Immigration to Argentina
Our Lady of Buen Aire in front of the National Migration Department
Immigrants' Hotel, Buenos Aires. Built in 1906, it could accommodate up to 4,000.
The surrender of Beresford to Santiago de Liniers during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata
Juan de Garay founding Buenos Aires in 1580. The initial settlement, founded by Pedro de Mendoza, had been abandoned since 1542.
Copy of a colonization contract in the history museum of San José, Entre Ríos
Aldus verthoont hem de stadt Buenos Ayrros geleegen in Rio de la Plata, painting by a Dutch sailor who anchored at the port around 1628.
European-born Argentines by provinces and territories (1914 Argentine Census).
A large immigration was experienced all over the country (except for the Northwest), which consisted overwhelmingly by Europeans in a 9/10 ratio. However, Neuquén and Corrientes had a small European population but a large South American immigration (particularly the former), mainly from Chile and Brazil, respectively. The Chaco region (North) had a moderate influx from Bolivia and Paraguay as well.
Portrait of General José de San Martin, Libertador of Argentina, Chile and Peru.
Emeric Essex Vidal, General view of Buenos Ayres from the Plaza de Toros, 1820. In this area now lies the Plaza San Martín.
A statue honoring the immigrants, in Rosario
People gathered in front of the Buenos Aires Cabildo during the May Revolution
Impression of the Buenos Aires Cathedral by Carlos Pellegrini, 1829.
Julio Argentino Roca was a major figure of the Generation of '80 and is known for directing the "Conquest of the Desert". During his two terms as President many changes occurred, particularly major infrastructure projects of railroads; large-scale immigration from Europe and laicizing legislation strengthening state power.
View of the Avenida de Mayo in 1915
Official presidential portrait of Juan Perón and his wife Eva Perón, 1948
Construction of the Obelisk of Buenos Aires on the 9 de Julio Avenue, 1936.
Admiral Emilio Massera, Lieutenant General Jorge Videla and Brigadier General Orlando Agosti (from left to right) – observing the Independence Day military parade on Avenida del Libertador, 9 July 1978.
9 de Julio Avenue, 1986.
Two members of the Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers guarding the Constitution of the Argentine Nation inside the Palace of the Congress.
Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies, foreign subsidiaries, and diplomatic offices. It is located in the Retiro and San Nicolás neighborhoods.
Aconcagua is the highest mountain outside of Asia, at 6960.8 m, and the highest point in the Southern Hemisphere.
Satellite view of the Greater Buenos Aires area, and the Río de la Plata.
The national animal of Argentina is the Rufous hornero, a small songbird native to South America
Buenos Aires Botanical Garden
Argentina features geographical locations such as this glacier, known as the Perito Moreno Glacier
Heavy rain and thunderstorm in Plaza San Martin. Thunderstorms are usual during the summer.
Casa Rosada, workplace of the President
The Buenos Aires City Hall in the right corner of the entrance to the Avenida de Mayo
The National Congress composed of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.
Metropolitan Police of Buenos Aires City
Provinces of Argentina.
The Immigrants' Hotel, constructed in 1906, received and assisted the thousands of immigrants arriving to the city. The hotel is now a National Museum.
G 20 leaders gathered in Argentina for the 2018 G20 Buenos Aires summit.
Villa 31, a villa miseria in Buenos Aires
Diplomatic missions of Argentina.
The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in the city.
Argentine destroyer ARA Almirante Brown (D-10)
The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, the main stock exchange and financial center of Argentina.
A proportional representation of Argentina exports, 2019
Headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the national bank and the largest in the country's banking sector.
The Catalinas Norte is an important business complex composed of nineteen commercial office buildings and occupied by numerous leading Argentine companies.
Buenos Aires Bus, the city's tourist bus service. The official estimate is that the bus carries between 700 and 800 passengers per day, and has carried half a million passengers since its opening.
Atucha Nuclear Power Plant was the first nuclear power plant in Latin America. The electricity comes from 3 operational nuclear reactors: The Embalse Nuclear Power Station, the Atucha I and II.
Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina in the neighborhood of Palermo
Buenos Aires Underground is the oldest underground railway in Latin America, the Southern Hemisphere and the Spanish speaking world.
The Centro Cultural Kirchner (Kirchner Cultural Center), located at the former Central Post Office, is the largest of Latin America.
"Estudio País 24, the Program of the Argentines" in Channel 7, the first television station in the country
Homage to Buenos Aires, a mural located at the Carlos Gardel station of the Buenos Aires Underground. It represents a typical scene from the city and several of its icons, such as singer Carlos Gardel, the Obelisco, the port, tango dancing and the Abasto market.
SAC-D is an Argentine earth science satellite built by INVAP and launched in 2011.
Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art.
President Macri in the INVAP with the SAOCOM A and B, two planned Earth observation satellite constellation of Argentine Space Agency CONAE. the scheduled launch dates for 1A and 1B were further pushed back to 2018 and 2020.
MALBA
The cacique Qom Félix Díaz meets with then president Mauricio Macri.
The interior of El Ateneo Grand Splendid, a celebrated bookstore located in the barrio of Recoleta.
Over 25 million Argentines have at least one Italian immigrant ancestor.
Tango dancers during the World tango dance tournament.
The Buenos Aires Philharmonic.
Dialectal variants of the Spanish language in Argentina
Gaumont Cinema opened in 1912.
Francis, the first pope from the Americas, was born and raised in Argentina.
A screening at Parque Centenario, as part of the 2011 edition of BAFICI
Argentina has historically been placed high in the global rankings of literacy, with rates similar to those of developed countries.
A fashion show at the Planetarium in 2013, as part of BAFWEEK.
The University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine, alma mater to many of the country's 3,000 medical graduates, annually
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical center. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts and modernist architecture.
El Ateneo Grand Splendid was named the second most beautiful bookshop in the world by The Guardian.
Teatro Colón.
Sun of May on the first Argentine coin, 1813
Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, a public high school in Buenos Aires, and it is one of the most prestigious in Argentina and Latin America.
Four of the most influential Argentine writers. Top-left to bottom-right: Julio Cortázar, Victoria Ocampo, Jorge Luis Borges and Adolfo Bioy Casares
University of Buenos Aires' Law School in Recoleta
Martha Argerich, widely regarded as one of the greatest pianists of the second half of the 20th century
July 9 Avenue
Andy Muschietti, director of It, the highest-grossing horror film of all-time.
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery
Las Nereidas Font by Lola Mora
A Mitre Line Trenes Argentinos train in Retiro railway station
View of Bolívar Street facing the Cabildo and Diagonal Norte, on Buenos Aires' historical centre. The city's characteristic convergence of diverse architectural styles can be seen, including Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts, and modernist architecture.
Map of the Greater Buenos Aires Commuter Rail Network
Diego Maradona, one of the FIFA Player of the 20th Century
EcoBici.
Lionel Messi, seven times Ballon d'Or winner, is the current captain of the Argentina national football team.
200 Series rolling stock at San José de Flores station, Buenos Aires Underground.
Argentine beef as asado, a traditional dish
Buenos Aires Underground map
The Cave of the Hands in Santa Cruz province, with artwork dating from 13,000 to 9,000 years ago.
Metrobus, Paseo del Bajo.
Carlos Gardel, the most prominent figure in the history of tango
Buquebus high-speed ferries connect Buenos Aires to Uruguay
Juan Perón and his wife Eva Perón, 1947
Campo Argentino de Polo, home of the Argentine Open Polo Championship, the most important global event of this discipline
Argentine Polo Open Championship.
La Bombonera during a night game of Copa Libertadores between Boca Juniors v. Colo Colo.
Civilian casualties after the air attack and massacre on Plaza de Mayo, June 1955
Luna Park
Juan Perón and his wife Isabel Perón, 1973
Argentinians soldiers during the Falklands War
Néstor Kirchner and his wife and political successor, Cristina Kirchner
Aconcagua is the highest mountain outside of Asia, at 6960.8 m, and the highest point in the Southern Hemisphere.
Argentina map of Köppen climate classification
Casa Rosada, workplace of the President
The National Congress composed of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.
Provinces of Argentina
Lockheed Martin A-4AR Fightinghawk operated by the Argentine Air Force
Fiat factory in Córdoba, Argentina
Rosario-Córdoba Highway
Passenger train near Mar del Plata
Argentine provinces by population (2010)
Faculty of Law of the University of Buenos Aires
Argentine beef as asado

Buenos Aires ( or ; ), officially the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires), is the capital and primate city of Argentina.

- Buenos Aires

Immigration to Argentina began in several millennia BC with the arrival of cultures from Asia to the Americas through Beringia, according to the most accepted theories, and were slowly populating the Americas.

- Immigration to Argentina

Argentina is a federal state subdivided into twenty-three provinces, and one autonomous city, which is the federal capital and largest city of the nation, Buenos Aires.

- Argentina

Spanish colonization between the 16th and 18th century, mostly male, largely assimilated with the natives through a process called miscegenation. Although, not all of the current territory was effectively colonized by the Spaniards. The Chaco region, Eastern Patagonia, the current province of La Pampa, the south zone of Córdoba, and the major part of the current provinces of Buenos Aires, San Luis, and Mendoza were maintained under indigenous dominance—Guaycurúes and Wichís from the Chaco region; Huarpes in the Cuyana and north Neuquino; Ranqueles in the east of Cuyo and north from the Pampean region; Tehuelches and Mapuches in the Pampean and Patagonian regions, and Selknam and Yámanas in de Tierra del Fuego archipelago—which were taken over by the Mapuches; first to the east of Cordillera de los Andes, mixing interracially with the Pehuenches in the middle of the 18th century and continuing until 1830 with the indigenous Pampas and north from Patagonia, which were conquered by the Argentine State after its independence.

- Immigration to Argentina

The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration, mainly Italians and Spaniards, radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook; over 60% of the population has full or partial Italian ancestry, and Argentine culture has significant connections to Italian culture.

- Argentina

This is because since the 19th century, the city, and the country in general, has been a major recipient of millions of immigrants from all over the world, making it a melting pot where several ethnic groups live together.

- Buenos Aires

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Overall

Rosario, Santa Fe

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Map of the city of Rosario c. undefined 1877
Rosario port area in 1888
Rosario's old Customs Office, on Belgrano Avenue
National Flag Memorial, downtown Rosario
Palacio de los Leones (City Hall)
Parroquia del Perpetuo Socorro, a church at Lisandro de la Torre district
Bolsa de Comercio Rosario: The Rosario Stock Exchange
Wood chips carrier Racer on the Paraná River, just coming under the Rosario-Victoria Bridge
El Círculo Theatre
Planetarium of Rosario
Museum of Contemporary Art of Rosario
Municipal Museum of Rosario
Cine Monumental
Argentine Flag Memorial
The Propylaeum (column gallery) of the National Argentine Flag Memorial
The Flag Memorial at night
Rosario seen from the Flag Memorial
Diagram of the Municipal Districts of Rosario, Centre District, North District, Northwest District, West District, Southwest District and South District
277x277px
Villa Hortensia, the seat of the North District
Seat of the Center District, at the former Rosario Central railway station
Night view of the luxury Dolfines Guaraní Towers, May 2010
Front entrance and clock tower of the Mariano Moreno Bus Terminal in Rosario
Trolleybus in the city centre
The city had a tramway network until 1963.
Nuevo Central Argentino (NCA) freight railway yards
Rosario Sur Station, refurbished to run inter-city services on the General Mitre Railway
Rosario Norte
The Center Municipal District (former Rosario Central station)
Tram tracks are still visible in parts of the city
The Rosario-Victoria Bridge
Rosario International Airport
The Port of Rosario, c.1910
Teachers' School, on Córdoba Avenue
National University of Rosario Law School
Lionel Messi, born in Rosario in 1987
Participants carry the national colors on Flag Day (June 20).
Rosario metropolitan area in the Province of Santa Fe
Climate chart
Rosario offices of Telecom Argentina
Headquarters of La Capital newspaper
Mercado Sud (c.1903)
Palace of Justice (c.1905)
Hotel Savoy (c.1910)
San Martín Square (c.1920s)
Hipólito Yrigoyen on a train during an electoral campaign (1926)
Inauguration of the National Flag Memorial (1957)
Libertad Lamarque
Che Guevara
Ángel Di María
Lionel Messi
Luciana Aymar
Marcelo Bielsa
Valeria Mazza
Juan Imhoff
Felipe Martinez Carbonell

Rosario is the largest city in the central Argentina province of Santa Fe.

The city is located 300 km northwest of Buenos Aires, on the west bank of the Paraná River.

During the last 15 years of the 19th century, the city more than doubled its population, in part due to immigration.

Córdoba, Argentina

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Monument to Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera, depicting his 1573 foundation of Córdoba
Depiction of the first map of Córdoba (1577)
Rafael de Sobremonte, governor of Córdoba from 1784 to 1799
Colón Avenue, c. 1900.
Olmos Avenue (1943).
Topographical relief map of the city of Córdoba
Location of Córdoba.
1. Argentina
2. Córdoba Province
3. Córdoba City
Land use map of Córdoba
Córdoba, Argentina
Tejas Park at New Córdoba.
Córdoba Mitre station façade.
Tren de las Sierras.
A map of the future metro system.
The Patio Olmos Shopping Gallery.
Location of Universities in Córdoba. 1. National University of Córdoba. 2. National Technological University. 3. Catholic University of Córdoba. 4. Blas Pascal University. 5. 21st Century Business University. 6. Aeronautical Universital Institute.
La Cañada (an embanked stream), perhaps the most emblematic structure in Córdoba.
The Cathedral appeared as a project in the first map of Córdoba in 1577.
The Córdoba Gateway
Sarmiento Park
Yrigoyen Avenue and the Ecipsa Tower
Libertador Theatre
Los Capuchinos Church
Plaza España
Colón Avenue
San Jerónimo Street
Provincial courthouse
The Palacio Ferreyra Fine Arts Museum
Caraffa Fine Arts Museum
La Mundial, the "world's narrowest building"
Provincial Legislature
The Coral Building
Córdoba's Cathedral

Córdoba is a city in central Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquía River, about 700 km northwest of Buenos Aires.

This process is associated with the European immigration who began to settle the city, generally possessing the education and enterprising capacity appropriate for the development of industry.

Approximate area of Rioplatense Spanish (Patagonian variants included).

Rioplatense Spanish

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Approximate area of Rioplatense Spanish (Patagonian variants included).
In this map of voseo countries, the spread of the dialect is clearly illustrated. Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Eastern Bolivia are represented by dark blue on the map, Rioplatense Spanish is spoken in these regions. Argentina is the largest country that uses the voseo.

Rioplatense Spanish, also known as Rioplatense Castilian, is a variety of Spanish spoken mainly in and around the Río de la Plata Basin of Argentina and Uruguay.

Rioplatense is mainly based in the cities of Buenos Aires, Rosario, Santa Fe, La Plata, Mar del Plata and Bahía Blanca in Argentina, the most populated cities in the dialectal area, along with their respective suburbs and the areas in between, and in all of Uruguay.

Until the massive immigration to the region started in the 1870s, the language of the Río de la Plata had virtually no influence from other languages and varied mainly by localisms.

Percentage of Spanish immigrants in the provinces and territories of Argentina, according to the 1914 Argentine census

Spanish Argentines

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Percentage of Spanish immigrants in the provinces and territories of Argentina, according to the 1914 Argentine census

Spanish settlement in Argentina, that is the arrival of Spanish emigrants in Argentina, took place first in the period before Argentina's independence from Spain, and again in large numbers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

However, this prevalence and the numerous shared cultural aspects between Argentina and Spain (the Spanish language, Roman Catholicism, Criollo/Hispanic traditions) has been mitigated by massive immigration to Argentina at the turn of the 20th century involving an overall majority of non-Spanish peoples from all over Europe.

Spain established a permanent colony on the site of Buenos Aires in 1580, although initial settlement was primarily overland from Peru.

Juan Bautista Alberdi, the legal scholar who drafted the 1853 Constitution.

Constitution of Argentina

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Juan Bautista Alberdi, the legal scholar who drafted the 1853 Constitution.
"Nos los Representantes del Pueblo de la Nación Argentina …"
Congress building in Buenos Aires, Argentina

The Constitution of the Argentine Nation (Constitución de la Nación Argentina) is the basic governing document of Argentina, and the primary source of existing law in Argentina.

It also made Buenos Aires City an autonomous entity with its own authorities.

Finally, it lays the foundations for the policy of support of immigration, by asking "for the protection of God, source of all reason and justice" for all people who desire to inhabit Argentina.