Attu Island

AttuAttuanAttu Battlefield and U.S. Army and Navy Airfields on AttuAttu Island (Atan)Attu Island, AlaskaAttu Mountain
Attu is an island in the Near Islands (part of the Aleutian Islands chain).wikipedia
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Alaska

CityAKAlaskan
It is the westernmost point of the U.S. state of Alaska.
Its most extreme western part is Attu Island, and it has a maritime border with Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug) to the west across the Bering Strait.

Aleutian Islands

AleutiansAleutianAleutian Chain
Attu is an island in the Near Islands (part of the Aleutian Islands chain).
The westernmost U.S. island in real terms, however, is Attu Island, west of which runs the International Date Line.

Battle of Attu

AttuOperation LandcrabAttu Island
The island was the site of the only World War II land battle fought on American soil in general and in the continental United States (the Battle of Attu), and its battlefield area is a U.S. National Historic Landmark.
The Battle of Attu, which took place on 11–30 May 1943, was a battle fought between forces of the United States, aided by Canadian reconnaissance and fighter-bomber support, and Japan on Attu Island off the coast of the Territory of Alaska as part of the Aleutian Islands Campaign during the American Theater and the Pacific Theater.

Attu Station, Alaska

Attu StationAttuU.S. Coast Guard station on Attu
Attu Station, a former Coast Guard LORAN station, is located at 52.85°N, 173.18333°W, making it one of the westernmost points of the United States relative to the rest of the country.
Attu Station is a census-designated place (CDP) located on Attu Island in the Aleutians West Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska.

Near Islands

Near Island group
Attu is an island in the Near Islands (part of the Aleutian Islands chain).
The largest of the Near Islands are Attu and Agattu, which shelter a few rocks in the channel between them.

International Date Line

International Datelinedate linedateline
In the chain of the Aleuts, the next island to the west of Attu are the Russian Commander Islands, 208 mi away (and on the other side of the International Date Line).
The IDL crosses between the U.S. Aleutian Islands (Attu Island being the westernmost) and the Commander Islands, which belong to Russia.

Commander Islands

Komandorski IslandsCommanderKomandorski
In the chain of the Aleuts, the next island to the west of Attu are the Russian Commander Islands, 208 mi away (and on the other side of the International Date Line).
The Commander Islands are the westernmost of the Aleutian Islands, most of which are part of the US state of Alaska, and are separated from the closest US island, Attu Island, and the rest of the chain by 207 mi.

List of islands of the United States by area

15th largest island in the United States36th largest island in the United States42nd largest island in the United States
Attu is about 20 by in size with a land area of 344.7 sqmi, making it #23 on the list of largest islands in the United States.

Aleut language

AleutAleutianUnangax̂
The name Attu is the Unangan language (Aleut) name for the island.
Attuan was a distinct dialect showing influence from both Atkan and Eastern Aleut.

Aleut

AleutsAleut peopleUnangan
Archaeological research of the large number of archaeological sites on the island suggests an estimated precontact population ranging from 2,000 to 5,000 Unangan (Aleut).
The language belongs to the Eskimo-Aleut language family and includes three dialects: Eastern Aleut, spoken on the Eastern Aleutian, Shumagin, Fox and Pribilof Islands; Atkan, spoken on Atka and Bering islands; and the now extinct Attuan dialect.

Chichagof Harbor

The village consisted of several houses around Chichagof Harbor.
Chichagof Harbor is an inlet on the northeast coast of the island of Attu in the Aleutian Islands in Alaska.

Kiska

Kiska IslandKiska, AlaskaKiska Volcano
But, on June 7, 1942, six months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the 301st Independent Infantry Battalion of the Japanese Northern Army landed on the island without opposition, one day after landing on nearby Kiska, which made Attu the second of the only two invasion sites in the U.S. during the war.
Starving, thin, and extremely cold, he eventually surrendered to the Japanese.) The next day the Japanese captured Attu Island.

Yasuyo Yamasaki

The Japanese defenders under Colonel Yasuyo Yamasaki did not contest the landings, but rather they dug in on high ground away from the shore.
Colonel Yasuyo Yamasaki was a Japanese Army officer who commanded the Japanese forces on Attu during the Battle of Attu in World War II.

Alexai Point Army Airfield

Alexai PointAlexai Point Army Air FieldAlexai airfield
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) built a larger airfield, the Alexai Point Army Airfield, and then used it on July 10, 1943 as the base for an air attack on the Japanese-held Kurile Islands, now a part of Russia.
Alexai Point Army Airfield is an abandoned World War II airfield with two runways laid across Alexai Point on Attu Island, Alaska.

Massacre Bay (Alaska)

Massacre Bay
The Americans then built "Navy Town" near Massacre Bay.
Massacre Bay is an inlet on the southeast coast of the island of Attu in the Aleutian Islands in Alaska.

Casco Cove Coast Guard Station

NAS AttuAttu AirfieldCasco Cove
In 1954, the station was moved to Casco Cove, near the former Navy Base at Massacre Bay.
Casco Cove Coast Guard Station was a military facility and private use airfield on Attu Island, one of the Aleutian Islands in the U.S. state of Alaska.

Invasion of the United States

invasioninvasions of the United Statesmainland invasion of the United States
But, on June 7, 1942, six months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the 301st Independent Infantry Battalion of the Japanese Northern Army landed on the island without opposition, one day after landing on nearby Kiska, which made Attu the second of the only two invasion sites in the U.S. during the war.
A few days later, 6,000–7,000 Japanese troops landed and occupied the Aleutian Islands of Attu and Kiska; they were driven out entirely a year later between May and August 1943 by U.S. and Canadian forces.

Reeve Aleutian Airways

RV
The island previously had scheduled airline service to and from Anchorage (ANC) flown by Reeve Aleutian Airways (RAA) which in 1976 was operating two direct flights a week between ANC and Attu with Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprop aircraft via an en route stop either at Adak Airport or Shemya in the Aleutian Islands.
In the winter of 1946–47, Reeve filed with the CAA for a license to operate on the 1783 mi run between Anchorage and Attu, and in the summer of 1947 he was making weekly flights down the chain.

Aleksei Chirikov

Alexei ChirikovAleksei Ilyich ChirikovAleksey Chirikov
Russian explorer Aleksei Chirikov called the island Saint Theodore in 1742.
During this trip, he located Attu Island.

Holtz Bay

The equipment to build the station came out of Holtz Bay and was ferried on barges and landing craft to Baxter Cove, about one mile east of the station.
Holtz Bay is an inlet on the northeast coast of the island of Attu in the Aleutian Islands in Alaska.

Battle of the Komandorski Islands

Komandorski IslandsBattle of the Bering Sea
After the sizable naval Battle of the Komandorski Islands, the Japanese abandoned their attempts to resupply its Aleutian garrisons by surface ships.
On the early morning of 26 March, the Japanese convoy was intercepted by the American picket line some 100 miles south of the Komandorski islands and 180 miles west of Attu, just to the west of the International Date Line.

Adak Airport

AdakAdak Air Fieldairport
The island previously had scheduled airline service to and from Anchorage (ANC) flown by Reeve Aleutian Airways (RAA) which in 1976 was operating two direct flights a week between ANC and Attu with Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprop aircraft via an en route stop either at Adak Airport or Shemya in the Aleutian Islands.
Adak Army Airfield was used during the Aleutian Campaign by both USAAF and Naval Air units, particularly in defensive actions against Japanese forces occupying Attu and Kiska.

Aleutian Islands campaign

Aleutian CampaignBattle of the Aleutian IslandsAleutian Islands
In the only two invasions of the United States during the war, a small Japanese force occupied the islands of Attu and Kiska, where the remoteness of the islands and the challenges of weather and terrain delayed a larger U.S.-Canadian force sent to eject them for nearly a year.

Banzai charge

banzai attackBanzaibanzai attacks
On May 29, the last of the Japanese forces suddenly attacked near Massacre Bay in one of the largest banzai charges of the Pacific campaign.
On May 29, 1943, during the Battle of Attu (the only World War II land battle fought on American soil), the beleaguered Japanese soldiers led by Colonel Yasuyo Yamasaki in Attu Island, Alaska launched a massive banzai charge through American lines near Massacre Bay and were quickly wiped out all night despite intense fighting.

Peaceful River (Alaska)

The Peaceful River is a remote stream located on the east side of Attu Island, Alaska that was named by the United States Army during its occupation of the island in World War II.