Audio mixing (recorded music)

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In sound recording and reproduction, audio mixing is the process of combining multitrack recordings into a final mono, stereo or surround sound product.wikipedia
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Monaural

MonomonophonicMonoaural
In sound recording and reproduction, audio mixing is the process of combining multitrack recordings into a final mono, stereo or surround sound product.
In the final stage, the various center-panned signal paths are usually mixed down to two identical tracks, which, because they are identical, are perceived upon playback as representing a single unified signal at a single place in the soundstage.

Record producer

producerproductionproduced
The process is generally carried out by a mixing engineer, though sometimes the record producer or recording artist may assist.
The producer typically supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage.

Mixing console

mixermixing deskmixing board
Audio mixing may be performed on a mixing console or digital audio workstation.
In sound recording and reproduction, and sound reinforcement systems, a mixing console is an electronic device for combining sounds of many different audio signals.

Equalization (audio)

equalizationequalizerEQ
In the process of combining the separate tracks, their relative levels (i.e volumes) are adjusted and balanced and various processes such as equalization and compression are commonly applied to individual tracks, groups of tracks, and the overall mix.
Equalizers are also used in music production to adjust the timbre of individual instruments and voices by adjusting their frequency content and to fit individual instruments within the overall frequency spectrum of the mix.

Overdubbing

overduboverdubsoverdubbed
With the introduction of multi-track recording, the production of a modern recording changed into one that generally involves three stages: recording, overdubbing, and mixing.
The intention is that the final mix will contain a combination of these "dubs".

Portastudio

4-track4-track cassette recorderfour track
The 4-track Portastudio was introduced in 1979.
For the first time it enabled musicians to affordably record several instrumental and vocal parts on different tracks of the built-in four-track cassette recorder individually and later blend all the parts together, while transferring them to another standard, two-channel stereo tape deck (remix and mixdown) to form a stereo recording.

Dynamic range compression

compressioncompressorcompressed
In the process of combining the separate tracks, their relative levels (i.e volumes) are adjusted and balanced and various processes such as equalization and compression are commonly applied to individual tracks, groups of tracks, and the overall mix.
The greater loudness is achieved by using higher degrees of compression and limiting during mixing and mastering; compression algorithms have been engineered specifically to accomplish the task of maximizing audio level in the digital stream.

Mastering engineer

masteringmasteredmaster engineer
After mixing, a mastering engineer prepares the final product for production.
The best mastering engineers might possess arrangement and record production skills, allowing them to 'trouble-shoot' mix issues and improve the final sound.

Sound recording and reproduction

recordingrecordedrecordings
In sound recording and reproduction, audio mixing is the process of combining multitrack recordings into a final mono, stereo or surround sound product. With the introduction of multi-track recording, the production of a modern recording changed into one that generally involves three stages: recording, overdubbing, and mixing.
Today, the process of making a recording is separated into tracking, mixing and mastering.

Panning (audio)

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Audio mixing software replaces pan pots with on-screen virtual knobs or sliders which function like their physical counterparts.

Digital audio workstation

DAWdigital audio workstationsDAWs
Audio mixing may be performed on a mixing console or digital audio workstation.

Mixing engineer

mixingmix engineermixer
The process is generally carried out by a mixing engineer, though sometimes the record producer or recording artist may assist.
The best mixing professionals typically have many years of experience and training with audio equipment, which has enabled them to master their craft.

Sound card

soundcardsound cardssound
For example, a DVD player or sound card may downmix a surround sound program to stereophonic sound (two channels) for playback through two speakers.
The full capabilities of advanced cards are often not fully used; only one (mono) or two (stereo) voice(s) and channel(s) are usually dedicated to playback of digital sound samples, and playing back more than one digital sound sample usually requires a software downmix at a fixed sampling rate.

Reverberation

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*Reverbs – Reverbs are used to simulate boundary reflections created in a real room, adding a sense of space and depth to otherwise 'dry' recordings.

Multitrack recording

4-trackfour-trackmultitrack
In sound recording and reproduction, audio mixing is the process of combining multitrack recordings into a final mono, stereo or surround sound product.

Surround sound

Surround5.1 surround sound5.1
In sound recording and reproduction, audio mixing is the process of combining multitrack recordings into a final mono, stereo or surround sound product. For example, a DVD player or sound card may downmix a surround sound program to stereophonic sound (two channels) for playback through two speakers.

Musician

recording artistartistsartist
The process is generally carried out by a mixing engineer, though sometimes the record producer or recording artist may assist.

Thomas Edison

Thomas Alva EdisonEdisonThomas A. Edison
In the late 19th century, Thomas Edison and Emile Berliner developed the first recording machines.

Emile Berliner

Emil BerlinerBerlinerBerliner, Emile
In the late 19th century, Thomas Edison and Emile Berliner developed the first recording machines.

Phonograph cylinder

wax cylinderwax cylinderscylinder
Edison's phonograph cylinder system utilized a small horn terminated in a stretched, flexible diaphragm attached to a stylus which cut a groove of varying depth into the malleable tin foil of the cylinder.

Transducer

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It was based on the principles of electromagnetic transduction.

Bruce Springsteen

Bruce Springsteen and the E Street BandSpringsteenBruce Springsteen & The E Street Band
Bruce Springsteen released the album Nebraska in 1982 using one.

Nebraska (album)

NebraskaState TrooperMansion on the Hill
Bruce Springsteen released the album Nebraska in 1982 using one.

Eurythmics

The EurythmicsEurythmic
The Eurythmics topped the charts in 1983 with the song "Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)", recorded by band member Dave Stewart on a makeshift 8-track recorder.

Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)

Sweet DreamsThe album's title tracktitle track
The Eurythmics topped the charts in 1983 with the song "Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)", recorded by band member Dave Stewart on a makeshift 8-track recorder.