Ashikaga Takauji

Portrait traditionally identified as that of Ashikaga Takauji
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Tomb of Ashikaga Takauji at Tōji-in in Kyoto

The founder and first shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate.

- Ashikaga Takauji

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Kamakura shogunate

The feudal military government of Japan during the Kamakura period from 1185 to 1333.

The feudal military government of Japan during the Kamakura period from 1185 to 1333.

This wooden Kongorikishi statue was created during the Kamakura shogunate during 14th-century Japan. It originally guarded the gate to Ebara-dera, a temple in Sakai, Osaka.
Minamoto no Yoritomo's goes to Kyoto at beginning of the Kamakura Shogunate
Grave of Minamoto no Yoritomo
Site of Hōjō Takatoki's death

The Kamakura shogunate was overthrown in the Kenmu Restoration under Emperor Go-Daigo in 1333, re-establishing Imperial rule until Ashikaga Takauji overthrew the Imperial government and founded the Ashikaga shogunate in 1336.

Portrait of Kō no Moronao,

Kō no Moronao

Japanese samurai of the Nanboku-chō period who was the first to hold the position of Shitsuji (Shōguns Deputy).

Japanese samurai of the Nanboku-chō period who was the first to hold the position of Shitsuji (Shōguns Deputy).

Portrait of Kō no Moronao,

He was appointed by Ashikaga Takauji, the first shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate.

Southern Court

The Southern Court (南朝) were a set of four emperors (Emperor Go-Daigo and his line) whose claims to sovereignty during the Nanboku-chō period spanning from 1336 through 1392 were usurped by the Northern Court.

The Southern Court (南朝) were a set of four emperors (Emperor Go-Daigo and his line) whose claims to sovereignty during the Nanboku-chō period spanning from 1336 through 1392 were usurped by the Northern Court.

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

The Northern Court established in Kyoto by Ashikaga Takauji is therefore considered illegitimate.

Emperor Kōmyō

The second of the Emperors of Northern Court, although he was the first to be supported by the Ashikaga Bakufu.

The second of the Emperors of Northern Court, although he was the first to be supported by the Ashikaga Bakufu.

Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom

When Ashikaga Takauji rebelled against Emperor Go-Daigo's Kenmu Restoration and entered Kyōto in 1336, Go-Daigo fled to Enryaku-ji on Mount Hiei.

Ashikaga Yoshiakira

The second shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1358 to 1367 during the Muromachi period of Japan.

The second shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1358 to 1367 during the Muromachi period of Japan.

Yoshiakira was the son of the founder and first shōgun of the Muromachi shogunate, Ashikaga Takauji.

Nitta Yoshisada

Nitta Yoshisada

Samurai lord of the Nanboku-chō period Japan.

Samurai lord of the Nanboku-chō period Japan.

Nitta Yoshisada
Nitta Yoshisada offering his sword to Ryūjin

Long an enemy of Ashikaga Takauji, Nitta Yoshisada is often blamed for the split between the Northern and Southern Courts, as he fought against the Ashikaga and for the emperor, Emperor Go-Daigo.

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

Kōkoku

Japanese era of the Southern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts after Engen and before Shōhei, lasting from April 1340 to December 1346.

Japanese era of the Southern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts after Engen and before Shōhei, lasting from April 1340 to December 1346.

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

This illegitimate Northern Court (北朝) had been established in Kyoto by Ashikaga Takauji.

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

Engen

Japanese era of the Southern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts after Kenmu and before Kōkoku, lasting from February 1336 to April 1340.

Japanese era of the Southern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts after Kenmu and before Kōkoku, lasting from February 1336 to April 1340.

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

This illegitimate Northern Court (北朝) had been established in Kyoto by Ashikaga Takauji.

Portrait of Kusunoki Masashige by Kanō Sanraku

Kusunoki Masashige

Japanese samurai of the Kamakura period remembered as the ideal of samurai loyalty.

Japanese samurai of the Kamakura period remembered as the ideal of samurai loyalty.

Portrait of Kusunoki Masashige by Kanō Sanraku
Equestrian statue of Kusunoki Masashige outside the Imperial Palace in Tokyo.
The same statue from a different angle, close-up.
Equestrian statue of Kusunoki Masashige at the entrance to Kanshin-ji in Kawachinagano, Osaka Prefecture.

Kusunoki was a leading figure of the Kenmu Restoration in 1333 and remained loyal to the unpopular Emperor Go-Daigo after Ashikaga Takauji began to reverse the restoration in the Nanboku-chō wars three years later.

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

Jōwa (Muromachi period)

Japanese era or nengō which was promulgated by the more militarily powerful of two Imperial rival courts during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts (南北朝時代).

Japanese era or nengō which was promulgated by the more militarily powerful of two Imperial rival courts during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts (南北朝時代).

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

This illegitimate Northern Court (北朝) had been established in Kyoto by Ashikaga Takauji.