*starasterisksasterisk *******/?*hartach,Asterisk (*)
An asterisk ; from Late Latin asteriscus, from Ancient Greek ἀστερίσκος, asteriskos, "little star", is a typographical symbol or glyph.wikipedia
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In computer science, the asterisk is commonly used as a wildcard character, or to denote pointers, repetition, or multiplication.
Multiplication (often denoted by the cross symbol "×", by the dot "⋅", by juxtaposition, or, on computers, by an asterisk "*") is one of the four elementary mathematical operations of arithmetic, with the others being addition, subtraction and division.

United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee

United States Olympic CommitteeU.S. Olympic CommitteeUSOC
In February 2011 the United States Olympic Committee and the Ad Council launched an [[Use of performance-enhancing drugs in sport#Anti-Doping organizations and legislation|anti-steroid]] campaign called "Play Asterisk Free" aimed at teens.
In February 2011 the USOPC launched an anti-steroid campaign in conjunction with the Ad Council called "Play Asterisk Free" aimed at teens.

Wildcard character

wildcardwildcardswildcard characters
In computer science, the asterisk is commonly used as a wildcard character, or to denote pointers, repetition, or multiplication.
When specifying file names (or paths) in CP/M, DOS, Microsoft Windows, and Unix-like operating systems, the asterisk character (*, also called "star") matches zero or more characters.


Origen of AlexandriaOrigenismOrigenist
Origen is known to have also used the asteriskos to mark missing Hebrew lines from his Hexapla.
He marked the Septuagint column of the Hexapla using signs adapted from those used by the textual critics of the Great Library of Alexandria: a passage found in the Septuagint that was not found in the Hebrew text would be marked with an asterisk and a passage that was found in other Greek translations, but not in the Septuagint, would be marked with an obelus .

Roger Maris

The usage of the term in sports arose during the 1961 baseball season in which Roger Maris of the New York Yankees was threatening to break Babe Ruth's 34-year-old single-season home run record.
The asterisk as such a mark was immediately suggested by New York Daily News sportswriter Dick Young.

Not out

*unbeatennot dismissed
In standard notation a batter's score is appended with an asterisk to show the not out final status; for example, 10* means '10 not out'.

Ford Frick

Ford C. Frick
Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick, a friend of Ruth's during the legendary slugger's lifetime, held a press conference to announce his "ruling" that should Maris take longer than 154 games both records would be acknowledged by Major League Baseball, but that some "distinctive mark" [his term] be placed next to Maris', which should be listed alongside Ruth's achievement in the "record books".
Frick called a press conference to issue a ruling that a player must hit more than 60 home runs in his first 154 games in order to be considered the record holder - giving birth to a misunderstanding that an asterisk was placed next to Maris' record when Maris did so in a newly expanded 162-game season.

Colon (punctuation)

A colon is also used to denote a parallel sum operation involving two operands (many authors, however, instead use a ∥ sign and a few even a ∗ for this purpose).

Linguistic reconstruction

In historical linguistics, the asterisk marks words or phrases that are not directly recorded in texts or other media, and that are therefore reconstructed on the basis of other linguistic material (see also comparative method).
Texts discussing linguistic reconstruction commonly preface reconstructed forms with an asterisk to distinguish them from attested forms.


Linguists may use words, numbers, or typographical symbols such as question marks or asterisks, to assign to a linguistic string.


** (haplogroup)paragroups
*In human genetics, * is used to denote that someone is a member of a haplogroup and not any of its subclades (see * (haplogroup)).
In human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups, paragroups are typically represented by an asterisk placed after the main haplogroup.

Vertical service code

calling featureservice featureCustom Local Area Signaling Services
They are used to navigate menus in Touch-Tone systems such as Voice mail, or in Vertical service codes.
A vertical service code (VSC) is a sequence of digits and the signals star and number sign dialed on a telephone keypad or rotary dial to enable or disable certain telephony service features.

Note (typography)

Typographical devices such as the asterisk or dagger may also be used to point to notes; the traditional order of these symbols in English is *, †, ‡, §, |, ¶.

Matrix (mathematics)

matrixmatricesmatrix theory
In complex matrices, symmetry is often replaced by the concept of Hermitian matrices, which satisfy A ∗ = A, where the star or asterisk denotes the conjugate transpose of the matrix, that is, the transpose of the complex conjugate of A.

Dagger (typography)

daggerdouble dagger
A dagger, obelisk, or obelus is a typographical symbol that usually indicates a footnote if an asterisk has already been used.

List of typographical symbols

typographic symboltypographical symbol


In newsgroups, these were called *books (the asterisk on a computer keyboard being used as a wildcard character).

Bullet (typography)

bulletbulletsbullet point
Several regular symbols, such as * (asterisk), - (hyphen), . (period), and even o (lowercase O), are conventionally used in ASCII-only text or other environments where bullet characters are not available.

Asterism (typography)

In typography, an asterism ("group of stars") is the typographic symbol consisting of three asterisks placed in a triangle: ⁂.

Arabic star

Arabic Five Pointed Star
The Arabic star is a punctuation mark developed to be distinct from the asterisk .

Sustain pedal

damper pedalpedaldampers
An alternative (and older) notation is the use of indicating where the sustain pedal should be depressed, and an asterisk showing where it should be lifted (see Für Elise for a famous example).

Dual-tone multi-frequency signaling

DTMFtouch-tonedual-tone multi-frequency
They are used to navigate menus in Touch-Tone systems such as Voice mail, or in Vertical service codes. On a Touch-Tone telephone keypad, the asterisk (called star, or less commonly, palm or sextile) is one of the two special keys (the other is the number sign (pound sign or hash, hex or, less commonly, octothorp or square)), and is found to the left of the zero.
This led to the addition of the number sign octothorpe asterisk or "star" keys as well as a group of keys for menu selection: A, B, C and D. In the end, the lettered keys were dropped from most phones, and it was many years before the two symbol keys became widely used for vertical service codes such as *67 in the United States of America and Canada to suppress caller ID.