Astrakhan

AstracanAstrakhan CityAstrakhan KremlinAstrakhan, AstrakhanHaji Tarkhan
Astrakhan is a city in southern Russia and the administrative center of Astrakhan Oblast.wikipedia
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Astrakhan Oblast

AstrakhanAstrakhan regionAstrakhan Oblast.
Astrakhan is a city in southern Russia and the administrative center of Astrakhan Oblast.
Its administrative center is the city of Astrakhan.

Astrakhan Khanate

AstrakhanAstrakhanidsAshtrakhanid
From 1459 to 1556, Xacitarxan was the capital of Astrakhan Khanate.
The Khanate of Astrakhan (Xacitarxan Khanate) was a Tatar Turkic state that arose during the break-up of the Golden Horde.

Volga River

VolgaLower VolgaRiver Volga
The city lies on two banks of the Volga River, close to where it discharges into the Caspian Sea at an altitude of 28 m below sea level.
From there it turns south, flows past Ulyanovsk, Tolyatti, Samara, Saratov and Volgograd, and discharges into the Caspian Sea below Astrakhan at 28 m below sea level.

Xacitarxan

Astrakhan
Astrakhan was first mentioned by travelers in the early 13th century as Xacitarxan.
Hajji Tarkhan, also known as Hashtar Khan / Actarxan (ʌɕtʌrˈxan) or Astrakhan, was a medieval city at the right bank of Volga, situated approximately 12 km north of the modern city of Astrakhan.

Bulavin Rebellion

BulavinHaving pacifiedKondraty Bulavin
The city rebelled against the Tsar once again in 1705, when it was held by the Cossacks under Kondraty Bulavin.
The Bulavin Rebellion (Astrakhan Revolt) is the name given to a war

Peter the Great

Peter IPeter I of RussiaPeter
Early in the following century, Peter the Great constructed a shipyard here and made Astrakhan the base for his hostilities against Persia, and later in the same century Catherine the Great accorded the city important industrial privileges.
By the grace of God, the most excellent and great sovereign prince Pyotr Alekseevich the ruler of all the Russias: of Moscow, of Kiev, of Vladimir, of Novgorod, Tsar of Kazan, Tsar of Astrakhan and Tsar of Siberia, sovereign of Pskov, great prince of Smolensk, Tversk, Yugorsk, Permsky, Vyatsky, Bulgarsky and others, sovereign and great prince of Novgorod Nizovsky lands, Chernigovsky, of Ryazan, of Rostov, Yaroslavl, Belozersky, Udorsky, Kondiisky and the sovereign of all the northern lands, and the sovereign of the Iverian lands, of the Kartlian and Georgian Kings, of the Kabardin lands, of the Circassian and Mountain princes and many other states and lands western and eastern here and there and the successor and sovereign and ruler.

Volga Delta

Volgadelta of the Itillarge delta
The city is located in the upper part of the Volga delta, on eleven islands of the Caspian Depression.
The delta drains into the Caspian approximately 60 km downstream from the city of Astrakhan.

Stenka Razin

Stepan RazinRazinPeasants' Revolt
For seventeen months in 1670–1671, Astrakhan was held by Stenka Razin and his Cossacks.
At the beginning of 1668, he defeated the voivode Yakov Bezobrazov, sent against him from Astrakhan, and in the spring embarked on a predatory expedition into Daghestan and Persia, which lasted for eighteen months.

Alexander Bekovich-Cherkassky

Bekovich-Cherkassky1717 invasion1719 Caspian Expedition
Six years later, Astrakhan served as a base for the first Russian venture into Central Asia.
Two years later, a Turkmen traveller arrived in Astrakhan and announced to local authorities that the Oxus River, formerly flowing to the Caspian Sea, had been diverted by the Khivans to the Aral Sea in order to extract golden sand from the river waters.

Caspian Sea

CaspianCaspian regionCaspian Basin
The city lies on two banks of the Volga River, close to where it discharges into the Caspian Sea at an altitude of 28 m below sea level.
Xacitarxan, modern-day Astrakhan

Ibn Battuta

Ibn BatutahAbu Abdullah ibn BattutaAbu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Battuta
Starting in A.D. 1324, Ibn Battuta, the famous Muslim traveler, began his pilgrimage from his native city of Tangier to Mecca.
Then he returned to the Khan's court and with it moved to Astrakhan.

Timur

TamerlaneTimur the LameAmir Timur
Tamerlane burnt it to the ground in 1395 during his war with the Golden Horde.
During the course of Timur's campaigns, his army destroyed Sarai, the capital of the Golden Horde, and Astrakhan, subsequently disrupting the Golden Horde's Silk Road.

Volga region

VolgaLower VolgaPovolzhye
The oldest economic and cultural center of the Lower Volga, it is often called the southernmost outpost of Russia and the Caspian capital.
The region is home to a large portion of Russia's population, with the major cities of Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Nizhny Novgorod, Cheboksary, Kazan, Ulyanovsk, Tolyatti, Samara, Saratov, Volgograd and Astrakhan all located directly on the Volga River.

Ivan the Terrible

Ivan IVIvan IV, the Terrible, Grand Prince of MoscowIvan IV, the Terrible
In 1556, the khanate was conquered by Ivan the Terrible, who had a new fortress, or kremlin, built on a steep hill overlooking the Volga in 1558.
In the summer of 1569 a large force under Kasim Paşa of 1,500 Janissaries, 2,000 Spakhs, and few thousand Azaps and Akıncıs were sent to lay siege to Astrakhan and begin the canal works, while an Ottoman fleet besieged Azov.

Caspian Depression

CaspianCaspian regionbelow sea level
The city is located in the upper part of the Volga delta, on eleven islands of the Caspian Depression.
The two largest cities in the depression are Astrakhan in Russia, and Atyrau in Kazakhstan.

Operation Barbarossa

German invasion of the Soviet Unioninvasion of the Soviet UnionGerman invasion
During Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, the A-A line running from Astrakhan to Arkhangelsk was to be the eastern limit of German military operation and occupation.
This goal would extend from the northern city of Arkhangelsk on the Arctic Sea through Gorky and Rostov to the port city of Astrakhan at the mouth of the Volga on the Caspian Sea.

Administrative divisions of Astrakhan Oblast

elevendistricts
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city of oblast significance of Astrakhan—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.
Astrakhan (administrative center)

Sergey Kirov

KirovSergei KirovSergei Mironovich Kirov
In March 1919 after a failed workers' revolt against Bolshevik rule, 3,000 to 5,000 people were executed in less than a week by the Cheka under orders from Sergey Kirov.
Kirov became commander of the Bolshevik military administration in Astrakhan.

Sarai (city)

SaraiSarai BatuSaray
Astrakhan's kremlin was built from the 1580s to the 1620s from bricks taken from the site of Sarai Berke.
This site was most probably located on the Akhtuba River, a channel of the lower Volga River, near the contemporary village of Selitrennoye in Kharabali District, Astrakhan Oblast, Russia, about 120 km north from Astrakhan.

Russo-Turkish War (1568–1570)

Russo-Turkish WarAstrakhan Expeditionthe Ottomans were unable
In 1569, during the Russo-Turkish War (1568–1570), Astrakhan was besieged by the Ottoman army, which had to retreat in disarray.
However, a sortie from the garrison under Knyaz (prince) Serebrianyi-Obolenskiy, the military governor of Astrakhan, drove back the besiegers.

Cossacks

CossackUkrainian CossacksRussian Cossacks
For seventeen months in 1670–1671, Astrakhan was held by Stenka Razin and his Cossacks.
They seized the towns of Tsaritsyn, Astrakhan, Saratov, and Samara, implementing democratic rule and releasing peasants from slavery as they went.

Vasily Tatishchev

V. N. TatishchevV.N. TatischevVasily Nikitich Tatischev
In 1711, it became the seat of a governorate, whose first governors included Artemy Petrovich Volynsky and Vasily Nikitich Tatishchev.
Tatischev finished his official career as a governor of Astrakhan (1741-44).

Kampfgeschwader 100

Kampfgeschwader'' 100KG 100I/KG100
In the same period, elements of both the Luftwaffe's KG 4 and KG 100 bomber wings attacked Astrakhan, flying several air raids and bombing the city's oil terminals and harbor installations.
It began bombing operations against Astrakhan and bombed Soviet ships on the Caspian Sea, the largest lake in the World and sandwiched between Europe and Asia.

Arkhangelsk

ArchangelArkangelArchangel, Russia
During Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, the A-A line running from Astrakhan to Arkhangelsk was to be the eastern limit of German military operation and occupation.
During Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, Arkhangelsk was one of two cities (the other being Astrakhan) selected to mark the envisaged eastern limit of Nazi control.

Church of the Assumption of Mary (Astrakhan)

There is also a Catholic community, served by the Church of the Assumption of Mary (Astrakhan).
The Church of the Assumption of Mary ia a Catholic church in the city of Astrakhan.