A report on August Bier

August Bier
Cerebrospinal fluid flowing through a 25 gauge spinal needle during spinal anesthesia
Intravenous regional anesthesia

German surgeon.

- August Bier
August Bier

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Overall

Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) using older tourniquet equipment. Modern electronic instruments include more safety features specifically for IVRA.

Intravenous regional anesthesia

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Anesthetic technique on the body's extremities where a local anesthetic is injected intravenously and isolated from circulation in a target area.

Anesthetic technique on the body's extremities where a local anesthetic is injected intravenously and isolated from circulation in a target area.

Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) using older tourniquet equipment. Modern electronic instruments include more safety features specifically for IVRA.
August Bier

The use of tourniquets and injected anesthesia to induce localized anesthesia was first introduced by August Bier in 1908.

Charité

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One of Europe's largest university hospitals, affiliated with Humboldt University and Free University Berlin.

One of Europe's largest university hospitals, affiliated with Humboldt University and Free University Berlin.

Historic and modern buildings at Campus Charité Mitte (CCM)
Locations of the four campuses of Charité in Berlin
Campus Charité Mitte (CCM) main building
Campus Virchow Klinikum (CVK), German Heart Center Berlin (Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin)
Campus Benjamin Franklin (CBF)
Rudolf Virchow, by Hugo Vogel
Robert Koch and the beginnings of microbiology
Paul Ehrlich and the introduction of antimicrobial chemotherapy at Charité
Emil von Behring
Theodor Billroth operating

August Bier (1861-1949) – surgeon

Backflow of cerebrospinal fluid through a 25 gauge spinal needle after puncture of the arachnoid mater during initiation of spinal anaesthesia

Spinal anaesthesia

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Form of neuraxial regional anaesthesia involving the injection of a local anaesthetic or opioid into the subarachnoid space, generally through a fine needle, usually 9 cm long.

Form of neuraxial regional anaesthesia involving the injection of a local anaesthetic or opioid into the subarachnoid space, generally through a fine needle, usually 9 cm long.

Backflow of cerebrospinal fluid through a 25 gauge spinal needle after puncture of the arachnoid mater during initiation of spinal anaesthesia
Schematic drawing showing the principles of spinal anaesthesia.

The first planned spinal anaesthesia for surgery on a human was administered by August Bier (1861–1949) on 16 August 1898, in Kiel, when he injected 3 ml of 0.5% cocaine solution into a 34-year-old labourer.

Geheimrat

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The title of the highest advising officials at the Imperial, royal or princely courts of the Holy Roman Empire, who jointly formed the Geheimer Rat reporting to the ruler.

The title of the highest advising officials at the Imperial, royal or princely courts of the Holy Roman Empire, who jointly formed the Geheimer Rat reporting to the ruler.

August Bier (1861–1949), by German emperor King Wilhelm II of Prussia

Ebert in 1925

Friedrich Ebert

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German politician of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and the first president of Germany from 1919 until his death in office in 1925.

German politician of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and the first president of Germany from 1919 until his death in office in 1925.

Ebert in 1925
Ebert in 1890
Ebert with his wife Louise and their children, from left to right: Friedrich, Georg and Heinrich (Christmas 1898)
People's Deputies Otto Landsberg, Philipp Scheidemann, Gustav Noske, Friedrich Ebert and Rudolf Wissell after the USPD had left the Council at the end of 1918
Ebert, right, with Chancellor Wilhelm Cuno (1923)
Demonstration against the Treaty of Versailles in front of the Reichstag, 15 May 1919
Ebert's funeral
Ebert's tomb in Heidelberg
Memorial medal of the first President of Germany by August Hummel 1925, obverse
The reverse showing the dates of his birth and of his death

He became acutely septic on the night of 23 February and underwent an emergency appendectomy (which was performed by August Bier) in the early hours of the following day for what turned out to be appendicitis.

Max Liebermann with the Adlerschild awarded to him by President Paul von Hindenburg.

Adlerschild des Deutschen Reiches

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Honorary award (Ehrengabe) granted by the German president for scholarly or artistic achievements.

Honorary award (Ehrengabe) granted by the German president for scholarly or artistic achievements.

Max Liebermann with the Adlerschild awarded to him by President Paul von Hindenburg.
Award of the Adlerschild to Wilhelm Kreis in 1943

18) August Bier (24 November 1936)