Artémire (tragedy)

Artémire
Artémire was Voltaire's second tragedy in five acts.wikipedia
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Voltaire

VoltairianFrançois-Marie Arouet (Voltaire)Voltairianism
Artémire was Voltaire's second tragedy in five acts.
Voltaire's next play, Artémire, set in ancient Macedonia, opened on 15 February 1720.

Hérode et Mariamne

Mariamneon the same storyVoltaire
Voltaire reused some of the material from Artémire in his 1724 play Hérode et Mariamne.
Alluding to Voltaire's re-use of material from his earlier failed tragedy Artémire, Rousseau described the play as "the second delivery of an abortion, taken again into the womb of its mother to receive fresh nourishment... I can discern nothing from the head to the tail but a number of disjointed and monstrous parts instead of a complete whole. In short it is impossible to reconcile this farrago with common sense."

Comédie-Française

Théâtre-FrançaisThéâtre FrançaisComédie Française
When it failed at its premiere on February 15 1720 at the Comédie-Française, Voltaire withdrew it and cancelled the printing.

Larissa

Larisaarchbishop of LarissaCasambala, near Larissa
The action is set in Larissa in Thessaly after the death of Alexander the Great.

Thessaly

ThessalianThessaliansThessalia
The action is set in Larissa in Thessaly after the death of Alexander the Great.

Alexander the Great

AlexanderAlexander of MacedonAlexander III
The action is set in Larissa in Thessaly after the death of Alexander the Great.

Comédie-Italienne

Théâtre ItalienThéâtre-ItalienThéâtre des Italiens
The publishers of the Kehl edition of Voltaire's complete works could not find a synposis for the play, so their arrangement of the surviving fragments was based on a parody of Artémire listed in the Comédie-Italienne in an act by Dominique, only two days after the premiere.

Adrienne Lecouvreur

demoiselle Le Couvreur
The play was originally conceived as a vehicle for the famous actress Adrienne Lecouvreur, who was to become Voltaire's lover.

Château de Sully-sur-Loire

Sully-sur-Loirecastle of SullyCastle of Sully-sur-Loire
It was first performed at Sully by a group of aristocratic amateurs, guests of the Duke.

Philippe II, Duke of Orléans

Philippe d'OrléansDuke of OrléansDuke of Orleans
After being withdrawn from the public theatre, Artémire had seven further performances by request of the Regent's mother Elizabeth Charlotte, Madame Palatine.

Elizabeth Charlotte, Madame Palatine

Elizabeth CharlotteDuchess of OrléansPrincess Palatine
After being withdrawn from the public theatre, Artémire had seven further performances by request of the Regent's mother Elizabeth Charlotte, Madame Palatine.

Oedipus (Voltaire play)

OedipusŒdipel'Œdipe
The literary review L'Europe savante reported the play had had few performances, and that it contained the same weaknesses and favourable points as Voltaire's first tragedy Oedipe though it failed where Oedipe had succeeded.

Pierre Desfontaines

abbé Desfontainesabbot Desfontaines
Two short fragments from the fourth act were first published by Pierre Desfontaines in the appendix to the Bernard edition of La Ligue in Amsterdam in 1724.