Asmara

Asmara, EritreaAsmeraItalian AsmaraAsmara, EthiopiaAsmara: a Modernist City of AfricaAsmara under ItalyAsmärahistory
Asmara or Asmera is the capital and most populous city of Eritrea, in the country's Central Region.wikipedia
771 Related Articles

Eritrea

State of EritreaEritreanERI
Asmara or Asmera is the capital and most populous city of Eritrea, in the country's Central Region.
Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea, is a sovereign state in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara.

List of capital cities by elevation

List of capital cities by altitudefourth highest capital in the world by altitudehighest capital city in the world
It sits at an elevation of 2325 m, making it the sixth highest capital in the world by altitude.

Central Region (Eritrea)

MaekelCentralCentral Region
Asmara or Asmera is the capital and most populous city of Eritrea, in the country's Central Region.
It contains Asmara, the capital and largest city of Eritrea.

Eritrean Railway

EritreaRail transport in EritreaFerrovia Massaua-Asmara
In the early 20th century, the Eritrean Railway was built to the coast, passing through the town of Ghinda, under the direction of Carlo Cavanna.
The line was destroyed by warfare in subsequent decades, but has been rebuilt between Massawa and Asmara.

Italian Eritreans

Italian EritreanItalian colonistsItalians
A large Italian community developed the city.
In the 1939 census of Eritrea there were more than 75,000 Eritrean Italians, most of them (53,000) living in Asmara.

Kagnew Station

KagnewKagnew Communications StationUS listening post
The city was home to the US Army's Kagnew Station installation from 1943 until 1977.
Kagnew Station was a United States Army installation in Asmara, Eritrea on the Horn of Africa.

Ghinda

In the early 20th century, the Eritrean Railway was built to the coast, passing through the town of Ghinda, under the direction of Carlo Cavanna.
It is situated in the Ghinda Subregion, and lies between Asmara and Massawa.

Administrations of Asmara

administrationTiravolo
There is still a district called Arbaete Asmera in the Administrations of Asmara.
The administrations of Asmara are the official administrative divisions of Asmara, the capital of Eritrea.

Italian Eritrea

EritreaEritreanBritish Military Administration
Governor Ferdinando Martini made it the capital city of Italian Eritrea in 1900.
In the disorder that followed the 1889 death of Emperor Yohannes IV, Gen. Oreste Baratieri occupied the highlands along the Eritrean coast and Italy proclaimed the establishment of a new colony of Eritrea (from the Latin name for the Red Sea), with capital Asmara in substitution of Massawa.

Eritrean Highlands

Eritreahighlandshighlands of
The city is located at the tip of an escarpment that is both the northwestern edge of the Eritrean Highlands and the Great Rift Valley in neighbouring Ethiopia.
The average temperature for Asmara, which is 2340 m above sea level is approximately 16°C, but other places range from about 10°C to 25°C.

National Museum of Eritrea

Eritrean National Museum
The city is home to the Eritrean National Museum.
The National Museum of Eritrea is a national museum in Asmara, Eritrea.

Fiat Tagliero Building

The city is known for its early 20th-century buildings, including the Art Deco Cinema Impero (opened in 1937 and considered by the experts one of the world's finest examples of Art Déco style building ), Cubist Africa Pension, eclectic Eritrean Orthodox Enda Mariam Cathedral and former Opera House, the futurist Fiat Tagliero Building, the neo-Romanesque Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara, and the neoclassical Governor's Palace.
The Fiat Tagliero Building in Asmara, capital city of Eritrea, is a Futurist-style service station completed in 1938 and designed by the Italian engineer Giuseppe Pettazzi.

Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara

Church of Our Lady of the Rosary
The city is known for its early 20th-century buildings, including the Art Deco Cinema Impero (opened in 1937 and considered by the experts one of the world's finest examples of Art Déco style building ), Cubist Africa Pension, eclectic Eritrean Orthodox Enda Mariam Cathedral and former Opera House, the futurist Fiat Tagliero Building, the neo-Romanesque Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara, and the neoclassical Governor's Palace. Four big landmarks of the city are the Church of Our Lady of the Rosary and the Al Khulafa Al Rashiudin Mosque of the Islamic faith, and the Kidane Mehret Cathedral of the Catholic faith, the Enda Mariam Cathedral of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church.
The Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara (Chiesa della Beata Vergine del Rosario) is a Roman Catholic church built in early 1920s in Asmara, when was the capital of Italian Eritrea.

Cinema Impero

The city is known for its early 20th-century buildings, including the Art Deco Cinema Impero (opened in 1937 and considered by the experts one of the world's finest examples of Art Déco style building ), Cubist Africa Pension, eclectic Eritrean Orthodox Enda Mariam Cathedral and former Opera House, the futurist Fiat Tagliero Building, the neo-Romanesque Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara, and the neoclassical Governor's Palace.
"Empire Cinema") is an Art Deco-style cinema in Asmara, the capital of Eritrea.

Enda Mariam Cathedral, Asmara

Enda Mariam CathedralEnda Mariam Coptic Cathedral
The city is known for its early 20th-century buildings, including the Art Deco Cinema Impero (opened in 1937 and considered by the experts one of the world's finest examples of Art Déco style building ), Cubist Africa Pension, eclectic Eritrean Orthodox Enda Mariam Cathedral and former Opera House, the futurist Fiat Tagliero Building, the neo-Romanesque Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara, and the neoclassical Governor's Palace. Four big landmarks of the city are the Church of Our Lady of the Rosary and the Al Khulafa Al Rashiudin Mosque of the Islamic faith, and the Kidane Mehret Cathedral of the Catholic faith, the Enda Mariam Cathedral of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church.
Enda Mariam Cathedral is an Eritrean Orthodox church in Asmara, Eritrea.

Governor's Palace, Asmara

Governor's PalaceCity HallPresidential Palace
The city is known for its early 20th-century buildings, including the Art Deco Cinema Impero (opened in 1937 and considered by the experts one of the world's finest examples of Art Déco style building ), Cubist Africa Pension, eclectic Eritrean Orthodox Enda Mariam Cathedral and former Opera House, the futurist Fiat Tagliero Building, the neo-Romanesque Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara, and the neoclassical Governor's Palace.
The Governor's Palace is the city hall of Asmara, Eritrea.

Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church

Eritrean OrthodoxEritrean Orthodox ChurchEritrean Orthodox Tewahdo Church
Asmara is also the see of the archbishop of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, which became autocephalous in 1993. Four big landmarks of the city are the Church of Our Lady of the Rosary and the Al Khulafa Al Rashiudin Mosque of the Islamic faith, and the Kidane Mehret Cathedral of the Catholic faith, the Enda Mariam Cathedral of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church.
The Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church is an Oriental Orthodox church with its headquarters in Asmara, Eritrea.

Eritrean War of Independence

Eritrean War for Independencewar of independenceEritrea
The Eritrean War of Independence began in 1961 and ended in 1991, resulting in the independence of Eritrea.
From 1975 to 1977, the ELF and EPLF outnumbered the Ethiopian army and overran all of Eritrea except Asmara, Massawa, and Barentu.

World Bank Building, Asmara

World Bank Building
The city is adorned by Italian colonial villas and mansions, one prominent example being the World Bank Building.
The World Bank Building of Asmara, Eritrea is a large Italian villa built in 1938 which was bought by the World Bank to house its headquarters in that country.

World Heritage Site

UNESCO World Heritage SiteWorld HeritageWorld Heritage List
In 2017, the city was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its well-preserved modernist architecture.
Eritrea's efforts to promote Asmara is one example.

Haile Selassie

Haile Selassie IEmperor Haile SelassieHaile Selassie I of Ethiopia
In 1961, Emperor Haile Selassie I ended the "federal" arrangement and declared the territory to be the 14th province of the Ethiopian Empire.
This calmed the public, but the promised 33% military wage hike was not substantial enough to pacify the army, which then mutinied, beginning in Asmara and spreading throughout the empire.

Nasair

Nasair Eritrea
Nasair and the Eritrean Telecommunications Corporation are headquartered in the city.
Nasair, officially known as Nasair Eritrea, was an airline based in Asmara, Eritrea.

Great Mosque of Asmara

Kulafah Al Rashidan Great MosqueAl Khulafa Al Rashiudin Mosque
Four big landmarks of the city are the Church of Our Lady of the Rosary and the Al Khulafa Al Rashiudin Mosque of the Islamic faith, and the Kidane Mehret Cathedral of the Catholic faith, the Enda Mariam Cathedral of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church.
The Great Mosque of Asmara (Grande Moschea di Asmara; alternately known as Al Kulafah Al Rashidan, Al Kulafah Al Rashidin, Al Kuaka Al Rashidin or Al Khulafa Al Rashiudin; جَـامِـع الْـخُـلَـفَـاء الـرَّاشِـدِيْـن, "Mosque of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs") is a mosque located in the center of Asmara, the capital city of Eritrea.

Art Deco

art-decoArt DécoArt Deco architecture
The city is known for its early 20th-century buildings, including the Art Deco Cinema Impero (opened in 1937 and considered by the experts one of the world's finest examples of Art Déco style building ), Cubist Africa Pension, eclectic Eritrean Orthodox Enda Mariam Cathedral and former Opera House, the futurist Fiat Tagliero Building, the neo-Romanesque Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara, and the neoclassical Governor's Palace.
In the 1930s Italian architects built a small movie palace, the Cinema Impero, in Asmara in what is now Eritrea.

Asmara International Airport

AsmaraAirportairport in Asmara
Asmara International Airport serves the city with many international flights.
Asmara International Airport is the international airport of Asmara, the capital of Eritrea.