Arles

ArelateArles FranceArles, FranceCounty of Arlesamphitheatre of ArlesArelasArelate (Arles)ArelatumArles, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'AzurRhône Delta
Arles (Provençal Arle in both classical and Mistralian norms; Arelate in Classical Latin) is a city and commune in the south of France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, of which it is a subprefecture, in the former province of Provence.wikipedia
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Camargue

Kamargcoastal region in southern FranceLa Petite Camargue
A large part of the Camargue is located on the territory of the commune, making it the largest commune in Metropolitan France in terms of territory (though Maripasoula, French Guiana, is much larger). The river Rhône forks into two branches just upstream of Arles, forming the Camargue delta.
The Camargue (Provençal Camarga) is a natural region located south of Arles, France, between the Mediterranean Sea and the two arms of the Rhône delta.

Arles, Roman and Romanesque Monuments

Arles' Roman Monumentsother Roman buildingsRoman and Romanesque Monuments of Arles
The Roman and Romanesque Monuments of Arles were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1981.
Arles, Roman and Romanesque Monuments (French: Arles, monuments romains et romans) is an area containing a collection of monuments in the city centre of Arles, France, that has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981.

Rhône

RhoneRhone valleyRhône Valley
The river Rhône forks into two branches just upstream of Arles, forming the Camargue delta.
At Arles, near its mouth on the Mediterranean Sea, the river divides into two branches, known as the Great Rhône (le Grand Rhône) and the Little Rhône (le Petit Rhône).

Provence

ProvençalProvençalsProvencal
Arles (Provençal Arle in both classical and Mistralian norms; Arelate in Classical Latin) is a city and commune in the south of France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, of which it is a subprefecture, in the former province of Provence.
(See Architecture of Provence.) Roman towns were built at Cavaillon; Orange; Arles; Fréjus; Glanum (outside Saint-Rémy-de-Provence); Carpentras; Vaison-la-Romaine; Nîmes; Vernègues; Saint-Chamas and Cimiez (above Nice).

Vincent van Gogh

Van GoghVincentThe Hague
The Dutch post-Impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh lived in Arles from 1888 to 1889 and produced over 300 paintings and drawings during his time there.
His paintings grew brighter in colour as he developed a style that became fully realised during his stay in Arles in the south of France in 1888.

Bouches-du-Rhône

Bouches-du-RhoneBouches-du-Rôhne Bouches-du-Rhône Department
Arles (Provençal Arle in both classical and Mistralian norms; Arelate in Classical Latin) is a city and commune in the south of France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, of which it is a subprefecture, in the former province of Provence.
Arles, population 52,729, sous-préfecture and site of an ancient Roman city

Arles Amphitheatre

Arlesamphitheatre in Arlesan amphitheatre
It covered an area of some 40 ha and possessed a number of monuments, including an amphitheatre, triumphal arch, Roman circus, theatre, and a full circuit of walls.
The Arles Amphitheatre (French: Arènes d'Arles) is a Roman amphitheatre in the southern French town of Arles.

Provençal dialect

ProvençalProvençal languageProvençal French
Arles (Provençal Arle in both classical and Mistralian norms; Arelate in Classical Latin) is a city and commune in the south of France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, of which it is a subprefecture, in the former province of Provence.
Rodanenc (in French Rhodanien) around the lower Rhone river, Arles, Avignon, Nîmes.

Constantine II (emperor)

Constantine IIConstantineFlavius Claudius Constantinus Caesar
His son, Constantine II, was born in Arles.
The eldest son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, Constantine II was born in Arles in February 316 and raised as a Christian.

Legio VI Ferrata

VI ''FerrataLegio VI ''Ferratasixth legion
The town was formally established as a colony for veterans of the Roman legion Legio VI Ferrata, which had its base there.
The legion was disbanded in 45 BC after the battle of Munda, establishing a colony at Arelate (Arles), but was re-formed by Lepidus the following year (44 BC) and was handed over to Mark Antony the year after.

Synod of Arles

Council of ArlesCouncil of Arles in 314314 Council of Arles
Despite this tension and the city's decline in the face of barbarian invasions, Arles remained a great religious centre and host of church councils (see Council of Arles), the rival of Vienne, for hundreds of years.
Arles (ancient Arelate) in the south of Roman Gaul (modern France) hosted several councils or synods referred to as Concilium Arelatense in the history of the early Christian church.

Favorinus

Favorinus of ArelateFavorino
It was the birthplace of the sceptical philosopher Favorinus.
He was of Gaulish ancestry, born in Arelate (Arles).

Circus (building)

circusRoman circusspina
It covered an area of some 40 ha and possessed a number of monuments, including an amphitheatre, triumphal arch, Roman circus, theatre, and a full circuit of walls.

Barbegal aqueduct and mill

BarbegalBarbegal millBarbegal water mill complex
The Barbegal aqueduct and mill is a Roman watermill complex located on the territory of the commune of Fontvieille, a few kilometres from Arles.
The Barbegal aqueduct and mill is a Roman watermill complex located on the territory of the commune of Fontvieille, near the town of Arles, in southern France.

Trier

TrèvesAugusta TreverorumEuren
At Treves in 385, Priscillian achieved the distinction of becoming the first Christian executed for heresy (Manichaean in his case, see also Cathars, Camisards).
Sometime between 395 and 418, probably in 407 the Roman administration moved the staff of the Praetorian Prefecture from Trier to Arles.

Constantine the Great

ConstantineConstantine IEmperor Constantine
It became a favorite city of Emperor Constantine I, who built baths there, substantial remains of which are still standing.
He sponsored many building projects throughout Gaul during his tenure as emperor of the West, especially in Augustodunum (Autun) and Arelate (Arles).

Constantine III (Western Roman Emperor)

Constantine IIIConstantineConstantine II of Britain
Usurper Constantine III declared himself emperor in the West (407–411) and made Arles his capital in 408.
By May 408 he had made Arles his capital, where he appointed Apollinaris, the grandfather of Sidonius Apollinaris, as prefect.

Kingdom of Arles

BurgundyKingdom of BurgundyArles
In 855, it was made the capital of a Frankish Kingdom of Arles, which included Burgundy and part of Provence, but was frequently terrorised by Saracen and Viking raiders.
The new kingdom was named after the Lower Burgundian residence at Arles.

Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick BarbarossaFrederick I BarbarossaFrederick I
The town regained political and economic prominence in the 12th century, with the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa traveling there in 1178 for his coronation.
He was later formally crowned King of Burgundy, at Arles on 30 June 1178.

Communes of France

communecommunesintercommunal
Arles (Provençal Arle in both classical and Mistralian norms; Arelate in Classical Latin) is a city and commune in the south of France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, of which it is a subprefecture, in the former province of Provence.
In metropolitan France the largest commune is the commune of Arles (50,513 inhabitants) near Marseille, the territory of which encompasses most of the Camargue (the delta of the Rhône River): 8.7 times the area of the city of Paris (excluding the outlying parks of Bois de Boulogne and Bois de Vincennes) at 759 km2.

The Night Café

Café de Nuit
Many of his most famous paintings were completed there, including The Night Cafe, the Yellow Room, Starry Night Over the Rhone, and L'Arlésienne.
The Night Café (Le Café de nuit) is an oil painting created by Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh in September 1888 in Arles.

Hospital in Arles

Old Hospital in ArleshospitalizedArles hospital
However, van Gogh's mental health deteriorated and he became alarmingly eccentric, culminating in the well-known ear-severing incident in December 1888 which resulted in two stays in the Old Hospital of Arles.
The hospital is located in Arles in southern France.

Starry Night Over the Rhône

Starry Night Over the Rhone
Many of his most famous paintings were completed there, including The Night Cafe, the Yellow Room, Starry Night Over the Rhone, and L'Arlésienne.
Starry Night Over the Rhône (September 1888, Nuit étoilée sur le Rhône) is one of Vincent van Gogh's paintings of Arles at nighttime.

Hugh of Italy

Hugh of ArlesHugh of ProvenceHugh
In 933, Hugh of Arles ("Hugues de Provence") gave his kingdom up to Rudolph II, who merged the two kingdoms into a new Kingdom of Arles.
He moved the capital to his family's chief seat of Arles and in 912 married Willa, widow of Rudolph I of Burgundy.

Fontvieille, Bouches-du-Rhône

Fontvieille
The Barbegal aqueduct and mill is a Roman watermill complex located on the territory of the commune of Fontvieille, a few kilometres from Arles.
The commune was created in 1790, out of the territory of Arles.