Portrait of Shah Jahan in c. 1630
Miniature portrait of Dara Shikoh
Aurangzeb holding a hawk in c. 1660
17th or 18th-century portrait
Shah Jahan, accompanied by his three sons: Dara Shikoh, Shah Shuja and Aurangzeb, and their maternal grandfather Asaf Khan IV
18th-century portrait of Dara Shikoh
A painting from c. 1637 shows the brothers (left to right) Shah Shuja, Aurangzeb and Murad Baksh in their younger years.
Mumtaz Mahal with an attendant.
Rosette bearing the names and titles of Shah Jahan
Dara's brothers (left to right) Shah Shuja, Aurangzeb and Murad Baksh in their younger years, ca 1637
The Mughal Army under the command of Aurangzeb recaptures Orchha in October 1635.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Taj Mahal is the final resting place of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan.
The Taj Mahal, the burial place of Shah Jahan and his wife Mumtaz Mahal
Young Dara Shikoh (Left) and Mian Mir (Right)
A painting from Padshahnama depicts Prince Aurangzeb facing a maddened war elephant named Sudhakar.
Cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal.
The Submission of Rana Amar Singh of Mewar to Prince Khurram, Tuzk-e-Jahangiri.
The marriage of Dara Shikoh and Nadira Begum, 1875–90
Sepoys loyal to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb maintain their positions around the palace, at Aurangabad, in 1658.
Tomb of Mumtaz Mahal in the Taj Mahal, alongside her husband Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan on horseback (during his youth).
Wedding procession of Dara Shikoh, with Shah Shuja and Aurangzeb behind him. Royal Collection Trust, London.
Aurangzeb becomes emperor.
Shah Jahan at his Durbar, from the Windsor Padshahnama, c. 1657
Dara Shikoh with his army
Mughal Empire under Aurangzeb in early 18th century
Shah Jahan the Great Mogul
Humayun's Tomb, where the remains of Dara Shikoh were interred in an unidentified grave.
Aurangzeb compiled Hanafi law by introducing the Fatawa-e-Alamgiri.
Throne of king Shah Jahan, Red Fort, Delhi
A page from the Majma-ul-Bahrain, Victoria Memorial, Calcutta.
Aurangzeb holding a flywhisk
Painting of Shah Jahan hunting Asiatic lions at Burhanpur, present-day Madhya Pradesh, from 1630
Dara Shikoh (with Mian Mir and Mullah Shah Badakhshi), ca. 1635
Aurangzeb seated on a golden throne holding a Hawk in the Durbar. Standing before him is his son, Azam Shah.
Shah Jahan and his eldest son Dara Shikoh.
A painting from the Persian translation of Yoga Vasistha manuscript, 1602
Aurangzeb Receives Prince Mu'azzam. Chester Beatty Library
The Passing of Shah Jahan
A Prince in Iranian Costume by Muhammad Khan. Dara Shikoh Album, Agra, 1633–34.
Dagger (Khanjar) of Aurangzeb (Badshah Alamgir).
The actual tombs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan in the lower level of Taj Mahal
Shah Jahan Receiving Dara Shikoh
Manuscript of the Quran, parts of which are believed to have been written in Aurangzeb's own hand.
Red Fort
The Birthday of the Grand Mogul Aurangzeb, made 1701–1708 by Johann Melchior Dinglinger.
The elegant Naulakha Pavilion at the Lahore Fort was built during the reign of Shah Jahan.
Josiah Child requests a pardon from Aurangzeb during the Anglo-Mughal War.
Agra Fort
By 1690, Aurangzeb was acknowledged as: "emperor of the Mughal Sultanate from Cape Comorin to Kabul".
Shah Jahan and the Mughal Army return after attending a congregation in the Jama Masjid, Delhi.
Aurangzeb spent his reign crushing major and minor rebellions throughout the Mughal Empire.
Lahore's Wazir Khan Mosque is considered to be the most ornate Mughal-era mosque.<ref>{{cite book |last=Dani |first=A. H. |date=2003 |chapter=The Architecture of the Mughal Empire (North-Western Regions) |editor-last1=Adle |editor-first1=Chahryar |editor-last2=Habib |editor-first2=Irfan |editor2-link=Irfan Habib |title=History of Civilizations of Central Asia |volume=V |chapter-url=http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001302/130205e.pdf |publisher=UNESCO |page=524 |isbn=978-92-3-103876-1}}</ref>
The tomb of Akbar was pillaged by Jat rebels during the reign of Aurangzeb.
Moti Masjid (Red Fort)
Aurangzeb leads the Mughal Army during the Battle of Satara.
Finial, Tamga of the Mughal Empire (combining a crescent and a spear pendant with the word Allah).
Raja Shivaji at Aurangzeb's Darbar- M V Dhurandhar
Gold Mohur from Akbarabad (Agra)
Aurangzeb reciting the Quran.
Silver rupee coin of Shah Jahan, from Patna.
Aurangzeb dispatched his personal imperial guard during the campaign against the Satnami rebels.
Copper Dam from Daryakot mint
Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Delhi is built at the place where Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded.
Silver Rupee from Multan
Zafarnama is the name given to the letter sent by the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh in 1705 to Aurangzeb. The letter is written in Persian script.
Aurangzeb in a pavilion with three courtiers below.
Bibi Ka Maqbara, the mausoleum of Aurangzeb's wife Dilras Banu Begum, was commissioned by him
Aurangzeb's tomb in Khuldabad, Maharashtra.
Aurangzeb reading the Quran
The unmarked grave of Aurangzeb in the mausoleum at Khuldabad, Maharashtra.
Tughra and seal of Aurangzeb, on an imperial firman
In the year 1689, according to Mughal accounts, Sambhaji was put on trial, found guilty of atrocities and executed.<ref>{{cite book |last=Mehta |first=J. L. |title=Advanced Study in the History of Modern India: Volume One: 1707{{snd}}1813 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=d1wUgKKzawoC&pg=PA50 |access-date=29 September 2012 |date=2005 |publisher=Sterling Publishers |isbn=978-1-932705-54-6 |pages=50–}}</ref><ref name="google2">{{cite book |last=Stein |first=Burton |author-link=Burton Stein |year=2010 |orig-year=First published 1998 |editor-last=Arnold |editor-first=David |editor-link=David Arnold (historian) |title=A History of India |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=QY4zdTDwMAQC&pg=PA180 |publisher=Blackwell Publishers |edition=2nd |page=180 |isbn=978-1-4051-9509-6}}</ref>
Guru Tegh Bahadur was publicly executed in 1675 on the orders of Aurangzeb in Delhi<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/Sikh-Guru-Ji'/Sri-Guru-Tegh-Bhadur-Sahib-Ji.html |title=A Gateway to Sikhism {{!}} Sri Guru Tegh Bhadur Sahib |website=Gateway to Sikhism |access-date=28 October 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140327223831/http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/Sikh-Guru-Ji'/Sri-Guru-Tegh-Bhadur-Sahib-Ji.html#12 |archive-date=27 March 2014 |url-status=dead}}</ref>
Sarmad Kashani, a Jewish convert to Islam and Sufi mystic was accused of heresy and executed.<ref name="David Cook 2007">{{cite book |last=Cook |first=David |author-link=David Cook (historian) |year=2007 |title=Martyrdom in Islam |publisher=Cambridge University Press |page=80 |isbn=978-0-521-85040-7}}</ref>
Daulatabad cannon
Kalak Bangadi cannon.
One of the Daulatabad cannons
Kilkila cannon
Aurangabad cannon
Seventeenth-century Badshahi Masjid built by Aurangzeb in Lahore.
Bibi ka Maqbara.
Tomb of Sufi saint, Syed Abdul Rahim Shah Bukhari constructed by Aurangzeb.
Shawls manufactured in the Mughal Empire had highly influenced other cultures around the world.
Shawl makers in the Mughal Empire.
Mughal imperial carpet
March of the Great Moghul (Aurangzeb)
François Bernier, was a French physician and traveller, who for 12 years was the personal physician of Aurangzeb. He described his experiences in Travels in the Mughal Empire.
Map of the Mughal Empire by Vincenzo Coronelli (1650–1718) of Venice, who served as Royal Geographer to Louis XIV of France.
French map of the Deccan.
Half rupee
Rupee coin showing full name
Rupee with square area
A copper dam of Aurangzeb
A Mughal trooper in the Deccan.
Aurangzeb leads his final expedition (1705), leading an army of 500,000 troops.
Mughal-era aristocrat armed with a matchlock musket.
Aurangzeb, in later life, hunting with hounds and falconers

Dara Shikoh, also known as Dara Shukoh, (20 March 1615 – 30 August 1659) was the eldest son and heir-apparent of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.

- Dara Shikoh

Mumtaz Mahal (Persian:, ), born Arjumand Banu Begum (27 April 1593 – 17 June 1631) was the empress consort of the Mughal Empire from 19 January 1628 to 17 June 1631 as the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.

- Mumtaz Mahal

In the war of succession which ensued after Shah Jahan's illness in 1657, Dara was defeated by his younger brother Prince Muhiuddin (later, the Emperor Aurangzeb).

- Dara Shikoh

He held administrative and military posts under his father Shah Jahan ((r.

- Aurangzeb

He commissioned many monuments, including the Red Fort, Shah Jahan Mosque and the Taj Mahal, where his favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal is entombed.

- Shah Jahan

Mumtaz and her husband had 14 children, including Jahanara Begum (Shah Jahan's favorite daughter), and the Crown prince Dara Shikoh, the heir-apparent, anointed by his father, who temporarily succeeded him until deposed by Mumtaz Mahal's sixth child, Aurangzeb, who ultimately succeeded his father as the sixth Mughal emperor in 1658.

- Mumtaz Mahal

He was the first son and third child of Prince Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram and his second wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

- Dara Shikoh

In September 1657, Shah Jahan nominated his eldest and liberalist son Dara Shikoh as his successor, a move repudiated by Aurangzeb, who proclaimed himself emperor in February 1658.

- Aurangzeb

In September 1657, Shah Jahan was ailing from an illness and he appointed his eldest son Dara Shikoh as his successor.

- Shah Jahan

This nomination led to a succession crisis among his three sons, after which Shah Jahan's third son Aurangzeb ((r.

- Shah Jahan

Aurangzeb's mother Mumtaz Mahal was the daughter of the Persian noblemen Asaf Khan, who was the youngest son of vizier Mirza Ghiyas.

- Aurangzeb
Portrait of Shah Jahan in c. 1630

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