Arguments for and against drug prohibition

criticismdrug legalisationeffectiveness of such policies is debatedongoing debate about drug prohibitionreasons
Arguments about the prohibition of drugs, and over drug policy reform, are subjects of considerable controversy.wikipedia
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Balloon effect

cockroach effect
The "balloon effect" also operates further up the drug commodity chain in countries where drugs are trafficked rather than cultivated.
The balloon effect is an often-cited criticism of United States drug policy.

Psychoactive drug

psychoactivepsychotropicdrug
Hemp, which is a special cultivar of Cannabis Sativa, does not have significant amounts of psychoactive (THC) substances in it, less than 1%. Without even realizing the plant had been outlawed several months prior, Popular Mechanics magazine published an article in 1938 entitled The New Billion-Dollar Crop anticipating the explosion of the hemp industry with the invention of machines to help process it. Recently, governmental refusal to take advantage of taxing hemp has been a point of criticism.
Because there is controversy about regulation of recreational drugs, there is an ongoing debate about drug prohibition.

Prohibition of drugs

illegal drugdrug prohibitionprohibition
Arguments about the prohibition of drugs, and over drug policy reform, are subjects of considerable controversy.
Arguments for and against drug prohibition

Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs

ACMDAdvisory Committee on Drug Dependence
The Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD) report on ecstasy, based on a 12-month study of 4,000 academic papers, concluded that it is nowhere near as dangerous as other class A drugs such as heroin and crack cocaine, and should be downgraded to class B. The advice was not followed.
Arguments for and against drug prohibition

Transform Drug Policy Foundation

Transform Drug Policy Foundation, U.K.
The Science and Technology Select Committee appointed by the House of Commons to inquire into the Government's handling of scientific advice, risk and evidence in policy making agreed with Transform Drug Policy Foundation's view that "Criminal law is supposed to prevent crime, not 'send out' public health messages".
Arguments for and against drug prohibition

Drug Policy Alliance

DPA
Drug Policy Alliance
Arguments for and against drug prohibition

Illegal drug trade

drug traffickingdrug dealerdrug dealing
Illegal drug trade
Arguments for and against drug prohibition

Drug policy

drugs policydrugdrug policies
Arguments about the prohibition of drugs, and over drug policy reform, are subjects of considerable controversy.

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
The licit drug alcohol has current (last 12 months) user rates as high as 80–90% in populations over 14 years of age, and tobacco has historically had current use rates up to 60% of adult populations, yet the percentages currently using illicit drugs in OECD countries are generally below 1% of the population excepting cannabis where most are between 3% and 10%, with six countries between 11% and 17%.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

UNODCUN Office on Drugs and CrimeUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
In March, 2007, Antonio Maria Costa, former executive director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, drew attention to the drug policy of Sweden, arguing:

Drug policy of Sweden

drug policySwedenSweden with its no-tolerance drug policy
In March, 2007, Antonio Maria Costa, former executive director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, drew attention to the drug policy of Sweden, arguing:

Sifo

Kantar SifoOrvestoSIFO Research International
In 1998, a poll run by SIFO of 1,000 Swedes found that 96% wanted stronger action by government to stop drug abuse, and 95% wanted drug use to remain illegal.

August Vollmer

One of the prominent early critics of prohibition in the United States was August Vollmer, founder of the School of Criminology at University of California, Irvine and former president of the International Association of Chiefs of Police.

University of California, Irvine

UC IrvineUCIUniversity of California at Irvine
One of the prominent early critics of prohibition in the United States was August Vollmer, founder of the School of Criminology at University of California, Irvine and former president of the International Association of Chiefs of Police.

International Association of Chiefs of Police

International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)Community Policing AwardNational Association of Chiefs of Police
One of the prominent early critics of prohibition in the United States was August Vollmer, founder of the School of Criminology at University of California, Irvine and former president of the International Association of Chiefs of Police.

The BMJ

British Medical JournalBMJThe British Medical Journal
Stephen Rolles, writing in the British Medical Journal, argues:

Police Foundation

Philadelphia Police Foundation
These conclusions have been reached by a succession of committees and reports including, in the United Kingdom alone, the Police Foundation, the Home Affairs Select Committee, the Prime Minister's Strategy Unit, the Royal Society of Arts, and the UK Drug Policy Consortium.

Home Affairs Select Committee

Home Affairs CommitteeCommons Home Affairs CommitteeHome Affairs
These conclusions have been reached by a succession of committees and reports including, in the United Kingdom alone, the Police Foundation, the Home Affairs Select Committee, the Prime Minister's Strategy Unit, the Royal Society of Arts, and the UK Drug Policy Consortium.

Prime Minister's Strategy Unit

Prime Minister's Strategy Unit (PMSU)
These conclusions have been reached by a succession of committees and reports including, in the United Kingdom alone, the Police Foundation, the Home Affairs Select Committee, the Prime Minister's Strategy Unit, the Royal Society of Arts, and the UK Drug Policy Consortium.

Royal Society of Arts

FRSARSASociety of Arts
These conclusions have been reached by a succession of committees and reports including, in the United Kingdom alone, the Police Foundation, the Home Affairs Select Committee, the Prime Minister's Strategy Unit, the Royal Society of Arts, and the UK Drug Policy Consortium.

Ian Gilmore

Professor Sir Ian GilmoreSir Ian Gilmore
The editor of the British Medical Journal, Dr. Fiona Godlee, gave her personal support to Rolles' call for decriminalisation, and the arguments drew particular support from Sir Ian Gilmore, former president of the Royal College of Physicians, who said we should be treating drugs "as a health issue rather than criminalising people" and "this could drastically reduce crime and improve health".

Bar council

BarAustralian Bar AssociationGeneral Council of the Bar
Nicholas Green, chairman of the Bar Council, made comments in a report in the profession's magazine, in which he said that drug-related crime costs the UK economy about £13bn a year and that there was growing evidence that decriminalisation could free up police resources, reduce crime and recidivism and improve public health.

Drug-related crime

drug bustdrug offensesdrug crimes
Nicholas Green, chairman of the Bar Council, made comments in a report in the profession's magazine, in which he said that drug-related crime costs the UK economy about £13bn a year and that there was growing evidence that decriminalisation could free up police resources, reduce crime and recidivism and improve public health.