A report on Augusto Pinochet

Official portrait,
U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger with Pinochet in 1976
Junta session one week after the 1973 coup
Pinochet in 1982
Pinochet meeting with U.S. President Jimmy Carter in Washington, D.C., September 6, 1977
Women of the Association of Families of the Detained-Disappeared demonstrate in front of La Moneda Palace during the Pinochet military regime
Orlando Letelier, a former Chilean minister, was assassinated in Washington, D.C. in 1976.
Memorial to victims of Pinochet's regime
Pinochet as Commander-in-Chief and President Aylwin meeting with U.S. President George H. W. Bush in 1990
Pinochet congratulates new President Patricio Aylwin after handing over the presidential sash, marking the transfer of power from military dictatorship to democratic leadership, 11 March 1990.
Photographs of victims of Pinochet's regime
Image showing Pinochet in an event with background imagery comparing the year of Chilean independence, 1810, with 1973, the year of the coup d'état that brought Pinochet to power
Pinochet in 1995
Documentation of some of Pinochet's many United States bank accounts
Pinochet on the bier on 11 December 2006
Pinochet's funeral

Chilean general who ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990, first as the leader of the Military Junta of Chile from 1973 to 1981, being declared President of the Republic by the junta in 1974 and becoming the de facto dictator of Chile, and from 1981 to 1990 as de jure President after a new Constitution, which confirmed him in the office, was approved by a referendum in 1980.

- Augusto Pinochet
Official portrait,

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The bombing of La Moneda on 11 September 1973 by the Chilean Armed Forces

1973 Chilean coup d'état

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Military coup in Chile that deposed the Popular Unity government of President Salvador Allende.

Military coup in Chile that deposed the Popular Unity government of President Salvador Allende.

The bombing of La Moneda on 11 September 1973 by the Chilean Armed Forces
The facilities of the National Stadium were used as a detention and torture center after the coup.
Original members of the Government Junta of Chile (1973)
Pictures of persons missing after the 1973 Chilean coup

On 11 September 1973, after an extended period of social unrest and political tension between the opposition-controlled Congress and the socialist President, as well as economic war ordered by U.S. President Richard Nixon, a group of military officers led by General Augusto Pinochet seized power in a coup, ending civilian rule.

Chile

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Country in the western part of South America.

Country in the western part of South America.

Lautaro, toqui and hero of the Arauco war
Pedro de Valdivia, conqueror of Chile
Bernardo O'Higgins, Libertador and the Supreme Director of Chile
The Battle of Iquique on 21 May 1879. The victory of Chile in the War of the Pacific allowed its expansion into new territories.
Chile's Almirante Latorre dreadnought in 1921
Salvador Allende
Fighter jets bombing the Presidential Palace of La Moneda during the Chilean coup of 1973
Augusto Pinochet
Five presidents of Chile since Transition to democracy (1990–2022), celebrating the Bicentennial of Chile
The Palacio de La Moneda in downtown Santiago
The Palace of Justice in Santiago
Chile's territorial gains after the War of the Pacific in 1879–83
Karel Doorman-class frigate
F-16 Fighting Falcon
Chile map of Köppen climate classification.
Araucaria araucana trees in Conguillío National Park.
Andean condor (Vultur gryphus), the national bird of Chile.
Topographic map of Chile. To view maps based on SRTM topographic relief of the country, see here.
Osorno Volcano and the Petrohué River
Nef Glacier and the Plomo Lake
General Carrera lake, the largest in the country.
Population of Chile from 1820, projected up to 2050
Mapuche women of Tirúa
Chileans with flags of Chile
Chilean students in Santiago de Chile
German immigrants in southern Chile
Neoclassical Santiago Metropolitan Cathedral
Pontifical Catholic University of Chile (PUC).
FONASA is the funding branch of the Ministry of Health.
A proportional representation of Chile exports, 2019
Chilean (blue) and average Latin American (orange) GDP per capita (1980–2017)
The financial district in Santiago de Chile
Santiago Stock Exchange
Chuquicamata, the largest open pit copper mine in the world
Vineyard in the Casablanca Valley
Elqui Valley, wine and pisco region
Valparaíso
Puerto Varas
The Santiago Metro is South America's most extensive metro system
Torre Entel in Santiago de Chile, with the Andes mountains in the background
La Zamacueca, by Manuel Antonio Caro.
Chilean asado (barbecue) and marraqueta
Estadio Nacional Julio Martínez Prádanos
The Chilean national polo team with President Michelle Bachelet and the trophy of the 2015 World Polo Championship.
State of Chile's international relations in the world:
Chile
Country with diplomatic relations and Chilean embassy in the country.
Country with diplomatic relations and an embassy in Chile, but no Chilean embassy.
Country with diplomatic relations but without ambassadors.
Country with no diplomatic relations currently.

This development culminated with the 1973 Chilean coup d'état that overthrew Salvador Allende's democratically elected left-wing government and instituted a 16-year right-wing military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet that left more than 3,000 people dead or missing.

Military dictatorship of Chile (1973–1990)

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An authoritarian military dictatorship ruled Chile for seventeen years, between 11 September 1973 and 11 March 1990.

An authoritarian military dictatorship ruled Chile for seventeen years, between 11 September 1973 and 11 March 1990.

Book burning in Chile following the 1973 coup that installed the Pinochet regime.
Women of the Association of Families of the Detained-Disappeared demonstrate in front of La Moneda Palace during the Pinochet military regime.
DINA's torture center at José Domingo Cañas 1367
Some funeral urns of political activists executed by the Chilean military dictatorship, from 1973 to 1990, in the cemetery of Santiago
Peaceful protest against Pinochet, 1985
Protesters in O'Higgins Park, Santiago, on May 1, 1984.
Estadio Nacional de Chile as a concentration camp after the coup.
Chilean (orange) and average Latin American (blue) rates of growth of GDP (1971–2007).
Orlando Letelier, a former Chilean minister, was assassinated in Washington, D.C. in 1976
Pinochet meeting with U.S. President Jimmy Carter in Washington, D.C., September 6, 1977
Charango, a musical instrument banned by the dictatorship.
Memorial to the people who were disappeared during the Pinochet's regime

During this time, the country was ruled by a military junta headed by General Augusto Pinochet.

Green: Main active members (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay)
Light green: Sporadic members
(Colombia, Peru and Venezuela)
Blue: Collaborator and financier (United States)

Operation Condor

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United States-backed campaign of political repression and state terror involving intelligence operations and assassination of opponents.

United States-backed campaign of political repression and state terror involving intelligence operations and assassination of opponents.

Green: Main active members (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay)
Light green: Sporadic members
(Colombia, Peru and Venezuela)
Blue: Collaborator and financier (United States)
from the National Security Archive
Graffiti in Buenos Aires, demanding justice for victims of the civic-military dictatorship of Argentina
Flag with images of those who disappeared during a demonstration in Buenos Aires to commemorate the 35th anniversary of the 1976 coup in Argentina.
Lilian Celiberti during a speech in the World Social Forum. Porto Alegre, 2010.
Disappeared people in art at Parque por la Paz at Villa Grimaldi in Santiago de Chile
Letelier in 1976
Cover of La Segunda, 25 July 1975, in regards to the murder of MIR operatives in Argentina. Main header reads "Exterminated like mice".
The Peruvian dictator Francisco Morales Bermúdez was part of Operation Condor.
Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet shaking hands with Henry Kissinger in 1976

Chilean armed forces commanded by General Augusto Pinochet bombed the presidential palace in Chile (La Moneda) on 11 September 1973, overthrowing democratically elected president Salvador Allende.

Indictment and arrest of Augusto Pinochet

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General Augusto Pinochet was indicted for human rights violations committed in his native Chile by Spanish magistrate Baltasar Garzón on 10 October 1998.

Salvador Allende

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Chilean physician and socialist politician who served as the 28th president of Chile from 3 November 1970 until his death on 11 September 1973.

Chilean physician and socialist politician who served as the 28th president of Chile from 3 November 1970 until his death on 11 September 1973.

Salvador Allende's birth certificate.
1958 presidential campaign with a train with Allende's face called the "Victory Train".
Salvador Allende in 1964.
Chilean workers marching in support of Allende in 1964
Allende as presidential candidate in 1970
Photo taken on September 4, 1970 at 00:57 by Paul Lowry.
President Salvador Allende in 1970
Chile real wages between 1967 and 1977. Orange lines mark the beginning and end of Allende's presidency.
Salvador Allende, 1972.
Statue of Allende in front of the Palacio de la Moneda. A portion of the statue's drapery, shown worn as a cape, is the national flag of Chile.
Allende with his wife Hortensia Bussi in 1971.
The remains of Salvador Allende's glasses following his death, as displayed in the Chilean National History Museum
An East German stamp commemorating Allende

Following Allende's death, General Augusto Pinochet refused to return authority to a civilian government, and Chile was later ruled by a military junta until 1990, ending more than four decades of uninterrupted democratic governance.

Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional

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The Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional (National Intelligence Directorate) or DINA was the secret police of Chile during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.

Original ballot.

1988 Chilean national plebiscite

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Original ballot.
Symbol of the "Yes" option. The logotype had the SÍ blue letters with a star and a blue, white and red tricolour sash.
Main logo of the No campaign, el arcoíris (the rainbow)

The 1988 Chilean national plebiscite was a national referendum held on 5 October 1988 to determine whether Chile's de facto leader, Augusto Pinochet, should extend his rule for another eight years through 1996.

Political Constitution of the Republic of Chile of 1980

Constitution of Chile

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Fundamental law in force in Chile.

Fundamental law in force in Chile.

Political Constitution of the Republic of Chile of 1980

It was approved and promulgated under the military government headed by Augusto Pinochet, being ratified by the Chilean citizenry through a referendum on September 11, 1980, although being held under restrictions and without electoral registers.

Michael Townley

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Michael Vernon Townley (born December 5, 1942 in Waterloo, Iowa) is an American-born former agent of the Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional (DINA), the secret police of Chile during the regime of Augusto Pinochet.