A report on Assam and Assamese language

Map of Eastern Bengal and Assam during 1907–1909
The proto-languages of the eastern Magadhan languages. Kamarupi Prakrit corresponds to ?proto-Kamarupa here, a hitherto un-reconstructed proto-language. proto-Kamata began to innovate unique features in the period 1250-1550 CE.
A map of the British Indian Empire in 1909 during the partition of Bengal (1905–1911), showing British India in two shades of pink (coral and pale) and the princely states in yellow. The Assam Province (initially as the Province of Eastern Bengal and Assam) can be seen towards the north-eastern side of India.
Silver coin issued during the reign of Rudra Singha in Sanskrit with Assamese letters.
Showing a historical incident at Kanaklata Udyan, Tezpur
One of the consonants of Assamese script.
Blooming of Kopou Orchid marks the beginning of the festive season of Bihu in Assam.
People gathered at Kamakhya Temple for the Ambubachi Mela
Kamakhya Temple
Basistha Temple in Guwahati.
7th–8th century specimen of Assamese (Kamarupi) literature
Brahmaputra valley region of Assam
1. Tinskia 2. Dibrugarh 3. Dhemaji 4. Charaideo 5. Sivasagar 6.Lakhimpur 7. Majuli 8. Jorhat 9. Biswanath 10. Golaghat 11. Karbi Anglong 12. Sonitpur 13. Nagaon 14. Hojai 15. Karbi Anglong West 16. Dima Hasao 17. Cachar 18. Hailakandi 19. Karimganj 20. Morigaon 21. Udalguri 22. Darrang 23. Kamrup Metro 24. Baksa 25. Nalbari 26. Kamrup 27. Barpeta 28. Chirang 29. Bongaigaon 30. Goalpara 31. Kokrajhar 32. Dhubri 33. South Salmara Mankachar 34. Bajali
Bodoland district map
The image represent's Dimaraji proposed state map
Barak Valley
Per capita income of Assam since 1950
A paddy field in Assam
A tea garden in Assam: tea is grown at elevations near sea level, giving it a malty sweetness and an earthy flavor, as opposed to the more floral aroma of highland (e.g. Darjeeling, Taiwanese) teas
Assamese women busy planting paddy seedlings in their agricultural field in Pahukata village in the Nagaon district of Assam
A group of 'Husori' for the occasion of Assamese Bohag Bihu in their traditional attire.
Dakhinpat Satra of Majuli
Girl in traditional Mekhela chador dress with a Dhol wrapped with Gamosa
A decorative Assamese Jaapi laid over a Gamosa
A Bihu dancer blowing a pepa (horn)
A beautifully adorned Jaapi
Mising girls dancing during Ali Ai Ligang (Spring Festival)
Actors of Abinaswar Gosthi performs the play "Surjya Mandirot Surjyasta" directed by Dipok Borah
Assamese Thali
An ethnic preparation of Ghost chili chicken curry of Assam
Lakshminath Bezbaroa, one of the foremost figures of Assamese literature.
Imaginary portrait of Srimanta Sankardeva by Bishnu Prasad Rabha
School girls in the classroom, Lakhiganj High School, Assam
Cotton University, Guwahati
Academic complex of IIT Guwahati
National Institute of Technology, Silchar
Jorhat Engineering College of Assam Science and Technology University
Sattriya Dance
Bodo dance Bagurumba
Jhumair dance in Tea garden
Bhupen Hazarika
Assamese youth performing Bihu Dance
Statue of Bishnu Prasad Rabha, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala and Phani Sarma at District Library, Guwahati.
Lil Bahadur Chettri
Citra Bhagavata illustration
A folio from the Hastividyarnava manuscript
<center>A page of manuscript painting from Assam; The medieval painters used locally manufactured painting materials such as the colours of hangool and haital and papers manufactured from aloewood bark</center>
Bell metal made sorai and sophura are important parts of culture
Assam Kahor (Bell metal) Kahi

Assamese, also Asamiya ( অসমীয়া), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in the northeast Indian state of Assam, where it is an official language.

- Assamese language

Assamese and Bodo are the official languages of Assam, while Bengali is official in the Barak Valley.

- Assam

19 related topics with Alpha


Northeast India

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Easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country.

Easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country.

Brahmaputra Valley and Eastern Himalaya in Northeast India
Brahmaputra river basin
Asiatic Buffalo at Kaziranga National Park
One-horned rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park
Mizo girls in Mizo traditional dress
Lahoo Dance of Meghalaya
Living root bridge, Meghalaya
Inside Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport airport (Guwahati, Assam)
Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Agartala airport (Tripura)
The Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project will provide sea access to Northeastern states of India through Myanmar
{{center|Ropeway, Gangtok}}
<center>Aizawl, Mizoram</center>
{{center|Aerial view of Shillong}}
{{center|Neer Mahal of Tripura}}
<center>Dzüko Valley (Borders of Nagaland and Manipur)</center>
<center>Sela Pass, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh)</center>
<center>Bhalukpong, Arunachal Pradesh</center>
<center>Loktak lake, Manipur</center>
<center>Majuli Island, Assam</center>
<center>Nohkalikai Falls, Cherrapunji, Meghalaya </center>
{{center|British India map of Northeast India by ethnicity, 1891}}
<center>A Naga warrior in 1960</center>
thumb|left|An Ao Naga girl in her traditional attire in Nagaland
<center>Bishnupuriya bride</center>
<center>Shad suk Mynsiem, a Khasi festival</center>
<center>Traditional Hajong Clothing</center>
{{center|Aka tribe, Arunachal Pradesh}}
<center>Mizo school girls</center>
<center>Women selling fruits in Senapati, Manipur</center>
{{center|Princess of Sikkim in traditional royal dress}}
<center>Tripuri woman in traditional attire</center>
Asamiya youth in Bihu attire.
{{center|Naga meal}}
{{center|Bangwi - Tripuri food of Tripura}}
<center>Paknam (Manipur)</center>
<center>Basic Tripuri lunch thali</center>
<center>Smoked freshwater fish (Manipur)</center>
<center>North Sikkim meal</center>
<center>Assamese thali</center>
{{center|Red rice with pork (Arunachal Pradesh)}}
<center>Sattriya dance (Assam)</center>
Assamese youths performing Bihu dance.
<center>Nyokum festival of Nyishi tribe (Arunachal Pradesh)</center>
{{center|Manipuri dance}}
<center>Bagurumba dance of Bodo tribe (Assam)</center>
<center>Wangala dance of Garo tribe (Assam, Meghalaya)</center>
<center>Dance of Angami tribe (Nagaland)</center>
<center>Students performing traditional dance at Jorethang (Sikkim)</center>
{{center|Jhum cultivation}}
<center>Tea garden in Darrang, Assam</center>
{{center|Paddy fields in Manipur}}
<center>Oil palm plantation in Mizoram</center>
<center>Terrace farming in Nagaland</center>
{{center|Local vegetables in Assam}}

It comprises eight states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim.

Assamese, an Indo-Aryan language spoken mostly in the Brahmaputra Valley, developed as a lingua franca for many speech communities.

Arunachal Pradesh

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State in Northeastern India.

State in Northeastern India.

The North-East Frontier Tracts in 1946
A 1936 map of Tibet by Survey of India, showing the McMahon Line
Tawang Monastery in Arunachal Pradesh, is the largest monastery in India and second-largest in the world after the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet. It is one of the few monasteries of Tibetan Buddhism that have remained protected from Mao's Cultural Revolution without any damage.
A kettle lake at Se La in Tawang district.
A view from Bhalukpong, a small town by the southern reaches of the Himalayas.
Ziro valley
Nyishi man in traditional dress
Buddhism is practised by 12% of the population. Shown here is a statue of the Buddha in Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh.
The road from Tinsukia to Parshuram Kund
Hunli Signboard
NERIST academic block
NIT Arunachal Pradesh temporary campus in Yupia
St Claret College Ziro

It borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south.

The speakers of major languages of the state according to the 2011 census are Nyishi (20.74%), Adi (17.35%, includes Adi and Gallong), Bangla (7.89%), Tagin (4.54%), Bhotia (4.51%), Wancho (4.23%), Assamese (3.9%), Nepali (3.66%), Hindi (3.45%), Chakma (3.40%), Apatani (3.21%), Mishmi (3.04%), Tangsa (2.64%), Nocte (2.19%), Bhojpuri (2.04%) and Sadri (1.03%).


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State in northeastern India.

State in northeastern India.

A sketch of Angami Naga tribesman from 1875.
A British India 1940 map showing Nagaland and Kohima City as part of Assam.
Kohima War Cemetery, Kohima, Nagaland
Kohima War Cemetery
Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Naga people in Nagaland, December 2014
About a million Amur falcons roost in Nagaland. That is about 50 falcons per square kilometre.
Kopou phool (Rhynchostylis retusa), a type of orchid, in bloom.
Blyth's tragopan or the grey-bellied tragopan
Great hornbill
Mokokchung is one of the most populated places in the northern part of Nagaland
The Catholic Cathedral in Kohima City. About 80% of Nagaland people are Baptists.
Terrace farming at Pfutsero
Hornbill Festival
Sumi Martyrs' Day observed for Sumi Warriors who died during Mukali Siege.
Hornbill Festival, Kohima
The National Highway passing through the Parakhowa forest
Dimapur airport departures
Dimapur railway station
Embroidered textile of Nagaland
A couple posing for a photograph during the festival in their traditional attire
Bhut jolokia

It is bordered by the state of Arunachal Pradesh to the north, Assam to the west, Manipur to the south and the Sagaing Region of Myanmar to the east.

Other than English, Nagamese, a creole language based on Assamese, is widely spoken.

Bengali language

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Indo-Aryan language native to the Bengal region of South Asia.

Indo-Aryan language native to the Bengal region of South Asia.

Present-day distribution of Indo-European languages in Eurasia. Bengali belongs to easternmost spoken Indo-European language family
Indo- Iranian language family, Bengali marked yellow
The descent of proto-Gauda, the ancestor of the modern Bengali language, from the proto-Gauda-Kamarupa line of the proto-Magadhan(Magadhi Prakrit).
Silver coin of Maharaj Gaudeshwar Danujmardandev of Deva dynasty, circa 1417
Silver coin with proto-Bengali script, Harikela Kingdom, circa 9th–13th century
A mural with Bengali letters in Hamtramck-Detroit, United States
An example of handwritten Bengali. Part of a poem written in Bengali (and with its English translation below each Bengali paragraph) by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore in 1926 in Hungary
An 1855 Dobhashi manuscript of Halat-un-Nabi written by Sadeq Ali using the Sylheti Nagri script.
A map of Bengal (and some districts of Assam and Jharkhand) which shows the dialects of the Bengali language.
Eastern Bengali Manbhumi dialect
Varendri dialect Rarhi dialect
Sundarbani dialect
Rajbanshi dialect/language*
Chittagonian dialect/language*
Sylheti dialect/language*
(those marked with an asterisk * are sometimes considered dialects or sometimes as separate languages)

Within India, Bengali is the official language of the states of West Bengal, Tripura and the Barak Valley region of the state of Assam.

The script is known as the Bengali alphabet for Bengali and its dialects and the Assamese alphabet for Assamese language with some minor variations.

Classification tree of the Indo-Aryan languages

Indo-Aryan languages

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The Indo-Aryan languages (or sometimes Indic languages ) are a branch of the Indo-Iranian languages in the Indo-European language family that are spoken natively by the Indo-Aryan peoples.

The Indo-Aryan languages (or sometimes Indic languages ) are a branch of the Indo-Iranian languages in the Indo-European language family that are spoken natively by the Indo-Aryan peoples.

Classification tree of the Indo-Aryan languages

329 million), Bengali (242 million), Punjabi (about 120 million), Marathi (112 million), Gujarati (60 million), Rajasthani (58 million), Bhojpuri (51 million), Odia (35 million), Maithili (about 34 million), Sindhi (25 million), Nepali (16 million), Assamese (15 million), Chhattisgarhi (18 million), Sinhala (17 million), and Romani (c.

Assamese and Odia are the official languages of Assam and Odisha, respectively.


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A view of Kamakhya Temple
Statue of Lachit Borphukan
The smallest inhabited riverine island in the world, Peacock Island, on the Brahmaputra river
Guwahati's urban morphology
City view from Sarania Hill
Citty Center Mall, GS Road, Guwahati
Guwahati city
The Gauhati High Court
Cotton University
IIT Guwahati
Multi Level Car Parking Facility operated by Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) situated at Paltanbazar, Guwahati
Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport
Buses standing at Rupnath Brahma Inter-State Bus Terminal (ISBT), Guwahati
Roads in Jalukbari, Guwahati
Guwahati Ropeway
One-Horned Rhino Statue at Indira Gandhi Stadium
Barsapara Cricket Stadium
Sarusajai Stadium
Nehru Stadium, Guwahati
The Dainik Asom building at Chandmari

Guwahati (, ; formerly rendered Gauhati, ) is the biggest city of the Indian state of Assam and also the largest metropolis in northeastern India.

According to the 2011 census, there were around 957,352 people living in Guwahati city, of which around 558,532 population spoke Assamese, 198,544 speaks Bengali, 138,056 speaks Hindi, 16,331 speaks Bodo, 4.72% speaks other minority languages like Manipuri, Nepali, Telugu, Punjabi and others.

The Ahom Kingdom, final years. The western boundary was established at the Manas river after the Battle of Saraighat (1671) and finalized after the Battle of Itakhuli (1681)

Ahom kingdom

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The Ahom Kingdom, final years. The western boundary was established at the Manas river after the Battle of Saraighat (1671) and finalized after the Battle of Itakhuli (1681)
The Ahom Kingdom, final years. The western boundary was established at the Manas river after the Battle of Saraighat (1671) and finalized after the Battle of Itakhuli (1681)
Swargodeo offering prayer
The king on the elephant with the fourfold division of the army
Ahom royal court
Siva Singha and Ambika Devi in Court with courtier, pundits and artisans
alt=|Rajeshwar Singha.
Coinage of Gadadhara Singha (1681-1696), Ahom Kingdom
Coinage of king Gaurinatha Singha (1780-1796), Ahom Kingdom
 Musicians, dancers and the subjects celebrating coronation of the King.
Rudra Singha
Siva Singha

The Ahom kingdom (, 1228–1826) was a late medieval kingdom in the Brahmaputra Valley in Assam.

The Assamese language entered the Ahom court and co-existed with the Tai language for some time in the 17th century before finally replacing it.

Sylheti language

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Cover of 19th century Halat-un-Nabi by Sadeq Ali
Brick Lane (London, UK) street sign with Bengali transliteration, it is home to a large Sylheti community
A Bangladeshi mural in Hamtramck-Detroit (Michigan, US), which has a significant Sylheti presence
Sylhet Division, Bangladesh and Barak Valley, India within South Asia

Sylheti (Sylheti Nāgarī: ; সিলেটি ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by an estimated 11 million people, primarily in the Sylhet Division of Bangladesh, the Barak Valley and Hojai district of Assam, and North Tripura and Unakoti district of Tripura, India.

There was an influence of the Assamese language on Sylheti when Sylhet was separated from Bengal and became part of the Assam Province, British India in 1874.

Goalpariya dialects

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Goalpariya is a group of Indo-Aryan dialects spoken in the Goalpara region of Assam, India.

Along with Kamrupi, they form the western group of Assamese dialects.

Madhava Kandali

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Kaviraja Madhava Kandali (মাধৱ কন্দলি) (circa.

Kaviraja Madhava Kandali (মাধৱ কন্দলি) (circa.

14th century) was an Indian poet from the state of Assam.

His Saptakanda Ramayana is considered the earliest translation of the Ramayana into an Indo-Aryan language, Assamese.