Kanji that make up the word shogun
Hana-no-Gosho (Flower Palace) in Kyoto
Portrait traditionally identified as that of Ashikaga Takauji
Sakanoue no Tamuramaro (758–811) was one of the first shoguns of the early Heian period
Muromachi samurai (1538)
Minamoto no Yoritomo, the first shogun (1192–1199) of the Kamakura shogunate
A ship of the Muromachi period (1538)
Tomb of Ashikaga Takauji at Tōji-in in Kyoto
Ashikaga Takauji (1336/1338–1358) established the Ashikaga shogunate
Muromachi-era illustration to a fictional narrative
Ukiyo-e of Tokugawa Ieyasu, founder of the Tokugawa shogunate
Music scene during the Muromachi period (1538)
Shogun hearing a lawsuit at Fukiage (of Edo Castle) by Toyohara Chikanobu
Nanban ships arriving for trade in Japan. 16th-century painting.
Imperial Seal of Japan
A Japanese votive altar, Nanban style. End of 16th century. Guimet Museum.
Ashikaga Takauji (1336/1338–1358) established the Ashikaga shogunate
Ryōan-ji rock garden

Ashikaga Takauji (足利 尊氏) was the founder and first shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate.

- Ashikaga Takauji

His rule began in 1338, beginning the Muromachi period of Japan, and ended with his death in 1358.

- Ashikaga Takauji

The period marks the governance of the Muromachi or Ashikaga shogunate (Muromachi bakufu or Ashikaga bakufu), which was officially established in 1338 by the first Muromachi shōgun, Ashikaga Takauji, two years after the brief Kenmu Restoration (1333–1336) of imperial rule was brought to a close.

- Muromachi period

Around 1334–1336, Ashikaga Takauji helped Daigo regain his throne in the Kenmu Restoration.

- Shogun

The Ashikaga had their headquarters in the Muromachi district of Kyoto, and the time during which they ruled is also known as the Muromachi period.

- Shogun

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Ashikaga shogunate

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Structure of the bakufu
Marker for the site of the Flower Palace, Kyoto

The Ashikaga shogunate (足利幕府), also known as the Muromachi shogunate (室町幕府), was the feudal military government of Japan during the Muromachi period from 1336 to 1573.

The Ashikaga shogunate was established when Ashikaga Takauji was appointed Shōgun after overthrowing the Kenmu Restoration shortly after having overthrown the Kamakura shogunate in support of Emperor Go-Daigo.

Kenmu Restoration

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Emperor Go-Daigo
A portrait of Ashikaga Takauji bearing his son Yoshiakira's cipher
Prince Morinaga's statue at Kamakura-gū in Kamakura

The Kenmu Restoration (建武の新政) was a three-year period of Imperial rule in Japanese history between the Kamakura period and the Muromachi period from 1333 to 1336.

Go-Daigo launched a second uprising, and with the assistance of the defected Kamakura general Ashikaga Takauji, defeated the Kamakura Shogunate at the siege of Kamakura in 1333.

The Kenmu Restoration was ultimately overthrown when Takauji became Shōgun and founded the Ashikaga Shogunate in 1336, beginning the "Northern and Southern Courts" period and the Muromachi period.

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

Nanboku-chō period

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The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:
Emperor Go-Daigo
Ashikaga Takauji

The Nanboku-chō period (南北朝時代, Nanboku-chō jidai, "North and South court period", also known as the Northern and Southern Courts period), spanning from 1336 to 1392, was a period that occurred during the formative years of the Muromachi (Ashikaga) shogunate of Japanese history.During the early period, there existed a Northern Imperial Court, established by Ashikaga Takauji in Kyoto, and a Southern Imperial Court, established by Emperor Go-Daigo in Yoshino.

However, this trend had started already with the Kamakura bakufu.

This Kamakura tradition was prestigious and it set the precedent for what followed in the Muromachi period.