Asexuality

asexualAsexual Visibility and Education NetworkAsexual Awareness Weekasexualsasexuallysexlessa lack of sexual attractionAceAsexual flagasexual people
Asexuality is the lack of sexual attraction to others, or low or absent interest in or desire for sexual activity.wikipedia
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Sexual desire

desiresexual urgessexual motivation
Asexuality is the lack of sexual attraction to others, or low or absent interest in or desire for sexual activity.
Not every person experiences sexual desire; those who do not experience it may be labelled asexual.

Sexual abstinence

abstinenceabstainnot having sex
Asexuality is distinct from abstention from sexual activity and from celibacy, which are behavioral and generally motivated by factors such as an individual's personal, social, or religious beliefs.
Asexuality is distinct from sexual abstinence; and celibacy is sexual abstinence generally motivated by factors such as an individual's personal or religious beliefs.

Sexual orientation

sexualitysexual preferenceorientation
It may be considered a sexual orientation or the lack thereof. Regarding romantic or emotional aspects of sexual orientation or sexual identity, for example, asexuals may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, or by the following terms to indicate that they associate with the romantic, rather than sexual, aspects of sexual orientation:
These attractions are generally subsumed under heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality, while asexuality (the lack of sexual attraction to others) is sometimes identified as the fourth category.

Gray asexuality

demisexualasexual sub-identitiesgraysexual
It may also be categorized more widely to include a broad spectrum of asexual sub-identities.
Gray asexuality or gray-sexuality (spelled "grey" in British English) is the spectrum between asexuality and sexuality.

Sexual attraction

sex appealsexual attractivenesssexual interest
Asexuality is the lack of sexual attraction to others, or low or absent interest in or desire for sexual activity.
Asexuality refers to those who do not experience sexual attraction for either sex, though they may have romantic attraction (homoromantic, biromantic or heteroromantic) or a non-directed libido.

Celibacy

celibatesworn virginsingle
Asexuality is distinct from abstention from sexual activity and from celibacy, which are behavioral and generally motivated by factors such as an individual's personal, social, or religious beliefs.
Asexuality is commonly conflated with celibacy and sexual abstinence, but it is considered distinct from the two, as celibacy and sexual abstinence are behavioral and those who use those terms for themselves are generally motivated by factors such as an individual's personal or religious beliefs.

David Jay

The most prolific and well-known of these communities is the Asexual Visibility and Education Network, which was founded in 2001 by David Jay.
David Jay (born April 24, 1982) is an American asexual activist.

Sexual identity

polysexualsexual identitiessexuality
Regarding romantic or emotional aspects of sexual orientation or sexual identity, for example, asexuals may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, or by the following terms to indicate that they associate with the romantic, rather than sexual, aspects of sexual orientation:
Asexuality is the lack of sexual attraction to others, or low or absent interest in or desire for sexual activity.

Kinsey scale

Kinsey theoryKinsey's scaleseven-point spectrum
Alfred Kinsey rated individuals from 0 to 6 according to their sexual orientation from heterosexual to homosexual, known as the Kinsey scale.
Furthermore, although the additional X grade used to mean "no socio-sexual contacts or reactions" is today described as asexuality, psychologist Justin J. Lehmiller stated, "the Kinsey X classification emphasized a lack of sexual behavior, whereas the modern definition of asexuality emphasizes a lack of sexual attraction. As such, the Kinsey Scale may not be sufficient for accurate classification of asexuality."

Anthony Bogaert

Anthony F. Bogaert
The study of this phenomenon was continued by Canadian sexuality researcher Anthony Bogaert in 2004, who explored the asexual demographic in a series of studies.
Bogaert is known for studying multiple subjects related to human sexuality, including asexuality.

Karli June Cerankowski

A 2010 paper written by Karli June Cerankowski and Megan Milks, titled New Orientations: Asexuality and Its Implications for Theory and Practice, suggests that asexuality may be somewhat of a question in itself for the studies of gender and sexuality.
KJ Cerankowski is an American professor and author whose work focuses on gender and human sexuality with a focus on asexuality studies.

Homosexuality

homosexualgayhomosexuals
In both the Male and Female volumes of the Kinsey Reports, an additional grade, listed as "X", has been interpreted by scholars to indicate asexuality.

Gay

gayshomosexualgay men
Regarding romantic or emotional aspects of sexual orientation or sexual identity, for example, asexuals may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, or by the following terms to indicate that they associate with the romantic, rather than sexual, aspects of sexual orientation:
There are some who are drawn to the same sex but neither engage in sexual activity nor identify as gay; these could have the term asexual applied, even though asexual generally can mean no attraction, or involve heterosexual attraction but no sexual activity.

Autoeroticism

autoeroticself-gratificationautoerotism
She contrasts autoerotic women with asexual women: "The asexual woman ... has no sexual desires at all [but] the autoerotic woman ... recognizes such desires but prefers to satisfy them alone."
A 1977 paper titled Asexual and Autoerotic Women: Two Invisible Groups, by Myra T. Johnson, contrasts autoerotic women with asexual women: "The asexual woman ... has no sexual desires at all [but] the autoerotic woman ... recognizes such desires but prefers to satisfy them alone."

Libido

sex drivesexual desirelibidinal
With regard to sexual activity in particular, the need or desire for masturbation is commonly referred to as sex drive by asexuals and they disassociate it from sexual attraction and being sexual; asexuals who masturbate generally consider it to be a normal product of the human body and not a sign of latent sexuality, and may not even find it pleasurable.
However, a person who lacks a desire for sexual activity for some period of time may be experiencing a hypoactive sexual desire disorder or may be asexual.

Jughead Jones

JugheadHot DogJughead's Pal Hot Dog
The Archie Comics character Jughead Jones was likely intended by his creators as an asexual foil to Archie's excessive heterosexuality, but, over the years, this portrayal shifted, with various iterations and reboots of the series implying that he is either gay or heterosexual.
He is obsessed with eating food and in some storylines is asexual.

San Francisco Pride

San Francisco Pride ParadePrideSan Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade
In 2009, AVEN members participated in the first asexual entry into an American pride parade when they walked in the San Francisco Pride Parade.
Also in 2009, Asexual Visibility and Education Network members participated in the first asexual entry into an American pride parade when they walked in the San Francisco Pride Parade.

Discrimination against asexual people

asexual erasureAcephobia
This decision sparked conversations about deliberate asexual erasure in the media and its consequences especially on younger viewers.
Discrimination against asexual people (also known as acephobia or aphobia) encompasses a range of negative attitudes, behaviours, and feelings toward asexuality or people who identify as part of the asexual spectrum.

Corrective rape

corrective rapedcorrective" rapescorrectively raped
Asexual activist, author, and blogger Julie Decker has observed that sexual harassment and violence, such as corrective rape, commonly victimizes the asexual community.
Others have emphasized that gay men, transgender people and asexuals can also be victims of corrective rape.

Sexual dysfunction

sexual disorderssexualsexual problems
It has been compared and equated with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), in that both imply a general lack of sexual attraction to anyone; HSDD has been used to medicalize asexuality, but asexuality is generally not considered a disorder or a sexual dysfunction (such as anorgasmia, anhedonia, etc.), because it does not necessarily define someone as having a medical problem or problems relating to others socially.

Sexual minority

sexual minoritiessexualGSM
A 2012 study published in Group Processes & Intergroup Relations reported that asexuals are evaluated more negatively in terms of prejudice, dehumanization and discrimination than other sexual minorities, such as gay men, lesbians and bisexuals.
It includes those who may not self-identify as LGBTI (e.g., queer, questioning, two-spirit, asexual, men who have sex with men, gender variant), or those who have a specific medical condition affecting reproductive development (e.g., individuals with differences or disorders of sex development, who sometimes identify as intersex).

Hypoactive sexual desire disorder

frigiditydecreased libidoloss of libido
It has been compared and equated with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), in that both imply a general lack of sexual attraction to anyone; HSDD has been used to medicalize asexuality, but asexuality is generally not considered a disorder or a sexual dysfunction (such as anorgasmia, anhedonia, etc.), because it does not necessarily define someone as having a medical problem or problems relating to others socially.

Discrimination

discriminatoryanti-discriminationdiscriminate
A 2012 study published in Group Processes & Intergroup Relations reported that asexuals are evaluated more negatively in terms of prejudice, dehumanization and discrimination than other sexual minorities, such as gay men, lesbians and bisexuals.
One study found its sample of heterosexuals to be more prejudiced against asexual people than to homosexual or bisexual people.

Timeline of asexual history

The briefness of this timeline can be attributed to the fact that acceptance of asexuality as a sexual orientation and field of scientific research is still relatively new.

BoJack Horseman

BoJack Horseman: Music from the Netflix Original Series
The Netflix series BoJack Horseman revealed in the end of the third season that Todd Chavez, one of the primary characters, is asexual.
The show also explores Todd Chavez's open asexuality, which is addressed throughout seasons 4 and 5.