archivesarchivalfilm archivearchivingdigital archivearchival materialarchivedfilm archivesarchival materialsarchivist
An archive is an accumulation of historical records or the physical place they are located.wikipedia
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archivistsrecord keeperarchival
Professional archivists and historians generally understand archives to be records that have been naturally and necessarily generated as a product of regular legal, commercial, administrative, or social activities.
An archivist is an information professional who assesses, collects, organizes, preserves, maintains control over, and provides access to records and archives determined to have long-term value.

Archival science

archival theoryarchivalarchival studies
The study and practice of organizing, preserving, and providing access to information and materials in archives is called archival science.
Archival science, or archival studies, is the study and theory of building and curating archives, which are collections of documents, recordings and data storage devices.

Primary source

primary sourcesprimaryprimary documents
Archives contain primary source documents that have accumulated over the course of an individual or organization's lifetime, and are kept to show the function of that person or organization.
Although many primary sources remain in private hands, others are located in archives, libraries, museums, historical societies, and special collections.


Archives were well developed by the ancient Chinese, the ancient Greeks, and ancient Romans (who called them Tabularia).
The Tabularium was the official records office of ancient Rome and housed the offices of many city officials.

Historic England Archive

English Heritage ArchiveNational Buildings RecordNational Monuments Record
The English Heritage Archive is the public archive of English Heritage.
The Historic England Archive is the public archive of Historic England, located in The Engine House on Fire Fly Avenue in Swindon, formerly part of the Swindon Works of the Great Western Railway.

Records management

record keepingrecordkeepingrecords
Especially in business archives, records management is separate from the historic aspect of archives.

The National Archives (United Kingdom)

National ArchivesThe National ArchivesUK National Archive
In the UK, the National Archives (formerly known as the Public Record Office) is the government archive for England and Wales.
It is the official archive of the UK government and for England and Wales; and "guardian of some of the nation's most iconic documents, dating back more than 1,000 years."

Archives Nationales (France)

Archives nationalesNational ArchivesFrench National Archives
The French National Archives, who possess perhaps the largest archival collection in the world, with records going as far back as 625 A.D., were created in 1790 during the French Revolution from various government, religious, and private archives seized by the revolutionaries.
The Archives Nationales (Archives nationales de France), also known as the French Archives or the National Archives, preserve France's official archives apart from the archives of the Ministry of the Armies and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as these two ministries have their own archive services, the Defence Historical Service (Service historique de la défense) and Diplomatic Archives (Archives diplomatiques) respectively.

County record office

County Archivistlocal archivesborough record office
A network of county record offices and other local authority-run archives exists throughout England, Wales, and Scotland and holds many important collections, including local government, landed estates, church, and business records.
In the United Kingdom (and particularly in England and Wales) the term county record office usually refers to a local authority repository, also called a county archives.

Historical document

historical documentsdocumentshistorical information
An archive is an accumulation of historical records or the physical place they are located.

Vatican Apostolic Archive

Vatican Secret ArchivesVatican ArchivesArchivist
A prominent Church Archives is the Vatican Secret Archive.
The archive also contains the state papers, correspondence, papal account books, and many other documents which the church has accumulated over the centuries.


genealogistgenealogicalfamily history
Historians, genealogists, lawyers, demographers, filmmakers, and others conduct research at archives.
Genealogists locate these records in local, regional or national offices or archives and extract information about family relationships and recreate timelines of persons' lives.


Find spotunprovenanceddata provenance
Many museums keep archives in order to prove the provenance of their pieces.
The term was originally mostly used in relation to works of art but is now used in similar senses in a wide range of fields, including archaeology, paleontology, archives, manuscripts, printed books and science and computing.

International Council on Archives

ICAICA: International Council on ArchivesInternational Council on Archives (ICA)
The International Council on Archives (ICA) has developed a number of standards on archival description including the General International Standard Archival Description ISAD(G).
The International Council on Archives (ICA; French: Conseil international des archives) is an international non-governmental organization which exists to promote international cooperation for archives and archivists.

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

In the United States, ISAD(G) is implemented through Describing Archives: A Content Standard, popularly known as "DACS".
Describing Archives: A Content Standard (DACS) is a standard used for describing materials in an archive.

Archival research

archivalarchival documentsarchival research method
Archival research is a type of research which involves seeking out and extracting evidence from archival records.

Archival informatics

archival information
Archival informatics is the theory and application of informatics in and around the realm of archives and record keeping.

Information management

informationInformation managerComputing and Information Technology
Information management (IM) concerns a cycle of organizational activity: the acquisition of information from one or more sources, the custodianship and the distribution of that information to those who need it, and its ultimate disposition through archiving or deletion.

List of archives

Staffordshire Record Office
An archive is an establishment that collects, stores and preserves knowledge in several formats: books, manuscripts, journals, newspapers, magazines, sound and music recordings, videos, play-scripts, patents, databases, maps, stamps, prints, drawings and more.

Preservation (library and archival science)

preservationbook storagepreserve
Preservation, in this definition, is practiced in a library or an archive by a librarian, archivist, or other professional when they perceive a record is in need of care.

Collection (artwork)

collectionart collectioncollections
A museum is distinguished by a collection of often unique objects that forms the core of its activities for exhibitions, education, research, etc. This differentiates it from an archive or library, where the contents may be more paper-based, replaceable and less exhibition oriented, or a private collection of art formed by an individual, family or institution that may grant no public access.

List of national archives

The National ArchivesNational ArchivesNational Archive
National archives are central archives maintained by countries.

Archival processing

Manuscript processingprocessing[2
Ideally, when an archives receives a collection of papers or a group of records, they will have been arranged by the originator (the original person, persons, or organization that created or assembled the collection or records) and boxed up for the move to the archives in such a way that this order has been preserved.


Comprehensive Perl Archive NetworkCPAN-stylethe Comprehensive Perl Archive Network
Similarly, software code and documentation can be archived on the web, as with the example of CPAN.
Distributions on the CPAN are divided into 24 broad chapters based on their purpose, such as Internationalization and Locale; Archiving, Compression, And Conversion; and Mail and Usenet News.

Archive Fever

Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression
In Archive Fever, Derrida discusses the nature and function of the archive, particularly in Freudian terms and in light of the death drive.