A report on Ashikaga Takauji

Portrait traditionally identified as that of Ashikaga Takauji
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Tomb of Ashikaga Takauji at Tōji-in in Kyoto

The founder and first shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate.

- Ashikaga Takauji

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Seiwa Genji

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Line of the Japanese Minamoto clan that is descended from Emperor Seiwa, which is the most successful and powerful line of the clan.

Line of the Japanese Minamoto clan that is descended from Emperor Seiwa, which is the most successful and powerful line of the clan.

Many of the most famous Minamoto warriors, including Minamoto no Yoshiie, Minamoto no Yoritomo, the founder of the Kamakura shogunate; and Ashikaga Takauji, the founder of the Ashikaga shogunate, belonged to this line.

Kitabatake Akiie (portrait property of Ryozen Shrine)

Kitabatake Akiie

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Japanese court noble, and an important supporter of the Southern Court during the Nanboku-chō Wars.

Japanese court noble, and an important supporter of the Southern Court during the Nanboku-chō Wars.

Kitabatake Akiie (portrait property of Ryozen Shrine)

Three years later, he led an army nominally under the command of Norinaga to the outskirts of Kyoto to reinforce the forces of Nitta Yoshisada against Ashikaga Takauji.

Southern Court

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The Southern Court (南朝) were a set of four emperors (Emperor Go-Daigo and his line) whose claims to sovereignty during the Nanboku-chō period spanning from 1336 through 1392 were usurped by the Northern Court.

The Southern Court (南朝) were a set of four emperors (Emperor Go-Daigo and his line) whose claims to sovereignty during the Nanboku-chō period spanning from 1336 through 1392 were usurped by the Northern Court.

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

The Northern Court established in Kyoto by Ashikaga Takauji is therefore considered illegitimate.

Kō no Moroyasu (by Utagawa Sadahide)

Kō no Moroyasu

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Kō no Moroyasu (by Utagawa Sadahide)

Kō no Moroyasu (高 師泰) was one of the leading generals of Shōgun Ashikaga Takauji during the Nanboku-chō period, along with his brother Moronao and his cousin Morofuyu.

A statue of Kusunoki Masashige outside the Imperial Palace in Tokyo

Genkō War

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Civil war fought in Japan between the Emperor Go-Daigo and the Kamakura Shogunate from 1331 to 1333.

Civil war fought in Japan between the Emperor Go-Daigo and the Kamakura Shogunate from 1331 to 1333.

A statue of Kusunoki Masashige outside the Imperial Palace in Tokyo

Meanwhile, Ashikaga Takauji, the chief general of the Hōjō, was dispatched west to fight against Go-Daigo's second uprising.

Musō Soseki, 1275 - 1351, Japanese Zen master, calligraphist, poem writer, and garden designer

Musō Soseki

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Rinzai Zen Buddhist monk and teacher, and a calligraphist, poet and garden designer.

Rinzai Zen Buddhist monk and teacher, and a calligraphist, poet and garden designer.

Musō Soseki, 1275 - 1351, Japanese Zen master, calligraphist, poem writer, and garden designer

After Go-Daigo's Kenmu Restoration failed and Ashikaga Takauji became shōgun, like many other men of his time Soseki switched sides.

Hōjō Tokiyuki

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Samurai of the Hōjō clan who fought both for and against the Imperial Court.

Samurai of the Hōjō clan who fought both for and against the Imperial Court.

He re-entered Kamakura in 1335, forcing Ashikaga Tadayoshi to flee before he was forced to flee himself by Tadayoshi's elder brother and future shōgun Ashikaga Takauji.

Kanrei

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High political post in feudal Japan; it is usually translated as shōguns deputy.

High political post in feudal Japan; it is usually translated as shōguns deputy.

Following the fall of the Kamakura shogunate, and abolition of the Rokuhara Tandai position, Ashikaga Takauji created the post of Kantō Kanrei, or Shogun's Deputy in the East (Kantō generally refers to the area around and including modern Tokyo).

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

Kōkoku

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Japanese era of the Southern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts after Engen and before Shōhei, lasting from April 1340 to December 1346.

Japanese era of the Southern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts after Engen and before Shōhei, lasting from April 1340 to December 1346.

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

This illegitimate Northern Court (北朝) had been established in Kyoto by Ashikaga Takauji.

Prince Takanaga

Prince Takanaga

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The second son of Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan.

The second son of Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan.

Prince Takanaga

Appointed Seitō Shōgun (Commander-in-Chief of the Defense of the East) in November 1335, he was commissioned along with Nitta Yoshisada to destroy the Northern Court leaders Ashikaga Takauji and Ashikaga Tadayoshi.