Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Duke of WellingtonWellingtonArthur WellesleyThe Duke of WellingtonSir Arthur WellesleyLord WellingtonWellesley1st Duke of WellingtonArthur Wellesley, Marquess of WellingtonMarquess of Wellington
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.wikipedia
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Battle of Waterloo

Waterloobattlethe Battle of Waterloo
His victory against Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 puts him in the first rank of Britain's military heroes.
A French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: a British-led Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington, and a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prince of Wahlstatt.

Military career of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

battle record
Wellington's battle record is exemplary; he ultimately participated in some 60 battles during the course of his military career.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852), was one of the leading British military and political figures of the 19th century.

Peninsular War

PeninsulaWar of IndependenceSpanish War of Independence
Wellesley rose to prominence as a general during the Peninsular campaign of the Napoleonic Wars, and was promoted to the rank of field marshal after leading the allied forces to victory against the French Empire at the Battle of Vitoria in 1813.
The British Army, under then Lt. Gen. Sir Arthur Wellesley, later the 1st Duke of Wellington, guarded Portugal and campaigned against the French in Spain alongside the reformed Portuguese army.

Battle of Assaye

AssayeAssaye 1803
He was appointed governor of Seringapatam and Mysore in 1799 and, as a newly appointed major-general, won a decisive victory over the Maratha Confederacy at the Battle of Assaye in 1803.
It occurred on 23 September 1803 near Assaye in western India where an outnumbered Indian and British force under the command of Major General Arthur Wellesley (who later became the Duke of Wellington) defeated a combined Maratha army of Daulat Scindia and the Raja of Berar.

Battle of Vitoria

VittoriaVitoriabattle of Vittoria
Wellesley rose to prominence as a general during the Peninsular campaign of the Napoleonic Wars, and was promoted to the rank of field marshal after leading the allied forces to victory against the French Empire at the Battle of Vitoria in 1813.
At the Battle of Vitoria (21 June 1813) a British, Portuguese and Spanish army under General the Marquess of Wellington broke the French army under Joseph Bonaparte and Marshal Jean-Baptiste Jourdan near Vitoria in Spain, eventually leading to victory in the Peninsular War.

Tories (British political party)

ToryToriesTory Party
He was twice British prime minister as part of the Tory party: from 1828 to 1830, and for a little less than a month in 1834.
The Earl of Liverpool was succeeded by fellow Tory Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, whose term included the Catholic Emancipation, which occurred mostly due to the election of Daniel O'Connell as a Catholic MP from Ireland.

Duke of Wellington's Regiment

33rd Regiment of Foot33rd Foot33rd
He became a major by purchase in the 33rd Regiment in 1793.
The first Duke of Wellington died in 1852 and in the following year Queen Victoria, in recognition of the regiment's long ties to him, ordered that the regiment's title be changed to the 33rd (or The Duke of Wellington's) Regiment. In 1881, following the Childers Reforms, the 33rd was linked with the 76th Regiment of Foot, who shared their depot in Halifax.

Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley

Richard WellesleyLord WellesleyThe Marquess Wellesley
In 1781, Arthur's father died and his eldest brother Richard inherited his father's earldom.
His younger brother, Arthur, was Field Marshal The 1st Duke of Wellington.

Eton College

EtonEtonianOld Etonian
He then enrolled at Eton College, where he studied from 1781 to 1784.
The Duke of Wellington is often incorrectly quoted as saying that "The Battle of Waterloo was won on the playing-fields of Eton".

Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher

BlücherGebhard von BlücherPrince Blücher
During the Hundred Days in 1815, he commanded the allied army which, together with a Prussian army under Blücher, defeated Napoleon at Waterloo.
After Napoleon’s return in 1815, Blücher took command of the Prussian Army of the Lower Rhine and coordinated his force with that of the British and Allied forces under the Duke of Wellington.

12th Royal Lancers

12th Lancers12th Light Dragoons12th (Prince of Wales's Royal) Lancers
On 23 January 1788, he transferred into the 41st Regiment of Foot, then again on 25 June 1789, still a lieutenant, he transferred to the 12th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons and, according to military historian Richard Holmes, he also dipped a reluctant toe into politics.
In 1751, the regiment was officially styled the 12th Dragoons. In 1768, King George III bestowed the badge of the three ostrich feathers and the motto "Ich Dien" on the regiment and re-titled it as The 12th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons. A young Arthur Wellesley joined the regiment as a subaltern in 1789.

British Army

ArmyBritishBritish troops
He was commissioned as an ensign in the British Army in 1787, serving in Ireland as aide-de-camp to two successive Lords Lieutenant of Ireland.
A coalition of Anglo-Dutch and Prussian armies under the Duke of Wellington and Field Marshal von Blücher finally defeated Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815.

18th Royal Hussars

18th Hussars18th Light Dragoons18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)
On 31 October, he transferred to the 18th Light Dragoons and it was during this period that he grew increasingly attracted to Kitty Pakenham, the daughter of Edward Pakenham, 2nd Baron Longford.
Arthur Wesley was briefly a junior officer in the regiment between October 1792 and April 1793.

41st (Welch) Regiment of Foot

41st Foot41st Regiment of Foot41st (Welsh) Regiment of Foot
On 23 January 1788, he transferred into the 41st Regiment of Foot, then again on 25 June 1789, still a lieutenant, he transferred to the 12th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons and, according to military historian Richard Holmes, he also dipped a reluctant toe into politics.
On 23 January 1788, Arthur Wellesley, the future Duke of Wellington, joined the regiment as a young lieutenant.

Battle of Boxtel

Boxtelwas attacked
On 15 September 1794, at the Battle of Boxtel, east of Breda, Wellington, in temporary command of his brigade, had his first experience of battle.
It is often remembered as being the debut action of Lt Col Arthur Wesley, who later became Arthur Wellesley, the 1st Duke of Wellington.

Field marshal (United Kingdom)

Field MarshalBritish Field Marshalfield marshals
Wellesley rose to prominence as a general during the Peninsular campaign of the Napoleonic Wars, and was promoted to the rank of field marshal after leading the allied forces to victory against the French Empire at the Battle of Vitoria in 1813.
Fifteen future field marshals were present at the Battle of Vitoria, where the Duke of Wellington earned the rank, and ten others served under Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo.

Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829

Catholic Relief ActRoman Catholic Relief ActCatholic Emancipation
He oversaw the passage of the Catholic Relief Act 1829, but opposed the Reform Act 1832.
The British leaders, starting with the Prime Minister the Duke of Wellington and his top aide Robert Peel, although personally opposed, gave in to avoid civil strife.

Rotten and pocket boroughs

rotten boroughpocket boroughrotten boroughs
Shortly before the general election of 1789, he went to the rotten borough of Trim to speak against the granting of the title "Freeman" of Dublin to the parliamentary leader of the Irish Patriot Party, Henry Grattan.
Before being awarded a peerage, Arthur Wellesley, later Duke of Wellington, served in the Irish House of Commons as a Member for the rotten borough of Trim.

Trim, County Meath

TrimAth TruimTrim in Meath
He spent most of his childhood at his family's two homes, the first a large house in Dublin and the second Dangan Castle, 3 mi north of Summerhill on the Trim Road (now the R158) in County Meath.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington is reputed to have been born in Dangan Castle between Trim and Summerhill, and a large column to him was erected in the town in 1817.

Battle of Roliça

RoliçaRolicaRoleia
Wellesley defeated the French at the Battle of Roliça and the Battle of Vimeiro in 1808 but was superseded in command immediately after the latter battle.
In the Battle of Roliça (17 August 1808) an Anglo-Portuguese army under Sir Arthur Wellesley defeated an outnumbered Imperial French division under General of Division Henri François Delaborde, near the village of Roliça in Portugal.

British Army during the Napoleonic Wars

British Armyexpedition to HanoverHanover
Wellesley then served in the abortive Anglo-Russian expedition to north Germany in 1805, taking a brigade to Elbe.
The Duke of Wellington himself said that many of the men "enlist from having got bastard children – some for minor offences – some for drink".

Second Battle of Porto

Second PortoPorto (Second battle of)Battle of Douro
In the Second Battle of Porto he crossed the Douro river in a daylight coup de main, and routed Marshal Soult's French troops in Porto.
The Second Battle of Porto, also known as the Battle of the Douro, was a battle in which General Arthur Wellesley's Anglo-Portuguese Army defeated Marshal Nicolas Soult's French troops on 12 May 1809 and took back the city of Porto.

Thomas Pakenham, 2nd Earl of Longford

ThomasEarl of Longfordher brother Thomas
In 1793, he sought her hand, but was turned down by her brother Thomas, Earl of Longford, who considered Wellesley to be a young man, in debt, with very poor prospects.
His sister, the Honourable Catherine Pakenham, was the wife of the Duke of Wellington.

Battle of Vimeiro

VimeiroVimieraVimiero
Wellesley defeated the French at the Battle of Roliça and the Battle of Vimeiro in 1808 but was superseded in command immediately after the latter battle.
In the Battle of Vimeiro (sometimes shown as or "Vimiera" or "Vimeira" in contemporary British texts) on 21 August 1808, the British under General Arthur Wellesley (who later became the Duke of Wellington) defeated the French under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot near the village of Vimeiro, near Lisbon, Portugal during the Peninsular War.

Dhondia Wagh

DhundiaDhoondia WaghDhondiya Wagh
He also hunted down the mercenary and self-proclaimed 'King' Dhoondiah Waugh, who had escaped from prison in Seringapatam during the battle.
He was ultimately defeated and killed by a British force led by Arthur Wellesley.