Print of a painting of Auckland port, 1857
Queen Street (c.1889); painting by Jacques Carabain. Most of the buildings depicted were demolished during rampant modernisation in the 1970s.
Looking east over the area that became Wynyard Quarter with the Auckland CBD in the middle distance, c. 1950s.
The urbanised extent of Auckland (red),
Satellite view of the Auckland isthmus and Waitematā Harbour
A view over Chelsea Sugar Refinery's lower dam towards Auckland Harbour Bridge and the CBD
The volcanic Rangitoto Island in the Hauraki Gulf, with the remnant of Takaroro / Mount Cambria in the foreground (yellow, grassy reserve) . Viewed from Takarunga / Mount Victoria over Devonport.
Asians are Auckland's fastest growing ethnic group. Here, lion dancers perform at the Auckland Lantern Festival.
St Matthew-in-the-City, a historic Anglican church in the Auckland CBD
Projection of the Auckland Region's population growth to 2031
Pedestrians on Vulcan Lane in the CBD
The modern section of the Auckland Art Gallery, completed in 2011
Albert Park in central Auckland
View from the top of Maungawhau / Mount Eden
Landmark House
The twin towers of the National Bank Centre are among the tallest buildings in Auckland
Terraced housing built in 1897 as residential buildings and associated place houses for John Endean
Auckland Town Hall entrance on Queen Street
Old Government House, former residence of the Governor
The University of Auckland clock tower building is a 'Category I' historic place, completed in 1926
Railway lines serve the western, southern and eastern parts of the city from the Britomart Transport Centre.
Aerial view of the Auckland Harbour Bridge
The Auckland CBD skyline and Harbour Bridge at sunset.
The International Terminal at Auckland International Airport
Otahuhu Power Station's 404MW combined cycle turbine, also known as Otahuhu B

Large metropolitan city in the North Island of New Zealand.

- Auckland

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Epsom rock forest/Almorah rock forest, an ecosystem that once covered much of the Auckland isthmus (pictured: lava rock forest remnant at Withiel Thomas Reserve, Newmarket)

Auckland isthmus

Epsom rock forest/Almorah rock forest, an ecosystem that once covered much of the Auckland isthmus (pictured: lava rock forest remnant at Withiel Thomas Reserve, Newmarket)
Wetlands and swamps surrounded by Cordyline australis (cabbage trees / tī kōuka) formed in many of the unforested areas of the isthmus (pictured: Cabbage Tree Swamp in Sandringham, circa 1910)
Terracing on Maungawhau / Mount Eden, one of the most populated locations on the isthmus during the Waiohua confederation of the 17th and 18th centuries
Kūmara (sweet potato) was widely grown on the isthmus during the pre-European period, and stored in rua kūmara (storehouses) (pictured: storehouse pit remnants on Te Tatua-a-Riukiuta)
The Auckland and Parnell settlements on the isthmus in the 1860s, as seen in a watercolour by Edward Harker
A pictoral map of the Auckland isthmus circa 1860, looking south from the city of Auckland towards the settlements of Ōtāhuhu and Onehunga
The proposed Waitematā-Manukau harbour canal, along the Whau River (1907)
Fiat 500s being manufactured at Ōtāhuhu in 1966. By 1967, New Zealand had one of highest per capita car ownership rates in the world.
The morning traffic rush on the Auckland Northern Motorway in 1975.
Aotea Square in the 1990s, showing the Edwardian Auckland Town Hall surrounded by newly built high rise buildings
A 1914 map of the Auckland isthmus, composed of the city of Auckland and surrounding boroughs/road boards, composing what was known as Eden County.

The Auckland isthmus, also known as the Tāmaki isthmus, is a narrow stretch of land on the North Island of New Zealand in the Auckland Region, and the location of the central suburbs of the city of Auckland, including the CBD.


Capital city of New Zealand.

Capital city of New Zealand.

"The Old Shebang" on Cuba Street, c. 1883
The Old High Court, since restored as the Supreme Court of New Zealand
This early map of Wellington County District shows a number of important historical sites, including Māori pā, pathways, wāhi tapu, and pre-1840 battle sites, as well as battle sites from the New Zealand Land Wars
Thorndon, the centre of government in Wellington, c. 1929. The original Government House (now the site of the Beehive), Parliament Buildings and Turnbull House are in the background
Old Government Buildings, Lambton Quay, the second-largest wooden building in the world and the largest in the Southern Hemisphere
Satellite view of the Wellington area
Wellington Botanic Gardens
Wellington City from Mount Victoria
Wellingtonians gathered for the Anzac Day dawn service (2011)
Old St Paul's was the Anglican pro-cathedral, and is one of the oldest structures in Wellington
The old Public Trust Building in Lambton Quay is an example of Edwardian architecture in Wellington, built entirely from granite
Interior of Wellington railway station
Wellington Museum occupies the Bond Store, a classic Victorian building in the French Second Empire style in the early 1890s.
Apartments at Oriental Bay
A row of classic weatherboard houses in the Mount Victoria neighbourhood, emblematic of the style of the area
Wellington Harbour, November 2009
Elephant House at Wellington Zoo
Te Papa ("Our Place"), the Museum of New Zealand
Wellington Cable Car, view from Kelburn
Cuba Street, Te Aro, looking north. The street is considered the microcosm of Wellington's culture, being "quirky", colourful, and packed full of shops, cafés, restaurants and art, such as the Bucket Fountain pictured.
City Gallery, an art gallery
The Weta Cave in Miramar
Te Wharewaka o Poneke on the Wellington waterfront
Wellington Regional Stadium
Wellington Town Hall on Te Ngākau Civic Square
Victoria University's Kelburn campus, one of four in Wellington
Commuting patterns in the Wellington region during 2006; darker red lines indicate greater traffic. Source: Statistics New Zealand.
New Matangi electric multiple unit
The Wellington urban area (pink) is administered by four local authorities
Population density in Wellington region (2008) based on census data
thumb|St. James Theatre on Courtenay Place, the main street of Wellington's entertainment district
Te Auaha, venue and performing arts school, Wellington
Te Whaea, venue and home to the New Zealand School of Dance and Toi Whakaari: NZ Drama School
BATS Theatre foyer
Circa Theatre

Wellington became the capital city in place of Auckland, which William Hobson had made the capital in 1841.

New Zealand

Island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

Island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

Detail from a 1657 map showing the western coastline of Nova Zeelandia (in this map, North is at the bottom).
The Māori people descend from Polynesians whose ancestors emigrated from Taiwan to Melanesia between 3000 and 1000 BCE and then travelled east, reaching the Society Islands c. 1000 CE. After a pause of 200 to 300 years, a new wave of exploration led to the discovery and settlement of New Zealand.
Map of the New Zealand coastline as Cook charted it on his first visit in 1769–70. The track of the Endeavour is also shown.
The Waitangi sheet from the Treaty of Waitangi
A meeting of European and Māori inhabitants of Hawke's Bay Province. Engraving, 1863.
A statue of Richard Seddon, the "Beehive" (Executive Wing), and Parliament House (right), in Parliament Grounds, Wellington.
Māori Battalion haka in Egypt, 1941
Anzac Day service at the National War Memorial
Map of regions (coloured) and territorial authorities (outlined) in New Zealand.
The snow-capped Southern Alps dominate the South Island, while the North Island's Northland Peninsula stretches towards the subtropics.
The endemic flightless kiwi is a national icon.
The giant Haast's eagle died out when humans hunted its main prey, the moa, to extinction.
Waterfront along Auckland CBD, a major hub of economic activity
Milford Sound / Piopiotahi is one of New Zealand's most famous tourist destinations.
Wool has historically been one of New Zealand's major exports.
A Boeing 787–9 Dreamliner of Air New Zealand, the flag carrier of New Zealand
Population pyramid (2017)
Pedestrians on Queen Street in Auckland, an ethnically diverse city
A Rātana church on a hill near Raetihi. The two-tower construction is characteristic of Rātana buildings.
Portrait of Hinepare of Ngāti Kahungunu by Gottfried Lindauer, showing chin moko, pounamu hei-tiki and woven cloak
The Hobbiton Movie Set, located near Matamata, was used for The Lord of the Rings film trilogy.
A haka performed by the national rugby union team ("All Blacks") before a game. The haka is a challenge with vigorous movements and stamping of the feet.
Ingredients to be prepared for a hāngi
Rural scene near Queenstown
Hokitika Gorge, West Coast
The Emerald Lakes, Mt Tongariro
Lake Gunn
Pencarrow Head, Wellington

New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, and its most populous city is Auckland.

A view of the Waitematā Harbour looking nort-west towards the Auckland Harbour Bridge

Waitematā Harbour

<mapframe text="Location and extent of Waitematā Harbour in relation to Auckland" width=270 height=300 zoom=10 latitude=-36.830 longitude=174.700>

<mapframe text="Location and extent of Waitematā Harbour in relation to Auckland" width=270 height=300 zoom=10 latitude=-36.830 longitude=174.700>

A view of the Waitematā Harbour looking nort-west towards the Auckland Harbour Bridge
The Auckland City skyline from the Waitematā Harbour
The eastern edge of Herne Bay, one of the wooded beach reserves typical of the harbour.
A container ship sailing out of the harbour
The Auckland waterfront, one of the most popular areas of Waitematā Harbour
A sketch by John Johnson (1794-1848) of Waitematā Harbour as seen from the suburb of Ponsonby
Waitematā Harbour with the Sky Tower and Maungawhau / Mount Eden (behind Sky Tower) in the centre, as seen from the North Shore somewhere between Bayswater Marina (left) and the Harbour Bridge (out of frame, to the right).

Waitematā Harbour is the main access by sea to Auckland, New Zealand.

North Shore, New Zealand

View over the Waitematā Harbour towards Birkenhead, connected by the Auckland Harbour Bridge
The Sentinel is a luxery residential skyscraper in Takapuna

The North Shore is part of the large urban area of Auckland, New Zealand, located to the north of the Waitematā Harbour.

Auckland CBD

The Dilworth Building, one of the few remaining stately older buildings along Queen Street
Aerial view of the CBD
The CBD economy is dominated by Ports of Auckland and by business and financial support services.
Late 2000s apartment block on Nelson Street, considered by some to be an "eyesore". Many of these buildings saw strong criticism – and sometimes lack of tenant interest – due to perceived problems with building quality, lack of urban design and too-small unit sizes (with a bylaw banning very small units coming in only in 2005).
Symonds Street of the Auckland CBD overlooking the Auckland University of Technology (middle) and the University of Auckland (right).
The Auckland Ferry Terminal on the waterfront
View over Auckland CBD from the Sky Tower
View of Auckland CBD from North Shore City

The Auckland City Centre, sometimes called the Central Business District (CBD), is the geographical and economic heart of the Auckland metropolitan area.

The Waitangi Sheet of the Treaty of Waitangi

Treaty of Waitangi

Treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by Captain William Hobson as consul for the British Crown and Māori chiefs (rangatira) from the North Island of New Zealand.

Treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by Captain William Hobson as consul for the British Crown and Māori chiefs (rangatira) from the North Island of New Zealand.

The Waitangi Sheet of the Treaty of Waitangi
James Busby, British Resident in New Zealand. He drafted a document known as the Declaration of the Independence of New Zealand.
Captain William Hobson
Rev Henry Williams, who translated the treaty into Māori with the help of his son Edward Marsh Williams.
A later reconstruction in a painting by Marcus King, depicting Tāmati Wāka Nene in the act of signing. Hobson is falsely shown in full uniform (he was actually wearing civilian clothing).
The location of Waitangi within New Zealand.
The group of nine documents that make up the Treaty of Waitangi.
Beach front scene at Kohimarama, Auckland, circa 1860, with Bishop Selwyn's Mission station where the Kohimarama Conference was held. Two waka, and a group of whare, are visible in the foreground.
Lord and Lady Bledisloe announce the gift of land and Treaty House at Waitangi to the nation in 1932
Winston Peters (founder of the New Zealand First Party), who has campaigned for the removal of references to the Treaty of Waitangi from New Zealand Law
Reverse of a 1990 one dollar coin commemorating the sesquicentenary of the Treaty of Waitangi. Using a different design a much rarer New Zealand crown commemorative coin was also minted in 1935.

In 1841, Treaty documents, housed in an iron box, narrowly escaped damage when the government offices at Official Bay in Auckland were destroyed by fire.

Terraces carved by Māori into the slopes of One Tree Hill

Auckland volcanic field

Terraces carved by Māori into the slopes of One Tree Hill

The Auckland volcanic field is an area of monogenetic volcanoes covered by much of the metropolitan area of Auckland, New Zealand's largest city, located in the North Island.

Manukau City

Manukau City was a territorial authority district in Auckland, New Zealand, that was governed by the Manukau City Council.

Territorial authorities in Waikato region before 2010


Local government region of the upper North Island of New Zealand.

Local government region of the upper North Island of New Zealand.

Territorial authorities in Waikato region before 2010
Waikato River passing through Hamilton
Map of population density in the Waikato region (2006 census)
Māori woman with a representation of the Waikato Ancestress "Te Iringa"

In retaliation for the help Waikato Māori (mainly Ngāti Maniapoto) gave Taranaki Māori in their conflict over land in the earlier First Taranaki War, and the decision by some Waikato hapu to form a separate kingdom – the King Movement or Kingitanga – in opposition to the government, the colonial government, with the help of troops brought from Britain and Queenite Māori loyal to the Crown, pushed south from the main settlement of Auckland, fighting against Waikato raiders in Auckland before venturing into the Waikato to attack the combined hapu of the King Movement.