AstracanAstrakhan KremlinAstrakhan, AstrakhanHaji TarkhanAstrakhan City
Astrakhan is a city in southern Russia and the administrative center of Astrakhan Oblast.wikipedia
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Astrakhan Oblast

AstrakhanAstrakhan regionAstrakhan obl.
Astrakhan is a city in southern Russia and the administrative center of Astrakhan Oblast.
Its administrative center is the city of Astrakhan.

Astrakhan Khanate

From 1459 to 1556, Xacitarxan was the capital of Astrakhan Khanate.
The Khanate of Astrakhan (Xacitarxan Khanate) was a Tatar Turkic state that arose during the break-up of the Golden Horde.

Bulavin Rebellion

revolt in AstrakhanHaving pacifiedrebelled against the Tsar once again
The city rebelled against the Tsar once again in 1705, when it was held by the Cossacks under Kondraty Bulavin.
The Bulavin Rebellion (Astrakhan Revolt) is the name given to a war

Peter the Great

Peter IPeter I of RussiaPeter
Early in the following century, Peter the Great constructed a shipyard here and made Astrakhan the base for his hostilities against Persia, and later in the same century Catherine the Great accorded the city important industrial privileges.
By the grace of God, the most excellent and great sovereign prince Pyotr Alekseevich the ruler of all the Russias: of Moscow, of Kiev, of Vladimir, of Novgorod, Tsar of Kazan, Tsar of Astrakhan and Tsar of Siberia, sovereign of Pskov, great prince of Smolensk, Tversk, Yugorsk, Permsky, Vyatsky, Bulgarsky and others, sovereign and great prince of Novgorod Nizovsky lands, Chernigovsky, of Ryazan, of Rostov, Yaroslavl, Belozersky, Udorsky, Kondiisky and the sovereign of all the northern lands, and the sovereign of the Iverian lands, of the Kartlian and Georgian Kings, of the Kabardin lands, of the Circassian and Mountain princes and many other states and lands western and eastern here and there and the successor and sovereign and ruler.


Astrakhan was first mentioned by travelers in the early 13th century as Xacitarxan.
Hajji Tarkhan, also known as Hashtar Khan / Actarxan (ʌɕtʌrˈxan) or Astrakhan, was a medieval city at the right bank of Volga, situated approximately 12 km north of the modern city of Astrakhan.

Volga River

VolgaLower VolgaRiver Volga
The city lies on two banks of the Volga River, close to where it discharges into the Caspian Sea at an altitude of 28 m below sea level.
From there it turns south, flows past Ulyanovsk, Tolyatti, Samara, Saratov and Volgograd, and discharges into the Caspian Sea below Astrakhan at 28 m below sea level.

Stenka Razin

Stepan RazinRazinStepan Razin Rebellion
For seventeen months in 1670–1671, Astrakhan was held by Stenka Razin and his Cossacks.
At the beginning of 1668, he defeated the voivode Yakov Bezobrazov, sent against him from Astrakhan, and in the spring embarked on a predatory expedition into Daghestan and Persia, which lasted for eighteen months.

Administrative divisions of Astrakhan Oblast

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city of oblast significance of Astrakhan—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.
Astrakhan (administrative center)

Eparchies and Metropolitanates of the Russian Orthodox Church

eparchiesSaint PetersburgNizhny Novgorod Diocese
Astrakhan is the archiepiscopal see of one of the metropolitanates and (as Astrakhan and Yenotayevka) eparchies of the Russian Orthodox Church, its only other suffragan being Akhtubinsk.

Volga Delta

VolgaVolga River Deltadelta of the Itil
The city is located in the upper part of the Volga delta, on eleven islands of the Caspian Depression.
The delta drains into the Caspian approximately 60 km downstream from the city of Astrakhan.

Operation Barbarossa

invasion of the Soviet UnionGerman invasion of the Soviet UnionGerman invasion
During Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, the A-A line running from Astrakhan to Arkhangelsk was to be the eastern limit of German military operation and occupation.
This goal would extend from the northern city of Arkhangelsk on the Arctic Sea through Gorky and Rostov to the port city of Astrakhan at the mouth of the Volga on the Caspian Sea.

Ibn Battuta

Ibn BatutahAbu Abdullah ibn BattutaAbu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Battuta
Starting in A.D. 1324, Ibn Battuta, the famous Muslim traveler, began his pilgrimage from his native city of Tangier to Mecca.
Then he returned to the Khan's court and with it moved to Astrakhan.

Joseph Deniker

Deniker, Joseph
Joseph Deniker, naturalist and anthropologist
Joseph Deniker (6 March 1852 in Astrakhan – 18 March 1918 in Paris) was a French naturalist and anthropologist, known primarily for his attempts to develop highly detailed maps of race in Europe.

Sergey Kirov

KirovSergei KirovSergei Mironovich Kirov
In March 1919 after a failed workers' revolt against Bolshevik rule, 3,000 to 5,000 people were executed in less than a week by the Cheka under orders from Sergey Kirov.
Kirov became commander of the Bolshevik military administration in Astrakhan.

Andrei Belyanin

Andrei Belyanin, science fiction writer
Andrei Olegovich Belyanin (born 24 January 1967, Astrakhan) is a Russian science fiction and fantasy writer, who wrote at least 15 novels with many of then selling over 2 million copies.


Atyrau (Kazakh: Атырау)GuryevGuriev
Astrakhan is linked by rail to the north (Volgograd and Moscow), the east (Atyrau and Kazakhstan) and the south (Makhachkala and Baku).
It is located at the mouth of the Ural River on the Caspian Sea, 2,700 km west of Almaty and 351 km east of the Russian city of Astrakhan.

Emiliya Turey

Emiliya Turey, handball player
Emiliya Khalsberiyevna Turey (Эмилия Халсбериевна Турей; born 6 October 1984 in Astrakhan) is a Russian handballer who plays as a left wing.

Boris Kustodiev

Boris Kustodiev, painter
Boris Kustodiev was born in Astrakhan into the family of a professor of philosophy, history of literature, and logic at the local theological seminary.

Church of the Assumption of Mary (Astrakhan)

There is also a Catholic community, served by the Church of the Assumption of Mary (Astrakhan).
The Church of the Assumption of Mary ia a Catholic church in the city of Astrakhan.

Valeria Barsova

Valeria Barsova, soprano
Valeria Vladimirovna Barsova (Astrakhan, 13 June 1892 – Sochi, 13 December 1967), PAU, was a Russian operatic soprano, one of the leading lyric-coloratura sopranos of the first half of the 20th century in Russia.

Dmitri Dyuzhev

Dmitry Dyuzhev
Dmitri Dyuzhev, actor
Dmitri Petrovich Dyuzhev was born on July 9, 1978 in Astrakhan, in the family of actor Peter Dyuzhev and Ludmila Dyuzheva;

Vasily Trediakovsky

Vasily Trediakovsky, academic, poet, translator
Vasily Kirillovich Trediakovsky ; 5 March 1703 in Astrakhan – 17 August 1769 in Saint Petersburg) was a Russian poet, essayist and playwright who helped lay the foundations of classical Russian literature.

Astrakhan State Technical University

Astrakhan Institute of Fish Industry and Economics
Most prominent among these are Astrakhan State Technical University and Astrakhan State University.
Astrakhan State Technical University (ASTU) is a university located in Astrakhan, Russian Federation.

Maria Maksakova Sr.

Maria MaksakovaMariya MaksakovaMaria Petrovna Maksakova Sr.
Maria Maksakova, Sr., mezzo-soprano
Maria Petrovna Maksakova (Мария Петровна Максакова, née: Sidorova; April 8, 1902, Astrakhan, Russian Empire – August 11, 1974, Moscow, USSR) was a Soviet opera singer, mezzo-soprano, a leading soloist in the Bolshoi Theater (1923–1953), who enjoyed great success in the 1920s and 1930s, in the times often referred to as the golden age of Soviet opera.

Kampfgeschwader 100

Kampfgeschwader'' 100KG 100I/KG100
In the same period, elements of both the Luftwaffe's KG 4 and KG 100 bomber wings attacked Astrakhan, flying several air raids and bombing the city's oil terminals and harbor installations.
It began bombing operations against Astrakhan and bombed Soviet ships on the Caspian Sea, the largest lake in the World and sandwiched between Europe and Asia.