Articulated buswikipedia
An articulated bus (either a motor bus or trolleybus) is an articulated vehicle used in public transportation.
articulated busarticulatedarticulated busesbendy busesarticulated trolleybusesarticulated trolleybuspusher configurationbendy busarticulated vehiclesartic

Bus

busbusesbus route
An articulated bus (either a motor bus or trolleybus) is an articulated vehicle used in public transportation.
The most common type of bus is the single-deck rigid bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker and articulated buses, and smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses; coaches are used for longer-distance services.

Articulated vehicle

articulatedarticulated vehiclearticulation
An articulated bus (either a motor bus or trolleybus) is an articulated vehicle used in public transportation.
There are many kinds of articulated vehicles, from heavy equipment to buses, trams and trains.

Bi-articulated bus

bi-articulated busbi-articulateddouble-articulated buses
A less common variant of the articulated bus is the bi-articulated bus, where the vehicle has two trailer sections rather than one.
A bi-articulated bus or double-articulated bus is a type of high-capacity articulated bus with an extra axle and a second articulation joint that allows it to carry three passenger compartments instead of two.

Articulated buses in London

articulated busesarticulated buseventually led to their replacement
In a period when articulated buses made up approximately 5% of the London bus fleet, they were involved in 20% of all bus-related deaths, statistics which eventually led to their replacement.
Articulated buses, popularly called "bendy buses," were introduced to London in October 2001 when six Wright Eclipse Fusion bodied Volvo B7LAs were hired from First Hampshire & Dorset for a trial on route 207 between Shepherds Bush and Uxbridge.

Double-decker bus

double-decker busdouble-deckerdouble decker bus
The main benefits of an articulated bus over the double-decker bus are rapid simultaneous boarding and disembarkation through more and larger doors, somewhat larger passenger capacity (94 -120 versus 80−90), increased stability arising from a lower centre of gravity, smaller frontal area giving less air resistance than double decker buses thus better fuel efficiency, often a smaller turning radius, higher maximum service speed, and improved accessibility for people with disabilities and the elderly.
Double-decker buses are in common use throughout the United Kingdom, and have been favoured over articulated buses by many operators because of the shorter length of double-deckers and larger amount of seating capacity; they also may be safer to operate through the narrow streets and tight corners common in Britain.

Mercedes-Benz Citaro

CitaroMercedes-Benz O530GMercedes-Benz O530 Citaro
During late 2003 and early 2004, a series of onboard fires on newly delivered Mercedes-Benz Citaros led to Londoners humorously nicknaming the vehicles chariots of fire.
The Mercedes-Benz Citaro (or O530(G)) is a single-decker bus / articulated bus manufactured by Mercedes-Benz/EvoBus.

Leyland-DAB articulated bus

Leyland-DABarticulated busesArticulated Bus
Articulated buses have also been used in Australia, Austria (Gräf & Stift), Italy, Germany (Gaubschat, Emmelmann, Göppel, Duewag, Vetter), Canada (LFS Articulated), Hungary (Ikarus), Poland (Jelcz AP02)) The first modern British "bendy buses" (as they are referred to in the UK and Canada) were built by Leyland-DAB and used in the city of Sheffield in the 1980s.
The Leyland-DAB articulated bus was an articulated bus manufactured by Leyland-DAB in Denmark.

Single-deck bus

single-decker bussingle-deckerSingle-deck
It is usually a single-deck design, and comprises two rigid sections linked by a pivoting joint (articulation) enclosed by protective folding bellows on the in- and outside the vehicle (usually of gray or black colour) and a cover plate on the inside of the vehicle.
With the exception of regions of major double deck or articulated bus operation, usually urban areas, the single decker is the standard mode of public transport bus travel, increasingly with low floor features.

Guided bus

guided busguided buswayguidance
Due to their high passenger capacity, articulated buses are often used as part of bus rapid transit schemes, and can include mechanical guidance.
Guided buses may be articulated, allowing more passengers, but not as many as light rail or trams that do not also freely navigate public roads.

Rigid bus

rigidrigid busfull-size
This arrangement allows a longer legal overall length than single-decker rigid-bodied buses, and hence a higher passenger capacity, while still allowing the bus to maneuver adequately on the roads of its service route.
A bus of this type is to be contrasted with an articulated or bi-articulated bus, which will have two or more two rigid sections linked by a pivoting joint, and also with a trailer bus, which is formed out of a bus bodied semi-trailer pulled by a conventional tractor unit.

Bus rapid transit

bus rapid transitBRTbus rapid transit system
Due to their high passenger capacity, articulated buses are often used as part of bus rapid transit schemes, and can include mechanical guidance.
High-capacity vehicles such as articulated or even bi-articulated buses may be used, typically with multiple doors for fast entry and exit.

Eagle Bus

EagleBus & Car Co.Eagle M-15
In the mid-1960s, AC Transit in California pioneered the American use of a modern articulated bus, operating the experimental commuter coach "XMC 77" (based on Continental Trailways' Bus & Car Co. Silver Eagle model) on some of its transbay lines.
Of this original group, four were articulated Super Golden Eagles.

Mercedes-Benz O305

O305OG 305Mercedes-Benz O305G
The first articulated buses to use it were the Mercedes-Benz O305G buses; however, three MAN SG280H buses are also equipped for O-Bahn use.
The Mercedes-Benz O305 was a highly successful single deck, double deck and articulated bus manufactured by Mercedes-Benz in Mannheim, West Germany from 1969 until 1987.

Ikarus 280

280
A typical puller model is the Hungarian-made Ikarus 280, the articulated version of the Ikarus 260, of which 60,993 buses were manufactured between 1973 and 2002, mostly for Soviet bloc customers.
Ikarus 280 is an articulated urban bus produced by Hungarian bus manufacturer Ikarus from 1973 to 2002.

Neoplan Jumbocruiser

Jumbocruiser
NEOPLAN Bus GmbH built a handful of Neoplan Jumbocruisers between 1975 and 1992.
The Neoplan Jumbocruiser was an articulated double-deck multi-axle city coach built by Neoplan Bus GmbH between 1975 and 1992.

O-Bahn Busway

Adelaide O-BahnO-BahnO-Bahn guided busway
In Adelaide, Australia, articulated buses are used on the O-Bahn Busway, reaching speeds of 100 km/h.
At the city end, the O-Bahn begins at Hackney Road, opposite the East Parklands, where it enters a 60-metre tunnel at a speed limited to 40 km/h, due to the tight initial corner, ensuring that the rear tyres (especially trailer tyres of articulated buses) do not 'scrub' against the track.

Articulated buses in the United Kingdom

articulated busesarticulated buses in the United Kingdomarticulated bus in the United Kingdom
As of June 2006, there were over 500 articulated buses in the UK, although they are still heavily outnumbered by double deckers.

Renault PR180.2

Renault PR180PR 180.2PR180.2
The Renault PR 180 and PR 180.2 (articulated versions of the PR 100 and PR 100.2) were a special variation of the pusher design in which both the middle and the rear axles were driven, with a driveshaft passing through the turntable between the two driving axles.
The Renault PR180.2 is a step-entrance articulated bus chassis produced by Renault Véhicules Industriels in Lyon, France.

Steering

steeringfour-wheel steeringfour wheel steering
Some articulated bus models have a steering arrangement on the rearmost axle which turns slightly in opposition to the front steering axle, allowing the vehicle to negotiate turns in a crab-like fashion, similar to hook-and-ladder fire trucks operating in city environments.
Vehicle-trailer-combinations such as semi-trailers, road trains, articulated buses, and internal transport trolley trains can be regarded as passively articulated vehicles.

SMRT Buses

TIBSSMRTTrans-Island Bus Services
In Singapore, articulated buses were first introduced in 1996 by Trans-Island Bus Services (now SMRT Buses) with the Mercedes-Benz O405G buses (bodied in Hispano Carrcera (MK1/MK2), Hispano Habit and Volgren CR221L).
It was also the first bus interchange designed to accommodate articulated buses.

New Flyer Industries

New FlyerNFIFlyer
Many other transit authorities in the United States and Canada are adopting articulated buses that are diesel-electric hybrids, such as the New Flyer DE60LF.
In 1995, the company delivered the first low-floor articulated bus in North America to Strathcona County Transit.

Lane Transit District

Lane Transit DistrictLTDpublic transit
In Eugene, Lane Transit District uses articulated buses on some high-traffic routes, as well as on their Emerald Express (EmX) Bus Rapid Transit Service.
According to LTD's Website, LTD operates 111 buses, which includes both standard and low-floor buses, in length of 30-foot, 40-foot, and 60-foot (articulated buses ) for regular services.

AC Transit

AC TransitActransitAlameda – Contra Costa Transit
In the mid-1960s, AC Transit in California pioneered the American use of a modern articulated bus, operating the experimental commuter coach "XMC 77" (based on Continental Trailways' Bus & Car Co. Silver Eagle model) on some of its transbay lines.
AC Transit pioneered the use of an articulated bus in the mid-1960s, operating the experimental GM XMC 77 bus primarily on Transbay service.

Malta

MalteseMaltaRepublic of Malta
From 3 July 2011 to 28 August 2013, articulated Mercedes Citaro buses purchased from London have been used in Malta by the company Arriva on a number of routes across the country.
The public tender was won by Arriva Malta, a member of the Arriva group, which introduced a fleet of brand new buses, built by King Long especially for service by Arriva Malta and including a smaller fleet of articulated buses brought in from Arriva London.