Silver didrachma from Crete depicting Talos, an ancient mythical automaton with artificial intelligence
The Shadow robot hand system
An ontology represents knowledge as a set of concepts within a domain and the relationships between those concepts.
Mechanical construction
A parse tree represents the syntactic structure of a sentence according to some formal grammar.
Electrical aspect
Feature detection (pictured: edge detection) helps AI compose informative abstract structures out of raw data.
A level of programming
Kismet, a robot with rudimentary social skills
The InSight lander with solar panels deployed in a cleanroom
A particle swarm seeking the global minimum
A robotic leg powered by air muscles
Expectation-maximization clustering of Old Faithful eruption data starts from a random guess but then successfully converges on an accurate clustering of the two physically distinct modes of eruption.
KUKA industrial robot operating in a foundry
A neural network is an interconnected group of nodes, akin to the vast network of neurons in the human brain.
Puma, one of the first industrial robots
Representing images on multiple layers of abstraction in deep learning
Baxter, a modern and versatile industrial robot developed by Rodney Brooks
For this project the AI had to learn the typical patterns in the colors and brushstrokes of Renaissance painter Raphael. The portrait shows the face of the actress Ornella Muti, "painted" by AI in the style of Raphael.
Lefty, first checker playing robot
AI Patent families for functional application categories and sub categories. Computer vision represents 49 percent of patent families related to a functional application in 2016.
Segway in the Robot museum in Nagoya
The word "robot" itself was coined by Karel Čapek in his 1921 play R.U.R., the title standing for "Rossum's Universal Robots"
TALON military robots used by the United States Army
Two robot snakes. Left one has 64 motors (with 2 degrees of freedom per segment), the right one 10.
Capuchin, a climbing robot
Robotic Fish: iSplash-II
The autonomous sailboat robot Vaimos
Radar, GPS, and lidar, are all combined to provide proper navigation and obstacle avoidance (vehicle developed for 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge)
Kismet can produce a range of facial expressions.
Puppet Magnus, a robot-manipulated marionette with complex control systems.
Experimental planar robot arm and sensor-based, open-architecture robot controller developed at Sunderland University, UK in 2000
RuBot II can manually resolve Rubik's cubes.
TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo IREX 2009.
Two Jet Propulsion Laboratory engineers stand with three vehicles, providing a size comparison of three generations of Mars rovers. Front and center is the flight spare for the first Mars rover, Sojourner, which landed on Mars in 1997 as part of the Mars Pathfinder Project. On the left is a Mars Exploration Rover (MER) test vehicle that is a working sibling to Spirit and Opportunity, which landed on Mars in 2004. On the right is a test rover for the Mars Science Laboratory, which landed Curiosity on Mars in 2012. Sojourner is 65 cm long. The Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) are 1.6 m long. Curiosity on the right is 3 m long.
The SCORBOT-ER 4u educational robot
A robot technician builds small all-terrain robots. (Courtesy: MobileRobots, Inc.)

3) All robots contain some level of computer programming code. A program is how a robot decides when or how to do something. In the caterpillar track example, a robot that needs to move across a muddy road may have the correct mechanical construction and receive the correct amount of power from its battery, but would not go anywhere without a program telling it to move. Programs are the core essence of a robot, it could have excellent mechanical and electrical construction, but if its program is poorly constructed its performance will be very poor (or it may not perform at all). There are three different types of robotic programs: remote control, artificial intelligence and hybrid. A robot with remote control programming has a preexisting set of commands that it will only perform if and when it receives a signal from a control source, typically a human being with a remote control. It is perhaps more appropriate to view devices controlled primarily by human commands as falling in the discipline of automation rather than robotics. Robots that use artificial intelligence interact with their environment on their own without a control source, and can determine reactions to objects and problems they encounter using their preexisting programming. Hybrid is a form of programming that incorporates both AI and RC functions in them.

- Robotics

Robotics researchers, such as Rodney Brooks, rejected symbolic AI and focused on the basic engineering problems that would allow robots to move, survive, and learn their environment.

- Artificial intelligence
Silver didrachma from Crete depicting Talos, an ancient mythical automaton with artificial intelligence

6 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Principle diagram of a cybernetic system with a feedback loop

Cybernetics

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Wide-ranging field concerned with regulatory and purposive systems.

Wide-ranging field concerned with regulatory and purposive systems.

Principle diagram of a cybernetic system with a feedback loop
Simple feedback model. AB < 0 for negative feedback.
Ctesibius' water clock, as visualized by the 17th-century French architect Claude Perrault
James Watt
Norbert Wiener

At its most prominent during the 1950s and 1960s, cybernetics is a precursor to fields such as computing, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, complexity science, and robotics amongst others.

Charles Babbage, sometimes referred to as the "father of computing".

Computer science

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Study of computation, automation, and information.

Study of computation, automation, and information.

Charles Babbage, sometimes referred to as the "father of computing".
Ada Lovelace published the first algorithm intended for processing on a computer.

Artificial intelligence and machine learning aim to synthesize goal-orientated processes such as problem-solving, decision-making, environmental adaptation, planning and learning found in humans and animals.

AI is associated in the popular mind with robotic development, but the main field of practical application has been as an embedded component in areas of software development, which require computational understanding.

The ESA Seeker autonomous rover during tests at Paranal.

Vehicular automation

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The ESA Seeker autonomous rover during tests at Paranal.
Automated vehicle system technology hierarchy
Parkshuttle
Navya Autonom Shuttle
Easymile EZ10
The United Kingdom's first autonomous bus, currently on trial with Stagecoach Manchester.
A prototype of an autonomous Uber car being tested in San Francisco.

Vehicular automation involves the use of mechatronics, artificial intelligence, and multi-agent systems to assist the operator of a vehicle (car, aircraft, watercraft, or otherwise).

A vehicle using automation for difficult tasks, especially navigation, to ease but not entirely replace human input, may be referred to as semi-autonomous, whereas a vehicle relying solely on automation is called robotic or autonomous.

Isaac Asimov

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Russian-born American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.

Russian-born American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.

Robert A. Heinlein and L. Sprague de Camp with Asimov (right), Philadelphia Navy Yard, 1944
Asimov with his second wife, Janet. "They became a permanent feature of my face, and it is now difficult to believe early photographs that show me without sideburns." (Photo by Jay Kay Klein.)
The first installment of Asimov's Tyrann was the cover story in the fourth issue of Galaxy Science Fiction in 1951. The novel was issued in book form later that year as The Stars Like Dust.
The first installment of Asimov's The Caves of Steel on the cover of the October 1953 issue of Galaxy Science Fiction, illustrated by Ed Emshwiller
The novelette "Legal Rites", a collaboration with Frederik Pohl, the only Asimov story to appear in Weird Tales

The other, he claimed, was the computer scientist and artificial intelligence expert Marvin Minsky.

The Oxford English Dictionary credits his science fiction for introducing into the English language the words "robotics", "positronic" (an entirely fictional technology), and "psychohistory" (which is also used for a different study on historical motivations).

Hans Moravec

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Adjunct faculty member at the Robotics Institute of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, USA.

Adjunct faculty member at the Robotics Institute of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, USA.

He is known for his work on robotics, artificial intelligence, and writings on the impact of technology.

A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce most of the electricity used today. Electricity consumption and living standards are highly correlated.

Technology

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Result of accumulated knowledge and application of skills, methods, and processes used in industrial production and scientific research.

Result of accumulated knowledge and application of skills, methods, and processes used in industrial production and scientific research.

A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce most of the electricity used today. Electricity consumption and living standards are highly correlated.
Hand axes from the Acheulian period
An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools
The wheel was invented circa 4000 BCE.
Photograph of the Pont du Gard in France, one of the most famous ancient Roman aqueducts
The automobile revolutionized personal transportation.
Luddites smashing a power loom in 1812
The rear wheel of a bicycle
The flame of a gas stove.
This adult gorilla uses a branch as a walking stick to gauge the water's depth, an example of technology usage by non-human primates.
Antoine Lavoisier experimenting with combustion generated by amplified sun light

Nikolas Kompridis has also written about the dangers of new technology, such as genetic engineering, nanotechnology, synthetic biology, and robotics.

Some believe that the future of robotics will involve a 'greater than human non-biological intelligence.' This concept can be compared to that of a 'rogue AI,' an artificial intelligence that has gained self-awareness, and tries to eradicate humanity.