Attlee ministry

Labour governmentpost-war Labour governmentAttlee governmentAttlee (I & II)Labour administration1945 Labour governmentLabour Government 1945-1951postwar Labour GovernmentGovernment1945–51 Labour Government
Clement Attlee was invited by King George VI to form the Attlee ministry in the United Kingdom in July 1945, succeeding Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.wikipedia
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Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
The Labour Party came to power in the United Kingdom after its unexpected victory in the July 1945 general election.
Labour served in the wartime coalition of 1940–1945, after which Clement Attlee's Labour government established the National Health Service and expanded the welfare state from 1945 to 1951.

Clement Attlee

AttleeEarl AttleeAttlee government
Clement Attlee was invited by King George VI to form the Attlee ministry in the United Kingdom in July 1945, succeeding Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
After the end of the war, the coalition was dissolved and Attlee led Labour to a landslide victory at the 1945 general election, forming the first Labour majority government.

Ernest Bevin

Bevin[Ernest] BevinBevin Avenue
Ernest Bevin was Foreign Secretary until shortly before his death in April 1951.
His most important role came as Foreign Secretary in the post-war Labour government, 1945–1951.

British Transport Commission

BTC[British Transport] CommissionB.T.C.
The Transport Act 1947 established the British Transport Commission, which took control over the railways from the Big Four — Great Western Railway, London, Midland and Scottish Railway, London and North Eastern Railway and the Southern Railway — to form British Railways.
The British Transport Commission (BTC) was created by Clement Attlee's post-war Labour government as a part of its nationalisation programme, to oversee railways, canals and road freight transport in Great Britain (Northern Ireland had the separate Ulster Transport Authority).

Stafford Cripps

Sir Stafford CrippsHon. Sir Stafford CrippsCripps
Other notable figures in the government included: Herbert Morrison, Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the House of Commons, who replaced Bevin as Foreign Secretary in March 1951; Sir Stafford Cripps was initially President of the Board of Trade but replaced Dalton as Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1947; Hugh Gaitskell held several minor posts before replacing Cripps as Chancellor in 1950; Nye Bevan was Minister for Health; Arthur Greenwood was Lord Privy Seal and Paymaster General while future Prime Minister Harold Wilson became the youngest member of the cabinet in the 20th century (at the age of 31) when he was made President of the Board of Trade in 1947.
Cripps rejoined the Labour Party in 1945, and after the war; served in the Attlee Ministry, first as President of the Board of Trade and between 1947 and 1950 as Chancellor of the Exchequer.

National Health Service (England)

National Health ServiceNHSNHS England
The 1942 Beveridge cross party report established the principles of the NHS which was implemented by the Labour government in 1948.

Gas board

Gas Act 1948South Eastern Gas BoardNorthern Gas Board
The area gas boards were created after the passing of the Gas Act 1948 by Clement Attlee's post-war Labour government in the United Kingdom.

New Towns Act 1946

New Towns ActNew TownsNew Towns Act of 1946
More council housing was built, and plans were made through the New Towns Act of 1946 for the growth of suburbs, and to reduce overcrowding in major cities such as London and Glasgow.
The 1945 Attlee Government set up a New Towns Commission to formally consider how best to repair and rebuild urban communities ravaged in World War II.

William Beveridge

Sir William BeveridgeBeveridgeLord Beveridge
The government set about implementing William Beveridge's plans for the creation of a 'cradle to grave' welfare state, and set in place an entirely new system of social security.
He is best known for his 1942 report Social Insurance and Allied Services (known as the Beveridge Report) which served as the basis for the post-World War II welfare state put in place by the Labour government elected in 1945.

National Insurance

National Insurance ContributionsMinistry of National InsuranceNational Health Insurance Commission
Among the most important pieces of legislation was the National Insurance Act 1946, in which people in work paid a flat rate of national insurance.
Introduced by the National Insurance Act 1911 and expanded by the Labour government in 1948, the system has been subjected to numerous amendments in succeeding years.

National Health Service

NHSNational Health Service (NHS)National Health Services
Attlee's Health Minister, Aneurin Bevan, fought hard against the general disapproval of the medical establishment, including the British Medical Association, by creating the National Health Service (NHS) in 1948.
Three years after the founding of the NHS, Bevan resigned from the Labour government in opposition to the introduction of charges for the provision of dentures and glasses.

Arthur Creech Jones

The Right Honourable '''Arthur Creech JonesBritish Colonial Secretary
He served in the Colonial Office in the Labour government of 1945–1950.

National Coal Board

NCBCoal Boardnationalised
The NCB was one of a number of public corporations created by Clement Attlee's post-war Labour government to manage nationalised industries.

Chuter Ede

James Chuter EdeJames Chuter-EdeThe Right Honourable '''James Chuter Ede'''
Hugh Dalton became Chancellor of the Exchequer, but had to resign in 1947, while James Chuter Ede was Home Secretary for the whole duration of the Attlee ministries' stay in power.
He was Home Secretary in the 1945 Labour government of Clement Attlee, and concurrently Leader of the House of Commons in 1951.

Manny Shinwell

Emanuel ShinwellEmmanuel ShinwellShinwell
Shinwell is perhaps best remembered as the Minister of Fuel and Power in the Attlee ministry who nationalised coal mining in 1946.

Arthur Greenwood

Greenwood The Right Honourable '''Arthur Greenwood''' CH Rt Hon Arthur Greenwood
Other notable figures in the government included: Herbert Morrison, Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the House of Commons, who replaced Bevin as Foreign Secretary in March 1951; Sir Stafford Cripps was initially President of the Board of Trade but replaced Dalton as Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1947; Hugh Gaitskell held several minor posts before replacing Cripps as Chancellor in 1950; Nye Bevan was Minister for Health; Arthur Greenwood was Lord Privy Seal and Paymaster General while future Prime Minister Harold Wilson became the youngest member of the cabinet in the 20th century (at the age of 31) when he was made President of the Board of Trade in 1947.
During the Attlee government, he served successively as Lord Privy Seal and Paymaster-General.

Herbert Morrison

Herbert Stanley MorrisonHerbert Morrison, Baron Morrison of LambethLord Morrison of Lambeth
Other notable figures in the government included: Herbert Morrison, Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the House of Commons, who replaced Bevin as Foreign Secretary in March 1951; Sir Stafford Cripps was initially President of the Board of Trade but replaced Dalton as Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1947; Hugh Gaitskell held several minor posts before replacing Cripps as Chancellor in 1950; Nye Bevan was Minister for Health; Arthur Greenwood was Lord Privy Seal and Paymaster General while future Prime Minister Harold Wilson became the youngest member of the cabinet in the 20th century (at the age of 31) when he was made President of the Board of Trade in 1947.
Morrison organised Labour's victorious 1945 election campaign, and was appointed Leader of the House of Commons and Deputy Prime Minister in Attlee's governments of 1945–51.

Lord Privy Seal

Keeper of the Privy SealLord Keeper of the Privy SealPrivy Seal
Other notable figures in the government included: Herbert Morrison, Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the House of Commons, who replaced Bevin as Foreign Secretary in March 1951; Sir Stafford Cripps was initially President of the Board of Trade but replaced Dalton as Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1947; Hugh Gaitskell held several minor posts before replacing Cripps as Chancellor in 1950; Nye Bevan was Minister for Health; Arthur Greenwood was Lord Privy Seal and Paymaster General while future Prime Minister Harold Wilson became the youngest member of the cabinet in the 20th century (at the age of 31) when he was made President of the Board of Trade in 1947.

George Tomlinson

The Right Honourable '''George Tomlinson
In Clement Attlee's post-war Labour government he was Minister of Works, August 1945 – February 1947, and Minister of Education, February 1947 – October 1951, following the death of Ellen Wilkinson.

Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Deputy Prime MinisterBritish Deputy Prime MinisterShadow Deputy Prime Minister
Other notable figures in the government included: Herbert Morrison, Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the House of Commons, who replaced Bevin as Foreign Secretary in March 1951; Sir Stafford Cripps was initially President of the Board of Trade but replaced Dalton as Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1947; Hugh Gaitskell held several minor posts before replacing Cripps as Chancellor in 1950; Nye Bevan was Minister for Health; Arthur Greenwood was Lord Privy Seal and Paymaster General while future Prime Minister Harold Wilson became the youngest member of the cabinet in the 20th century (at the age of 31) when he was made President of the Board of Trade in 1947.

Patrick Gordon Walker

Patrick Gordon-WalkerGordon WalkerLord Gordon-Walker
Once in Parliament, Gordon Walker was promoted rapidly through the ranks of Clement Attlee's Labour government.

1945 United Kingdom general election

1945 general election19451945 election
The Labour Party came to power in the United Kingdom after its unexpected victory in the July 1945 general election.

Aneurin Bevan

Nye BevanBevaniteBevan
Other notable figures in the government included: Herbert Morrison, Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the House of Commons, who replaced Bevin as Foreign Secretary in March 1951; Sir Stafford Cripps was initially President of the Board of Trade but replaced Dalton as Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1947; Hugh Gaitskell held several minor posts before replacing Cripps as Chancellor in 1950; Nye Bevan was Minister for Health; Arthur Greenwood was Lord Privy Seal and Paymaster General while future Prime Minister Harold Wilson became the youngest member of the cabinet in the 20th century (at the age of 31) when he was made President of the Board of Trade in 1947. Attlee's Health Minister, Aneurin Bevan, fought hard against the general disapproval of the medical establishment, including the British Medical Association, by creating the National Health Service (NHS) in 1948.