The Mosque of the Prophet, standing on the site of Muhammad's first mosque in Medina. The present-day building is the result of many reconstructions and expansions up to modern times.
Royal cortege leaving Rajagriha
Section of the Umayyad-era Mshatta Facade, now in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, from a palace near Amman
Dashavatara Temple, Deogarh is a Vishnu Hindu temple built during the early 6th century, near the end of the Gupta period.
The walls and minaret of the Great Mosque of Samarra built by the Abbasids in the 9th century
The rock-cut Shore Temple of the temples in Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu, 700–728. Showing the typical dravida form of tower.
The mihrab and maqsura area of the Great Mosque of Cordoba, added to the mosque by al-Hakam II in the late 10th century
Hindu Temple basic floor design
Bab al-Futuh gate built by the Fatimid vazir Badr al-Jamali
The ninth century temple in Barakar shows a tall curving shikhara crowned by a large amalaka and is an example of the early Pala style. It is similar to contemporaneous temples of Odisha.
Shalamar Gardens, a Mughal paradise garden in Lahore, Pakistan
Drawing of a pancharatha (5 ratha) plan of subsidiary shrines of Brahmeswara Temple
The sahn (courtyard) and minaret of the Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia
Palitana Jain Temples
Qusair 'Amra
Jain Temple complex, Deogarh, Uttar Pradesh, before 862
An iwan in the Jameh Mosque of Isfahan
Temple ceiling of Ranakpur Jain Temple, Rajasthan
Ribbed dome in the Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba, dating from the 10th century
The Charminar, built in the 16th century by the Golconda Sultanate
Sultan Ahmed Mosque
Tomb of Muhammad Shah, Lodi Gardens
Mosque in Qasr al-Hallabat
Qutb complex
Entrance courtyard of Qasr al-Hallabat
Burial place of Ibrahim Adil Shah II
The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem (late 7th century)
Tombs beside Tomb of Fatima Khanam
Tarikhaneh Temple, a pre-Islamic monument built in Sasanian Persia which was later turned into a mosque, showing elements of Iranian architecture before the spread of Islam
Firoze Minar at Gaur
The Registan is the ensemble of three madrasas, in Samarkand, modern day Uzbekistan
Interior of the hypostyle hall of the Adina Mosque
Shah Mosque in Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Isfahan, Iran
Jama Masjid, Srinagar
The Bibi-Heybat Mosque in Baku, Azerbaijan
The Golden Temple in Amritsar
Portal of the Great Mosque of Divriği (1228–1229)
Gurdwara Baba Atal is a 17th-century nine-storeyed Gurudwara in Amritsar
The Bāb al-Yaman (بَـاب ٱلْـيَـمَـن, Gate of the Yemen) in the Old City of Sana'a, Yemen
Shaniwarwada palace fort in Pune.
Demak Mosque One of the oldest surviving mosques in Indonesia.
Kee monastery, Spiti
The Great Mosque of Xi'an, China
Cluster of temples in Bishnupur
A Tatar minaret dating from the 15th century
Thakur Dalan of Itachuna Rajbari at Khanyan
Almnara Tower Somalia
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The 13th century Fakr ad-Din Mosque in Mogadishu
Lotus Temple, Delhi Fariborz Sahba
Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque at Muscat is the main mosque in the Sultanate of Oman, started in 1995 and inaugurated in 2001.
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Faisal Mosque at Islamabad, Pakistan designed by Vedat Dalokay.
Bimbisara visiting a bamboo garden in Rajagriha
Museum of Islamic Art at Doha, Qatar designed by I. M. Pei.
Pari Mahal
Islamic geometric patterns in Saint Petersburg, Russia
Pointed arch, Mahabodhi temple, 6th–7th century CE, Late-Gupta period
Dome with squinches in the Palace of Ardashir of pre-Islamic Persia. squinches are one of the most significant Sasanian contribution to Islamic architecture<ref>{{cite web|last1=Huff|first1=D.|title=ARCHITECTURE iii. Sasanian Period – Encyclopaedia Iranica|url=http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/architecture-iii|access-date=16 March 2019|website=www.iranicaonline.org|publisher=Encyclopaedia Iranica}}</ref>
Arches of Diwan-i-Khas, Red Fort, Delhi
The dome of the Gur-i Amir Mausoleum in Samarqand
Nav Toran Temple, Neemuch, Madhya Pradesh
Non-radial rib vault in the Jameh Mosque of Isfahan
Po Klong Garai Temple near Phan Rang
Dome of the tomb of Ahmed Sanjar in Merv
Angkor Wat
Upper dome of Ālī Qāpū, Isfahan
Wat Chaiwatthanaram, an example of Thai style prang
VIew of the main dome at Humayun's Tomb in Delhi
Masjid Ubudiah, showcasing elements of Indo-Saracenic style
Dome of Taj Mahal in Agra
Temples in Bagan
The bulbous domes of the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore
Ananda Temple terracotta plaque glazed in green
The main dome of Shah Jahan Mosque, Thatta has tiles arranged in a stellate pattern to represent the night sky
numerous rock-cut equivalents
The interior of the main dome of Shahi Hammam in Lahore
A tetrastyle prostyle Gupta period temple at Sanchi besides the Apsidal hall with Maurya foundation, an example of Buddhist architecture. 5th century CE.
Schematic drawing of a pendentive dome
The Hindu Tigawa Temple, early 5th century.
Central domes of the Hagia Sophia
The current structure of the Mahabodhi Temple dates to the Gupta era, 5th century CE. Marking the location where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment.
Dome of the Kalenderhane Mosque
Vishnu temple in Eran, 5th-6th century
Selimiye Mosque, Edirne
The Buddhagupta pillar at Eran (c.476–495 CE)
Mashrabiya balcony in Bayt al-Suhaymi, Cairo (Egypt)
Detailed carving of elephant, Ranakpur Jain Temple
Hünkâr Mahfili (prayer space for the sultan) inside the Hagia Sophia (Turkey)
Rani Ki Vav, Gujrat
Use of Jali screen at Lahore Fort (Pakistan)
Somanath Temple
Jharokha balcony at Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur (India)
Adalaj stepwell
Design of a muqarnas quarter vault from the Topkapı Scroll
Taranga Jain Temple, Gujrat
Muqarnas in the necropolis of Shah-i-Zinda, Samarqand
Safdarjung's Tomb is built in the late Mughal style for Nawab Safdarjung. The tomb is described as the “last flicker in the lamp of Mughal architecture”
Muqarnas in the Alhambra
Tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah is a Mughal mausoleum in Agra.It is noticeable for the first use of pietra dura technique. The tomb is often regarded as a draft of the Taj Mahal.
The muqarna of a mosque in Bukhara, Uzbekistan
Shalimar Bagh is a Mughal garden in Srinagar, linked through a channel to the northeast of Dal Lake. The Bagh is considered the high point of Mughal horticulture.
Intricate design on the muqarna of Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore
Akbar's Tomb, Agra. Built with red sandstone by his son and grandson in 1605 to 1618.
Geometrical tile decoration (Zellij) in the Ben Youssef Madrasa in Marrakesh
Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, the first fully developed Mughal imperial tomb, 1569–70 CE<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/232/|title=Humayun's Tomb, Delhi|website=UNESCO World Heritage Centre|language=en|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190228192141/https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/232/|archive-date=2019-02-28|url-status=live|access-date=2019-02-28}}</ref>
Dome of the Shah Mosque in Isfahan with calligraphic inscription
Stupas in Thikse Monastery
Bengali Islamic terracotta on a 17th-century mosque in Tangail, Bangladesh
Ralang Monastery, Sikkim
Tiles in Topkapı Palace, an example of Ottoman Architecture
Tawang Monastery, Arunachal Pradesh
Much of the interior of Emperor Jahangir's mausoleum in Lahore is adorned with Mughal-era frescoes.
Tawang Monastery assembly hall
Calligraphic inscription on the dome of the Mevlana mausoleum
Prayer hall at the Golden Temple in Bylakuppe, a Tibetan settlement in Karnataka
Design of Ceiling in the Mahabat Khan Mosque in Peshawar
The Chandannagar Strand Ghat, reminiscences of a French colony, Chandannagar, West Bengal
Mihrab of the Great Mosque of Cordoba (10th century)
Fort Dansborg, built by the 17th century Danish admiral Ove Gjedde, reminiscences of Danish India, Tharangambadi, Tamil Nadu
Stucco-carved mihrab of Uljaytu at the Jameh Mosque of Isfahan (early 14th century)
Tomb of Susanna Anna Maria, reminisces of Dutch India, Chinsurah, West Bengal
Mihrab of the Mosque-Madrasa of Sultan Hasan in Cairo (14th century)
Church Of St Francis Of Assisi, reminisce of Portuguese India, Goa
Ottoman mihrab with Iznik tiles in the Rüstem Pasha Mosque, Istanbul (16th century)
French Quarter, Pondicherry. The city became the chief French settlement in India.
Mihrab of the Jama Masjid in Delhi (mid-17th century)
Nishat Bagh, Srinagar
Minaret of the Great Mosque of Kairouan (early 9th century)
Lal Bagh, Bengaluru
Minaret of Jam, Afghanistan (12th century)
View of the Mughal Garden of Rashtrapati Bhavan
Minaret of Sultan Qaytbay (15th century) at the Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo
Waterfall at Rock Garden, Chandigarh
Ottoman minarets of the Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul (early 17th century)
Char Bagh Garden, Rajasthan
Qutb Minar of Delhi (12th century)
The Athpula (eight piers) bridge in Lodi gardens
Medina quarter of Fez, Morocco
Figure-ground diagram of Algiers
Pataini temple is a Jain temple built during the Gupta period, 5th century CE<ref>{{cite book | last=Cunningham | first=Alexander | author-link=Alexander Cunningham | title=Report of a Tour in the Central Provinces in 1873-74 and 1874-75 | volume=9 | series=Archaeological Survey of India | publisher=Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing | year=1879 | url={{Google books|X88OAAAAQAAJ|page=31|keywords=|text=|plainurl=yes}} | page=31}}</ref>
Figure-ground diagram of a European town (1819)
Relief of Jain tirthankara Parshvanatha on the Kahaum pillar erected by Skandagupta in 461 CE
Kharraqan Towers, mausoleums of Seljuk princes, built in 1068 and 1093 in Iran
Dome in the Friday Mosque of Isfahan, Iran, added in 1088–89 by Seljuk vizier Taj al-Mulk
Ghaznavid Tower of Mas'ud III near Ghazni (present-day Afghanistan), from the early 12th century
Ribat-i Sharaf caravanserai in Khorasan (northeastern Iran), built in 1114–1115
The Kalyan Minaret in Bukhara (present-day Uzbekistan), built in 1127 as part of a Qarakhanid congregational mosque
Toghrol Tower in Rayy, south of present-day Tehran (Iran), built in 1139 as the tomb of the Seljuk sultan Tughril
Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmad Sanjar (c. 1152) in Merv (present-day Turkmenistan)
Hospital of Nur al-Din, Damascus (1154)
Qarakhanid Mausoleums in Uzgen (Kyrgyzstan), second half of the 12th century
Minaret of the al-Nuri Mosque in Mosul (before its destruction in 2017), dating from the 12th century
Courtyard façade of the Great Mosque of Diyarbakir, founded in the 7th century and rebuilt by the Artuqids in the 12th century
Yedi Kardeş Tower in the city walls of Diyarbakir, built by Artuqid sultan Nasir al-Din Mahmud in 1208–1209
Mausoleum of Fakhr al-Din Razi or Il-Arslan in Kunya-Urgench (Turkmenistan), late 12th or early 13th century (Khwarazmian Empire period)
Zinciriye or Sultan Isa Madrasa in Mardin (1385)
Hypostyle interior of the Alâeddin Mosque in Konya (12th-13th centuries)
Seljuk mosaic tile decoration from the Kubadabad Palace (early 13th-century Anatolia)
Courtyard of the Sultan Han caravanserai, built in 1229 on the road between Aksaray and Konya
Interior of the Çifte Minareli Medrese in Erzurum (c. 1250)
Entrance portal of the Karatay Madrasa in Konya (c. 1251), with muqarnas and ablaq decoration
Tile decoration inside the Karatay Madrasa in Konya (c. 1251)
Stone-carved decoration in the entrance portal of the Ince Minareli Medrese in Konya (c. 1265)
Entrance and minarets of the Gök Medrese in Sivas (1271–2)
Döner Kümbet in Kayseri (1276), the tomb of a Seljuk princess
Eşrefoğlu Mosque in Beyşehir (1297), an example of a wooden hypostyle mosque
The Green Mosque in Iznik (late 14th century)<ref>{{Cite book|last=Goodwin|first=Godfrey|title=A History of Ottoman Architecture|publisher=Thames & Hudson|year=1971|isbn=0500274290|location=New York|pages=20}}</ref>
The Grand Mosque of Bursa (end of 14th century)
Tiled mihrab of the Green Mosque in Bursa (early 15th century)
Courtyard of the Bayezid II Mosque, Istanbul (late 15th century)
Süleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul (16th century), designed by Mimar Sinan
One of the chambers of the Topkapı Palace
Interior of Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Istanbul (early 17th century)
Nuruosmaniye Mosque, Istanbul (mid-18th century), an example of the Ottoman Baroque style
The sebil of Abdülhamid I, Istanbul (late 18th century)<ref>{{Cite book|last=Goodwin|first=Godfrey|title=A History of Ottoman Architecture|publisher=Thames & Hudson|year=1971|isbn=0500274290|location=New York}}</ref>
Entrance gates of the Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul (19th century)
Istanbul High School (19th century)
Examples of civil Ottoman architecture in Eskişehir
Yalı is a house or mansion constructed along the shores of the Bosphorus near Istanbul
Reception Hall of Abd ar-Rahman III at Madinat al-Zahra (10th century, caliphal period)
Aljaferia Palace in Zaragoza (11th century, Taifa period)
Almoravid Qubba in Marrakesh (early 12th century, Almoravid period)
Kutubiyya Mosque in Marrakesh (12th century, Almohad period)
Giralda tower in Seville: former Almohad minaret (12th century) converted into a Christian bell tower
Kasbah Mosque in Tunis (13th century, Hafsid period)
Bou Inania Madrasa in Fes (14th century, Marinid period)
The Court of the Lions at the Alhambra, Granada (14th century, Nasrid period)
Dome of the Hall of Ambassadors in the Alcazar of Seville (14th century): an example of Mudejar architecture
Youssef Dey Mosque in Tunis (17th century): an example of Ottoman influence blended with local styles
Central mosque of Ghardaïa: an example of local architecture in the M'zab region (Algeria)
Mihrab of the Mausoleum of Sultan Baybars in Damascus (built 1277-1281)
Complex of Sultan Qalawun in Cairo (built in 1284–85). It included a mausoleum, a madrasa, and a highly important maristan (hospital).<ref>{{Cite book|last=Raymond|first=André|title=Le Caire|publisher=Fayard|year=1993|isbn=9782213029832}}</ref>
Mosque of al-Nasir Muhammad (built in 1318 and modified in 1335) at the Citadel of Cairo
The Madrasa-Mosque of Sultan Hasan (built between 1356 and 1361), the largest and one of the most impressive Mamluk monuments{{sfn|Blair|Bloom|1995|p=82}}{{sfn|Williams|2018|p=78}}
Projecting entrance portal of the Madrasa-Mosque of Sultan Barquq (built between 1384 and 1386)
Interior of a mausoleum in the Khanqah-Mosque of Faraj ibn Barquq (built between 1400 and 1411)
Twin minarets of Bab Zuweila, built between 1415 and 1420 for the nearby Mosque of al-Mu'ayyad Shaykh
Carved stone dome of the Funerary complex of Sultan Qaytbay (completed in 1474) in the Northern Cemetery of Cairo
Sabil of Qaytbay (1482) at the Haram al-Sharif, Jerusalem
Wikala of Sultan al-Ghuri (1505), example of an urban caravanserai in Cairo
Sabil-Kuttab of Abd ar-Rahman Katkhuda (1744), which combines Mamluk and Ottoman elements{{sfn|Williams|2018|p=230}}
Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque in Alexandria, built in the 1940s in a neo-Mamluk style
The Taj Mahal, the most famous building of Mughal architecture.
Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, the first fully developed Mughal imperial tomb, 1569-70 CE
Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam in Multan, Pakistan
Badshahi Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan
Bibi Ka Maqbara at Aurangabad
Baradri (a type of Mughal building) at Fatima Jinnah Park in Islamabad
Gol Gumbaz built by the Bijapur Sultanate in Deccani style
Shah Jahan Mosque in Thatta, Pakistan
Sixty Dome Mosque in Bangladesh
Gate of Panembahan Senapati Mosque in Kotagede, Yogyakarta.
The Grand Mosque of the Masjid Agung in Central Java, Indonesia, features a multi-layered roof typical of Indonesian mosque architecture.
Baiturrahman Grand Mosque, Indonesia, with Mughal and Dutch Colonial influences.
The Menara Kudus Mosque employs a Hindu-Buddhist temple-like structure as a minaret<ref name="Schoppert, P. 1997, p. 207">Schoppert, P., Damais, S., Java Style, 1997, Didier Millet, Paris, p. 207, {{ISBN|962-593-232-1}}</ref>
Masjid Kampung Laut
Masjid Zahir
Kampung Hulu Mosque
Sultan Alaeddin Royal Mosque
Paloh Mosque
The Mosque of Arwa bint Ahmad in Jibla (11th century), an example of a hypostyle courtyard mosque
Great Mosque of Zabid, with one of the oldest surviving minarets in Yemen (circa 13th century)
Central dome of the Ashrafiyya Mosque in Ta'izz (circa 1397)
Shibam, an example of a historic fortified village
Minaret at the Jama Masjid in Delhi (mid-17th century)
alt=|The Qutb Minar and Quwwat al-Islam Mosque complex in Delhi, begun in the 1190s and expanded in the 13th to 14th centuries{{Sfn|Bloom|Blair|2009|loc=Architecture}}
The Friday Mosque of Ahmedabad (1423), which prominently combines Islamic and indigenous Indian architectural forms{{Sfn|Bloom|Blair|2009|loc=Architecture; VI. c. 1250–c. 1500; A. Eastern Islamic lands; 3. India}}
alt=|Fatehpur Sikri, a palatial complex begun in the 1560s by Akbar{{Sfn|Bloom|Blair|2009|loc=Fatehpur Sikri}}
Charminar in Hyderabad (1591), an example of architecture in the Deccan Sultanates{{Sfn|Bloom|Blair|2009|loc=Hyderabad}}
Room with fountain in the Muthamman Burj (1628–30), added by Shah Jahan inside the Agra Fort built by Akbar{{Sfn|Bloom|Blair|2009|loc=Agra}}
The Red Fort in Delhi, built between 1639 and 1648 as the citadel of Shah Jahan's new capital{{Sfn|Bloom|Blair|2009|loc=Delhi}}
Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore (1635), notable for its tile-decorated surfaces{{sfn|Porter|Degeorge|2009|p=250}}
alt=|Badshahi Mosque in Lahore ({{circa|1673}}–1674){{sfn|Bloom|Blair|2009|loc=Architecture; VII. c. 1500–c. 1900; D. India}}
alt=|Bibi Ka Maqbara at Aurangabad (1678){{sfn|Porter|Degeorge|2009|p=277}}
The Asfi Mosque of the Bara Imambara complex in Lucknow ({{circa|1780}}){{sfn|Porter|Degeorge|2009|p=285}}

Further east, it was also influenced by Chinese and Indian architecture as Islam spread to Southeast Asia.

- Islamic architecture

The architecture during the Mughal Period, with its rulers being of Turco-Mongol origin, has shown a notable blend of Indian style combined with the Islamic.

- Architecture of India
The Mosque of the Prophet, standing on the site of Muhammad's first mosque in Medina. The present-day building is the result of many reconstructions and expansions up to modern times.

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Panoramic view of mosque in the daylight

Humayun's Tomb

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Tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India.

Tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India.

Panoramic view of mosque in the daylight
Mughal Emperor, Humayun r. 1508–1556
Capture of the last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar and his sons by William Hodson at Humayun's tomb in September 1857
Floor plan of tomb structure of Humayun's Tomb
Humayun's cenotaph
Ceiling of entrance chamber inside
Humayun's Tomb Garden Enclosure Plan
Tomb of Barber(Nai Ka Gumbad)
Chillah Nizamuddin
Isa Khan Niyazi's Tomb, dating 1547
Bu Halima's Garden and tomb view
Nila Gumbad ca 1625–6, built by courtier Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, for his servant Fahim Khan
Restoration work at Humayun's tomb, required removal of 3000 truckloads (12,000 cubic meters) of earth, and special chute installed at the back, from the roof (2008)
View of the Southwestern Corner of Humayun's Tomb
A reflection
Six-pointed Stars on One of Humayun's Tomb's Pishtaqs
Cenotaphs of Hamida Banu Begum, Dara Shikoh etc. in a side room
A jali mihrab indicates the qibla direction while one stands inside Humayun's cenotaph's chamber and looks to the west.
Humayun's Tomb Seen from Inside the West Gate
The Western Facade of the West Gate at Humayun's Tomb
Isa Khan's mosque, across his tomb, also built ca 1547 CE, near Humayun's tomb
Gateway into Araba Sarai, south to the pathway towards Humayun's tomb
Afsarwala tomb located near Humayun Tomb
Tomb of Humayun, with his barber's tomb (Nai-ka-Gumbad) in the foreground, Delhi (1858 photograph)
English garden-style roundabouts replaced the square central tanks of the Charbagh garden in 1860
Humayun's Tomb at night
A side view of Humayun's Tomb

Turkic and Mughal rule in the Indian subcontinent also introduced Central Asian and Persian styles of Islamic architecture in the region, and by the late 12th century early monuments in this style were appearing in and around Delhi, the capital of Delhi Sultanate.

The building was the first to use its unique combination of red sandstone and white marble, and includes several elements of Indian architecture, like the small canopies or chhatris surrounding the central dome, popular in Rajasthani architecture and which were originally covered with blue tiles.