A report on Architecture of India and Chhatri

Royal cortege leaving Rajagriha
Memorial chhatri of Jat Rana Udaybhanu Singh Maharaj at Dholpur, Rajasthan, India.
Dashavatara Temple, Deogarh is a Vishnu Hindu temple built during the early 6th century, near the end of the Gupta period.
Chhatri set atop each corner of the Hall of Audience in Fatehpur Sikri palace complex.
The rock-cut Shore Temple of the temples in Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu, 700–728. Showing the typical dravida form of tower.
Chhatri of Vithoji in Maheshwar.
Hindu Temple basic floor design
Rao Lakhaji Chhatri Bhuj
The ninth century temple in Barakar shows a tall curving shikhara crowned by a large amalaka and is an example of the early Pala style. It is similar to contemporaneous temples of Odisha.
Chhatri of Ram Mohan Roy in Arnos Vale Cemetery, Bristol, England
Drawing of a pancharatha (5 ratha) plan of subsidiary shrines of Brahmeswara Temple
A 12th-century chatri, Jaisalmir
Palitana Jain Temples
Bada Bagh at Jaisalmer
Jain Temple complex, Deogarh, Uttar Pradesh, before 862
Chhatri at Rajgarh, Rajasthan
Temple ceiling of Ranakpur Jain Temple, Rajasthan
Moosi Rani Ki Chhatri, Alwar
The Charminar, built in the 16th century by the Golconda Sultanate
Barah Khamba Chhatri at Jalsen Talab in Hindaun
Tomb of Muhammad Shah, Lodi Gardens
Qutb complex
Burial place of Ibrahim Adil Shah II
Tombs beside Tomb of Fatima Khanam
Firoze Minar at Gaur
Interior of the hypostyle hall of the Adina Mosque
Jama Masjid, Srinagar
The Golden Temple in Amritsar
Gurdwara Baba Atal is a 17th-century nine-storeyed Gurudwara in Amritsar
Shaniwarwada palace fort in Pune.
Kee monastery, Spiti
Cluster of temples in Bishnupur
Thakur Dalan of Itachuna Rajbari at Khanyan
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Lotus Temple, Delhi Fariborz Sahba
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Bimbisara visiting a bamboo garden in Rajagriha
Pari Mahal
Pointed arch, Mahabodhi temple, 6th–7th century CE, Late-Gupta period
Arches of Diwan-i-Khas, Red Fort, Delhi
Nav Toran Temple, Neemuch, Madhya Pradesh
Po Klong Garai Temple near Phan Rang
Angkor Wat
Wat Chaiwatthanaram, an example of Thai style prang
Masjid Ubudiah, showcasing elements of Indo-Saracenic style
Temples in Bagan
Ananda Temple terracotta plaque glazed in green
numerous rock-cut equivalents
A tetrastyle prostyle Gupta period temple at Sanchi besides the Apsidal hall with Maurya foundation, an example of Buddhist architecture. 5th century CE.
The Hindu Tigawa Temple, early 5th century.
The current structure of the Mahabodhi Temple dates to the Gupta era, 5th century CE. Marking the location where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment.
Vishnu temple in Eran, 5th-6th century
The Buddhagupta pillar at Eran (c.476–495 CE)
Detailed carving of elephant, Ranakpur Jain Temple
Rani Ki Vav, Gujrat
Somanath Temple
Adalaj stepwell
Taranga Jain Temple, Gujrat
Safdarjung's Tomb is built in the late Mughal style for Nawab Safdarjung. The tomb is described as the “last flicker in the lamp of Mughal architecture”
Tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah is a Mughal mausoleum in Agra.It is noticeable for the first use of pietra dura technique. The tomb is often regarded as a draft of the Taj Mahal.
Shalimar Bagh is a Mughal garden in Srinagar, linked through a channel to the northeast of Dal Lake. The Bagh is considered the high point of Mughal horticulture.
Akbar's Tomb, Agra. Built with red sandstone by his son and grandson in 1605 to 1618.
Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, the first fully developed Mughal imperial tomb, 1569–70 CE<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/232/|title=Humayun's Tomb, Delhi|website=UNESCO World Heritage Centre|language=en|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190228192141/https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/232/|archive-date=2019-02-28|url-status=live|access-date=2019-02-28}}</ref>
Stupas in Thikse Monastery
Ralang Monastery, Sikkim
Tawang Monastery, Arunachal Pradesh
Tawang Monastery assembly hall
Prayer hall at the Golden Temple in Bylakuppe, a Tibetan settlement in Karnataka
The Chandannagar Strand Ghat, reminiscences of a French colony, Chandannagar, West Bengal
Fort Dansborg, built by the 17th century Danish admiral Ove Gjedde, reminiscences of Danish India, Tharangambadi, Tamil Nadu
Tomb of Susanna Anna Maria, reminisces of Dutch India, Chinsurah, West Bengal
Church Of St Francis Of Assisi, reminisce of Portuguese India, Goa
French Quarter, Pondicherry. The city became the chief French settlement in India.
Nishat Bagh, Srinagar
Lal Bagh, Bengaluru
View of the Mughal Garden of Rashtrapati Bhavan
Waterfall at Rock Garden, Chandigarh
Char Bagh Garden, Rajasthan
The Athpula (eight piers) bridge in Lodi gardens
Pataini temple is a Jain temple built during the Gupta period, 5th century CE<ref>{{cite book | last=Cunningham | first=Alexander | author-link=Alexander Cunningham | title=Report of a Tour in the Central Provinces in 1873-74 and 1874-75 | volume=9 | series=Archaeological Survey of India | publisher=Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing | year=1879 | url={{Google books|X88OAAAAQAAJ|page=31|keywords=|text=|plainurl=yes}} | page=31}}</ref>
Relief of Jain tirthankara Parshvanatha on the Kahaum pillar erected by Skandagupta in 461 CE

Chhatri are elevated, dome-shaped pavilions used as an element in Indo-Islamic architecture and Indian architecture.

- Chhatri

Indo-Islamic architecture style of Gujarat presages many of the architectural elements later found in Mughal architecture, including ornate mihrabs and minarets, jali (perforated screens carved in stone), and chattris (pavilions topped with cupolas).

- Architecture of India
Royal cortege leaving Rajagriha

3 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam (built 1320 to 1324) in Multan, Pakistan

Indo-Islamic architecture

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Architecture of the Indian subcontinent produced by and for Islamic patrons and purposes.

Architecture of the Indian subcontinent produced by and for Islamic patrons and purposes.

Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam (built 1320 to 1324) in Multan, Pakistan
The Buland Darwaza gateway to Fatehpur Sikri, built by Akbar in 1601
The Qutb Minar (left, begun c. 1200) next to the Alai Darwaza gatehouse (1311); Qutb Complex in Delhi
Mausoleum of Iltutmish, Delhi, by 1236, with corbel arches
Tomb of Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq (d. 1325), Delhi
Arches in the main mosque at Gulbarga, 1367
Choto Sona Mosque (around 1500)
Interior of the hypostyle hall of the Adina Mosque
Kevada Mosque, Champaner
Aali Masjid in Srinagar, Kashmir.
Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, the first fully developed Mughal imperial tomb, 1569-70
King's Gate at Fatehpur Sikri, near Agra
The Taj Mahal in Agra, India, widely considered the pinnacle of Islamic architecture in the subcontinent.
The Rumi Darwaza in Lucknow, 1784, from the rear, during flooding.
Screen of the Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra mosque, Ajmer, c. 1229; Corbel arches, some cusped.
Possibly the first "true" arches in India; Tomb of Balban (d. 1287) in Delhi
Pavilions in the Hauz Khas Complex, Delhi
Tomb of Sikander Lodi in the Lodi Gardens, Delhi
Mahmud Gawan Madrasa (begun construction in the 1460s).
Jama Mosque Gulbarga (b. 1367), pictured in 1880.
"Double" tomb of Taj ud-Din Firuz Shah (d. 1422), in Gulbarga
A row of Bahminid tombs at Ashtur, Bidar
Gol Gumbaz built by the Bijapur Sultanate in Deccani style, the world's 2nd largest pre-modern dome following the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul.
Charminar at the Old City in Hyderabad, 1591
Makkah Masjid, Hyderabad
Char Kaman in Hyderabad
Hayat Bakshi Mosque in Hyderabad
Khairtabad Mosque
Shat Gombuj (Sixty Dome) Mosque in Bagerhat, Bangladesh
Interior of the Shat Gambuj Mosque
Ruined mihrabs and arabesque inside Darasbari Mosque, 15th-century
Terracotta arabesque on the wall of Khania Dighi Mosque, Gauda, 15th-century
Multi-domed Pathrail Mosque, 15th-century
Single-domed Eklakhi Mausoleum, early 15th-century
Firoz Minar, Gauda, 1480s
Corner tower with arabesque on Choto Sona Mosque, late 15th and early 16th centuries
Dakhil Doorway, Gauda, 16th-century
Jama Mosque, Champaner
Jama Mosque, Ahmedabad (the upper parts of the minarets at the entrance now lost).
Teen Darwaza (Three-Gate) entrance to Ahmedabad
Sarkhej Roza complex, Ahmedabad
alt=Sidi Bashir Mosque|Sidi Bashir Mosque, Ahmedabad
Jali at the Sidi Sayyid Mosque
Bhadra Fort, Ahmedabad
Dada Harir Stepwell, Ahmedabad
Interior of Jami Mosque, Khambhat
Jamia Masjid in Srinagar, Kashmir.
Interior of the Jamia Masjid.
Khanqah-e-Moula in Srinagar, Kashmir
Tomb of Zain-ul-Abedin's mother in Srinagar, Kashmir.
Chaqchan Mosque in Khaplu, Gilgit-Baltistan
Amburiq Mosque in Gilgit-Baltistan.
The use of elephant-shaped column brackets in buildings of the Lahore Fort reflects Hindu influences on Mughal Architecture during the reign of Akbar.
The Darwaza-i-Rauza (Great Gate) of the Taj Mahal.
Jama Masjid, Delhi, one of the largest mosques in India.
Lahori Gate of the Red Fort, Delhi, India.
Tomb of Nithar Begum at Khusro Bagh, Allahabad, India.
Akbar's Tomb at Agra, India uses red sandstone and white marble, like many of the Mughal monuments. The Taj Mahal is a notable exception, as it uses only marble.
Bibi Ka Maqbara is a tomb located in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India, which was built by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's son Azam Shah in the memory of his mother.
Badshahi mosque in Lahore, Pakistan, late Mughal, built 1673–1674.
One of the Tombs of Ustad-Shagird, Nakodar, India.
Shalimar Garden in Lahore, Pakistan

Indo-Islamic architecture has left a large impact on modern Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi architecture, as in the case of its influence on the Indo-Saracenic Revivalism of the late British Raj.

Indo-Islamic architecture style of Gujarat presages many of the architectural elements later found in Mughal architecture, including ornate mihrabs and minarets, jali (perforated screens carved in stone), and chattris (pavilions topped with cupolas).

The Taj Mahal at Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India is the most famous example of Mughal Architecture and one of India's most recognisable landmarks in general,

Mughal architecture

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Type of Indo-Islamic architecture developed by the Mughals in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries throughout the ever-changing extent of their empire in the Indian subcontinent.

Type of Indo-Islamic architecture developed by the Mughals in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries throughout the ever-changing extent of their empire in the Indian subcontinent.

The Taj Mahal at Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India is the most famous example of Mughal Architecture and one of India's most recognisable landmarks in general,
Badshahi Mosque, in Lahore, Pakistan was the largest mosque in the world for 313 years, and is the last of the imperial mosques built by the Mughals
The Alamgiri Gate at Lahore Fort, Lahore, Pakistan, was named for Aurangzeb, who was sometimes referred to as "Alamgir".
Bibi Ka Maqbara is a tomb in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, which was built by Aurangzeb in the memory of his wife, Dilras Banu Begum
The use of elephant-shaped column brackets at Lahore Fort reflects Hindu influences on Mughal Architecture during the reign of Akbar
Gardens of Babur in Kabul, Afghanistan.
Islamia White Mosque
Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, India
Buland Darwaza, Agra was built by Akbar the Great to commemorate his victory.
The tomb of Shaikh Salim Chisti is considered to be one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture
Begum Shahi Mosque is Lahore's earliest dated Mughal period mosque
The tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah is often regarded as a draft of the Tāj Mahal.
The Tomb of Jahangir at Lahore does not have a dome as Jahangir forbade construction of a dome over his tomb.
Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan, is considered to be the most ornately decorated Mughal-era mosque
The Shalimar Gardens, Lahore are among the most famous Mughal gardens.
The mosque's tile work exhibits Timurid influences introduced during Shah Jahan's campaigns in Central Asia.
The central chamber of the Shahi Hammam is decorated with frescoes
Badshahi Masjid, Lahore, Pakistan was the largest mosque in the world for 313 years, and is now the second-largest mosque in the Indian subcontinent.
Lalbagh Fort in Dhaka is an incomplete fort built by Prince Azam Shah
The 18th-century Sunehri Mosque is named for its gilded domes.
The Darwaza-i-Rauza (Great Gate) of the Taj Mahal.
Jali decorative work at the Tomb of Salim Chishti, Fatehpur Sikri.
Lahori Gate of the Red Fort, Delhi, India.
Jahangir's grave at the Tomb of Jahangir, decorated with parchin kari work.
Tomb of Nithar Begum at Khusro Bagh, Allahabad, India.
The shahada in Arabic calligraphy at the Wazir Khan Mosque, Lahore, Pakistan.
Akbar's Tomb at Agra, India uses red sandstone and white marble, like many of the Mughal monuments. The Taj Mahal is a notable exception, as it uses only marble.
Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of private audience) at Lahore Fort.
Shah Jahan Mosque in Thatta, Pakistan. The mosque is not built in the Mughal style, but reflects a heavy Persian influence.
One of the Tombs of Ustad-Shagird, Nakodar, India.

It also further incorporated and syncretized influences from wider Indian architecture, especially during the reign of Akbar (r.

Use of decorative chhatris.

Panoramic view of mosque in the daylight

Humayun's Tomb

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Tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India.

Tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India.

Panoramic view of mosque in the daylight
Mughal Emperor, Humayun r. 1508–1556
Capture of the last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar and his sons by William Hodson at Humayun's tomb in September 1857
Floor plan of tomb structure of Humayun's Tomb
Humayun's cenotaph
Ceiling of entrance chamber inside
Humayun's Tomb Garden Enclosure Plan
Tomb of Barber(Nai Ka Gumbad)
Chillah Nizamuddin
Isa Khan Niyazi's Tomb, dating 1547
Bu Halima's Garden and tomb view
Nila Gumbad ca 1625–6, built by courtier Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, for his servant Fahim Khan
Restoration work at Humayun's tomb, required removal of 3000 truckloads (12,000 cubic meters) of earth, and special chute installed at the back, from the roof (2008)
View of the Southwestern Corner of Humayun's Tomb
A reflection
Six-pointed Stars on One of Humayun's Tomb's Pishtaqs
Cenotaphs of Hamida Banu Begum, Dara Shikoh etc. in a side room
A jali mihrab indicates the qibla direction while one stands inside Humayun's cenotaph's chamber and looks to the west.
Humayun's Tomb Seen from Inside the West Gate
The Western Facade of the West Gate at Humayun's Tomb
Isa Khan's mosque, across his tomb, also built ca 1547 CE, near Humayun's tomb
Gateway into Araba Sarai, south to the pathway towards Humayun's tomb
Afsarwala tomb located near Humayun Tomb
Tomb of Humayun, with his barber's tomb (Nai-ka-Gumbad) in the foreground, Delhi (1858 photograph)
English garden-style roundabouts replaced the square central tanks of the Charbagh garden in 1860
Humayun's Tomb at night
A side view of Humayun's Tomb

While the prevailing style of architecture was trabeate, employing pillars, beams and lintels, this brought in the arcuate style of construction, with its arches and beams, which flourished under Mughal patronage and by incorporating elements of Indian architecture, especially Rajasthani architecture including decorative corbel brackets, balconies, pendentive decorations and indeed kiosks or chhatris, to develop a distinct Mughal architecture style, which was to become a lasting legacy of the Mughal rule.

The building was the first to use its unique combination of red sandstone and white marble, and includes several elements of Indian architecture, like the small canopies or chhatris surrounding the central dome, popular in Rajasthani architecture and which were originally covered with blue tiles.