Aromata

Market and Cape of SpicesCape of SpicesAromata promontoriumAromaton Emporionthe Cape of Spices
Aromata (Greek: Αρώματα, lit. "spices, aromatics"), also called the Spice Port, was an emporium and seaport in the Horn of Africa, today a part of Somalia.wikipedia
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Cape Guardafui

FilukCape Guardafui LighthouseGardafuul
It lay near the tip of Cape Guardafui, which was itself called the "Promontory of Spices" (Aromaton akron, Αρώματον ἄκρον).
Referred to as Aromata promontorium (Greek: Αρώματον ἄκρον) by the ancient Greeks, Guardafui was described as early as the 1st century CE in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, along with other flourishing commercial settlements on the northern Somali littoral.

Barbara (region)

BarbaraBarbarBarbara/Barbaroi
It lay within the region known to the Greeks as Barbaria. According to the 1st-century Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, the "port of spices" (Aromaton emporion, Ἀρωμάτων ἐμπόριον) had a roadstead or anchorage (hormos) in the land of the Barbaroi.
According to the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, a 1st-century CE travelogue written by a Greek merchant based in Alexandria, the first Barbara region extended from just south of Berenice Troglodytae in southeastern Egypt to just north of Ptolemais Theron in northeastern Sudan, whilst the second Barbara region was then located just beyond the Bab al-Mandeb up to the "Market and Cape of Spices, an abrupt promontory, at the very end of the Berber coast toward the east" found in northeastern Somalia.

Damo, Somalia

Damo
It is to be identified with Damo, a site protected on the south but exposed on the north.
Based on his discoveries, Chittick suggested in particular that the Damo site in the Peninsula of Hafun likely corresponded with the Periplus' "Market and Cape of Spices".

Sesea

I am the first and only of the kings my predecessors to have subdued all these peoples by the grace given me by my mighty god Ares Mahram, who also engendered me. It is through him that I have submitted to my power all the peoples neighbouring my empire, in the east to the Land of Aromatics, to the west to the land of Ethiopia Kush and the Sasou ?Sesea ; some I fought myself, against others I sent my armies.
It was bordered to the north and west by Axum, to the east by Aromata (Land of Aromatics), and to the southeast by Rauso, and was eventually superseded by the Adal kingdom at the turn of the 10th century.

Neville Chittick

H. Neville Chittick
British archaeologist Neville Chittick discovered Roman pottery near Damo, confirming the identification.
Based on his discoveries, Chittick suggested in particular that the Damo site in the Hafun peninsula likely corresponded with the Periplus' "Market and Cape of Spices".

Greek language

GreekAncient GreekModern Greek
Aromata (Greek: Αρώματα, lit. "spices, aromatics"), also called the Spice Port, was an emporium and seaport in the Horn of Africa, today a part of Somalia.

Spice

spicesspicyspicy food
Aromata (Greek: Αρώματα, lit. "spices, aromatics"), also called the Spice Port, was an emporium and seaport in the Horn of Africa, today a part of Somalia.

Aroma compound

fragrancefragrancesodorant
Aromata (Greek: Αρώματα, lit. "spices, aromatics"), also called the Spice Port, was an emporium and seaport in the Horn of Africa, today a part of Somalia.

Emporium (antiquity)

emporiumemporionemporia
Aromata (Greek: Αρώματα, lit. "spices, aromatics"), also called the Spice Port, was an emporium and seaport in the Horn of Africa, today a part of Somalia.

Port

seaportport cityfishing port
Aromata (Greek: Αρώματα, lit. "spices, aromatics"), also called the Spice Port, was an emporium and seaport in the Horn of Africa, today a part of Somalia.

Horn of Africa

HornSomali peninsulanortheastern Africa
Aromata (Greek: Αρώματα, lit. "spices, aromatics"), also called the Spice Port, was an emporium and seaport in the Horn of Africa, today a part of Somalia.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Aromata (Greek: Αρώματα, lit. "spices, aromatics"), also called the Spice Port, was an emporium and seaport in the Horn of Africa, today a part of Somalia.

Periplus of the Erythraean Sea

Periplus Maris ErythraeiPeriplusPeriplus of the Erythrean Sea
According to the 1st-century Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, the "port of spices" (Aromaton emporion, Ἀρωμάτων ἐμπόριον) had a roadstead or anchorage (hormos) in the land of the Barbaroi.

Roadstead

Roadsroadroad stead
According to the 1st-century Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, the "port of spices" (Aromaton emporion, Ἀρωμάτων ἐμπόριον) had a roadstead or anchorage (hormos) in the land of the Barbaroi.

Anchorage, Alaska

AnchorageAnchorage, AKMunicipality of Anchorage
According to the 1st-century Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, the "port of spices" (Aromaton emporion, Ἀρωμάτων ἐμπόριον) had a roadstead or anchorage (hormos) in the land of the Barbaroi.

Adulis

AduliAdwaport of Adulis
They were "far" because they came after Adulis and beyond the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb.

Bab-el-Mandeb

Bab al-MandabBab el MandebBab el-Mandeb
They were "far" because they came after Adulis and beyond the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb.

Egypt

EgyptianEGYArab Republic of Egypt
Merchants left Egypt in July to reach them.

Zeila

AvalitesSaylacZaila
Aromata was the sixth port after Zeyla (Aualites), Berbera (Malao), Heis (Moundou), Bandar Kasim (Mosullon) and Bandar Alula (Akannai).

Berbera

BarberaBarbaraBerbera dockside
Aromata was the sixth port after Zeyla (Aualites), Berbera (Malao), Heis (Moundou), Bandar Kasim (Mosullon) and Bandar Alula (Akannai).

Heis (town)

HeisMundusMundus/Xīs
Aromata was the sixth port after Zeyla (Aualites), Berbera (Malao), Heis (Moundou), Bandar Kasim (Mosullon) and Bandar Alula (Akannai).

Bosaso

BossasoBosassoBoosaaso
Aromata was the sixth port after Zeyla (Aualites), Berbera (Malao), Heis (Moundou), Bandar Kasim (Mosullon) and Bandar Alula (Akannai).

Alula, Somalia

AlulaAluulaBandar Alula
Aromata was the sixth port after Zeyla (Aualites), Berbera (Malao), Heis (Moundou), Bandar Kasim (Mosullon) and Bandar Alula (Akannai).

Ancient Roman pottery

Roman potterypotteryceramic
British archaeologist Neville Chittick discovered Roman pottery near Damo, confirming the identification.

George Wynn Brereton Huntingford

G.W.B. HuntingfordG. W. B. Huntingford
Previously, G. W. B. Huntingford had identified with Olok (Olog), which is 3 km to the west.