Archipelago fleet

Fleet of the Armycannon longboats (kanonbarkass)cannon or mortar longboatsDescriptions of listed ship typesmortar longboatsskärgårdsflottan
The archipelago fleet (skärgårdsflottan), officially the Fleet of the army (arméns flotta), was a branch of the armed forces of Sweden which existed between 1756 and 1823.wikipedia
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Gunboat

gunboatsgunvesselpatrol gunboat
Its vessels consisted of traditional Mediterranean-style galleys, prams, gunboats and specially-designed broadside-armed "archipelago frigates".
The majority of these were vessels developed from the 1770s and onwards by the naval architect Fredrik Henrik af Chapman for the Swedish archipelago fleet.

Finnish War

Russo-Swedish WarFinlandRusso-Swedish War of 1808–1809
The archipelago fleet was active in several wars from 1757 to 1814: the Swedish involvement in the Seven Years' War, the Russo–Swedish War of 1788–90, the Finnish War of 1808–09 and the brief Swedish–Norwegian War of 1814.
For example, the Swedish archipelago fleet's ships that been docked in Åbo (nearly 50 gun sloops) were torched to prevent their capture.

Galley

galleyswar galleyrow galley
Its vessels consisted of traditional Mediterranean-style galleys, prams, gunboats and specially-designed broadside-armed "archipelago frigates".
Sweden was late in the game when it came to building an effective oared fighting fleet (skärgårdsflottan, the archipelago fleet, officially arméns flotta, the fleet of the army), while the Russian galley forces under Tsar Peter I developed into a supporting arm for the sailing navy and a well-functioning auxiliary of the army which infiltrated and conducted numerous raids on the eastern Swedish coast in the 1710s.

Augustin Ehrensvärd

Augustin EhrensvardEhrensvärd
General Augustin Ehrensvärd was appointed commander of the fleet.
Field marshal count Augustin Ehrensvärd (25 September 1710 – 4 October 1772) was a Swedish military officer, military architect, artist, creator of the Suomenlinna (Sveaborg) fortress and the Swedish archipelago fleet.

Udema

Uusimaa
The result was four new vessel types that combined the maneuverability of oar-powered galleys with the superior sail plans and decent living conditions of sailing ships: the udema, pojama, turuma and hemmema, named after the Finnish regions of Uudeenmaa (Uusimaa), Pohjanmaa, Turunmaa and Hämeenmaa (Tavastia).
An udema, also udenma, was a type of warship built for the Swedish archipelago fleet in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Fredrik Henrik af Chapman

ChapmanF H ChapmanFredric Henric af Chapman
The ship designer Fredrik Henrik Chapman had joined the navy in 1757, and was charged with creating new ship types that would better fulfill the needs of the archipelago fleet.
The recently-formed archipelago fleet (skärgårdsflottan), an inshore fleet independent of the navy under the command of the army, was in need of new vessels to replace the galleys which had proved problematic in the war against Prussia that had broken out in 1757.

Pojama

pojomaGamla Pojama
The result was four new vessel types that combined the maneuverability of oar-powered galleys with the superior sail plans and decent living conditions of sailing ships: the udema, pojama, turuma and hemmema, named after the Finnish regions of Uudeenmaa (Uusimaa), Pohjanmaa, Turunmaa and Hämeenmaa (Tavastia).
A pojama or pojema (also pojanmaa) was a type of warship built for the Swedish archipelago fleet in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Turuma

Turunmaa
The result was four new vessel types that combined the maneuverability of oar-powered galleys with the superior sail plans and decent living conditions of sailing ships: the udema, pojama, turuma and hemmema, named after the Finnish regions of Uudeenmaa (Uusimaa), Pohjanmaa, Turunmaa and Hämeenmaa (Tavastia).
A turuma (from the Finnish word "Turunmaa") was a type of warship built for the Swedish archipelago fleet in the late 18th century.

Hemmema

Hämeenmaa
The result was four new vessel types that combined the maneuverability of oar-powered galleys with the superior sail plans and decent living conditions of sailing ships: the udema, pojama, turuma and hemmema, named after the Finnish regions of Uudeenmaa (Uusimaa), Pohjanmaa, Turunmaa and Hämeenmaa (Tavastia).
A hemmema (from Finnish "Hämeenmaa", Tavastia) was a type of warship built for the Swedish archipelago fleet and the Russian Baltic Fleet in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Battle of Svensksund

SvensksundSecond Battle of SvensksundBattle of Ruotsinsalmi
On the other hand, the archipelago fleet was far more successful, although it suffered a few initial setbacks, including a tactical defeat against its Russian equivalent at Svensksund in August 1789; however, it achieved a resounding victory against the Russian inshore fleet at the second battle of Svensksund on July 9, 1790.
The war was intended to be short and to be won by the assault on St Petersburg, conducted by the navy and skärgårdsflottan (the "archipelago navy").

Battle of Svensksund (1789)

First Battle of SvensksundBattle of Svensksundfirst
On the other hand, the archipelago fleet was far more successful, although it suffered a few initial setbacks, including a tactical defeat against its Russian equivalent at Svensksund in August 1789; however, it achieved a resounding victory against the Russian inshore fleet at the second battle of Svensksund on July 9, 1790.
The Swedish fleet at Svensksund consisted of one light, shallow draft, frigate, six turumas, one hemmema, three udemas, and one pojoma archipelago frigate, with twenty gun sloops, four mortar longboats, four cannon longboats and five galleys.

Henrik af Trolle

Henrik af Trolle (24 November 1730 – 12 March 1784) was a Swedish naval officer and commander of the Swedish Archipelago fleet.

Sweden

SwedishSWEKingdom of Sweden
The archipelago fleet (skärgårdsflottan), officially the Fleet of the army (arméns flotta), was a branch of the armed forces of Sweden which existed between 1756 and 1823.

Archipelago

Island grouparchipelagicarchipelagos
Its purpose was to protect the coasts of Sweden, which was surrounded by a natural barrier of archipelagoes (or skerries).

Skerry

skerriesrocksSkjærgård
Its purpose was to protect the coasts of Sweden, which was surrounded by a natural barrier of archipelagoes (or skerries).

Swedish Coastal Artillery

Coastal ArtilleryKAKustartilleriet
In a number of respects, it was a precursor of the Swedish Coastal Artillery and its coastal fleet.

Pram (ship)

prampramspraams
Its vessels consisted of traditional Mediterranean-style galleys, prams, gunboats and specially-designed broadside-armed "archipelago frigates".

Broadside

broadsidesbroad sidedeadly shower of splinters
Its vessels consisted of traditional Mediterranean-style galleys, prams, gunboats and specially-designed broadside-armed "archipelago frigates".

Draft (hull)

draughtdraftdrew
All types had the ability to operate under oars and a small draft, enabling them to navigate the shallow and often treacherous inshore waters.

Seven Years' War

Seven Years’ WarSeven Years WarThe Seven Years' War
The archipelago fleet was active in several wars from 1757 to 1814: the Swedish involvement in the Seven Years' War, the Russo–Swedish War of 1788–90, the Finnish War of 1808–09 and the brief Swedish–Norwegian War of 1814.

Shlisselburg Fortress

Nöteborgfortress of Shlisselburgfortress in Shlisselburg
The Russian capture of Nöteborg and Nyen early in the Great Northern War allowed the Russians to access to the Baltic Sea, which had largely been under Swedish control before the war.

Nyenschantz

NyenskansNyenNevanlinna
The Russian capture of Nöteborg and Nyen early in the Great Northern War allowed the Russians to access to the Baltic Sea, which had largely been under Swedish control before the war.

Great Northern War

Great Nordic WarNorthern WarThe Great Northern War
The Russian capture of Nöteborg and Nyen early in the Great Northern War allowed the Russians to access to the Baltic Sea, which had largely been under Swedish control before the war.

Battle of Gangut

GangutBattle of AhvenanmaaBattle of Hangö
However, the small Swedish squadron, which had been hastily created during the war, was overwhelmed by the Russian galley fleet at the battle of Gangut in 1714, as the Russian fleet enjoyed tenfold superiority over the Swedish fleet.