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Climbing palm

climber
Their growth form can be climbers, shrubs, trees and stemless plants, all commonly known as palms. Those having a tree form are colloquially called palm trees. They are flowering plants, a family in the monocot order Arecales.
Climbing palms are genera in the family Arecaceae that grow as lianas.

Washingtonia

California fan palmCalifornian fan palmsfan palm
Some common palms restricted to solitary growth include Washingtonia and Roystonea.
Washingtonia is a genus of palms, native to the southwestern United States (in southern California, and southwest Arizona, and northwest Mexico (in northern Baja California and Sonora).

Roystonea

royal palmroyal palmsImperial Palm
Some common palms restricted to solitary growth include Washingtonia and Roystonea.
Roystonea is a genus of eleven species of monoecious palms, native to the Caribbean Islands, and the adjacent coasts of the United States (Florida), Central America and northern South America.

Rhapis

lady palm
Exclusively sympodial genera include many of the rattans, Guihaia, and Rhapis.
Rhapis is a genus of about 10 species of small palms native to southeastern Asia from southern Japan and southern China south to Sumatra.

Salacca

The fruit is usually a single-seeded drupe (sometimes berry-like) but some genera (e.g., Salacca) may contain two or more seeds in each fruit.
Salacca is a genus of about 20 species of palms native to Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas.

Guihaia

Exclusively sympodial genera include many of the rattans, Guihaia, and Rhapis.
Guihaia is a genus of three species of palms found in China and Vietnam.

Tree

treessaplingarboreal
Their growth form can be climbers, shrubs, trees and stemless plants, all commonly known as palms. Those having a tree form are colloquially called palm trees. They are flowering plants, a family in the monocot order Arecales.
In wider definitions, the taller palms, tree ferns, bananas, and bamboos are also trees.

Lodoicea

coco de mercoco-de-merCoco de Mer Palm
The coco de mer (Lodoicea maldivica) has the largest seeds of any plant, 40–50 cm in diameter and weighing 15–30 kg each.
Lodoicea, commonly known as the sea coconut, coco de mer, or double coconut, is a monotypic genus in the palm family.

Raffia palm

raffiaRaphia(Raphia spp.)
Raffia palms (Raphia spp.) have the largest leaves of any plant, up to 25 m long and 3 m wide.
Raffia palms (Raphia) are a genus of about twenty species of palms native to tropical regions of Africa, and especially Madagascar, with one species (R. taedigera) also occurring in Central and South America.

Corypha

buriburi palmCorypha utan
The Corypha species have the largest inflorescence of any plant, up to 7.5 m tall and containing millions of small flowers.
Corypha (Gebang Palm, Buri Palm and Talipot Palm) is a genus of palms (family Arecaceae), native to India, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Guinea and northeastern Australia (Cape York Peninsula, Queensland).

Monocotyledon

monocotmonocotsmonocotyledonous
Their growth form can be climbers, shrubs, trees and stemless plants, all commonly known as palms. Those having a tree form are colloquially called palm trees. They are flowering plants, a family in the monocot order Arecales.
Other economically important monocot crops include various palms (Arecaceae), bananas and plantains (Musaceae), gingers and their relatives, turmeric and cardamom (Zingiberaceae), asparagus (Asparagaceae), pineapple (Bromeliaceae), water chestnut (Cyperaceae), and leeks, onion and garlic (Amaryllidaceae).

Ceroxylon quindiuense

wax palmPalma waxtallest in the family
Ceroxylon quindiuense, Colombia's national tree, is the tallest monocot in the world, reaching up to 60 m tall.
Ceroxylon quindiuense is a palm native to the humid montane forests of the Andes in Colombia and northern Peru.

Nikau

nikau palmR. sapidanikau palms
In the southern hemisphere, the southernmost palm is the Rhopalostylis sapida, which reaches 44°S on the Chatham Islands where an oceanic climate prevails.
The nikau (Maori: nīkau; Rhopalostylis sapida) is a palm tree endemic to New Zealand, and the only palm native to New Zealand.

Chamaerops

Chamaerops humilisMediterranean dwarf palmEuropean Fan Palm (''Chamaerops humilis'')
The northernmost native palm is Chamaerops humilis, which reaches 44°N latitude in along the coast of southern France.
Chamaerops is a genus of flowering plants in the palm family Arecaceae.

Calamus (palm)

CalamusCalamus deeratusCalamus palustris
Calamus stems can reach 200 m in length.
Calamus is a genus of the palm family Arecaceae.

Flowering plant

Angiospermsflowering plantsangiosperm
Their growth form can be climbers, shrubs, trees and stemless plants, all commonly known as palms. Those having a tree form are colloquially called palm trees. They are flowering plants, a family in the monocot order Arecales.
Monocots, about 70,000 species, characterized by trimerous flowers, a single cotyledon, pollen with one pore, and usually parallel-veined leaves—for example grasses, orchids, and palms;

Date palm

datesdatedate palms
Palms may also live in grasslands and scrublands, usually associated with a water source, and in desert oases such as the date palm.
Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.

Ceroxylon

Andean wax palms
Other palms live in tropical mountain habitats above 1000 m, such as those in the genus Ceroxylon native to the Andes.
Ceroxylon is a genus of flowering plant in the Arecaceae family, native to the Andes in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia, known as Andean wax palms.

Seed

seedsseed coatkernel
The fruit is usually a single-seeded drupe (sometimes berry-like) but some genera (e.g., Salacca) may contain two or more seeds in each fruit.
The endosperm is called "horny" when the cell walls are thicker such as date and coffee, or "ruminated" if mottled, as in nutmeg, palms and Annonaceae.

Family (biology)

familyfamiliessubfamily
The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial plants.
Carolus Linnaeus used the word familia in his Philosophia botanica (1751) to denote major groups of plants: trees, herbs, ferns, palms, and so on. He used this term only in the morphological section of the book, discussing the vegetative and generative organs of plants.

Areceae

The Arecoideae are the largest subfamily, with six diverse tribes (Areceae, Caryoteae, Cocoseae, Geonomeae, Iriarteeae, and Podococceae) containing over 100 genera.
Areceae is a palm tree tribe in the family Arecaceae.

Geonomeae

The Arecoideae are the largest subfamily, with six diverse tribes (Areceae, Caryoteae, Cocoseae, Geonomeae, Iriarteeae, and Podococceae) containing over 100 genera.
Geonomeaa is a palm tribe in the subfamily Arecoideae.

Caryoteae

The Arecoideae are the largest subfamily, with six diverse tribes (Areceae, Caryoteae, Cocoseae, Geonomeae, Iriarteeae, and Podococceae) containing over 100 genera.
Caryoteae is a tribe in the palm family Arecaceae, distributed across Southeast Asia, from southern India and Sri Lanka east to Vanuatu and northern-most Queensland, Australia.

Areca catechu

betel palmareca nut palmAreca
Areca—Betel palm
Areca catechu is a species of palm which grows in much of the tropical Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa.

Attalea (plant)

Attaleacorozo palmsAttalea'' (plant)
Attalea
Attalea is a large genus of palms native to Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.