Print of a painting of Auckland port, 1857
Retro Pattern Crown: Tāmati Wāka Nene shaking hands with Hobson at Waitangi on 6 February 1840
Queen Street (c.1889); painting by Jacques Carabain. Most of the buildings depicted were demolished during rampant modernisation in the 1970s.
An extant copy of Hobson's treaty
Looking east over the area that became Wynyard Quarter with the Auckland CBD in the middle distance, c. 1950s.
Grave of Captain William Hobson
The urbanised extent of Auckland (red),
Satellite view of the Auckland isthmus and Waitematā Harbour
A view over Chelsea Sugar Refinery's lower dam towards Auckland Harbour Bridge and the CBD
The volcanic Rangitoto Island in the Hauraki Gulf, with the remnant of Takaroro / Mount Cambria in the foreground (yellow, grassy reserve) . Viewed from Takarunga / Mount Victoria over Devonport.
Asians are Auckland's fastest growing ethnic group. Here, lion dancers perform at the Auckland Lantern Festival.
St Matthew-in-the-City, a historic Anglican church in the Auckland CBD
Projection of the Auckland Region's population growth to 2031
Pedestrians on Vulcan Lane in the CBD
The modern section of the Auckland Art Gallery, completed in 2011
Albert Park in central Auckland
View from the top of Maungawhau / Mount Eden
Landmark House
The twin towers of the National Bank Centre are among the tallest buildings in Auckland
Terraced housing built in 1897 as residential buildings and associated place houses for John Endean
Auckland Town Hall entrance on Queen Street
Old Government House, former residence of the Governor
The University of Auckland clock tower building is a 'Category I' historic place, completed in 1926
Railway lines serve the western, southern and eastern parts of the city from the Britomart Transport Centre.
Aerial view of the Auckland Harbour Bridge
The Auckland CBD skyline and Harbour Bridge at sunset.
The International Terminal at Auckland International Airport
Otahuhu Power Station's 404MW combined cycle turbine, also known as Otahuhu B

He also selected the site for a new capital, which he named Auckland.

- William Hobson

After a British colony was established in New Zealand in 1840, William Hobson, then Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, chose Auckland as its new capital.

- Auckland

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Portrait of Capt. William Hobson by James McDonald, 1913

Capital of New Zealand

Wellington has been the capital of New Zealand since 1865.

Wellington has been the capital of New Zealand since 1865.

Portrait of Capt. William Hobson by James McDonald, 1913
The first Government House in Auckland, as painted by Edward Ashworth in 1842 or 1843
Auckland's third Government House, shown here in the 1860s or 1870s, is today known as Old Government House
General Assembly House in Auckland in the 1870s, known as the "Shedifice"
1867 watercolour of the Wellington Provincial Council Building by L. B. Temple

Auckland was the second capital from 1841 until 1865, when Parliament was permanently moved to Wellington after an argument that persisted for a decade.

William Hobson arrived in New Zealand on 29 January 1840, the date now celebrated as the Auckland Anniversary Day.

Colony of New Zealand

British colony that existed in New Zealand from 1841 to 1907.

British colony that existed in New Zealand from 1841 to 1907.

William Hobson, the first Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi
1899 map of the Colony of New Zealand and its counties
In 1907, Edward VII declared New Zealand to be a Dominion.

The Colony of New Zealand had three capitals: Old Russell (1841), Auckland (1841–1865), and Wellington (since 1865).

Following a proclamation of sovereignty over New Zealand from Sydney in January 1840, Captain William Hobson came to New Zealand and issued the same (tentative) proclamation on 1 February 1840.

George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland

English Whig politician and colonial administrator.

English Whig politician and colonial administrator.

The province of Auckland which includes the present regions of Northland, Auckland, Waikato, Bay of Plenty and Gisborne along with the city of Auckland, in New Zealand, were named after him.

He gave a commission to William Hobson to sail for the East Indies, which Hobson ultimately rewarded in the naming of his newly created city of Auckland, New Zealand in 1840.

The Waitangi Sheet of the Treaty of Waitangi

Treaty of Waitangi

The Waitangi Sheet of the Treaty of Waitangi
James Busby, British Resident in New Zealand. He drafted a document known as the Declaration of the Independence of New Zealand.
Captain William Hobson
Rev Henry Williams, who translated the treaty into Māori with the help of his son Edward Marsh Williams.
A later reconstruction in a painting by Marcus King, depicting Tāmati Wāka Nene in the act of signing. Hobson is falsely shown in full uniform (he was actually wearing civilian clothing).
The location of Waitangi within New Zealand.
The group of nine documents that make up the Treaty of Waitangi.
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Beach front scene at Kohimarama, Auckland, circa 1860, with Bishop Selwyn's Mission station where the Kohimarama Conference was held. Two waka, and a group of whare, are visible in the foreground.
Lord and Lady Bledisloe announce the gift of land and Treaty House at Waitangi to the nation in 1932
Winston Peters (founder of the New Zealand First Party), who has campaigned for the removal of references to the Treaty of Waitangi from New Zealand Law
Reverse of a 1990 one dollar coin commemorating the sesquicentenary of the Treaty of Waitangi. Using a different design a much rarer New Zealand crown commemorative coin was also minted in 1935.

The Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) is a treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by Captain William Hobson as consul for the British Crown and Māori chiefs (rangatira) from the North Island of New Zealand.

In 1841, Treaty documents, housed in an iron box, narrowly escaped damage when the government offices at Official Bay in Auckland were destroyed by fire.

Māori performing a haka (2012)

Māori people

The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of mainland New Zealand (Aotearoa).

The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of mainland New Zealand (Aotearoa).

Māori performing a haka (2012)
The Māori settlement of New Zealand represents an end-point of a long chain of island-hopping voyages in the South Pacific.
Early Archaic period objects from the Wairau Bar archaeological site, on display at the Canterbury Museum in Christchurch
Model of a pā (hillfort) built on a headland. Pā proliferated as competition and warfare increased among a growing population.
The first European impression of Māori, at Murderers' Bay in Abel Tasman's travel journal (1642)
Depiction of the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, bringing New Zealand and the Māori into the British Empire
Members of the 28th (Māori) Battalion performing a haka, Egypt (July 1941)
Whina Cooper leading the Māori Land March in 1975, seeking redress for historical grievances
Wharenui (meeting house) at Ōhinemutu village, Rotorua (tekoteko on the top)
A Māori chief with tattoos (moko) seen by James Cook and his crew. Hand-colored engraving by Thomas Chambers after original 1769 drawing by Sydney Parkinson
Māori woman with a representation of the Waikato Ancestress "Te Iringa"
A young man performing in a kapa haka group at a Rotorua tourist venue
A haka performed by the national rugby union team before a game
Māori whānau from Rotorua in the 1880s.
Whenuakura Marae in Taranaki.
Protest hikoi during the foreshore and seabed controversy in 2004
New Zealand endorsed the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in April 2010.
The opening of the Māori Parliament at Pāpāwai, Greytown in 1897, with Richard Seddon in attendance
Tino Rangatiratanga flag 1990
Witi Ihimaera
Taika Waititi
Temuera Morrison
Keisha Castle-Hughes

The British government sent Royal Navy Captain William Hobson to negotiate a treaty between the British Crown and the Māori, which became known as the Treaty of Waitangi.

In Auckland is Te Pou 'a kaupapa Māori performing arts venue' a place that develops and partners with Māori theatre makers.

Fireworks for the 2011 Auckland Anniversary Day

Auckland Anniversary Day

Public holiday observed in the northern half of the North Island of New Zealand, being the area's provincial anniversary day.

Public holiday observed in the northern half of the North Island of New Zealand, being the area's provincial anniversary day.

Fireworks for the 2011 Auckland Anniversary Day

The holiday falls on the Monday closest to 29 January, the anniversary of the arrival of William Hobson, later the first Governor of New Zealand, in the country in 1840.

In 1841, there was no capacity for arranging anniversary celebrations, as the national capital was in the process of being shifted from Okiato to Auckland.