armiesground forcesLand forceland forceslandField ArmyLand Armyland-basedmilitaryArmy size
An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" [feminine]) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.wikipedia
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armed forcesdefensedefence
Within a national military force, the word army may also mean a field army.
It may consist of one or more military branches such as an Army, Navy, Air Force and in certain countries, Marines and Coast Guard.

Military branch

service branchbranch of servicebranches
In the broadest sense, it is the land-based military branch, service branch or armed service of a nation or state.
The three standard military service branches, shared by most states, are the army, navy, and air force.

French Army

FrenchArmyFrench troops
To differentiate the colloquial army from the formal concept of military force, the term is qualified, for example in France the land force is called Armée de terre, meaning Land Army, and the air force is called Armée de l'Air, meaning Air Army.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre, ) to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de l'Air or Air Army, is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.

People's Liberation Army Ground Force

PLA Ground ForceGround ForceArmy
A similar pattern is seen in China, with the People's Liberation Army (PLA) being the overall military, the "actual army" being the PLA Ground Force, and so forth for the PLA Air Force, the PLA Navy, and other branches.
The People's Liberation Army Ground Force (PLAGF) is the land-based service branch of the People's Liberation Army and it is the largest and oldest branch of the entire Chinese armed forces.


militiasmilitiamenhome guard militia
By convention, irregular military is understood in contrast to regular armies which grew slowly from personal bodyguards or elite militia.
A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).

Standing army

Regular Armystanding armiesRegular
Regular in this case refers to standardized doctrines, uniforms, organizations, etc. Regular military can also refer to full-time status (standing army), versus reserve or part-time personnel.
A standing army, unlike a reserve army, is a permanent, often professional, army.


soldiersservicemenmilitary personnel
Reforms turned the army into a professional organization which was still largely filled by citizens, but these citizens served continuously for 25 years before being discharged.
A soldier is one who fights as part of an army.

British Army

ArmyBritishBritish troops
On January 26, 1661 Charles II issued the Royal Warrant that created the genesis of what would become the British Army, although the Scottish and English Armies would remain two separate organizations until the unification of England and Scotland in 1707.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

Prussian Army

Royal Prussian ArmyPrussianArmy
Until 1733 the common soldiers of Prussian Army consisted largely of peasantry recruited or impressed from Brandenburg–Prussia, leading many to flee to neighboring countries.
The Royal Prussian Army (Königlich Preußische Armee) served as the army of the Kingdom of Prussia.

Indian Army

The current largest army in the world, by number of active troops, is the PLA Ground Force of China with 1,600,000 active troops and 510,000 reserve personnel followed by the Indian Army with 1,129,000 active troops and 960,000 reserve personnel.

Vietnam War

Vietnamwar in VietnamSecond Indochina War
Similarly, mass protests against conscription to fight the Vietnam War occurred in several countries in the late 1960s.
U.S. and South Vietnam forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery, and airstrikes.


Col.Honorary ColonelCol
Historically, in the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a colonel was typically in charge of a regiment in an army.


chef de bataillonMaj.Maj
When used unhyphenated, in conjunction with no other indicators, major is one rank senior to that of an army captain, and one rank subordinate or below the rank of lieutenant colonel.

List of Soviet armies

ArmiesArmyfield army
In peacetime, a Soviet army was usually subordinate to a military district.
An army, besides the generalized meanings of ‘a country's armed forces’ or its ‘land forces’, is a type of formation in militaries of various countries, including the Soviet Union.

Lieutenant colonel

Lieutenant-ColonelLt. Col.Lt. Colonel
Lieutenant colonel (pronounced Lef-ten-ent Kernel (UK & Commonwealth) or Loo-ten-ent Kernel (US)) is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.

Army aviation

Army AviatoraviationList of army aviation units
An army aviation unit is an aviation-related unit of a nation's army, sometimes described as an air corps.

List of armies by country

This is a list of Armies (Land Forces) of the countries of the World.

List of armies

The article provides links to lists of armies arranged by ordinal number, name, country or conflict.

Military organization

formationmilitary unitunit
In most countries the armed forces are divided into three Military branches (also: service, military service, or military branch): army, navy, and air force.

Brigadier general

Brigadier-Generalgeneral of brigadeBrig. Gen.
In the Army, the rank for combat arms officers is generale di brigata whilst for the logistics and technical corps is called brigadier generale.

Continental Army

ContinentalContinental soldiersContinentals
After the American Revolutionary War the Continental Army was quickly disbanded as part of the Americans' distrust of standing armies, and irregular state militias became the sole ground army of the United States, with the exception of one battery of artillery guarding West Point's arsenal.

Eight Banners

BannermenBordered Yellow BannerBanner
China organized the Manchu people into the Eight Banner system in the early 17th century.

Field army

armyfield armiesarmies
Within a national military force, the word army may also mean a field army.

French Air Force

Armée de l'AirAéronautique MilitaireAir Force
To differentiate the colloquial army from the formal concept of military force, the term is qualified, for example in France the land force is called Armée de terre, meaning Land Army, and the air force is called Armée de l'Air, meaning Air Army.

French Navy

Marine NationaleFrenchNavy
The naval force, although not using the term "army", is also included in the broad sense of the term "armies" — thus the French Navy is an integral component of the collective French Armies (French Armed Forces) under the Ministry of the Armies.