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Area codes 519, 226, and 548

519 and 226519519, 226
In 1953, the Southwestern Ontario portion of 613 was combined with the western portion of 416 to become 519.
The main area code, 519, was created in 1953 from the western portion of 416 and the southwestern portion of 613.

Overlay plan

overlayoverlaidoverlay area code
Area code 613 and overlay area code 343 are area codes for Ottawa and surrounding Eastern Ontario, Canada, in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP).
It shares the same calling area as Hull, its twin city in Quebec, even though Ottawa was in area code 613 and Hull was in area code 819.

Area codes 819 and 873

819area code 819819, 873
Ottawa and its twin city in Quebec, Gatineau fall on the boundary between 613 and Quebec's area code 819.
819 thus bordered 613 and the new 705 codes in Ontario and 418 on the east and north, and the remainder of 514 on the south.

Area codes 416, 647, and 437

416416, 647416, 647, 437
The 613 area originally covered all of Ontario with the exception of the Golden Horseshoe, which was in area code 416.
It was almost completely surrounded by Ontario's other area code, 613.

Belleville, Ontario

BellevilleBelleville, ONBelleville Police Service
The proliferation of cell phones and pagers, particularly in the larger cities in the 613 area (Ottawa, Kingston, Belleville, etc.) only magnified the problem.
Officially, Belleville is properly considered part of the Central Ontario region as it is located west of the St. Lawrence River's starting point, but the city is popularly considered part of Eastern Ontario as it shares the eastern region's area code 613 and K postal code.

Rapides-des-Joachims

Further west, Rapides-des-Joachims, Quebec shares an exchange with adjacent Rolphton, Ontario.
Because it is also isolated from Quebec's telecommunications network, the community is part of Rolphton's telephone exchange area, and is consequently served by Ontario's area code 613 rather than Quebec's area code 819.

Central office code protection

exchange code protectioncode protection
To preserve seven-digit dialling between Ottawa and Hull, an exchange code protection scheme was implemented so that the same seven-digit local number could not be assigned on both sides of the National Capital Region.
In large cities located directly on area code boundaries (such as Ottawa-Hull in 613/819, the sixth-largest Canadian metropolitan area), this can lead to a situation where none of the many vacant prefixes can be assigned without breaking seven-digit calling across the area code boundary.

List of original NANP area codes

original area codesoriginal 86 area codesoriginal numbering plan areas
613 is one of the 86 original area codes in the NANP assigned in October 1947.

National Capital Region (Canada)

National Capital RegionOttawa-GatineauOttawa
To preserve seven-digit dialling between Ottawa and Hull, an exchange code protection scheme was implemented so that the same seven-digit local number could not be assigned on both sides of the National Capital Region.
The NCR uses area codes 613 and 343 on the Ontario side of the Ottawa River, while on the Quebec side 819 and 873 are used.

Ottawa

Ottawa, OntarioOttawa, ONOttawa, Ontario, Canada
Area code 613 and overlay area code 343 are area codes for Ottawa and surrounding Eastern Ontario, Canada, in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP).

Eastern Ontario

EasternSoutheastern Ontarioeast
Area code 613 and overlay area code 343 are area codes for Ottawa and surrounding Eastern Ontario, Canada, in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP).

Brighton, Ontario

BrightonCodringtonBrighton Township
Since 1957, 613 covers only Eastern Ontario, an area extending from Brighton and Deep River eastward to Saint Regis, Quebec.

Deep River, Ontario

Deep River
Since 1957, 613 covers only Eastern Ontario, an area extending from Brighton and Deep River eastward to Saint Regis, Quebec.

Akwesasne

St. RegisAkwesasne Indian ReserveAkwesasne Mohawk
Since 1957, 613 covers only Eastern Ontario, an area extending from Brighton and Deep River eastward to Saint Regis, Quebec.

Nepean, Ontario

NepeanCity of NepeanNepean Township
The "Ottawa–Hull" exchange only covers the area that was the city of Ottawa prior to the 2001 amalgamation, plus the former suburbs of Nepean (central part) and Vanier and small sections of other urban communities.

Kingston, Ontario

KingstonKingston, Upper CanadaBarriefield
The proliferation of cell phones and pagers, particularly in the larger cities in the 613 area (Ottawa, Kingston, Belleville, etc.) only magnified the problem.

Sharbot Lake

The main incumbent local exchange carrier in 613 is Bell Canada, although there are some five independent companies serving rural exchanges—the Lansdowne Rural Telephone Company serving Lansdowne; the North Frontenac Telephone Company serving Sharbot Lake and Parham; the North Renfrew Telephone Company serving Beachburg, Westmeath, and the area outside of Pembroke; the Roxborough Telephone Company serving Moose Creek; and the Westport Telephone Company serving Westport.

Pembroke, Ontario

Pembroke
The main incumbent local exchange carrier in 613 is Bell Canada, although there are some five independent companies serving rural exchanges—the Lansdowne Rural Telephone Company serving Lansdowne; the North Frontenac Telephone Company serving Sharbot Lake and Parham; the North Renfrew Telephone Company serving Beachburg, Westmeath, and the area outside of Pembroke; the Roxborough Telephone Company serving Moose Creek; and the Westport Telephone Company serving Westport.

Whitewater Region

BeachburgWestmeathHaley Station
The main incumbent local exchange carrier in 613 is Bell Canada, although there are some five independent companies serving rural exchanges—the Lansdowne Rural Telephone Company serving Lansdowne; the North Frontenac Telephone Company serving Sharbot Lake and Parham; the North Renfrew Telephone Company serving Beachburg, Westmeath, and the area outside of Pembroke; the Roxborough Telephone Company serving Moose Creek; and the Westport Telephone Company serving Westport.

Westport, Ontario

Westport
The main incumbent local exchange carrier in 613 is Bell Canada, although there are some five independent companies serving rural exchanges—the Lansdowne Rural Telephone Company serving Lansdowne; the North Frontenac Telephone Company serving Sharbot Lake and Parham; the North Renfrew Telephone Company serving Beachburg, Westmeath, and the area outside of Pembroke; the Roxborough Telephone Company serving Moose Creek; and the Westport Telephone Company serving Westport.

Laurentian Hills

RolphtonWylieBuchanan
Further west, Rapides-des-Joachims, Quebec shares an exchange with adjacent Rolphton, Ontario.

Arnprior

Arnprior, OntarioArnprior, ON
Arnprior – (343): 373, 761, (613): 622, 623, 626

Central Frontenac

ArdenMountain GroveCentral Frontenac Township
Arden (Central Frontenac) – (343): 268, (613): 335