The Taj Mahal at Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India is the most famous example of Mughal Architecture and one of India's most recognisable landmarks in general,
Aurangzeb holding a hawk in c. 1660
Badshahi Mosque, in Lahore, Pakistan was the largest mosque in the world for 313 years, and is the last of the imperial mosques built by the Mughals
A painting from c. 1637 shows the brothers (left to right) Shah Shuja, Aurangzeb and Murad Baksh in their younger years.
The Alamgiri Gate at Lahore Fort, Lahore, Pakistan, was named for Aurangzeb, who was sometimes referred to as "Alamgir".
Indus Priest King Statue from Mohenjo-Daro.
The Mughal Army under the command of Aurangzeb recaptures Orchha in October 1635.
Bibi Ka Maqbara is a tomb in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, which was built by Aurangzeb in the memory of his wife, Dilras Banu Begum
A painting from Padshahnama depicts Prince Aurangzeb facing a maddened war elephant named Sudhakar.
The use of elephant-shaped column brackets at Lahore Fort reflects Hindu influences on Mughal Architecture during the reign of Akbar
Standing Buddha from Gandhara, Greco-Buddhist art, 1st–2nd century AD.
Sepoys loyal to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb maintain their positions around the palace, at Aurangabad, in 1658.
Gardens of Babur in Kabul, Afghanistan.
Badshahi Mosque, Lahore
Aurangzeb becomes emperor.
Islamia White Mosque
Clock Tower, Faisalabad, built by the British government in the 19th century
Mughal Empire under Aurangzeb in early 18th century
Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, India
Queen Elizabeth II was the last monarch of independent Pakistan, before it became a republic in 1956.
Aurangzeb compiled Hanafi law by introducing the Fatawa-e-Alamgiri.
Buland Darwaza, Agra was built by Akbar the Great to commemorate his victory.
Signing of the Tashkent Declaration to end hostilities with India in 1965 in Tashkent, USSR, by President Ayub alongside Bhutto (centre) and Aziz Ahmed (left)
Aurangzeb holding a flywhisk
The tomb of Shaikh Salim Chisti is considered to be one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture
President George W. Bush meets with President Musharraf in Islamabad during his 2006 visit to Pakistan.
Aurangzeb seated on a golden throne holding a Hawk in the Durbar. Standing before him is his son, Azam Shah.
Begum Shahi Mosque is Lahore's earliest dated Mughal period mosque
The Friday Prayers at the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore
Aurangzeb Receives Prince Mu'azzam. Chester Beatty Library
The tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah is often regarded as a draft of the Tāj Mahal.
A satellite image showing the topography of Pakistan
Dagger (Khanjar) of Aurangzeb (Badshah Alamgir).
The Tomb of Jahangir at Lahore does not have a dome as Jahangir forbade construction of a dome over his tomb.
Köppen climate classification of Pakistan
Manuscript of the Quran, parts of which are believed to have been written in Aurangzeb's own hand.
Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan, is considered to be the most ornately decorated Mughal-era mosque
Parliament House
The Birthday of the Grand Mogul Aurangzeb, made 1701–1708 by Johann Melchior Dinglinger.
The Shalimar Gardens, Lahore are among the most famous Mughal gardens.
Prime Minister's Office
Josiah Child requests a pardon from Aurangzeb during the Anglo-Mughal War.
The mosque's tile work exhibits Timurid influences introduced during Shah Jahan's campaigns in Central Asia.
Supreme Court of Pakistan
By 1690, Aurangzeb was acknowledged as: "emperor of the Mughal Sultanate from Cape Comorin to Kabul".
The central chamber of the Shahi Hammam is decorated with frescoes
President of Pakistan Ayub Khan with US President John F. Kennedy in 1961
Aurangzeb spent his reign crushing major and minor rebellions throughout the Mughal Empire.
Badshahi Masjid, Lahore, Pakistan was the largest mosque in the world for 313 years, and is now the second-largest mosque in the Indian subcontinent.
Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan at the 2019 Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit
The tomb of Akbar was pillaged by Jat rebels during the reign of Aurangzeb.
Lalbagh Fort in Dhaka is an incomplete fort built by Prince Azam Shah
Pakistan Prime Minister Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy with Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai signing the Treaty of Friendship Between China and Pakistan. Pakistan is host to China's largest embassy.
Aurangzeb leads the Mughal Army during the Battle of Satara.
The 18th-century Sunehri Mosque is named for its gilded domes.
The areas shown in green are the Pakistani-controlled areas.
Raja Shivaji at Aurangzeb's Darbar- M V Dhurandhar
The Darwaza-i-Rauza (Great Gate) of the Taj Mahal.
Hunza Valley in the Gilgit-Baltistan region is part of Pakistani-controlled Kashmir.
Aurangzeb reciting the Quran.
Jali decorative work at the Tomb of Salim Chishti, Fatehpur Sikri.
Pakistan Air Force's JF-17 Thunder flying in front of the 26660 ft Nanga Parbat
Aurangzeb dispatched his personal imperial guard during the campaign against the Satnami rebels.
Lahori Gate of the Red Fort, Delhi, India.
Statue of a bull outside the Pakistan Stock Exchange, Islamabad, Pakistan
Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Delhi is built at the place where Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded.
Jahangir's grave at the Tomb of Jahangir, decorated with parchin kari work.
Surface mining in Sindh. Pakistan has been termed the 'Saudi Arabia of Coal' by Forbes.
Zafarnama is the name given to the letter sent by the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh in 1705 to Aurangzeb. The letter is written in Persian script.
Tomb of Nithar Begum at Khusro Bagh, Allahabad, India.
Television assembly factory in Lahore. Pakistan's industrial sector accounts for about 20.3% of the GDP, and is dominated by small and medium-sized enterprises.
Aurangzeb in a pavilion with three courtiers below.
The shahada in Arabic calligraphy at the Wazir Khan Mosque, Lahore, Pakistan.
Rising skyline of Karachi with several under construction skyscrapers.
Bibi Ka Maqbara, the mausoleum of Aurangzeb's wife Dilras Banu Begum, was commissioned by him
Akbar's Tomb at Agra, India uses red sandstone and white marble, like many of the Mughal monuments. The Taj Mahal is a notable exception, as it uses only marble.
Lake Saiful Muluk, located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley, near the town of Naran in the Saiful Muluk National Park.
Aurangzeb's tomb in Khuldabad, Maharashtra.
Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of private audience) at Lahore Fort.
Badshahi Mosque was commissioned by the Mughals in 1671. It is listed as a World Heritage Site.
Aurangzeb reading the Quran
Shah Jahan Mosque in Thatta, Pakistan. The mosque is not built in the Mughal style, but reflects a heavy Persian influence.
Tarbela Dam, the largest earth filled dam in the world, was constructed in 1968.
The unmarked grave of Aurangzeb in the mausoleum at Khuldabad, Maharashtra.
One of the Tombs of Ustad-Shagird, Nakodar, India.
Pakistan produced 1,135 megawatts of renewable energy for the month of October 2016. Pakistan expects to produce 3,000 megawatts of renewable energy by the beginning of 2019.
Tughra and seal of Aurangzeb, on an imperial firman
The motorway passes through the Salt Range mountains
In the year 1689, according to Mughal accounts, Sambhaji was put on trial, found guilty of atrocities and executed.<ref>{{cite book |last=Mehta |first=J. L. |title=Advanced Study in the History of Modern India: Volume One: 1707{{snd}}1813 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=d1wUgKKzawoC&pg=PA50 |access-date=29 September 2012 |date=2005 |publisher=Sterling Publishers |isbn=978-1-932705-54-6 |pages=50–}}</ref><ref name="google2">{{cite book |last=Stein |first=Burton |author-link=Burton Stein |year=2010 |orig-year=First published 1998 |editor-last=Arnold |editor-first=David |editor-link=David Arnold (historian) |title=A History of India |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=QY4zdTDwMAQC&pg=PA180 |publisher=Blackwell Publishers |edition=2nd |page=180 |isbn=978-1-4051-9509-6}}</ref>
Karachi Cantonment railway station
Guru Tegh Bahadur was publicly executed in 1675 on the orders of Aurangzeb in Delhi<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/Sikh-Guru-Ji'/Sri-Guru-Tegh-Bhadur-Sahib-Ji.html |title=A Gateway to Sikhism {{!}} Sri Guru Tegh Bhadur Sahib |website=Gateway to Sikhism |access-date=28 October 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140327223831/http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/Sikh-Guru-Ji'/Sri-Guru-Tegh-Bhadur-Sahib-Ji.html#12 |archive-date=27 March 2014 |url-status=dead}}</ref>
Port of Karachi is one of South Asia's largest and busiest deep-water seaports, handling about 60% of the nation's cargo (25 million tons per annum)
Sarmad Kashani, a Jewish convert to Islam and Sufi mystic was accused of heresy and executed.<ref name="David Cook 2007">{{cite book |last=Cook |first=David |author-link=David Cook (historian) |year=2007 |title=Martyrdom in Islam |publisher=Cambridge University Press |page=80 |isbn=978-0-521-85040-7}}</ref>
Orange Line Metro Train, Lahore
Daulatabad cannon
Track of Islamabad-Rawalpindi Metrobus with adjoining station
Kalak Bangadi cannon.
Nagan Chowrangi Flyover, Karachi
One of the Daulatabad cannons
Central Library of University of Sargodha
Kilkila cannon
Literacy rate in Pakistan 1951–2018
Aurangabad cannon
Malala Yousafzai at the Women of the World festival in 2014.
Seventeenth-century Badshahi Masjid built by Aurangzeb in Lahore.
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Bibi ka Maqbara.
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Tomb of Sufi saint, Syed Abdul Rahim Shah Bukhari constructed by Aurangzeb.
Pakistan hosts the second largest refugee population globally after Turkey. An Afghan refugee girl near Tarbela Dam
Shawls manufactured in the Mughal Empire had highly influenced other cultures around the world.
Kalma Underpass, Lahore
Shawl makers in the Mughal Empire.
Faisal Mosque, built in 1986 by Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay on behalf of King Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz of Saudi Arabia
Mughal imperial carpet
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March of the Great Moghul (Aurangzeb)
Havana at Shri Hinglaj Mata temple shakti peetha, the largest Hindu pilgrimage centre in Pakistan. The annual Hinglaj Yathra is attended by more than 250,000 people.
François Bernier, was a French physician and traveller, who for 12 years was the personal physician of Aurangzeb. He described his experiences in Travels in the Mughal Empire.
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Map of the Mughal Empire by Vincenzo Coronelli (1650–1718) of Venice, who served as Royal Geographer to Louis XIV of France.
Sacred Heart Cathedral, Lahore
French map of the Deccan.
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Half rupee
Truck art is a distinctive feature of Pakistani culture.
Rupee coin showing full name
People in traditional clothing in Neelum District
Rupee with square area
Muhammad Iqbal, Pakistan's national poet who conceived the idea of Pakistan
A copper dam of Aurangzeb
The Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam is part of Pakistan's Sufi heritage.
A Mughal trooper in the Deccan.
Minar-e-Pakistan is a national monument marking Pakistan's independence movement.
Aurangzeb leads his final expedition (1705), leading an army of 500,000 troops.
Located on the bank of Arabian Sea in Karachi, Port Grand is one of the largest food streets of Asia.
Mughal-era aristocrat armed with a matchlock musket.
Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore is the 3rd largest cricket stadium in Pakistan with a seating capacity of 27,000 spectators.
Aurangzeb, in later life, hunting with hounds and falconers
President George W. Bush meets with President Musharraf in Islamabad during his 2006 visit to Pakistan.
Minar-e-Pakistan is a national monument marking Pakistan's independence movement.

The last of the great Mughal architects was Aurangzeb, who built the Badshahi Mosque, Bibi Ka Maqbara, Moti Masjid etc.

- Mughal architecture

In the region of modern-day Pakistan, key cities during the Mughal period were Lahore and Thatta, both of which were chosen as the site of impressive Mughal buildings.

- Pakistan

The Begum Shahi Mosque is an early 17th-century mosque situated in the Walled City of Lahore, Pakistan.

- Mughal architecture

Jinnah had developed a close association with the ulama and upon his death was described by one such alim, Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, as the greatest Muslim after Aurangzeb and as someone who desired to unite the Muslims of the world under the banner of Islam.

- Pakistan

Catherine Asher terms his architectural period as an "Islamization" of Mughal architecture.

- Aurangzeb

In Pakistan, author Haroon Khalid writes that, "Aurangzeb is presented as a hero who fought and expanded the frontiers of the Islamic empire" and "is imagined to be a true believer who removed corrupt practices from religion and the court, and once again purified the empire."

- Aurangzeb
The Taj Mahal at Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India is the most famous example of Mughal Architecture and one of India's most recognisable landmarks in general,

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Badshahi Mosque

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Badshahi Mosque stands across the Hazuri Bagh from Lahore Fort.
Badshahi Mosque is renowned for the carved marble and elaborate plasterwork that are used throughout the mosque's interior.
Entrance to the main prayer hall is through arches made of red sandstone city was made an imperial capital by the earlier Emperor, Akbar, who established the nearby Lahore Fort.
The Badshahi Mosque features a monumental gateway that faces the Hazuri Bagh quadrangle and Lahore Fort.
The Samadhi of Ranjit Singh (white edifice) is a Sikh shrine that was built next to the mosque in 1848.
Badshahi Mosque had fallen into disrepair after the city's Sikh rule
The mosque is heavily used during the Islamic month of Ramadan.
The mosque's interior is embellished with Mughal frescoes and carved marble.
The mosque's domes
The intricately painted entryway
The ceiling of the prayer hall is embellished with elegant floral frescoes and Middle-Eastern style muqarnas.
The mosque features intricate Mughal frescoes.
Badshahi Mosque Gate as viewed from the mosque's courtyard
Silhouette of the mosque's architectural elements
Badshahi Masjid
The mosque's southern view from Fort Street
The interior of the mosque is embellished with intricate floral motifs.
An example of Badshahi Mosque's intricate decoration.
The Tomb of Allama Iqbal is located immediately north of the mosque's monumental gateway
Light fixtures at the mosque
An evening view of the Badshahi Mosque.
The mosque at night
Side view
A view over the mosque's marble domes.
A view of Badshahi Mosque from the Alamgiri Gate.
The mosque's entry gateway connects the mosque to the Hazuri Bagh
Entry gate's design
View from Iqbal Park
alt=Panoramic view of Badshahi Mosque as seen from Food Street Fort Road|Panoramic view of Badshahi Mosque as seen from Food Street Fort Road

The Badshahi Mosque is a Mughal-era congregational mosque in Lahore, capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab, Pakistan.

The Badshahi Mosque was constructed by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb between 1671 and 1673 and was the largest mosque in the world from 1673 to 1986.

The mosque is an important example of Mughal architecture, with an exterior that is decorated with carved red sandstone with marble inlay.