Arturo Prat

Photography by Arturo Prat.
Naval Battle of Iquique
Heroes of Iquique monument and crypt in Valparaíso, Chile. At the top is the statue of Prat, on the second level statues of Serrano, Riquelme, Aldea and a generic seaman
Death of Arturo Prat.
Painting by Thomas Somerscales
Arturo Prat on a Chilean stamp of 1948
Sinking of Esmeralda

Chilean lawyer and navy officer.

- Arturo Prat
Photography by Arturo Prat.

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Coat of arms of the Chilean Navy

Chilean Navy

Naval warfare service branch of the Chilean Armed Forces.

Naval warfare service branch of the Chilean Armed Forces.

Coat of arms of the Chilean Navy
The Chilean Squadron sails off for Perú
Chilean Navy officer's uniform, circa 1890
The Chilean Air Force bombs the Chilean Fleet at the port of Coquimbo during the Chilean naval mutiny of 1931.(Probably a faked photo)
Sa'ar 4 type ship of the Chilean Navy
Chilean Navy special forces sailors seen here using the MP5N.
Amphibious landing ship Foudre
Naval Battle of Iquique. Esmeralda versus Huascar
Battleship Almirante Latorre
The submarine Simpson (SS-21) entering Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in 2004
Capitan Prat on the North Sea
Chilean Navy Cougar
Chilean frigate Almirante Blanco Encalada at Pearl Harbor, 2006
The Chilean training ship {{ship||Esmeralda|BE-43|6}} in Charlottetown
Headquarters of Chilean Navy, in Valparaíso

Chilean war hero and martyr Arturo Prat is regarded as the ultimate example of the commitment of the navy to its country, after his death while leading a boarding party onto the enemy ironclad at the naval battle of Iquique on 21 May 1879, during the War against Peru and Bolivia.

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Chilean peso

Currency of Chile.

Currency of Chile.

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Obverse of a 1933 1 Peso coin
The discontinued $500 bill, together with Chilean notes currently in circulation
Coins of the Chilean peso in circulation
Current Chilean pesos per United States dollar (1975–2011). Note: The chart shows averages for the year. as well as monthly averages from 1984 onwards.

For example, the five thousand-peso banknote is sometimes called a gabriela, for Gabriela Mistral, the ten thousand-peso banknote arturo or arturito (little Arturo) for Arturo Prat.

Sinking of the Esmeralda during the Battle of Iquique, Thomas Somerscales

Battle of Iquique

Sinking of the Esmeralda during the Battle of Iquique, Thomas Somerscales
Commander Arturo Prat Chacón
Commander Miguel Grau Seminario.
The Sinking of Emeralda with its crew in the Naval Combat of Iquique, by Nicolás Guzmán Bustamante

The Battle of Iquique was a naval engagement that occurred between a Chilean corvette under the command of Arturo Prat Chacón and a Peruvian ironclad under Miguel Grau Seminario on 21 May 1879, during the naval stage of the War of the Pacific, that pitted Chile against Peru and Bolivia.

Instituto Nacional General José Miguel Carrera

Public boys' school in downtown Santiago, Chile which teaches 4.400 students between 7th and 12th grade.

Public boys' school in downtown Santiago, Chile which teaches 4.400 students between 7th and 12th grade.

The Instituto Nacional's library

Arturo Prat, Chilean lawyer and navy officer

The Naval Battle of Papudo.

Battle of Papudo

Naval engagement fought between Spanish and Chilean forces on November 26, 1865, during the Chincha Islands War.

Naval engagement fought between Spanish and Chilean forces on November 26, 1865, during the Chincha Islands War.

The Naval Battle of Papudo.

Familiar with Spanish naval movements, the Chilean corvette Esmeralda, under the command of Juan Williams Rebolledo, and whose crew included Arturo Prat, Juan José Latorre and Carlos Condell, waited for any Spanish ships to appear between Coquimbo and Valparaíso.

Spanish screw frigates Blanca and Villa de Madrid during battle, by Federico Castellón Martínez. Naval Museum of Madrid

Battle of Abtao

Naval battle fought on February 7, 1866, during the Chincha Islands War, between a Spanish squadron and a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet, at the island of Abtao in the Gulf of Ancud near Chiloé Archipelago in south-central Chile.

Naval battle fought on February 7, 1866, during the Chincha Islands War, between a Spanish squadron and a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet, at the island of Abtao in the Gulf of Ancud near Chiloé Archipelago in south-central Chile.

Spanish screw frigates Blanca and Villa de Madrid during battle, by Federico Castellón Martínez. Naval Museum of Madrid

Lieutenants Arturo Prat (Chilean) and Miguel Grau (Peruvian), who were later to battle each other at the Naval Battle of Iquique, were comrades in this battle.

Captain Arturo Prat Base

Chilean Antarctic research station located at Iquique Cove, Greenwich Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica.

Chilean Antarctic research station located at Iquique Cove, Greenwich Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica.

Topographic map of Livingston Island, Greenwich, Robert, Snow and Smith Islands.
Location of Greenwich Island in the South Shetland Islands
View of base in 1957
Arturo Prat Base from English Strait, with Rousseau Peak and Fuerza Aérea Glacier in the background

The base is named for Captain Arturo Prat, a Chilean naval officer.

Peruvian Admiral during the War of the Pacific

Miguel Grau Seminario

The most renowned Peruvian naval officer and hero of the naval battle of Angamos during the War of the Pacific (1879–1884).

The most renowned Peruvian naval officer and hero of the naval battle of Angamos during the War of the Pacific (1879–1884).

Peruvian Admiral during the War of the Pacific
Battle of Iquique
Bust of Almirante Grau Seminario in Lake Forest Park, Washington, USA

Grau also wrote condolences to the widow of his opponent Arturo Prat, returning his sword and personal effects.

Map showing changes of territory caused by the War of the Pacific. Earlier maps (1879) show different lines of the border between Bolivia-Peru and Bolivia-Argentina.

War of the Pacific

War between Chile and a Bolivian–Peruvian alliance from 1879 to 1884.

War between Chile and a Bolivian–Peruvian alliance from 1879 to 1884.

Map showing changes of territory caused by the War of the Pacific. Earlier maps (1879) show different lines of the border between Bolivia-Peru and Bolivia-Argentina.
Chilean lieutenant Solo Zaldívar and two soldiers burying three Bolivian soldiers after the Battle of Tacna. The elevation behind them is also a burial ground of victims.
All territorial claims by Chile in 1879
Martiniano Urriola, with kepi, the commander of the occupation of Ayacucho in 1883, and Marcos Maturana, with poncho, the general chief of staff chief of the Expeditionary Army during the Lima Campaign; they view the dead bodies of a Peruvian gun crew after the Battle of Chorrillos.
A metallic brass cartridge for a Fusil Gras mle 1874 and a paper cartridge for a Chassepot rifle. The brass cartridge avoided the smoke and ashes of the self-consuming paper cartridge.
Almost all Chilean military operations began by landings. The exceptions were the operations in the Sierra.
Battle of Iquique
Battle of San Francisco
Landing and deployment of Chilean and Allied troops during the Campaign of Tarapacá, in November 1879.
Battle of Tarapacá
Photo of Chilean private first class Tránsito Diaz, injured during the landing on Pisagua. The photo belongs to the "Álbum de inválidos de la Guerra del Pacífico", 130 photographic records ordered by the D. Santa María government to demonstrate the pensions and orthopedic devices given to disabled war veterans. Ten percent of the expeditionary force, 4,081 Chilean soldiers, returned disabled from the war. In 2008, 280 women were receiving a pension as the daughter or wife of a veteran.
Landing and deployment of Chilean and Allied troops during the Campaign of Tacna and Arica from January to June 1880.
Lynch's Expedition to Chimbote, Supe, Paita, Eten and islas de Lobos, from September to October 1880.
Landing and deployment of Chilean troops during the Campaign of Lima, from November 1880 to January 1881. The long way from Pisco to Chilca was done only by the Lynch brigade.
Chorrillos was the preferred seaside resort of Lima's aristocracy before the war, but during the Battle of Chorrillos, the Peruvian line of defense ran in the middle of the city and was shelled, set on fire, looted, and reduced to rubble during the conflict. At the end of the battle, bitter fighting had raged in every ruin and street.
Battle of Miraflores
Chorrillos, and the consequences of the war. January 1881
Sierra Campaign
A Chilean soldier with the "Peruvian wart," or Carrion's disease, who was infected probably in the valleys of the Rimac River during the war in the sierra.
Flow of news during the War. Distances in kilometers are great-circle distance, for land and sea routes.
Human remains of Bolivian, Chilean and Peruvian soldiers exhumed from makeshift graves after the Battle of Tacna before their definitive interment in the Mausoleum of the Tacna cemetery in 1910.
Caricature in the Chilean magazine Padre Cobos. Minister Balmaceda washes his hands of responsibility and orders Intendent of Santiago Mackenna to get rid of the heavy Peruvian lion. The Santiago elite observes with pleasure the arrival of the statue. "Padre Cobos" and a black child play around.
Chile's territorial gains after the War of the Pacific

Naval Glories Day is a Chilean anniversary that commemorates two naval battles that occurred on Wednesday, May 21, 1879: that of Iquique, where captain of frigate Arturo Prat died along with the entire crew of the corvette Esmeralda, sunk by the Peruvian monitor Huáscar (built in the United Kingdom for the Peruvian government in 1864, it served in the Peruvian Navy until it was captured by Chile in 1879) under the command of Captain Miguel Grau; and that of Punta Gruesa, where the schooner Covadonga, under the command of Carlos Condell, ran aground the Peruvian armored frigate Independencia, under the command of Juan Guillermo More, in the rocks of Punta Gruesa.

Carlos Condell

Chilean naval officer and hero of the Battle of Punta Gruesa during the start of the War of the Pacific.

Chilean naval officer and hero of the Battle of Punta Gruesa during the start of the War of the Pacific.

Condell in 1880

At the age of fifteen (July 29, 1858), Condell joined the navy as a cadet, forming part of the renowned Curso de los Héroes (Class of the Heroes) together with Arturo Prat, Juan José Latorre, Jorge Montt and Luis Uribe.