The Colony of New Zealand had three capitals: Old Russell (1841), Auckland (1841–1865), and Wellington (since 1865).- Colony of New Zealand
Following a proclamation of sovereignty over New Zealand from Sydney in January 1840, Captain William Hobson came to New Zealand and issued the same (tentative) proclamation on 1 February 1840.- Colony of New Zealand
He also selected the site for a new capital, which he named Auckland.- William Hobson
After a British colony was established in New Zealand in 1840, William Hobson, then Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, chose Auckland as its new capital.- Auckland
In November 1840, the Queen signed a royal charter for New Zealand to become a Crown Colony separate from New South Wales.- William Hobson
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The Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) is a treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by Captain William Hobson as consul for the British Crown and Māori chiefs (rangatira) from the North Island of New Zealand.
On 21 May 1840, Lieutenant-Governor Hobson proclaimed sovereignty over the whole country, (the North Island by Treaty and the South Island and Stewart Island by discovery) and New Zealand was constituted the Colony of New Zealand, separate from New South Wales by a Royal Charter issued on 16 November 1840, with effect from 3 May 1841.
In 1841, Treaty documents, housed in an iron box, narrowly escaped damage when the government offices at Official Bay in Auckland were destroyed by fire.