Aurangabad district, Maharashtra

The Ajanta Caves are 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments built beneath the Vakatakas.
Buddhist "Chaitya Griha" (prayer hall) with a seated Buddha in Cave 26 of the Ajanta Caves.
Chaitya with stupa, Cave 4, Aurangabad Caves.
Various sculptors next to an entrance at Aurangabad Caves.
Central pillar near Kailasa temple at Ellora Caves.
Statue of the Buddha seated. Part of the Carpenter's cave (Buddhist Cave 10).
Kailasa temple, Ellora, Aurangabad
Buddhist monks praying in front of the Dagoba of Chaitya in Cave 26 of the Ajanta Caves.
View of Grishneshwar temple
Idol of Lord Shri Parshvanath at Kachner temple
Front view of Daulatabad Fort
Bhadkal Gate
Bibi Ka Maqbara
Tomb of Aurangzeb
Panchakki was designed to generate energy from water flowing down a mountain. It displays the scientific thought process that guided medieval Indian architecture.
Salim Ali Lake
Siddharth Garden near a bus stand in Aurangabad

One of the 36 districts of the state of Maharashtra in western India.

- Aurangabad district, Maharashtra

102 related topics


Ahmednagar district

Largest district of Maharashtra state in western India.

The district is bordered by Aurangabad district to the northeast, Nashik district to the northwest, Thane and Pune districts to the southwest, Solapur district to the south and Beed district to the southeast.

Godavari River

India's second longest river after the Ganga and third largest in India, drains about 10% of India's total geographical area.

Godavari river basin.
Godavari River delta extending into the Bay of Bengal (upper river in image).
Bhadrachalam Temple during 2005 floods
Road Bridge over Godavari River at Bhadrachalam
Gautami personified with Gautama.
Godavari Statue at Gangadwar, worshiped as origin of Godavari, Triambak
Goddess Godavari
Sculpture depicting govu vatsa and gowthama legend about birth of Godavari River
Kaleshwara Mukteswara Swamy Temple
Antarvedi temple
Sunset view of Godavari River and bridge from Rajahmundry
Scenic View of Araku Valley in Andhra Pradesh
Havelock Bridge on the left and Godavari Arch Bridge on the right
Upper Indiravati power house
Generalized Geological Map of Godavari Drainage Basin
Dried up Godavari exposing flood basalt river bed as seen from the back of Changdev temple in Puntamba

Ahmednagar and Aurangabad: Along the boundary here, it receives its first major tributary the Pravara River, draining the former district. The confluence is located at Pravarasangam. By virtue of a sub-tributary of Pravara – Mandohol, which originates in Pune District – the basin impinges the Pune district. The river at Paithan has been impounded by the Jayakwadi Dam forming the NathSagar Reservoir. Kalsubai located in Godavari basin, is the highest peak in Maharashtra.

Ajanta Caves

The Ajanta Caves
Cave 19, Ajanta, a 5th-century chaitya hall.
Panoramic view of Ajanta Caves from the nearby hill
Map of Ajanta Caves
Cave 9, a first-period Hinayana-style chaitya worship hall with stupa but no idols
Name and date inscribed by John Smith after he found Cave 10 in 1819
Cave 24; the Ajanta Caves were carved into a massive rock on the Deccan plateau
Cave 4: a monastery, or vihara, with its square hall surrounded by monks' cells
Painted ceiling depicting Life circle of Lord Buddha
Buddhist monks praying in front of the Dagoba of Chaitya Cave 26
Ajanta Caves panorama with cave numbers. The caves are numbered from right to left, except for the later discovered cave 29, located high above Cave 21. Also, cave 30 is located between caves 15 and 16, nearer the river bed (cave invisible here). Chaitya halls are boxed (9, 10, 19, 26), and minor caves are indicated by a smaller type.
Front of Cave 1
The frieze over the frontage of Cave 1 front shows elephants, horses, bulls, lions, apsaras and meditating monks.
Colonnades with high-reliefs in the veranda
Cave 4: The Buddha in a preaching pose flanked by bodhisattvas
Ajanta Cave 10 dedicatory inscription
The vihara brick monastery facing the caves at Ajanta. The cells were built around a stupa set on a central platform.
a detail: original left, copy by Lady Herringham (1915) right
Dancing girl in Ajanta fresco; a 2012 photograph (left) and Robert Gill's 19th-century copy
Copy of an Ajanta painting, in Musée Guimet, Paris. Part of a mural probably relating the conversion of Nanda, Cave 1.
Reproduction of The Adoration of the Buddha, cave 17, Albert Hall Museum, Jaipur, India
Upper part of the so-called "Persian Embassy Scene", with detail of the foreigners.
A foreigner in Sasanian dress drinking wine, on the ceiling of the central hall of Cave 1, likely a generic scene from an object imported from Central Asia (460–480 CE) The men depicted in these paintings may also have been Bactrians, at that time under Hephthalite rule.
Cave 17: many foreigners are included as devotees attending the Buddha's descent from Trayastrimsa Heaven
Cave 12 plan: an early type of vihara (1st century BCE) without internal shrine
Cave 1 plan, a monastery known for its paintings<ref>{{cite book|first=Fred S. |last=Kleiner|title=Gardner's Art through the Ages: A Concise Global History|url=|year=2016|publisher=Cengage|isbn=978-1-305-57780-0|pages=467–468}}</ref>
Cave 6: a two-storey monastery with "Miracle of Sravasti" and "Temptation of Mara" painted{{sfn|Upadhya|1994|pp=7–8, 10}}
Cave 16: a monastery featuring two side aisles{{sfn|Upadhya|1994|pp=7–8, 10}}
Cave 10: a worship hall with Jataka tales-related art (1st century BCE){{sfn|Upadhya|1994|pp=9–11, 14–15}}
Cave 9: a worship hall with early paintings and animal friezes (1st century CE){{sfn|Upadhya|1994|pp=9–11, 14–15}}
Cave 19 plan suggests that it once had a courtyard and additional artwork{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=101–102}}
Cave 19: another view (5th century CE)
Cave 2, showing the extensive paint loss of many areas. It was never finished by its artists, and shows Vidhura Jataka.{{Sfn|Spink|2009|p=148, Figure 46}}
Cave 17 verandah doorway; eight Buddhas above eight couples{{Sfn|Spink|2009|pp=201–202}}<ref>{{cite book|first1=George|last1=Michell|first2=Philip H. |last2=Davies|title=The Penguin Guide to the Monuments of India: Buddhist, Jain, Hindu |year=1989 |publisher=Penguin|isbn=978-0670806966|page=340|url=}}</ref>
Section of the mural in Cave 17, the 'coming of Sinhala'. The prince (Prince Vijaya) is seen in both groups of elephants and riders.
Hamsa jâtaka, cave 17: the Buddha as the golden goose in his previous life{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|p=91}}
Cave 13
One of four frescoes for the Mahajanaka Jataka tale: the king announces his abdication to become an ascetic.<ref>{{cite web|title=Mahajanaka Jataka: Ajanta Cave 1|url=|website=University of Minnesota}}</ref>
Sibi Jataka: the king undergoes the traditional rituals for renunciants. He receives a ceremonial bath.<ref name=behlpaint>Benoy Behl (2004), Ajanta, the fountainhead, Frontline, Volume 21, Issue 20</ref>{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=32–33, Plate XI}}
The Bodhisattva of compassion Padmapani with lotus {{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=8–9, Plate IV}}
The Vajrapani {{Sfn|Spink|2009|pp=138–140}}
thumb|Kinnara with kachchapa veena, part of Bodhisattva Padmapani painting in Cave 1.<ref>{{cite web |author= Subramanian Swaminathan |title= Paintings |website=|url=|quote= Kinnara playing Kachchapa Vina, Padmapani Panel, Cave 1 }}</ref>
Cave 1, ceiling: another Persian-style foreign group, one of the four such groups (one now missing) at the center of each quadrant of the ceiling{{sfn|Spink|2007|p=27}}
Cave 2 fresco above the right door shows Buddha in Tushita heaven{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=48–49, Plates XVII–XX}}
A scene from Vidurapandita Jataka: the birth of the Buddha{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=48–49, Plates XVII–XX}}
The artworks of Cave 2 are known for their feminine focus, such as these two females{{Sfn|Spink|2009|pp=74–75}}
The Miracle of Sravasti{{sfn|Spink|2005b|pp= 3–4, 91 footnote 59, 259}}
The most intact painting in Cave 6: Buddha seated in dharma-chakra-mudra{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=74–75}}
Painting showing the Mahayana devotional worship to the Buddha{{sfn|Upadhya|1994|pp=10–11}}{{sfn|Spink|2005b|pages=93, 193–194}}
Buddha in the upper level, deer below and apsaras above (artificial lighting){{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=76–77}}{{sfn|Spink|2014|pp=97, 99 figures 32–33}}
Mahatma Buddha
Cave 7 plan (Robert Gill sketch, 1850)<ref>ajanta-cave-no-8 Google Arts & Culture</ref>
Cave 7: Buddhas on the antechamber left wall (James Burgess sketch, 1880){{Sfn|Spink|2009|pp= xii, 87–89}}
Buddhas on the antechamber's right wall{{Sfn|Spink|2009|pp= xii, 87–89}}
The shallow corridor before the shrine
Buddha statue on the porch of Cave 9
The apsidal hall with plain hemispherical stupa at apse's center{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=77–78}}
Pillar paintings
Cave 9: fresco with Buddhas in orange robes and protected by chatra umbrellas
Cave 10, condition in 1839<ref>Ajunta. Interior of Chaitya Cave No 10, Dibdin, Thomas Colman (1810–1893) (1839), British Library Archives</ref>
The Buddha in long, heavy robe, a design derived from the art of Gandhara<ref>{{cite journal |journal=The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies |volume=4 |date=1981 |number=I |url= |title=An Exceptional Group of Painted Buddha Figures at Ajanṭā}}</ref>
Later painting with devotional figures, on pillars and ceiling
Paintings of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas on the arches
Cave 13
Cave 14
Cave 15
Cave 15A
Interior of cave 15A<ref>{{cite book |title=Indian Archaeology 1955-56 review |page=72 |url=}}</ref>
The conversion of sensuality-driven Nanda to Buddhism, left corridor<ref>{{cite book|first=G |last=Yazdani|year=1964|title= Ajanta: Part III|publisher= Oxford University Press|pages= 49–56|oclc= 2980379}}</ref>
Palace scene fresco, right corridor of Cave 16
The Buddha in asceticism stage, getting sweet milk-rice from Sujata{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=86–88}}
Manushi Buddhas painting in Cave 16{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=86–88}}
Cave 16: king paying homage to the Buddha
Vessantara Jataka: the story of the generous king Vessantara{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=88–90}}
Shaddanta Jataka: six-tusked elephant giving away his tusks{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=88–90}}
Painting depicting "Darpana Sundari", a lady with a mirror<ref>{{cite book |title=Dance and Music in the Temple Architecture |publisher=Agam Kala Prakashan |page=47 |first=Choodamani |last=Nandagopal |date=1990 |isbn=978-8171860005}}</ref>
The Buddha in Cave 17 sanctum
Musician with Alapini Vina (far left), next to Indra.
Nagaraja in ardhaparyanka asana, with his wife holding lotus and wearing mangalasutra{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=101–102}}
The nave has 15 pillars with Buddha reliefs{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=102–103}}
Buddha paintings in the side aisle of Cave 19{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=102–103}}
The Buddha on Lion throne
The sanctum has two Nagarajas on the side as guardians.
The Buddha of Cave 21
Cave 22: inside hall
Cave 23: inside hall
Sophisticated pillars of Cave 24 with embedded loving couples; evidence of parallel work{{sfn|Spink|2014|pp=37–38, 42}}
Cave 26 plan as completed. The etchings suggest the original plan was more ambitious.{{sfn|Spink|2009|pp=xvii, 29–30}}
The sculptured dagoba (stupa) in the worship hall. It has 36 carved panels.{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=105–106}}
Temptation of the Buddha; the daughters of Mara carved below are trying to seduce him. Mara is on the top right.{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=105–106}}
Cave 26, left aisle wall: Mahaparinirvana of Buddha, or Dying Buddha{{sfn|Gupte|Mahajan|1962|pp=104–105}}
Buddhist vihara cell structure at the recently excavated brick monastery at Ajanta
Coin of Western Satrap Visvasena (293–304), found in the excavations at the monastery
Coin of Byzantine Theodosius II (402–450), found in the excavations at the monastery
Terracotta plaque of Hindu goddess Mahishasuramardini found on the site
Cave 2, ceiling: foreigners sharing a drink of wine<ref>{{cite book|last1=Brancaccio|first1=Pia|title=The Buddhist Caves at Aurangabad: Transformations in Art and Religion|date=2010|publisher=BRILL|isbn=978-9004185258|page=307|url=}}</ref>
A servant from Central Asia, Cave 17.
Cave 17: foreigners attending the Buddha<ref name="PB305">{{cite book |last1=Brancaccio |first1=Pia |title=The Buddhist Caves at Aurangabad: Transformations in Art and Religion |date=2010 |publisher=BRILL |isbn=9789004185258 |page=305 |url=}}</ref>
Cave 17: foreigners on horses attending the Buddha
Lady in blue dress with tiara, of possible "Persian origin"."<ref>"The central figure is of colossal size and, whether it represents the Bodhisattva Padmapani or Prince Siddhartha, it bears the marks of both high rank and great spiritual stature. (...) The handmaid in long blue velvet coat and high embroidered cap appears, from her features, to be of Persian origin..."{{cite book |title=Encyclopedia Of World Art Vol. 1 |date=1959 |publisher=McGRAW-HILL |location=New-York, Toronto, London |page=165 |url=}}</ref>

The Ajanta Caves are approximately 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments dating from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 CE in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state in India.

Jalna district

Administrative district in the state of Maharashtra in western India.

The district is situated in central Maharashtra, in the north of the Marathwada region—one of eight districts—as part Aurangabad division, and is bounded on the north by Jalgaon district, on the east by Parbhani district and Buldhana district, on the south by Beed district and on the west by Aurangabad district.

Ellora Caves

Cave 16 of the Kailasanatha Temple, Interior
Ellora Caves, general map (the rock is depicted as dark green)
View from Cave 29Stone Pillar - Cave 16.jpg
Goddess Ganga at the entrance of Cave 21
Vishnu at the Dashavatara Ellora temple
An early 19th-century painting of Cave 15
Caves 11 (above) and 12 are three-storey monasteries cut out of a rock, with Vajrayana iconography inside.
Plan of Cave No. 5 (Mahawara Cave)
Numerous tantric Buddhist goddesses are carved in Cave 12.
Part of the Carpenter's cave (Buddhist Cave 10)
Shikhar of Indra Sabha
Chotta Kailasha
Mahavira with yaksha Matanga and yakshi Siddhaiki
Indra Sabha is the largest of the Jain series and dates from the 9th century, Rashtrakuta patronage. A simple gateway leads to a courtyard in which there is a monolithic shrine with a pyramidal roof. The double-storey temple is excavated in the rear of the courtyard. The interior of the cave has a columned mandapa or hall with niches on the three sides and the sanctuary in the middle of the back wall. Carved figures of the Jain Tirthankharas decorate the walls.
Painting in Cave 32
Goddess Sidaika
Carvings on the pillars of the Jagannatha Sabha
Goddess Ambika sitting on a lion, Cave 34

Ellora is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India.


Shri Munisuvrat Bhagwan Paithan

Paithan ['pəɪ.ʈʰaɳ], historically Pratiṣṭhāna [pɾə'tɪʂʈʰana], is a town with municipal council in Aurangabad district, Maharashtra, India.

List of districts in India

Administrative division of an Indian state or territory.

Administrative divisions of India in 1951

Aurangabad district, Bihar and Aurangabad district, Maharashtra

Seuna (Yadava) dynasty

Medieval Indian dynasty, which at its peak ruled a kingdom stretching from the Narmada river in the north to the Tungabhadra river in the south, in the western part of the Deccan region.

Gondeshwar Temple was built by Gavali (Yadava) chief Rav Singuni of the Seunas.
Hero stone (Virgal) with Old Kannada inscription dated 1286 CE from the rule of Yadava King Ramachandra in Kedareshvara temple at Balligavi in Shimoga district, Karnataka state
The hill of Devagiri, the capital of Yadavas
Hero stone with old Kannada inscription dated 1235. from the rule of Yadava King Simhana II at Kubetur, Soraba Taluk, Shimoga district, Karnataka state
Asia in 1200 AD, showing the Yadava Dynasty and its neighbors.
The Aundha Nagnath Temple was built by the Yadavas in the 13th century CE.
Yadavas of Devagiri, coinage of king Mahadeva (1261-1270). Central lotus blossom, two sri, elephant, conch, and “Mahadeva” in Devanagari above sword right punchmarks
Coinage of Ramachandra (1270-1311). Central lotus blossom, two śri, conch, and “śri rama” in Devanagari above standard left, each in incuse
Old Kannada inscription (13th century) on pillar base ascribed to the Seuna Yadavas in the Siddhesvara Temple at Haveri.
The temple in 1897
In 2017, with the finial lost
Cross section and plan

Its territory included present-day Maharashtra, north Karnataka and parts of Madhya Pradesh, from its capital at Devagiri (present-day Daulatabad in modern Aurangabad district, Maharashtra).


City in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Zeb-un-Nisa's palace, Aurangabad 1880s.
Ahilyabai Holkar Chauk, Station Road, Aurangabad
Aerial View of Aurangabad CIDCO
Wali Aurangabadi was a classical Urdu poet.
Idol of Lord Shri Parshvanath at Kachner temple
Bhadkal Gate, part of Gates in Aurangabad
Bibi Ka Maqbara
Naan Qaliya, Aurangabad
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University gate
Himroo Shawl
Bombay High Court Aurangabad Bench, ITC Welcomgroup's The Rama International, Ajanta Ambassador & Cidco Town Center – Aerial view
Kranti Chowk
Chaitya with stupa, Cave IV (4), Aurangabad Caves.
Various sculptors next to an entrance at Aurangabad Caves.
Panchakki, was designed to generate energy via water brought down from a spring on a mountain. It displays the scientific thought process put in medieval Indian architecture.
Salim Ali Lake
Siddharth Garden near bus stand Aurangabad
Aurangabad Airport
Aurangabad Railway Station

It is the administrative headquarters of Aurangabad district and is the largest city in the Marathwada region.

Nashik district

District in Maharashtra, India.

Nasik district 1896
Red-orange fluorite balls on drusy quartz, Mahodari, Nasik District. These are considered to be the finest red fluorite balls in the world.

It is bounded by Dhule District to the north, Jalgaon District to the east, Aurangabad District to the southeast, Ahmadnagar District to the south, Thane District to the southwest, Valsad and Navsari districts of Gujarat to the west, and The Dangs district of Gujarat state to the northwest.