Articulated bus

articulatedarticulated busesbendy busesarticulated trolleybusesarticulated trolleybuspusher configurationArticarticulated vehiclesbendy busarticulated models
An articulated bus, (either a motor bus or trolleybus) is an articulated vehicle used in public transportation.wikipedia
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Bus

busesbus routeomnibus
An articulated bus, (either a motor bus or trolleybus) is an articulated vehicle used in public transportation.
The most common type of bus is the single-deck rigid bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker and articulated buses, and smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses; coaches are used for longer-distance services.

Articulated vehicle

articulatedarticulationarticulating
An articulated bus, (either a motor bus or trolleybus) is an articulated vehicle used in public transportation.
There are many kinds of articulated vehicles, from heavy equipment to buses, trams and trains.

Bi-articulated bus

bi-articulateddouble-articulated busesbi-articulated trolleybus
A less common variant of the articulated bus is the bi-articulated bus, where the vehicle has two trailer sections rather than one.
A bi-articulated bus or double-articulated bus is a type of high-capacity articulated bus with an extra axle and a second articulation joint that allows it to carry three passenger compartments instead of two.

Ikarus 280

280
The Ikarus 180 went into limited production in 1963, and entered serial production in 1966; the Ikarus 180 was discontinued in 1973 when its successor, the Ikarus 280 was released. Contemporaneously, Crown entered an agreement with Ikarus to produce the Crown-Ikarus 286, coupling American-made powertrains with the Hungarian Ikarus 280 chassis.
Ikarus 280 is an articulated urban bus produced by Hungarian bus manufacturer Ikarus from 1973 to 2002.

Single-deck bus

single-decker bussingle-deckerSingle-deck
It is usually a single-deck design, and comprises two rigid sections linked by a pivoting joint (articulation) enclosed by protective folding bellows on the in- and outside the vehicle (usually of gray or black colour) and a cover plate on the inside of the vehicle.
With the exception of regions of major double deck or articulated bus operation, usually urban areas, the single decker is the standard mode of public transport bus travel, increasingly with low floor features.

Guided bus

guided buswaybuswayguidance
Due to their high passenger capacity, articulated buses are often used as part of bus rapid transit schemes, and can include mechanical guidance.
Guided buses may be articulated, allowing more passengers, but not as many as light rail or trams that do not also freely navigate public roads.

Rigid bus

rigidfull-sizeheavy-duty
This arrangement allows a longer legal overall length than single-decker rigid-bodied buses, and hence a higher passenger capacity, while still allowing the bus to maneuver adequately on the roads of its service route.
A bus of this type is to be contrasted with an articulated or bi-articulated bus, which will have two or more two rigid sections linked by a pivoting joint, and also with a trailer bus, which is formed out of a bus bodied semi-trailer pulled by a conventional tractor unit.

Double-decker bus

double-deckerdouble decker busdouble decker
The main benefits of an articulated bus over the double-decker bus are rapid simultaneous boarding and disembarkation through more and larger doors, somewhat larger passenger capacity (94 -120 versus 80−90), increased stability arising from a lower centre of gravity, smaller frontal area giving less air resistance than double decker buses thus better fuel efficiency, often a smaller turning radius, higher maximum service speed, the ability to pass under low bridges, and improved accessibility for people with disabilities and the elderly.
Double-decker buses are in common use throughout the United Kingdom, and have been favoured over articulated buses by many operators because of the shorter length of double-deckers and larger amount of seating capacity; they also may be safer to operate through the narrow streets and tight corners common in Britain.

Mercedes-Benz Citaro

CitaroMercedes-Benz O530GMercedes-Benz O530 Citaro
During late 2003 and early 2004, a series of onboard fires on newly delivered Mercedes-Benz Citaros led to Londoners humorously nicknaming the vehicles chariots of fire.
The Mercedes-Benz Citaro is a single-decker, rigid or articulated bus manufactured by Mercedes-Benz/EvoBus.

Articulated buses in London

articulated busesarticulated busarticlated bus
In a period when articulated buses made up approximately 5% of the London bus fleet, they were involved in 20% of all bus-related deaths, statistics which eventually led to their replacement.
Articulated buses, popularly called "bendy buses," were introduced to London in October 2001 when six Wright Eclipse Fusion bodied Volvo B7LAs were hired from First Hampshire & Dorset for a trial on route 207 between Shepherds Bush and Uxbridge.

Leyland-DAB articulated bus

Leyland-DABArticulated Busarticulated buses
Articulated buses have also been used in Australia, Austria (Gräf & Stift), Italy, Germany (Gaubschat, Emmelmann, Göppel, Duewag, Vetter), Canada (LFS Articulated), Hungary (Ikarus), Poland (Jelcz AP02)) The first modern British "bendy buses" (as they are referred to in the UK and Canada) were built by Leyland-DAB and used in the city of Sheffield in the 1980s.
The Leyland-DAB articulated bus was an articulated bus manufactured by Leyland-DAB in Denmark.

Bus rapid transit

BRTbus rapid transit systembusway
Due to their high passenger capacity, articulated buses are often used as part of bus rapid transit schemes, and can include mechanical guidance.
High-capacity vehicles such as articulated or even bi-articulated buses may be used, typically with multiple doors for fast entry and exit.

Public transport

public transportationpublic transitmass transit
An articulated bus, (either a motor bus or trolleybus) is an articulated vehicle used in public transportation.
Articulated bus

Crown-Ikarus 286

286Crown-IkarusIkarus 286
Contemporaneously, Crown entered an agreement with Ikarus to produce the Crown-Ikarus 286, coupling American-made powertrains with the Hungarian Ikarus 280 chassis.
Loosely based on the Ikarus 280, the Crown-Ikarus 286 is a high-floor articulated bus.

Eagle Bus

EagleBus & Car Co.Eagle M-15
In the mid-1960s, AC Transit in California pioneered the American use of a modern articulated bus, operating the experimental commuter coach "XMC 77" (based on Continental Trailways' Bus & Car Co. Super Golden Eagle model) on some of its transbay lines.
Of this original group, four were articulated Super Golden Eagles.

Steering

four-wheel steeringfour wheel steeringsteer
Some articulated bus models have a steering arrangement on the rearmost axle which turns slightly in opposition to the front steering axle, allowing the vehicle to negotiate turns in a crab-like fashion, similar to hook-and-ladder fire trucks operating in city environments.
Vehicle-trailer-combinations such as semi-trailers, road trains, articulated buses, and internal transport trolley trains can be regarded as passively articulated vehicles.

Twin Coach

Twin Coach CompanyTwin
In 1938, Twin Coach built an articulated bus for the city of Baltimore; this bus, which had four axles on a 47 ft long body, was only articulated in the vertical direction to accommodate steep grades.
In 1940, Twin Coach also pioneered the development of the articulated trolley bus in North America, although the first such vehicle in the world was built in Europe slightly earlier, in 1939 (by Isotta Fraschini/Stanga in Italy).

AC Transit

ActransitAlameda – Contra Costa Transit
In the mid-1960s, AC Transit in California pioneered the American use of a modern articulated bus, operating the experimental commuter coach "XMC 77" (based on Continental Trailways' Bus & Car Co. Super Golden Eagle model) on some of its transbay lines.
AC Transit also pioneered the use of articulated buses in the United States; in March 1966 it was the first transit agency to use the Super Golden Eagle long-distance coach (originally designed and built for Continental Trailways; AC Transit designated it XMC-77 and called it the "Freeway Train"), primarily on Transbay service.

AM General

AM General CorpAM General CorporationAM General Corp.
King County Metro and Caltrans led a Pooled Purchase Consortium, formed in 1976, which later awarded a contract to the AM General/M.A.N. joint venture responsible for assembling MAN SG 220 (from Germany) articulated buses in America.
In 1977–1979, AM General also worked under a partnership with MAN of Germany to build SG 220 articulated buses for U.S. transit systems.

Malta

🇲🇹MalteseMLT
From 3 July 2011 to 28 August 2013, articulated Mercedes Citaro buses purchased from London have been used in Malta by the company Arriva on a number of routes across the country.
The public tender was won by Arriva Malta, a member of the Arriva group, which introduced a fleet of brand new buses, built by King Long especially for service by Arriva Malta and including a smaller fleet of articulated buses brought in from Arriva London.

SMRT Buses

SMRTTIBSTrans-Island Bus Services
In Singapore, articulated buses were first introduced in 1996 by Trans-Island Bus Services (now SMRT Buses) with the Mercedes-Benz O405G buses (bodied in Hispano Carrcera (MK1/MK2), Hispano Habit and Volgren CR221L).
It was also the first bus interchange designed to accommodate articulated buses.

TransJakarta

TransJakarta Corridor 1APTB Transjakartabus rapid transit
Transjakarta, one of the longest BRT system in the world, has been using articulated buses manufactured by Scania for some of their busiest routes since 2015.
TransJakarta also operates Chinese-made Yutong, Zhongtong & Ankai and Swedish-made Scania articulated buses on long and straight corridors.

King County Metro

Metro TransitMetroKing County Metro Transit
King County Metro and Caltrans led a Pooled Purchase Consortium, formed in 1976, which later awarded a contract to the AM General/M.A.N. joint venture responsible for assembling MAN SG 220 (from Germany) articulated buses in America.
Buses range in size from 30 ft shuttles to articulated buses on higher-demand routes.

Mercedes-Benz O305

O305OG 305
The first articulated buses to use it were the Mercedes-Benz O305G buses; however, three MAN SG280H buses are also equipped for O-Bahn use.
The Mercedes-Benz O305 was a highly successful single deck, double deck and articulated bus manufactured by Mercedes-Benz in Mannheim, West Germany from 1969 until 1987.

Scania AB

ScaniaScaniasAB Scania-Vabis
Transjakarta, one of the longest BRT system in the world, has been using articulated buses manufactured by Scania for some of their busiest routes since 2015.
CR112/CN112/CN113 - rear-engined step-entrance city/intercity bus (rigid/articulated)