A report on TarabaiMaratha Empire and Aurangzeb

A 1927 depiction of Tarabai in battle by noted Marathi painter M. V. Dhurandhar
Aurangzeb holding a hawk in c. 1660
Equestrian statue of Tarabai in Kolhapur
The Maratha Empire in 1758 with the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Mughal Empire as its vassals
A painting from c. 1637 shows the brothers (left to right) Shah Shuja, Aurangzeb and Murad Baksh in their younger years.
Maratha Empire at its peak in 1760 (Yellow)
The Mughal Army under the command of Aurangzeb recaptures Orchha in October 1635.
Maratha kingdom in 1680 (yellow)
A painting from Padshahnama depicts Prince Aurangzeb facing a maddened war elephant named Sudhakar.
A portrait of Shivaji Maharaj
Sepoys loyal to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb maintain their positions around the palace, at Aurangabad, in 1658.
Sambhaji, eldest son of Shivaji
Aurangzeb becomes emperor.
Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath
Mughal Empire under Aurangzeb in early 18th century
Peshwa Baji Rao I
Aurangzeb compiled Hanafi law by introducing the Fatawa-e-Alamgiri.
Peshwa Balaji Bajirao
Aurangzeb holding a flywhisk
Peshwa Madhavrao I
Aurangzeb seated on a golden throne holding a Hawk in the Durbar. Standing before him is his son, Azam Shah.
Mahadaji Shinde restored the Maratha domination of northern India
Aurangzeb Receives Prince Mu'azzam. Chester Beatty Library
A mural depicting the British surrender during the First Anglo-Maratha War. The mural is a part of the Victory Memorial (Vijay Stambh) located at Vadgaon Maval, Pune.
Dagger (Khanjar) of Aurangzeb (Badshah Alamgir).
Peshwa Madhavrao II in his court in 1790, concluding a treaty with the British
Manuscript of the Quran, parts of which are believed to have been written in Aurangzeb's own hand.
Battle of Assaye during the Second Anglo-Maratha War
The Birthday of the Grand Mogul Aurangzeb, made 1701–1708 by Johann Melchior Dinglinger.
Peshwa Baji Rao II signing of the Treaty of Bassein with the British
Josiah Child requests a pardon from Aurangzeb during the Anglo-Mughal War.
Maratha king of Gwalior at his palace
By 1690, Aurangzeb was acknowledged as: "emperor of the Mughal Sultanate from Cape Comorin to Kabul".
Pratapgad fort, one of the earliest forts administered by Shivaji.
Aurangzeb spent his reign crushing major and minor rebellions throughout the Mughal Empire.
Maratha darbar or court.
The tomb of Akbar was pillaged by Jat rebels during the reign of Aurangzeb.
Gold coins minted during Shivaji's era, 17th century.
Aurangzeb leads the Mughal Army during the Battle of Satara.
Raja Shivaji at Aurangzeb's Darbar- M V Dhurandhar
Maratha Gurabs ships attacking a British East India Company ship
Aurangzeb reciting the Quran.
Arms of Maratha
Aurangzeb dispatched his personal imperial guard during the campaign against the Satnami rebels.
Ramchandra Pant Amatya
Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Delhi is built at the place where Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded.
Thanjavur Maratha palace
Zafarnama is the name given to the letter sent by the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh in 1705 to Aurangzeb. The letter is written in Persian script.
Maratha Empire at its peak in 1759 (orange)
Aurangzeb in a pavilion with three courtiers below.
Maratha Empire in 1760 (yellow)
Bibi Ka Maqbara, the mausoleum of Aurangzeb's wife Dilras Banu Begum, was commissioned by him
Maratha Empire in 1765 (yellow)
Aurangzeb's tomb in Khuldabad, Maharashtra.
Maratha Empire in 1795 (yellow)
Aurangzeb reading the Quran
Maratha Empire in 1805
The unmarked grave of Aurangzeb in the mausoleum at Khuldabad, Maharashtra.
Maratha Princely States in 1823
Tughra and seal of Aurangzeb, on an imperial firman
In the year 1689, according to Mughal accounts, Sambhaji was put on trial, found guilty of atrocities and executed.<ref>{{cite book |last=Mehta |first=J. L. |title=Advanced Study in the History of Modern India: Volume One: 1707{{snd}}1813 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=d1wUgKKzawoC&pg=PA50 |access-date=29 September 2012 |date=2005 |publisher=Sterling Publishers |isbn=978-1-932705-54-6 |pages=50–}}</ref><ref name="google2">{{cite book |last=Stein |first=Burton |author-link=Burton Stein |year=2010 |orig-year=First published 1998 |editor-last=Arnold |editor-first=David |editor-link=David Arnold (historian) |title=A History of India |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=QY4zdTDwMAQC&pg=PA180 |publisher=Blackwell Publishers |edition=2nd |page=180 |isbn=978-1-4051-9509-6}}</ref>
Guru Tegh Bahadur was publicly executed in 1675 on the orders of Aurangzeb in Delhi<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/Sikh-Guru-Ji'/Sri-Guru-Tegh-Bhadur-Sahib-Ji.html |title=A Gateway to Sikhism {{!}} Sri Guru Tegh Bhadur Sahib |website=Gateway to Sikhism |access-date=28 October 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140327223831/http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/Sikh-Guru-Ji'/Sri-Guru-Tegh-Bhadur-Sahib-Ji.html#12 |archive-date=27 March 2014 |url-status=dead}}</ref>
Sarmad Kashani, a Jewish convert to Islam and Sufi mystic was accused of heresy and executed.<ref name="David Cook 2007">{{cite book |last=Cook |first=David |author-link=David Cook (historian) |year=2007 |title=Martyrdom in Islam |publisher=Cambridge University Press |page=80 |isbn=978-0-521-85040-7}}</ref>
Daulatabad cannon
Kalak Bangadi cannon.
One of the Daulatabad cannons
Kilkila cannon
Aurangabad cannon
Seventeenth-century Badshahi Masjid built by Aurangzeb in Lahore.
Bibi ka Maqbara.
Tomb of Sufi saint, Syed Abdul Rahim Shah Bukhari constructed by Aurangzeb.
Shawls manufactured in the Mughal Empire had highly influenced other cultures around the world.
Shawl makers in the Mughal Empire.
Mughal imperial carpet
March of the Great Moghul (Aurangzeb)
François Bernier, was a French physician and traveller, who for 12 years was the personal physician of Aurangzeb. He described his experiences in Travels in the Mughal Empire.
Map of the Mughal Empire by Vincenzo Coronelli (1650–1718) of Venice, who served as Royal Geographer to Louis XIV of France.
French map of the Deccan.
Half rupee
Rupee coin showing full name
Rupee with square area
A copper dam of Aurangzeb
A Mughal trooper in the Deccan.
Aurangzeb leads his final expedition (1705), leading an army of 500,000 troops.
Mughal-era aristocrat armed with a matchlock musket.
Aurangzeb, in later life, hunting with hounds and falconers

Tarabai Bhosale (Pronunciation: [t̪aːɾabaːi]; née Mohite) was the regent of the Maratha Empire of India from 1700 until 1708.

- Tarabai

As the regent, Tarabai took charge of the war against the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's forces.

- Tarabai

Upon his release from Mughal captivity, Shahu became the Maratha ruler after a brief struggle with his aunt Tarabai, with the help of Balaji Vishwanath.

- Maratha Empire

To nullify the alliance between his rebel son, Akbar, and the Marathas, Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb headed south in 1681.

- Maratha Empire

His successor Rajaram, later Rajaram's widow Tarabai and their Maratha forces fought individual battles against the forces of the Mughal Empire.

- Aurangzeb

Immediately after Bahadur Shah occupied the throne, the Maratha Empire – which Aurangzeb had held at bay, inflicting high human and monetary costs even on his own empire – consolidated and launched effective invasions of Mughal territory, seizing power from the weak emperor.

- Aurangzeb
A 1927 depiction of Tarabai in battle by noted Marathi painter M. V. Dhurandhar

3 related topics with Alpha


Rajaram I

2 links

A memorial atop Sinhgad Fort marking the place of death of Rajaram.

Rajaram Bhosle I (Pronunciation: [ɾaːd͡ʒaɾaːm]; c. 24 February 1670 – 3 March 1700) was the third Chhatrapati of Maratha Empire, who ruled from 1689 to his death in 1700.

He was succeeded by his infant son Shivaji II under the regentship of his widow Tarabai.

Aurangzeb deputed Ghazi-ud-din Firoze Jung against the Marathas in the Deccan, and specially sent Zulfiqar Khan Nusrat Jung to capture the Jingi Fort.

Shivaji's portrait (1680s) from the collection of British Museum


2 links

Indian ruler and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan.

Indian ruler and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan.

Shivaji's portrait (1680s) from the collection of British Museum
Shivneri Fort
South India at the turn of the 17th century
An early-20th-century painting by Sawlaram Haldankar of Shivaji fighting the Bijapuri general Afzal Khan
A 20th century depiction of Shivaji's surprise attack on Mughal general Shaista Khan in Pune by M.V. Dhurandhar
Raja Jai Singh of Amber receiving Shivaji a day before concluding the Treaty of Purandar
20th century depiction by M.V. Dhurandhar of Raja Shivaji at the court of Mughal Badshah, Aurangzeb.
Statue of Shivaji opposite Gateway of India in South Mumbai
20th century depiction of the Coronation Durbar with over 100 characters depicted in attendance by M.V. Dhurandhar
Sambhaji, Shivaji's elder son who succeeded him
Sajjangad, where Samarth Ramdas was invited by Shivaji to reside, is now a place of pilgrimage.
Royal seal of Shivaji
Suvela Machi, view of southern sub-plateaux, as seen from Ballekilla, Rajgad
Sindudurg Fort provided anchorages for Shivaji's Navy
Maratha Empire at its peak in 1758
An early-20th-century painting by M. V. Dhurandhar of Shivaji and Baji Prabhu at Pawan Khind
A miniature Bronze statue of Shivaji Maharaj in the collection of the Shri Bhavani Museum of Aundh
Statue of Shivaji at Raigad Fort
A replica of Raigad Fort built by children on occasion of Diwali as a tribute to Shivaji.

Shivaji carved out his own independent kingdom from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur which formed the genesis of the Maratha Empire.

Shivaji offered his assistance to Aurangzeb who then, was the Mughal viceroy of the Deccan and son of the Mughal emperor, in conquering Bijapur in return for formal recognition of his right to the Bijapuri forts and villages under his possession.

The period saw the capture, torture, and execution of Sambhaji in 1689, and the Marathas offering strong resistance under the leadership of Sambhaji's successor, Rajaram and then Rajaram's widow Tarabai.

A painting of Sambhaji, late 17th century


2 links

A painting of Sambhaji, late 17th century
Watan Patra (grant document), by Chh. Sambhaji

Sambhaji Bhosale (14 May 1657 – 11 March 1689) was the second Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire, ruling from 1681 to 1689.

He and his father Shivaji attended the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's court at Agra on 12 May 1666.

After his release Shahu had to fight a brief succession war with his aunt Tarabai, Rajaram's widow who claimed the throne for her own son, Shivaji II.