A report on Armenia and Eurasian Economic Union

Historical Armenia, 150 BC
Meeting of the leaders of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in Bishkek, 2008. The CIS initiated the lengthy process of Eurasian integration.
Armenian soldier of the Achaemenid army, circa 470 BC. Xerxes I tomb relief.
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The pagan Garni Temple, probably built in the first century, is the only "Greco-Roman colonnaded building" in the post-Soviet states
Current decision-making process of the Eurasian Customs Union and the Single Economic Space
The Etchmiadzin Cathedral, Armenia's Mother Church traditionally dated 303 AD, is considered the oldest cathedral in the world.
Selection of GDP PPP data (top 10 countries and blocs) in no particular order
The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, 1198–1375.
The Moscow International Business Center is a commercial district in Moscow that is currently under construction. The complex includes some of Europe's tallest skyscrapers.
In 1501–02, most of the Eastern Armenian territories including Yerevan were conquered by the emerging Safavid dynasty of Iran led by Shah Ismail I.
A silver altyn minted in 1711 during the reign of Peter the Great
Capture of Erivan fortress by Russian troops in 1827 during the Russo-Persian War (1826–28) by Franz Roubaud.
The Trans-Siberian Railway is a vital link between the Russian Far East and the rest of Eurasia.
Armenian genocide victims in 1915
The Turkestan–Siberia Railway connects the Central Asian republics to Siberia.
A Rye Field by Ivan Shishkin
The Government house of the First Republic of Armenia (1918–1920).
Past and projected GDP (nominal) per capita in EAEU countries.
Advance of the 11th Red Army into the city of Yerevan.
Free trade agreements of EEU. Red - EEU. Green - Countries that have FTA with EEU.
The coat of arms of Soviet Armenia depicting Mount Ararat in the centre.
On 21 May 2014, Russia and China signed a $400 billion gas deal. Starting 2019, Russia plans to provide natural gas to China for the next 30 years.
Armenians gather at Theater Square in central Yerevan to claim unification of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast with the Armenian SSR.
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Armenian soldiers in 2008, during the ongoing and unresolved Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
Ilham Aliyev, Dmitry Medvedev and Serzh Sarkisian hold peace talks in Moscow on 2 November 2008.
21 September 2011 parade in Yerevan, marking the 20th anniversary of Armenia's re-independence.
Mount Elbrus – Russia
Armenia's mountainous and volcanic topography.
Mountain range – Armenia
Köppen-Geiger climate classification map for Armenia.
Lama River – in the Moscow region of Russia
Carbon dioxide emissions in metric tons per capita in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia, Germany, Italy, USA in 2000–2012. World Bank data.
Sharyn Canyon – Kazakhstan
The National Assembly in Yerevan
On the southern shore of Issyk-Kul lake, Issyk-Kul Region – Kyrgyzstan
U.S. Secretary Mike Pompeo with Armenian President Armen Sarkissian
Winter – Belarus
Russian President Vladimir Putin shakes hands with Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan.
A view of Mount Aragats from Aragatsotn – Armenia
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev at Armenian Genocide memorial in Yerevan.
A view of Mount Mönkh Saridag – Okinsky District, Russia
Armenian Air Force Su-25s during a military parade.
Lake Ayger – Armenia
In April 2018, a quasi-authoritarian regime collapsed as a result of a nationwide protest movement in Armenia
Lake Servech – Belarus
Geghard monastery, Kotayk Province
Winter in the Altai Krai – Russia
A proportional representation of Armenia exports, 2019
Tian Shan mountain range – Kyrgyzstan
Yerevan is the economic and cultural centre of Armenia.
Saint Petersburg, the second-largest city and cultural capital of Russia
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD)to GDP ratio for the Black Sea countries, 2001–2013. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015), Figure 12.3
Yerevan, the capital and financial hub of Armenia
GERD in the Black Sea region by sector of performance, 2005 and 2013. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015), Figure 12.5
Business centre in central downtown Nur-Sultan
Yerevan State University building
Almaty, the major commercial and cultural centre of Kazakhstan
Population pyramid 2016
Bishkek, the capital and financial hub of Kyrgyzstan
The Armenian population around the world
Member States of the Eurasian Economic Union
Observer states
Candidate states
'''Historical and modern distribution of Armenians.
'''Settlement area of Armenians in early 20th century:
Armenian-language writing.
Portal to the Holy City at Echmiazin, the seat of the Catholicos
The 7th-century Khor Virap monastery in the shadow of Mount Ararat, the peak on which Noah's Ark is said to have landed during the biblical flood.
Traditional Armenian dance
The Vazgen Sargsyan Republican Stadium in Yerevan
The Armenia national football team in Dublin, Ireland
Chess Grandmaster Levon Aronian is a former FIDE No. 2 rated player and the fourth highest rated player in history.
Ancient Armenian Khachkars (cross-stones)
Queen Zabel's Return to the Palace, Vardges Sureniants (1909)
Armenian cuisine
Armenian wine

Treaties aiming for Armenia's and Kyrgyzstan's accession to the Eurasian Economic Union were signed on 9 October and 23 December 2014, respectively.

- Eurasian Economic Union

Armenia is also a member of certain regional groups throughout Eurasia, including the Asian Development Bank, the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Eurasian Union, and the Eurasian Development Bank.

- Armenia

6 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Commonwealth of Independent States

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Regional intergovernmental organization in Eastern Europe and Asia.

Regional intergovernmental organization in Eastern Europe and Asia.

Signing of the agreement to establish the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), 8 December 1991
The 20–22 June 2000 CIS Summit
Member states:
Meeting of CIS leaders in Bishkek, 2008
The members of the council meeting in Moscow in 2017

Three organizations originated from the CIS, namely the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Eurasian Economic Union (alongside subdivisions, the Eurasian Customs Union and the Eurasian Economic Space); and the Union State.

On 21 December 1991, the leaders of eight additional former Soviet Republics (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) signed the Alma-Ata Protocol which can either be interpreted as expanding the CIS to these states or the proper foundation or foundation date of the CIS, thus bringing the number of participating countries to 11.

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Post-Soviet states

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[[File:USSR Republics numbered by alphabet.svg|upright=1.35|thumb|Post-Soviet states in English alphabetical order:

[[File:USSR Republics numbered by alphabet.svg|upright=1.35|thumb|Post-Soviet states in English alphabetical order:

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and OECD
Economical integration blocs in Post-Soviet area: EU, EFTA, CEFTA and Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia
NATO/CSTO
Nizhnehopersky Nature Park
People in Donetsk celebrate the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany on 9 May 2018
{{flagicon|ARM}} Armenia
{{flagicon|AZE}} Azerbaijan
{{flagicon|BLR}} Belarus
{{flagicon|EST}} Estonia
{{flagicon|GEO}} Georgia
{{flagicon|KAZ}} Kazakhstan
{{flagicon|KGZ}} Kyrgyzstan
{{flagicon|LAT}} Latvia
{{flagicon|LTU}} Lithuania
{{flagicon|MDA}} Moldova
{{flagicon|RUS}} Russia
{{flagicon|TJK}} Tajikistan
{{flagicon|TKM}} Turkmenistan
{{flagicon|UKR}} Ukraine
{{flagicon|UZB}} Uzbekistan
{{flagicon|ARM}} Armenia
{{flagicon|AZE}} Azerbaijan
{{flagicon|BLR}} Belarus
{{flagicon|EST}} Estonia
{{flagicon|GEO}} Georgia
{{flagicon|KAZ}} Kazakhstan
{{flagicon|KGZ}} Kyrgyzstan
{{flagicon|LAT}} Latvia
{{flagicon|LTU}} Lithuania
{{flagicon|MDA}} Moldova
{{flagicon|RUS}} Russia
{{flagicon|TJK}} Tajikistan
{{flagicon|TKM}} Turkmenistan
{{flagicon|UKR}} Ukraine
{{flagicon|UZB}} Uzbekistan
NATO/CSTO
Community of Democratic Choice
Economic Cooperation Organization
{{flagicon|TKM}} Turkmenistan

1. 🇦🇲 Armenia

The Central Asian states of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan (as well as Belarus) are members of the CIS and participate in several regional organizations that have Russia as a primary mover. Such organizations are the Eurasian Economic Community (later merged with Eurasian Economic Union, which Tajikistan and Uzbekistan are not members of), Collective Security Treaty Organization, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. The last two groups only became distinct once Uzbekistan withdrew from GUAM and sought membership in EurAsEc and CSTO (which it subsequently withdrew from in 2008 and 2012, respectively).

Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

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The process of internal disintegration within the Soviet Union (USSR) which resulted in the end of the country's and its federal government's existence as a sovereign state, thereby resulting in its constituent republics gaining full sovereignty.

The process of internal disintegration within the Soviet Union (USSR) which resulted in the end of the country's and its federal government's existence as a sovereign state, thereby resulting in its constituent republics gaining full sovereignty.

Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987
The first exhibition on the crimes of Stalinism, called "Week of Conscience", was held in Moscow on November 19, 1988
Environmental concerns over the Metsamor nuclear power plant drove initial demonstrations in Yerevan.
Figure of Liberty on the Freedom Monument in Riga, focus of the 1986 Latvian demonstrations
Anti-Soviet rally in Vingis Park of about 250,000 people. Sąjūdis was a movement which led to the restoration of an Independent State of Lithuania.
Andrei Sakharov, formerly exiled to Gorky, was elected to the Congress of People's Deputies in March 1989.
The Eastern Bloc
Baltic Way 1989 demonstration in Šiauliai, Lithuania showing coffins decorated with national flags of the three Baltic republics placed symbolically beneath Soviet and Nazi flags
Photos of victims (mostly young women) of an April 1989 massacre in Tbilisi, Georgia
Meeting in Kurapaty, Belarus, 1989
Nursultan Nazarbayev became leader of the Kazakh SSR in 1989 and later led Kazakhstan to independence.
Lithuania's Vytautas Landsbergis
Estonia's Edgar Savisaar
Latvia's Ivars Godmanis
Azerbaijani stamp with photos of Black January
Viacheslav Chornovil, a prominent Ukrainian dissident and a lead figure of Rukh
Leonid Kravchuk became Ukraine's leader in 1990.
Saparmurat Niyazov, last head of the Turkmen SSR and first president of Turkmenistan
Following Georgia's declaration of independence in 1991, South Ossetia and Abkhazia declared their desire to leave Georgia and remain part of the Soviet Union/Russia.
Boris Yeltsin, Russia's first democratically elected president
Barricade erected in Riga to prevent the Soviet Army from reaching the Latvian Parliament, July 1991
Tanks in Red Square during the 1991 August coup attempt
Signing of the agreement to establish the Commonwealth of Independent States, 8 December
The state emblem of the Soviet Union and the СССР letters (top) in the façade of the Grand Kremlin Palace were replaced by five double-headed Russian eagles (bottom) after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the eagles having been removed by the Bolsheviks after the revolution.
The upper chamber of the Supreme Soviet in its ultimate session, voting the USSR out of existence, December 26
Russian GDP since the end of the Soviet Union (from 2014 are forecasts)
Russian male life expectancy, 1980–2007
Animated map showing independent states and territorial changes to the Soviet Union in chronological order
Pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk celebrate the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany, May 9, 2018
Changes in national boundaries after the end of the Cold War

In the aftermath of the Cold War, several of the former Soviet republics have retained close links with Russia and formed multilateral organizations such as the CIS, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), and the Union State, for economic and military cooperation.

Members of the Unified Team at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona consisted of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.

Eurasia

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Largest continental area on Earth, comprising all of Europe and Asia.

Largest continental area on Earth, comprising all of Europe and Asia.

The boundary of the 13th century Mongol Empire and location of today's Mongols in modern Mongolia, Russia and China.
Single markets in European and post-Soviet countries; European Economic Area and Common Economic Space
ASEM Partners
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Area from Lisbon to Vladivostok with all European and CIS countries
Physical map of Asia
Changes in national boundaries after the collapse of the Eastern Bloc

Similar in concept to the European Union, the Eurasian Union is an economic union established in 2015 including Russia, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and observer members Moldova, Uzbekistan, and Cuba. It is headquartered in Moscow, Russia and Minsk, Belarus. The union promotes economic integration among members and is theoretically open to enlargement to include any country in Europe or Asia.

Official portrait, c. 2008–13

Serzh Sargsyan

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Official portrait, c. 2008–13
Sargsyan and US State Secretary Clinton in Yerevan, 4 June 2012
Dmitry Medvedev in Armenia, 20 August 2010
Serzh Sargsyan and Azerbaijan's Ilham Aliyev, 23 January 2012
Russian President Vladimir Putin, Ilham Aliyev and Serzh Sargsyan in Sochi, 9 August 2014
Sargsyan with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, 16 May 2016
Sargsyan in Doha, Qatar, 24 July 2017
Sargsyan with President of the European Commission Jose Manuel Barroso and the President of the European People's Party Wilfried Martens at the European People's Party Eastern Partnership Leaders' Summit in Yerevan, 30 November 2012

Serzh Azati Sargsyan (Սերժ Ազատի Սարգսյան, ; born 30 June 1954) is an Armenian politician who served as the third President of Armenia from 2008 to 2018, and twice as the Prime Minister of Armenia from 2007 to 2008 and again from 17 to 23 April 2018, when he was forced to resign in the 2018 Armenian revolution.

In September 2013 and under Sargsyan's direction, Armenia announced its intentions of joining the Eurasian Economic Union with Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia.

Pro-EU demonstration in Kyiv, November 27, 2013, during Euromaidan

Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area

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[[File:EU DCFTA EFTA.svg|thumb|340px|

[[File:EU DCFTA EFTA.svg|thumb|340px|

Pro-EU demonstration in Kyiv, November 27, 2013, during Euromaidan

In addition to Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine, Armenia was also set to sign an Association Agreement with the EU, however, Armenia suddenly broke off negotiations in 2013 to pursue membership in the Eurasian Economic Union. Following a period of brief uncertainty between Brussels and Yerevan, bilateral negotiations resumed on restructuring the relationship between Armenia and the EU. After extensive negotiations, Armenia and the EU finalized the Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement (CEPA) in November 2017, deepening political and economic ties between them. The new Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement can be seen as a “lite” version of the DCFTA, in which 96% of Armenian goods may enter the EU's single market with zero tariffs. As of 2019, the EU is Armenia's biggest export market. There are several political parties in Armenia which are opposed to Armenia's current membership in the Eurasian Economic Union. Bright Armenia, the Free Democrats and the European Party of Armenia for example, support Armenia's withdrawal from the Eurasian Economic Union and wish to begin renegotiating an Association Agreement including a DCFTA between the EU and Armenia.