The Siege of Vicksburg
Brigadier General Grant and staff, Cairo, October 1861
Edward O. C. Ord and his family
Battle of Fort Henry and the movements to Fort Donelson.
Edward Ord
Shiloh: Crucible of the Army of the Tennessee
Grave of Edward Ord in Arlington National Cemetery
General Henry Wager Halleck
Grant's Operations against Vicksburg
Grant discussing the terms of the capitulation of Vicksburg with defeated Confederate General Pemberton
Major General Sherman, second commander of the Army of the Tennessee
Major General McPherson, third commander of the Army of the Tennessee
Sherman's March to the Sea
Sherman's Carolinas Campaign
General Sherman at war's end with Generals Howard, Logan, Hazen, Davis, Slocum, and Mower; Howard and Logan were the last two commanders of the Army of the Tennessee

On May 3, 1862, Ord was promoted to the rank of major general of volunteers and, after briefly serving in the Department of the Rappahannock, was assigned command of the 2nd Division of the Army of the Tennessee.

- Edward Ord

On June 18, essentially on grounds of insubordination, Grant replaced the ever-political McClernand in command of the XIII Corps with Maj. Gen. Edward O.C. Ord.

- Army of the Tennessee
The Siege of Vicksburg

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Photograph by Mathew Brady of Sherman at Washington, D.C., in May 1865. The black ribbon of mourning on his left arm is for President Abraham Lincoln.

William Tecumseh Sherman

American soldier, businessman, educator, and author.

American soldier, businessman, educator, and author.

Photograph by Mathew Brady of Sherman at Washington, D.C., in May 1865. The black ribbon of mourning on his left arm is for President Abraham Lincoln.
Sherman's childhood home in Lancaster
Young Sherman in military uniform
California Registered Historic Landmark plaque at the location in Jackson Square, San Francisco, of the branch of the Bank of Lucas, Turner & Co. that Sherman directed from 1853 to 1857
Two cannons on display in front of the Military Science building at Louisiana State University, which were used at the Battle of Fort Sumter and procured by Sherman for the university after the U.S. Civil War.
Portrait by Mathew Brady, c. undefined 1864
Oil portrait of Sherman by George P. A. Healy, 1866
Engraving depicting Admiral Porter's flotilla of gunships and transports arriving below Vicksburg on April 16, 1863. General Sherman is rowing out to the flagship, the USS Benton, in a yawl.
Map of the Battles for Chattanooga, 1863
Map of Sherman's campaigns in Georgia and the Carolinas, 1864–1865
Sherman on horseback at Federal Fort No. 7, after the Atlanta Campaign, September 1864
Green–Meldrim House, which served as Sherman's headquarters after his capture of Savannah in December 1864
The Burning of Columbia, South Carolina (1865) by William Waud for Harper's Weekly
From left to right, Sherman, Grant, Lincoln, and Porter meet on board the River Queen on March 27, 1865, near City Point, Virginia. The 1868 oil painting The Peacemakers by G. P. A. Healy is in the White House collection.
Sherman with Howard, Logan, Hazen, Davis, Slocum, and Mower, photographed by Mathew Brady, May 1865
Portrait by Mathew Brady or Levin C. Handy, between 1865 and 1880
Photograph by G. N. Barnard of Sherman's troops destroying a railroad in Atlanta, 1864
An 1868 engraving by Alexander Hay Ritchie depicting the March to the Sea
Map of Sherman's advance from Atlanta to Goldsboro
Cover of sheet music for a song celebrating the March to the Sea (1865)
Sherman (third from left) and other Indian Peace Commissioners in council with native chiefs and headmen, at the signing of the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868
Portrait of Sherman in the frontispiece of the second edition of his Memoirs (1886). The engraving is based on a photograph taken ca. 1885 by Napoleon Sarony.
Shoulder strap insignia, introduced by Sherman in 1872 for his use as General of the Army
Sherman in his later years, in civilian evening clothes
Sherman's death mask
William Tecumseh Sherman monument by Augustus Saint-Gaudens, 1902, located at Grand Army Plaza in Manhattan, New York, incorporates a statue of Nike titled Victory

Along with fellow lieutenants Henry Halleck and Edward Ord, Sherman embarked from New York City on the 198-day journey around Cape Horn, aboard the converted sloop USS Lexington.

Grant, the previous commander of the District of Cairo, had just won a major victory at Fort Henry and been given command of the ill-defined District of West Tennessee.

John Alexander McClernand

American lawyer and politician, and a Union general in the American Civil War.

American lawyer and politician, and a Union general in the American Civil War.

General McClernand during the Civil War
Embarkation of General McClernand's Brigade at Cairo
McClernand (right) with Abraham Lincoln during his inspection of the Antietam battlefield; Allan Pinkerton is standing at left.

At the Battle of Shiloh on April 6–7 he commanded a division of the Army of the Tennessee, which resisted, along with that of William Tecumseh Sherman, the strong Confederate assaults around Shiloh Church.

He was relieved of his command on June 18, two weeks before the fall of Vicksburg, and was replaced by Maj. Gen. Edward O. C. Ord.

William Rosecrans

American inventor, coal-oil company executive, diplomat, politician, and U.S. Army officer.

American inventor, coal-oil company executive, diplomat, politician, and U.S. Army officer.

Rosecrans's principal opponent, Gen. Braxton Bragg
A romantic image of Rosecrans at Murfreesboro, January 2, 1863
Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood
Rosecrans in later life
Opening of Iuka-Corinth Campaign
Battle of Iuka
Second phase of the Iuka-Corinth Campaign
Battle of Corinth, October 3, 1862
Battle of Corinth, October 4, 1862
Movements and positions the night of December 30 to December 31.
December 31, 8:00 a.m.
December 31, 11:00 a.m.
January 2, 4:00 p.m.
Initial movements in the Chickamauga Campaign, August 15 – September 8, 1863
September 18 movements on the eve of the Battle of Chickamauga
Actions, morning of September 19
Actions, early afternoon of September 19
Actions, late afternoon to dark, September 19
Polk's Right Wing assaults, morning of September 20
Longstreet's Left Wing assaults, mid-day September 20
Defense of Horseshoe Ridge and Union retreat, afternoon and evening of September 20
U.S.A.T. Rosecrans at the foot of University Street next to U.S.A.T. Lawton
U.S.A.T. Rosecrans and Lawton docked at the foot of University St. in Seattle, preparing to transport U.S. troops to China, 1900
U.S.A.T. Rosecrans sailing for Nome. With Co's A and K 7th Reg. No. 1.
Sailing out of Seattle

In these roles, he was the subordinate of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, who commanded the District of Western Tennessee and the Army of the Tennessee, from whom he received direction in the Iuka-Corinth campaign in September and October 1862.

Grant sent Brig. Gen. Edward Ord with three Army of the Tennessee divisions (about 8,000 men) along the Memphis and Charleston Railroad to move upon Iuka from the northwest.

The XVIII Airborne Corps command group returns home from Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2009

XIII Corps (Union Army)

Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

The XVIII Airborne Corps command group returns home from Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2009

It was first led by Ulysses S. Grant and later by John A. McClernand and Edward O.C. Ord.

Because of the corps' immense size and the fact that it was virtually synonymous with the Army of the Tennessee, Grant chose to subdivide the corps into the Right, Left and Center wings.

Battle of Corinth, Miss., October 4, 1862. Hand-colored lithograph by Currier and Ives, 1862

Second Battle of Corinth

Fought October 3–4, 1862, in Corinth, Mississippi.

Fought October 3–4, 1862, in Corinth, Mississippi.

Battle of Corinth, Miss., October 4, 1862. Hand-colored lithograph by Currier and Ives, 1862
Second phase of the Iuka–Corinth Campaign
Plan of the second Battle of Corinth
Battle of Corinth, October 3, 1862
The defense of Battery Robinett
Confederate dead outside the parapet of Battery Robinett on October 5. Col. William P. Rogers of the 2nd Texas lies in the left background-his dead horse is to the right
Confederate dead lay gathered at the bottom of the parapet of Battery Robinett on October 5. Col. William P. Rogers of the 2nd Texas (left foreground) seized his colors to keep them from falling again and jumped a five-foot ditch, leaving his dying horse and assaulted the ramparts of the battery. When canister shot killed him, he was the fifth bearer of his colors to fall that day.
Battle of Corinth, October 4, 1862
<center>Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans</center>
Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant
<center>Brig. Gen. David S. Stanley</center>
<center>Brig. Gen. Charles S. Hamilton</center>
<center>Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Davies</center>
<center>Brig. Gen. Thomas J. McKean</center>
<center>Brig. Gen. John McArthur</center>
<center>Maj. Gen. Earl van Dorn</center>
<center>Maj. Gen. Sterling Price</center>
<center>Brig. Gen. Louis Hébert</center>
<center>Brig. Gen. Martin E. Green</center>
<center>Brig. Gen. Dabney H. Maury</center>
<center>Maj. Gen. Mansfield Lovell</center>

Confederate forces under Van Dorn and Price in northern Mississippi were expected to advance into Middle Tennessee to support Bragg's effort, but the Confederates also needed to prevent Buell from being reinforced by Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Tennessee.

(Grant's second column approaching Iuka, commanded by Maj. Gen. Edward Ord, did not participate in the battle as planned.