Arts and Crafts movement

Arts and CraftsArts & CraftsArts and Crafts styleCraftsmanArts & Crafts MovementArts and CraftArts and Crafts-styleArt and CraftsArts-and-CraftsArts and Crafts architecture
The Arts and Crafts movement was an international trend in the decorative and fine arts that began in Britain and flourished in Europe and North America between about 1880 and 1920, emerging in Japan in the 1920s as the Mingei movement.wikipedia
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William Morris

Kelmscott PressMorrisMorris, William
It was inspired by the ideas of architect Augustus Pugin, writer John Ruskin, and designer William Morris.
William Morris (24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896) was a British textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, and socialist activist associated with the British Arts and Crafts Movement.

Charles Robert Ashbee

C. R. AshbeeC.R. AshbeeCharles Ashbee
For example, C. R. Ashbee, a central figure in the Arts and Crafts Movement, said in 1888, that, "We do not reject the machine, we welcome it. But we would desire to see it mastered."
Charles Robert Ashbee (17 May 1863 – 23 May 1942) was a British architect and designer who was a prime mover of the Arts and Crafts movement that took its craft ethic from the works of John Ruskin and its co-operative structure from the socialism of William Morris.

Philip Webb

Philip Speakman Webb
Many of the Arts and Crafts Movement designers were socialists, including Morris, T. J. Cobden Sanderson, Walter Crane, C.R.Ashbee, Philip Webb, Charles Faulkner, and A.H.Mackmurdo.
Philip Speakman Webb (12 January 1831 – 17 April 1915) was an English architect sometimes called the Father of Arts and Crafts Architecture.

Walter Crane

Walter
Many of the Arts and Crafts Movement designers were socialists, including Morris, T. J. Cobden Sanderson, Walter Crane, C.R.Ashbee, Philip Webb, Charles Faulkner, and A.H.Mackmurdo.
He was part of the Arts and Crafts movement and produced an array of paintings, illustrations, children's books, ceramic tiles and other decorative arts.

T. J. Cobden-Sanderson

T. J. Cobden SandersonCobden-SandersonT. J. Sanderson
Many of the Arts and Crafts Movement designers were socialists, including Morris, T. J. Cobden Sanderson, Walter Crane, C.R.Ashbee, Philip Webb, Charles Faulkner, and A.H.Mackmurdo. The term was first used by T. J. Cobden-Sanderson at a meeting of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society in 1887, although the principles and style on which it was based had been developing in England for at least 20 years.
Thomas James Cobden-Sanderson (2 December 1840 – 7 September 1922) was an English artist and bookbinder associated with the Arts and Crafts movement.

Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society

Society of Designer CraftsmenArts and Crafts ExhibitionArts and Crafts
The term was first used by T. J. Cobden-Sanderson at a meeting of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society in 1887, although the principles and style on which it was based had been developing in England for at least 20 years.
The Society's exhibitions were held annually at the New Gallery from 1888 to 1890, and roughly every three years thereafter, were important in the flowering of the British Arts and Crafts Movement in the decades prior to World War I.

Lewis Foreman Day

Lewis Foreman Day was another successful and influential Arts and Crafts designer who was not a socialist, despite his long friendship with Crane.
Lewis Foreman Day (29 January 1845 – 18 April 1910) was a British decorative artist and industrial designer and an important figure in the Arts and Crafts movement.

Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo

A. H. MackmurdoArthur MackmurdoA.H. Mackmurdo
Many of the Arts and Crafts Movement designers were socialists, including Morris, T. J. Cobden Sanderson, Walter Crane, C.R.Ashbee, Philip Webb, Charles Faulkner, and A.H.Mackmurdo. In 1882, architect A.H.Mackmurdo formed the Century Guild, a partnership of designers including Selwyn Image, Herbert Horne, Clement Heaton and Benjamin Creswick.
Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo (12 December 1851 – 15 March 1942) was a progressive English architect and designer, who influenced the Arts and Crafts Movement, notably through the Century Guild of Artists, which he set up in partnership with Selwyn Image in 1882.

Edward Schroeder Prior

E. S. PriorEdward PriorE S Prior
In 1884, the Art Workers Guild was initiated by five young architects, William Lethaby, Edward Prior, Ernest Newton, Mervyn Macartney and Gerald C. Horsley, with the goal of bringing together fine and applied arts and raising the status of the latter.
Edward Schroeder Prior (1852–1932) was an architect, instrumental in establishing the arts and crafts movement.

John Ruskin

RuskinRuskinianRuskinian Gothic
It was inspired by the ideas of architect Augustus Pugin, writer John Ruskin, and designer William Morris.
This chapter had a profound impact, and was reprinted both by the Christian socialist founders of the Working Men's College and later by the Arts and Crafts pioneer and socialist, William Morris.

Art Workers' Guild

Art Workers GuildArt-Workers' GuildArt Worker’s Guild
In 1884, the Art Workers Guild was initiated by five young architects, William Lethaby, Edward Prior, Ernest Newton, Mervyn Macartney and Gerald C. Horsley, with the goal of bringing together fine and applied arts and raising the status of the latter.
The Art Workers' Guild is an organisation established in 1884 by a group of British architects associated with the ideas of William Morris and the Arts and Crafts movement.

Eglantyne Louisa Jebb

In 1881, Eglantyne Louisa Jebb, Mary Fraser Tytler and others initiated the Home Arts and Industries Association to encourage the working classes, especially those in rural areas, to take up handicrafts under supervision, not for profit, but in order to provide them with useful occupations and to improve their taste.
A keen supporter of the arts and crafts movement, in 1884 she founded the Home Arts and Industries Association as a way of reviving country crafts and overcoming rural poverty.

William Lethaby

W. R. LethabyWilliam Richard LethabyW.R. Lethaby
In 1884, the Art Workers Guild was initiated by five young architects, William Lethaby, Edward Prior, Ernest Newton, Mervyn Macartney and Gerald C. Horsley, with the goal of bringing together fine and applied arts and raising the status of the latter. The idea that the designer should be the maker and the maker the designer derived "not from Morris or early Arts and Crafts teaching, but rather from the second-generation elaboration doctrine worked out in the first decade of [the twentieth] century by men such as W. R. Lethaby".
William Richard Lethaby (18 January 1857 – 17 July 1931) was an English architect and architectural historian whose ideas were highly influential on the late Arts and Crafts and early Modern movements in architecture, and in the fields of conservation and art education.

Selwyn Image

In 1882, architect A.H.Mackmurdo formed the Century Guild, a partnership of designers including Selwyn Image, Herbert Horne, Clement Heaton and Benjamin Creswick.
Selwyn Image (February 17, 1849, Bodiam, Sussex – August 21, 1930, London) was an important British artist, designer, writer and poet associated with the Arts and Crafts Movement.

Home Arts and Industries Association

Home Arts and Industries Exhibition
In 1881, Eglantyne Louisa Jebb, Mary Fraser Tytler and others initiated the Home Arts and Industries Association to encourage the working classes, especially those in rural areas, to take up handicrafts under supervision, not for profit, but in order to provide them with useful occupations and to improve their taste.
The Home Arts and Industries Association was part of the Arts and Crafts Movement in Britain.

C. F. A. Voysey

Charles VoyseyC.F.A. VoyseyVoysey
C.F.A. Voysey (1857–1941) was an Arts and Crafts architect who also designed fabrics, tiles, ceramics, furniture and metalwork.
Voysey's early work was as a designer of wallpapers, fabrics and furnishings in a simple Arts and Crafts style, but he is renowned as the architect of several country houses.

Morris & Co.

Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co.Morris & CoMorris and Co
Morris & Co. was well represented in the exhibition with furniture, fabrics, carpets and embroideries.
Although its most influential period was during the flourishing of the Arts and Crafts Movement in the 1880s and 1890s, Morris & Co. remained in operation in a limited fashion from World War I until its closure in 1940.

Gordon Russell (designer)

Gordon RussellSir Gordon RussellSydney Gordon Russell
One of its main promoters, Gordon Russell, chairman of the Utility Furniture Design Panel, was imbued with Arts and Crafts ideas.
He came under the influence of the Arts and Crafts movement from 1904 after his father had moved to Broadway in the Cotswolds to be hotelier at the Lygon Arms, through the Guild of Handicraft, the community of metalworkers, enamellers, wood carvers, furniture makers, and printers brought in 1902 by C. R. Ashbee from east London to Chipping Campden.

Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

Pre-RaphaelitePre-RaphaelitesPre-Raphaelitism
By 1855, they had discovered Ruskin, and they drew a contrast between the "barbarity" of contemporary art and the painters preceding Raphael (1483–1520); they formed themselves into the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood to pursue their artistic aims.
Through Morris's company, the ideals of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood influenced many interior designers and architects, arousing interest in medieval designs and other crafts leading to the Arts and Crafts movement headed by William Morris.

Century Guild of Artists

Century Guild
In 1882, architect A.H.Mackmurdo formed the Century Guild, a partnership of designers including Selwyn Image, Herbert Horne, Clement Heaton and Benjamin Creswick.
The members were one of the first groups of the Arts and Crafts Movement, which aimed to unify the arts.

Honan Chapel

Ludwig Oppenheimer
The architecture of the style is represented by the Honan Chapel (1916) in Cork in the grounds of University College Cork.
Completed in 1916, it was designed by leading members of the Celtic Revival and Irish Arts and Crafts movement, many of whom incorporated elements of the Art Nouveau style.

Harry Clarke

ClarkeHarry Clarke StudioHarry Clarke Studios
The Arts and Crafts use of stained glass was popular in Ireland, with Harry Clarke the best-known artist and also with Evie Hone.
Born in Dublin, he was a leading figure in the Irish Arts and Crafts Movement.

Chipping Campden

Chipping CamdenCampdenCampden and Vale
Ashbee established a community of craftsmen called the Guild of Handicraft in east London, later moving to Chipping Campden.
The Court Barn near the church is now a museum celebrating the rich Arts and Crafts tradition of the area (see below).

Art Nouveau

JugendstilArt-NouveauArt Nouveau style
Widely exhibited in Europe, the Arts and Crafts style's simplicity inspired designers like Henry van de Velde and styles such as Art Nouveau, the Dutch De Stijl group, Vienna Secession, and eventually the Bauhaus style.
In Britain, it was influenced by William Morris and the Arts and Crafts movement.

Liberty (department store)

LibertyLiberty & Co.Liberty of London
The London department store Liberty & Co., founded in 1875, was a prominent retailer of goods in the style and of the "artistic dress" favoured by followers of the Arts and Crafts movement.
Many of these designers, including Archibald Knox, practised the artistic styles known as Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau, and Liberty helped develop Art Nouveau through his encouragement of such designers.