Negro quarters, Army of the James
Edward O. C. Ord and his family
Edward Ord
Grave of Edward Ord in Arlington National Cemetery

Maj. Gen. Edward Ord was placed in command of the Army of the James.

- Army of the James

He was assigned command of the Army of the James during the Appomattox Campaign.

- Edward Ord
Negro quarters, Army of the James

3 related topics

Alpha

Union assault on Fort Harrison, September 29 (after a sketch by William Waud)

Battle of Chaffin's Farm

Fought in Virginia on September 29–30, 1864, as part of the siege of Petersburg in the American Civil War.

Fought in Virginia on September 29–30, 1864, as part of the siege of Petersburg in the American Civil War.

Union assault on Fort Harrison, September 29 (after a sketch by William Waud)
Map of the action at New Market Heights
Company I of the 36th Colored Regiment, which served in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm.
James H. Harris, of the 38th Colored Infantry Unit, who earned the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm.

Once again hoping to distract Robert E. Lee and draw Confederate troops north of the river, Grant ordered the Army of the James under Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler to attack toward Richmond.

His XVIII Corps under Maj. Gen. Edward O. C. Ord, would cross the James River to Aiken's Landing by a newly constructed pontoon bridge.

Union Army 1st Division Badge, XVIII Corps

XVIII Corps (Union Army)

North Carolina corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

North Carolina corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Union Army 1st Division Badge, XVIII Corps
The war in Virginia - the 18th Army Corps storming a fort on the right of the Rebel line before Petersburg, June 15

During the spring of 1864, the corps—now commanded by General William Farrar Smith, formerly of VI Corps—was transferred to Yorktown, Virginia, to join Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler's Army of the James.

Smith was relieved of command in July due to ill health, and he was replaced by Edward O.C. Ord and later Godfrey Weitzel.

Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee, opposing commanders in the Appomattox campaign

Appomattox campaign

Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee, opposing commanders in the Appomattox campaign
Major General John B. Gordon
<center>Maj. Gen.
The Peacemakers by George Peter Alexander Healy, 1868, depicts the historic 1865 meeting on the River Queen
Actions at Petersburg before and during the Battle of Five Forks
Brigadier General Joshua Chamberlain
Brigadier General (Brevet Major General) George Armstrong Custer
Brigadier General W.H.F. "Rooney" Lee
Colonel Thomas T. Munford
Major General Philip Sheridan
Major General George Pickett
<center>Maj. Gen.
<center>Maj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee</center>
Grant's assault on the Petersburg line and the start of Lee's retreat.
Major General Horatio G. Wright
<center>Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill</center>
Major General Cadmus Wilcox
<center>Maj. Gen.
Major General Henry Heth
Brigadier General Nelson A. Miles
Brigadier General John R. Cooke
Thomas Wallace House at Petersburg, Virginia
Lee's retreat and Grant's pursuit, April 2–9, 1865
Brigadier General Rufus Barringer
Captain Thomas Custer
Davies captures the wagon train
High Bridge
Picture by Timothy H. O'Sullivan, 1865
Brigadier General Thomas Alfred Smyth
Colonel Ely S. Parker
Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
Colonel Charles Marshall
General Robert E. Lee
Union soldiers at the courthouse in April 1865.
Appomattox Centennial, 1965 issue.
Generals Sherman, Grant and Sheridan, 1937 Issue
Generals Lee and Jackson, 1937 Issue.
<center>Maj. Gen.
<center>Maj. Gen.
<center>Maj. Gen.
<center>Maj. Gen.
<center>Maj. Gen.
<center>Maj. Gen.
<center>Maj. Gen.
<center>Lt. Gen. James Longstreet, First Corps</center>
<center>Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon</center>
<center>Lt. Gen. Richard H. Anderson</center>
<center>Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell</center>
<center>Brig. Gen. Henry A. Wise</center>
Fascine Trench Breastworks, Petersburg, Va. – NARA – 524792. Although identified as Confederate Trenches this is actually Union Fort Sedgwick aka "Fort Hell" which was opposite Fort Mahone aka "Fort Damnation"<ref>Civil War talk Forum</ref>
Confederate defenses at Petersburg, Virginia, 1865 showing the site of "Fort Mahone"
Union Army 9th Corps attacking Fort Mahone aka "Fort Damanation" sketch by Alfred Ward.
Confederate artilleryman killed during the final Union assault against the trenches at Petersburg. Photo by Thomas C. Roche, April 3, 1865.<ref>Frassanito, p. 360.</ref><ref>See website Petersburg Project on location of Many of the Roche photographs at Petersburg April 1865</ref> Although prints of this picture list it as being taken at Ft Mahone, historians at the "Petersburg Project" believe it was taken at Confederate Battery 25<ref>Dead Artilleryman comments Petersburg Project</ref>

The Appomattox campaign was a series of American Civil War battles fought March 29 – April 9, 1865, in Virginia that concluded with the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to forces of the Union Army (Army of the Potomac, Army of the James and Army of the Shenandoah) under the overall command of Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, marking the effective end of the war.

Grant ordered Major General Edward Ord, to quietly move units from the Army of the James to fill in the portion of the Petersburg line that the II Corps then occupied.