have said that he had three aims in life: to win the Derby, to marry an heiress, and to become Prime Minister.
1894: The winner was owned by the Prime Minister at the time, the 5th Earl of Rosebery.

Eton College

EtonEtonianOld Etonian
Dalmeny attended preparatory schools in Hertfordshire and Brighton and then Eton which he attended between 1860 and 1863; he then went to Brighton College between 1863 and 1865.
Eton has produced nineteen British Prime Ministers, including Sir Robert Walpole, William Pitt the Elder, the first Duke of Wellington, William Ewart Gladstone, the third Marquess of Salisbury, the fifth Earl of Rosebery, Arthur James Balfour, Anthony Eden, Harold Macmillan, Alec Douglas-Home, and David Cameron.

Archibald Primrose, 4th Earl of Rosebery

Viscount Primrose4th Earl of RoseberyArchibald John Primrose, 4th Earl of Rosebery
Between the death of his father, in 1851, and the death of his grandfather, the 4th Earl of Rosebery, in 1868 he was known by the courtesy title of Lord Dalmeny. Archibald Primrose, Lord Dalmeny (1809–1851), son and heir apparent to Archibald Primrose, 4th Earl of Rosebery (1783–1868), whom he predeceased.
He was the grandfather of Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1894 to 1895.

Sir Arthur Dyke Acland, 13th Baronet

Arthur Dyke AclandArthur AclandSir Arthur Dyke Acland
Sir Arthur Herbert Dyke Acland – Vice-President of the Council
He is best remembered for his involvement with educational issues and served as Vice-President of the Council of Education under William Ewart Gladstone and the Earl of Rosebery between 1892 and 1895.

List of Presidents of Co-operative Congress

PresidentPresident of the Co-operative CongressOldham Congress
He served as President of the first day of the 1890 Co-operative Congress.

Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth

Edward MarjoribanksThe Lord TweedmouthLord Tweedmouth
Lord Tweedmouth – Lord Privy Seal
He succeeded his father in the barony in March 1894, only a few days before Gladstone resigned and Lord Rosebery became Prime Minister.

London County Council

LCCCounty CouncilLondon
His most successful performance in office came as chairman of the London County Council in 1889.
The first chairman was the Earl of Rosebery, and the last chairman was Arthur Wicks.

Harry Powlett, 4th Duke of Cleveland

Lord Harry Vane4th Duke of ClevelandHarry George Powlett, 4th Duke of Cleveland
In 1854 his mother remarried to Lord Harry Vane (later after 1864 known as Harry Powlett, 4th Duke of Cleveland).
At Chevening on 2 August 1854, Vane married Lady Dalmeny (1819–1901), the daughter of Philip Henry Stanhope, 4th Earl Stanhope and widow of Archibald Primrose, Lord Dalmeny, by whom she was the mother of Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Secretary of State for War

War SecretarySecretaries of State for WarWar Minister
There were two future prime ministers in the Cabinet, Home Secretary H. H. Asquith, and Secretary of State for War Henry Campbell-Bannerman.

Lord Randolph Churchill

Randolph ChurchillLord Randolph Henry Spencer-ChurchillLord
Rosebery turned to writing, including biographies of Lord Chatham, Pitt the Younger, Napoleon, and Lord Randolph Churchill.
Among the lifelong friendships he made at school were with Edward Hamilton and Archibald Primrose (later Lord Rosebery).

David Lloyd George

Lloyd GeorgeRt Hon. David Lloyd GeorgeBritish Prime Minister David Lloyd George
However the war was opposed by a younger faction of Liberals, including David Lloyd George and the party leader Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman.
When that was not forthcoming, he and three other Welsh Liberals (D. A. Thomas, Herbert Lewis and Frank Edwards) refused the whip on 14 April 1894, but accepted Lord Rosebery's assurance and rejoined the official Liberals on 29 May.

Christ Church, Oxford

Christ ChurchChrist Church CollegeStudent
Dalmeny proceeded to Christ Church, Oxford, through the years 1865 until 1869.
Thirteen British Prime Ministers to have studied at the college including, Anthony Eden (Prime Minister 1955–1957), William Ewart Gladstone (1828–1831), Sir Robert Peel (1841–1846) and Archibald Primrose (1894–1895).

Hannah Primrose, Countess of Rosebery

Hannah de RothschildHannahHannah de Rothschild, Countess of Rosebery
On 20 March 1878 in the Board of Guardians in Mount Street, London, at the age of 31 Rosebery married the 27-year-old Hannah de Rothschild (1851–1890), only child and sole heiress of the Jewish banker Mayer Amschel de Rothschild, and the wealthiest British heiress of her day.
In 1878, Hannah de Rothschild married Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, and was thereafter known as the Countess of Rosebery.

Winston Churchill

ChurchillSir Winston ChurchillChurchill, Winston
Winston Churchill, observing that he never adapted to democratic electoral competition, quipped: "He would not stoop; he did not conquer."
Churchill met his future wife, Clementine Hozier, in 1904 at a ball in Crewe House, home of the Earl of Crewe and Crewe's wife Margaret Primrose (daughter of Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, and Hannah Rothschild).

Archibald Primrose, Lord Dalmeny

Lord DalmenyArchibald John Primrose, Lord DalmenyArchibald Primrose
Archibald Primrose, Lord Dalmeny (1809–1851), son and heir apparent to Archibald Primrose, 4th Earl of Rosebery (1783–1868), whom he predeceased.
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery (1847–1929), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1894–1895.