A report on Assam

Map of Eastern Bengal and Assam during 1907–1909
A map of the British Indian Empire in 1909 during the partition of Bengal (1905–1911), showing British India in two shades of pink (coral and pale) and the princely states in yellow. The Assam Province (initially as the Province of Eastern Bengal and Assam) can be seen towards the north-eastern side of India.
Showing a historical incident at Kanaklata Udyan, Tezpur
Blooming of Kopou Orchid marks the beginning of the festive season of Bihu in Assam.
People gathered at Kamakhya Temple for the Ambubachi Mela
Kamakhya Temple
Basistha Temple in Guwahati.
7th–8th century specimen of Assamese (Kamarupi) literature
Brahmaputra valley region of Assam
1. Tinskia 2. Dibrugarh 3. Dhemaji 4. Charaideo 5. Sivasagar 6.Lakhimpur 7. Majuli 8. Jorhat 9. Biswanath 10. Golaghat 11. Karbi Anglong 12. Sonitpur 13. Nagaon 14. Hojai 15. Karbi Anglong West 16. Dima Hasao 17. Cachar 18. Hailakandi 19. Karimganj 20. Morigaon 21. Udalguri 22. Darrang 23. Kamrup Metro 24. Baksa 25. Nalbari 26. Kamrup 27. Barpeta 28. Chirang 29. Bongaigaon 30. Goalpara 31. Kokrajhar 32. Dhubri 33. South Salmara Mankachar 34. Bajali
Bodoland district map
The image represent's Dimaraji proposed state map
Barak Valley
Per capita income of Assam since 1950
A paddy field in Assam
A tea garden in Assam: tea is grown at elevations near sea level, giving it a malty sweetness and an earthy flavor, as opposed to the more floral aroma of highland (e.g. Darjeeling, Taiwanese) teas
Assamese women busy planting paddy seedlings in their agricultural field in Pahukata village in the Nagaon district of Assam
A group of 'Husori' for the occasion of Assamese Bohag Bihu in their traditional attire.
Dakhinpat Satra of Majuli
Girl in traditional Mekhela chador dress with a Dhol wrapped with Gamosa
A decorative Assamese Jaapi laid over a Gamosa
A Bihu dancer blowing a pepa (horn)
A beautifully adorned Jaapi
Mising girls dancing during Ali Ai Ligang (Spring Festival)
Actors of Abinaswar Gosthi performs the play "Surjya Mandirot Surjyasta" directed by Dipok Borah
Assamese Thali
An ethnic preparation of Ghost chili chicken curry of Assam
Lakshminath Bezbaroa, one of the foremost figures of Assamese literature.
Imaginary portrait of Srimanta Sankardeva by Bishnu Prasad Rabha
School girls in the classroom, Lakhiganj High School, Assam
Cotton University, Guwahati
Academic complex of IIT Guwahati
National Institute of Technology, Silchar
Jorhat Engineering College of Assam Science and Technology University
Sattriya Dance
Bodo dance Bagurumba
Jhumair dance in Tea garden
Bhupen Hazarika
Assamese youth performing Bihu Dance
Statue of Bishnu Prasad Rabha, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala and Phani Sarma at District Library, Guwahati.
Lil Bahadur Chettri
Citra Bhagavata illustration
A folio from the Hastividyarnava manuscript
<center>A page of manuscript painting from Assam; The medieval painters used locally manufactured painting materials such as the colours of hangool and haital and papers manufactured from aloewood bark</center>
Bell metal made sorai and sophura are important parts of culture
Assam Kahor (Bell metal) Kahi

State in northeastern India, south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.

- Assam

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A view of Kamakhya Temple
Statue of Lachit Borphukan
The smallest inhabited riverine island in the world, Peacock Island, on the Brahmaputra river
Guwahati's urban morphology
City view from Sarania Hill
Citty Center Mall, GS Road, Guwahati
Guwahati city
The Gauhati High Court
Cotton University
IIT Guwahati
Multi Level Car Parking Facility operated by Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) situated at Paltanbazar, Guwahati
Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport
Buses standing at Rupnath Brahma Inter-State Bus Terminal (ISBT), Guwahati
Roads in Jalukbari, Guwahati
Guwahati Ropeway
One-Horned Rhino Statue at Indira Gandhi Stadium
Barsapara Cricket Stadium
Sarusajai Stadium
Nehru Stadium, Guwahati
The Dainik Asom building at Chandmari

Guwahati (, ; formerly rendered Gauhati, ) is the biggest city of the Indian state of Assam and also the largest metropolis in northeastern India.

Northeast India

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Easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country.

Easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country.

Brahmaputra Valley and Eastern Himalaya in Northeast India
Brahmaputra river basin
Asiatic Buffalo at Kaziranga National Park
One-horned rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park
Mizo girls in Mizo traditional dress
Lahoo Dance of Meghalaya
Living root bridge, Meghalaya
Inside Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport airport (Guwahati, Assam)
Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Agartala airport (Tripura)
The Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project will provide sea access to Northeastern states of India through Myanmar
{{center|Ropeway, Gangtok}}
<center>Aizawl, Mizoram</center>
{{center|Aerial view of Shillong}}
{{center|Neer Mahal of Tripura}}
<center>Dzüko Valley (Borders of Nagaland and Manipur)</center>
<center>Sela Pass, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh)</center>
<center>Bhalukpong, Arunachal Pradesh</center>
<center>Loktak lake, Manipur</center>
<center>Majuli Island, Assam</center>
<center>Nohkalikai Falls, Cherrapunji, Meghalaya </center>
{{center|British India map of Northeast India by ethnicity, 1891}}
<center>A Naga warrior in 1960</center>
thumb|left|An Ao Naga girl in her traditional attire in Nagaland
<center>Bishnupuriya bride</center>
<center>Shad suk Mynsiem, a Khasi festival</center>
<center>Traditional Hajong Clothing</center>
{{center|Aka tribe, Arunachal Pradesh}}
<center>Mizo school girls</center>
<center>Women selling fruits in Senapati, Manipur</center>
{{center|Princess of Sikkim in traditional royal dress}}
<center>Tripuri woman in traditional attire</center>
Asamiya youth in Bihu attire.
{{center|Naga meal}}
{{center|Bangwi - Tripuri food of Tripura}}
<center>Paknam (Manipur)</center>
<center>Basic Tripuri lunch thali</center>
<center>Smoked freshwater fish (Manipur)</center>
<center>North Sikkim meal</center>
<center>Assamese thali</center>
{{center|Red rice with pork (Arunachal Pradesh)}}
<center>Sattriya dance (Assam)</center>
Assamese youths performing Bihu dance.
<center>Nyokum festival of Nyishi tribe (Arunachal Pradesh)</center>
{{center|Manipuri dance}}
<center>Bagurumba dance of Bodo tribe (Assam)</center>
<center>Wangala dance of Garo tribe (Assam, Meghalaya)</center>
<center>Dance of Angami tribe (Nagaland)</center>
<center>Students performing traditional dance at Jorethang (Sikkim)</center>
{{center|Jhum cultivation}}
<center>Tea garden in Darrang, Assam</center>
{{center|Paddy fields in Manipur}}
<center>Oil palm plantation in Mizoram</center>
<center>Terrace farming in Nagaland</center>
{{center|Local vegetables in Assam}}

It comprises eight states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim.

The Ahom Kingdom, final years. The western boundary was established at the Manas river after the Battle of Saraighat (1671) and finalized after the Battle of Itakhuli (1681)

Ahom kingdom

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The Ahom Kingdom, final years. The western boundary was established at the Manas river after the Battle of Saraighat (1671) and finalized after the Battle of Itakhuli (1681)
The Ahom Kingdom, final years. The western boundary was established at the Manas river after the Battle of Saraighat (1671) and finalized after the Battle of Itakhuli (1681)
Swargodeo offering prayer
The king on the elephant with the fourfold division of the army
Ahom royal court
Siva Singha and Ambika Devi in Court with courtier, pundits and artisans
alt=|Rajeshwar Singha.
Coinage of Gadadhara Singha (1681-1696), Ahom Kingdom
Coinage of king Gaurinatha Singha (1780-1796), Ahom Kingdom
 Musicians, dancers and the subjects celebrating coronation of the King.
Rudra Singha
Siva Singha

The Ahom kingdom (, 1228–1826) was a late medieval kingdom in the Brahmaputra Valley in Assam.

West Bengal

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West Bengal (, Bengali: Poshchim Bongo,, abbr.

West Bengal (, Bengali: Poshchim Bongo,, abbr.

Coin of the King Shashanka, who created the first separate political entity in Bengal, called the Gauda Kingdom
The Pala Empire was an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal.
Firoz Minar at Gauḍa was built during the Bengal Sultanate.
An 1880 map of Bengal
Subhas Chandra Bose, he was a leading freedom fighter of India
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999.
Many areas remain flooded during the heavy rains brought by a monsoon.
Districts of West Bengal
A hut in a village in the Hooghly district
The Grand Hotel in Kolkata. Tourism, especially from Bangladesh, is an important part of West Bengal's economy.
Freshly sown saplings of rice in a paddy; in the background are stacks of jute sticks.
Satyajit Ray, a pioneer in Bengali cinema along with Ravi Sankar.
Panchchura Temple in Bishnupur, one of the older examples of the terracotta arts of India.
Jamdani Sari of Bangladesh is very popular in West Bengal.
Salt Lake Stadium / Vivekananda Yuva Bharati Krirangan, Kolkata
Netaji Indoor Stadium, Kolkata
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is a hub for flights to and from Bangladesh, East Asia, Nepal, Bhutan and north-east India.
Durgapur Expressway
An SBSTC bus in Karunamoyee
Kolkata Metro, India's first metro rail system
University of Calcutta, the oldest public university of India.
The front entrance to the academic block of NUJS, Kolkata.
Prajna Bhavan, housing the School of Mathematical Sciences and School of RKMVU.

It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam.

Assamese language

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The proto-languages of the eastern Magadhan languages. Kamarupi Prakrit corresponds to ?proto-Kamarupa here, a hitherto un-reconstructed proto-language. proto-Kamata began to innovate unique features in the period 1250-1550 CE.
Silver coin issued during the reign of Rudra Singha in Sanskrit with Assamese letters.
One of the consonants of Assamese script.

Assamese, also Asamiya ( অসমীয়া), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in the northeast Indian state of Assam, where it is an official language.

Arunachal Pradesh

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State in Northeastern India.

State in Northeastern India.

The North-East Frontier Tracts in 1946
A 1936 map of Tibet by Survey of India, showing the McMahon Line
Tawang Monastery in Arunachal Pradesh, is the largest monastery in India and second-largest in the world after the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet. It is one of the few monasteries of Tibetan Buddhism that have remained protected from Mao's Cultural Revolution without any damage.
A kettle lake at Se La in Tawang district.
A view from Bhalukpong, a small town by the southern reaches of the Himalayas.
Ziro valley
Nyishi man in traditional dress
Buddhism is practised by 12% of the population. Shown here is a statue of the Buddha in Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh.
The road from Tinsukia to Parshuram Kund
Hunli Signboard
NERIST academic block
NIT Arunachal Pradesh temporary campus in Yupia
St Claret College Ziro

It borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south.


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State in northeastern India.

State in northeastern India.

Tripura Sundari Temple in Udaipur.
Rock-cut sculpture of Shiva at Unakoti
Neermahal Palace is the royal palace built by Bir Bikram Kishore Debbarman of the Kingdom of Tripura.
Queen Kanchan Prabha Devi who signed the instrument of accession to India as president of the Council of Regency.
Rice is grown on Tripura's alluvial plains, which include lungas, the narrow valleys that are found mainly in the west of the state.
Tripura Assembly
Tripura district map
Ujjayanta Palace, built in the 19th century as a replacement for a former royal palace destroyed in an earthquake, was used until 2011 as the meeting place of Tripura's State Legislative Assembly.
Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council, pictured, encompasses much of the state
Rice is the major crop in Tripura and accounts for 91 percent of the land under cultivation.
Maharaja Bir Bikram Airport
Agartala Railway Station
The border post between Bangladesh and India in Akhaura
Classrooms built of bamboo in a school. In 2010–11, Tripura had 4,455 schools run by the state government or private organisations. Instruction is mainly in English or Bengali.
Tripuri children preparing for a dance performance.
A Tripuri girl in her traditional attire
East Pakistan refugees (since Bangladesh was not formed yet) coming to Tripura during Bangladesh liberation war.
Durga Puja is the major festival of Tripura
A couple in traditional Tripuri costume.
Tripuri girls in traditional attire
Tripura girls in their traditional attire
Tripuri dance

The third-smallest state in the country, it covers 10491.69 km2 and is bordered by Bangladesh to the north, south, and west, and the Indian states of Assam and Mizoram to the east.


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State in northeastern India.

State in northeastern India.

Laitmawsiang landscape, wrapped in fog. Meghalaya is mountainous, and it is the rainiest state of India. The word Meghalaya means, "abode of the clouds".
Tea Plantation in Meghalaya, on the way to Shillong
A sign board in Cherrapunji
Nepenthes khasiana
An aerial view of the state capital, Shillong.
Indian Institute of Management, Shillong Campus
North-Eastern Hill University Campus, Mawlai, Shillong
Autonomous District Councils in Northeast India
Agriculture in Kukon, Meghalaya
View of MCL Cement plant, Thangskai, P.O. Lumshnong, Jaintia Hills
Meghalaya has abundant but undeveloped hydroelectric resources. Above is Mawphlang hydroelectric dam reservoir.
St. Edmund's School, Shillong
Khasi girls
Dance of Meghalaya
Double-Decker Living root bridge, Nongriat village.
Elephant Falls
Krang Suri Waterfall
Umiam Lake, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
Jhum cultivation, or cut-and-burn shift farming, in Nokrek Biosphere Reserve of Meghalaya.
State Highway 5 near Cherapunjee, Meghalaya
Shillong Bypass road
Shillong Airport
A double-decker living root bridge in Nongriat, Meghalaya
Shillong Golf Course, one of the oldest golf courses of India
Nohkalikai Falls
Meghalaya has many limestone caves. Above are in Jaintia Hills

Meghalaya was formed by carving out two districts from the state of Assam: the United Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills, and the Garo Hills on 21 January 1972.


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Geopolitical, cultural and historical region in South Asia, specifically in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal, predominantly covering present-day Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geopolitical, cultural and historical region in South Asia, specifically in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal, predominantly covering present-day Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.

The Ganges-Brahmaputra delta
On a clear day, the snowy peaks of the Himalayas in Nepal and Sikkim can be seen from northern Bangladesh and Darjeeling district of West Bengal
A 2015 census of Sundarbans Bengal tigers found 106 in Bangladesh and 76 in West Bengal.
Hindu sculpture, 11th century
Inscriptions on the Adina Mosque proclaim the builder Sikandar Shah as "the wisest, the most just, the most perfect and most liberal of the Sultans of Arabia, Persia and India."
A woman in Dhaka clad in fine Bengali muslin, 18th century.
The Battle of Plassey in 1757 ushered British rule
The former royal palace of Hill Tippera in Agartala
Shaheed Minar in Dhaka commemorates the 1952 Language Movement
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman led Bengali's decade long independence struggle including the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971
Bangabhaban (the House of Bengal) is the official residence of the president of Bangladesh
Writers' Building, the official seat of the Government of West Bengal
Biman Bangladesh Airlines is the largest airline based in the Bengal region
The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata, India
New Mooring Terminal, Port of Chittagong
Aerial view of Haldia port, Haldia Port
The strategically important city of Chittagong is home to the busiest port on the Bay of Bengal
Bengali Letters
A silver coin with Proto-Bengali script, 9th century
Rabindranath Tagore, known as the Bengali Shakespeare, being hosted at the Parliament of Iran in the 1930s
Bangladeshi paintings on sale at an art gallery in Dhaka
Bungalows originated from Bengali architecture
A sculpture on Fazlur Rahman Khan at the Sears Tower in the United States
A Baul musician. The Baul ballads of Bengal are classified by UNESCO as humanity's intangible cultural heritage
18th century painting of a budgerow
A river in Bangladesh
A mustard and date palm farm in West Bengal
A tea garden in Bangladesh
Kanchenjunga from Singalila National Park, West Bengal
Gangaridai in Ptolemy's map, 1st century
The Pala Empire, 9th century
At its greatest extent, the Bengal Sultanate's realm and protectorates stretched from Jaunpur in North India in the west to Tripura and Arakan in the east
The Bengal Sultanate, 16th century
Bengal & Bihar in 1776 by James Rennell
Colonial Bengal, 19th century
Colonial Eastern Bengal and Assam, early 20th century
Province of Bengal (1931)
Map of West Bengal
Map of Bangladesh
Map of Tripura
Flag of Bengal Sultanate
Flag of the Bengal Subah (15-18th Century)
Flag of Bengal Presidency, under British rule
Flag of Bangladesh during Bangladesh Liberation War and after
Flag of Bangladesh from 1972 onwards

Today, Bengal is divided between Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal; the historical region encompassed the modern-day states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, and Assam, among others in India, and some parts of Myanmar or Burma (Rakhine State).


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State in northeastern India.

State in northeastern India.

A sketch of Angami Naga tribesman from 1875.
A British India 1940 map showing Nagaland and Kohima City as part of Assam.
Kohima War Cemetery, Kohima, Nagaland
Kohima War Cemetery
Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Naga people in Nagaland, December 2014
About a million Amur falcons roost in Nagaland. That is about 50 falcons per square kilometre.
Kopou phool (Rhynchostylis retusa), a type of orchid, in bloom.
Blyth's tragopan or the grey-bellied tragopan
Great hornbill
Mokokchung is one of the most populated places in the northern part of Nagaland
The Catholic Cathedral in Kohima City. About 80% of Nagaland people are Baptists.
Terrace farming at Pfutsero
Hornbill Festival
Sumi Martyrs' Day observed for Sumi Warriors who died during Mukali Siege.
Hornbill Festival, Kohima
The National Highway passing through the Parakhowa forest
Dimapur airport departures
Dimapur railway station
Embroidered textile of Nagaland
A couple posing for a photograph during the festival in their traditional attire
Bhut jolokia

It is bordered by the state of Arunachal Pradesh to the north, Assam to the west, Manipur to the south and the Sagaing Region of Myanmar to the east.