The Waitangi Sheet of the Treaty of Waitangi
Retro Pattern Crown: Tāmati Wāka Nene shaking hands with Hobson at Waitangi on 6 February 1840
James Busby, British Resident in New Zealand. He drafted a document known as the Declaration of the Independence of New Zealand.
Print of a painting of Auckland port, 1857
An extant copy of Hobson's treaty
Captain William Hobson
Queen Street (c.1889); painting by Jacques Carabain. Most of the buildings depicted were demolished during rampant modernisation in the 1970s.
Grave of Captain William Hobson
Rev Henry Williams, who translated the treaty into Māori with the help of his son Edward Marsh Williams.
Looking east over the area that became Wynyard Quarter with the Auckland CBD in the middle distance, c. 1950s.
A later reconstruction in a painting by Marcus King, depicting Tāmati Wāka Nene in the act of signing. Hobson is falsely shown in full uniform (he was actually wearing civilian clothing).
The urbanised extent of Auckland (red),
The location of Waitangi within New Zealand.
Satellite view of the Auckland isthmus and Waitematā Harbour
The group of nine documents that make up the Treaty of Waitangi.
A view over Chelsea Sugar Refinery's lower dam towards Auckland Harbour Bridge and the CBD
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The volcanic Rangitoto Island in the Hauraki Gulf, with the remnant of Takaroro / Mount Cambria in the foreground (yellow, grassy reserve) . Viewed from Takarunga / Mount Victoria over Devonport.
Beach front scene at Kohimarama, Auckland, circa 1860, with Bishop Selwyn's Mission station where the Kohimarama Conference was held. Two waka, and a group of whare, are visible in the foreground.
Asians are Auckland's fastest growing ethnic group. Here, lion dancers perform at the Auckland Lantern Festival.
Lord and Lady Bledisloe announce the gift of land and Treaty House at Waitangi to the nation in 1932
St Matthew-in-the-City, a historic Anglican church in the Auckland CBD
Winston Peters (founder of the New Zealand First Party), who has campaigned for the removal of references to the Treaty of Waitangi from New Zealand Law
Projection of the Auckland Region's population growth to 2031
Reverse of a 1990 one dollar coin commemorating the sesquicentenary of the Treaty of Waitangi. Using a different design a much rarer New Zealand crown commemorative coin was also minted in 1935.
Pedestrians on Vulcan Lane in the CBD
The modern section of the Auckland Art Gallery, completed in 2011
Albert Park in central Auckland
View from the top of Maungawhau / Mount Eden
Landmark House
The twin towers of the National Bank Centre are among the tallest buildings in Auckland
Terraced housing built in 1897 as residential buildings and associated place houses for John Endean
Auckland Town Hall entrance on Queen Street
Old Government House, former residence of the Governor
The University of Auckland clock tower building is a 'Category I' historic place, completed in 1926
Railway lines serve the western, southern and eastern parts of the city from the Britomart Transport Centre.
Aerial view of the Auckland Harbour Bridge
The Auckland CBD skyline and Harbour Bridge at sunset.
The International Terminal at Auckland International Airport
Otahuhu Power Station's 404MW combined cycle turbine, also known as Otahuhu B

The Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) is a treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by Captain William Hobson as consul for the British Crown and Māori chiefs (rangatira) from the North Island of New Zealand.

- Treaty of Waitangi

He was a co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi.

- William Hobson

He also selected the site for a new capital, which he named Auckland.

- William Hobson

After a British colony was established in New Zealand in 1840, William Hobson, then Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, chose Auckland as its new capital.

- Auckland

On 20 March 1840 in the Manukau Harbour area where Ngāti Whātua farmed, paramount chief Apihai Te Kawau signed Te Tiriti o Waitangi (the te reo Māori translation of the Treaty of Waitangi).

- Auckland

In 1841, Treaty documents, housed in an iron box, narrowly escaped damage when the government offices at Official Bay in Auckland were destroyed by fire.

- Treaty of Waitangi

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Māori performing a haka (2012)

Māori people

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The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of mainland New Zealand (Aotearoa).

The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of mainland New Zealand (Aotearoa).

Māori performing a haka (2012)
Māori performing a haka (2012)
The Māori settlement of New Zealand represents an end-point of a long chain of island-hopping voyages in the South Pacific.
Early Archaic period objects from the Wairau Bar archaeological site, on display at the Canterbury Museum in Christchurch
Model of a pā (hillfort) built on a headland. Pā proliferated as competition and warfare increased among a growing population.
The first European impression of Māori, at Murderers' Bay in Abel Tasman's travel journal (1642)
Depiction of the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, bringing New Zealand and the Māori into the British Empire
Members of the 28th (Māori) Battalion performing a haka, Egypt (July 1941)
Whina Cooper leading the Māori Land March in 1975, seeking redress for historical grievances
Wharenui (meeting house) at Ōhinemutu village, Rotorua (tekoteko on the top)
A Māori chief with tattoos (moko) seen by James Cook and his crew. Hand-colored engraving by Thomas Chambers after original 1769 drawing by Sydney Parkinson
Māori woman with a representation of the Waikato Ancestress "Te Iringa"
A young man performing in a kapa haka group at a Rotorua tourist venue
A haka performed by the national rugby union team before a game
Māori whānau from Rotorua in the 1880s.
Whenuakura Marae in Taranaki.
Protest hikoi during the foreshore and seabed controversy in 2004
New Zealand endorsed the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in April 2010.
The opening of the Māori Parliament at Pāpāwai, Greytown in 1897, with Richard Seddon in attendance
Tino Rangatiratanga flag 1990
Witi Ihimaera
Taika Waititi
Temuera Morrison
Keisha Castle-Hughes
Māori in New Zealand in 2018
Speakers of Māori according to the 2013 census 
Less than 5%
More than 5%
More than 10%
More than 20%
More than 30%
More than 40%
More than 50%

With the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, the two cultures coexisted for a generation.

The British government sent Royal Navy Captain William Hobson to negotiate a treaty between the British Crown and the Māori, which became known as the Treaty of Waitangi.

In Auckland is Te Pou 'a kaupapa Māori performing arts venue' a place that develops and partners with Māori theatre makers.

Colony of New Zealand

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British colony that existed in New Zealand from 1841 to 1907.

British colony that existed in New Zealand from 1841 to 1907.

William Hobson, the first Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi
1899 map of the Colony of New Zealand and its counties
In 1907, Edward VII declared New Zealand to be a Dominion.

The Colony of New Zealand had three capitals: Old Russell (1841), Auckland (1841–1865), and Wellington (since 1865).

Following a proclamation of sovereignty over New Zealand from Sydney in January 1840, Captain William Hobson came to New Zealand and issued the same (tentative) proclamation on 1 February 1840.

The Treaty of Waitangi—between Māori chiefs and British representatives of Queen Victoria—was subsequently signed on 6 February 1840, with Hobson again declaring British sovereignty over the islands of New Zealand on 21 May 1840 in two separate formal declarations.