Group portrait of Mughal rulers, from Babur to Aurangzeb, with the Mughal ancestor Timur seated in the middle. On the right: Shah Jahan, Akbar and Babur, with Abu Sa'id of Samarkand and Timur's son, Miran Shah. On the left: Aurangzeb, Jahangir and Humayun, and two of Timur's other offspring Umar Shaykh and Muhammad Sultan. Created c. 1707–12
Aurangzeb holding a hawk in c. 1660
Govardhan, Emperor Jahangir visiting the ascetic Jadrup, 1616–20
A painting from c. 1637 shows the brothers (left to right) Shah Shuja, Aurangzeb and Murad Baksh in their younger years.
The Emperor Shah Jahan standing on a globe, with a halo and European-style putti, c. 1618–19 to 1629.
The Mughal Army under the command of Aurangzeb recaptures Orchha in October 1635.
Abu'l Hasan, Emperor Jahangir at the Jharoka window of the Agra Fort, c. 1620, Aga Khan Museum
A painting from Padshahnama depicts Prince Aurangzeb facing a maddened war elephant named Sudhakar.
Nilgai by Ustad Mansur (fl. 1590–1624), who specialized in birds and animal studies for albums.
Sepoys loyal to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb maintain their positions around the palace, at Aurangabad, in 1658.
Babur Receives a Courtier by Farrukh Beg c. 1580–85. Opaque watercolor and gold on paper, painted and mounted within borders, from a Rawżat aṣ-ṣafāʾ. Still using the style of Persian miniature.
Aurangzeb becomes emperor.
Princes of the House of Timur, attributed to the Persian Abd as-Samad, c. 1550–1555, with additions in the next century under Jahangir.
Mughal Empire under Aurangzeb in early 18th century
Emperor Jahangir weighs Prince Khurram by Manohar Das, 1610–15, from Jahangir's own copy of the Tuzk-e-Jahangiri. The names of the main figures are noted on their clothes, and the artist shown at bottom. British Museum
Aurangzeb compiled Hanafi law by introducing the Fatawa-e-Alamgiri.
A durbar scene with the newly crowned Emperor Aurangzeb in his golden throne. Though he did not encourage Mughal painting, some of the best work was done during his reign.
Aurangzeb holding a flywhisk
The scribe and painter of a Khamsa of Nizami manuscript in the British Library, made for Akbar, 1610
Aurangzeb seated on a golden throne holding a Hawk in the Durbar. Standing before him is his son, Azam Shah.
Portrait of Akbar
Aurangzeb Receives Prince Mu'azzam. Chester Beatty Library
A noble lady, Mughal dynasty, India. 17th century. Color and gold on paper. Freer Gallery of Art F1907.219
Dagger (Khanjar) of Aurangzeb (Badshah Alamgir).
Nur Jahan
Manuscript of the Quran, parts of which are believed to have been written in Aurangzeb's own hand.
Shah Jahan on a terrace holding a pendant set with his portrait
The Birthday of the Grand Mogul Aurangzeb, made 1701–1708 by Johann Melchior Dinglinger.
Daud Khan Karrani receives a Kaftan of honor from Munim Khan
Josiah Child requests a pardon from Aurangzeb during the Anglo-Mughal War.
Victory of Ali Quli Khan on the river Gomti-Akbarnama, 1561
By 1690, Aurangzeb was acknowledged as: "emperor of the Mughal Sultanate from Cape Comorin to Kabul".
Mir Sayyid Ali's depiction of a young scholar in the Mughal Empire, reading and writing a commentary on the Quran, 1559.
Aurangzeb spent his reign crushing major and minor rebellions throughout the Mughal Empire.
Battle scene from the Hamzanama of Akbar, 1570
The tomb of Akbar was pillaged by Jat rebels during the reign of Aurangzeb.
The Submission of the rebel brothers Ali Quli and Bahadur Khan. Akbarnama, 1590–95<ref>{{cite web|last=Basawan & Chitra|url=|title=The Submission of the rebel brothers Ali Quli and Bahadur Khan-Akbarnama|date=1590–1595|work=Akbarnama}}</ref>
Aurangzeb leads the Mughal Army during the Battle of Satara.
Akbar riding the elephant Hawa'I pursuing another elephant across a collapsing bridge of boats (right), 1561
Raja Shivaji at Aurangzeb's Darbar- M V Dhurandhar
Pir Muhammad Drowns While Crossing the Narbada-Akbarnama, 1562
Aurangzeb reciting the Quran.
Akbar receiving his sons at Fatehpur Sikri. Akbarnama, 1573
Aurangzeb dispatched his personal imperial guard during the campaign against the Satnami rebels.
Alexander is Lowered into the Sea, from a Khamsa (Quintet) of Amir Khusrau Dihlavi c. 1597–98, attributed to Mukanda.<ref>{{Cite web|url=|title=Alexander is Lowered into the Sea||access-date=2018-12-14}}</ref>
Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Delhi is built at the place where Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded.
Balchand,<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Smart|first=Ellen|date=1999|title=The Death of Ināyat Khān by the Mughal Artist Bālchand|journal=Artibus Asiae. Supplementum|volume=58|pages=273-279|issn=1423-0526|jstor=3250020}}</ref> The Dying Inayat Khan, c. 1618, Bodleian Library, Oxford
Zafarnama is the name given to the letter sent by the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh in 1705 to Aurangzeb. The letter is written in Persian script.
Mughal Prince visits a Holy Man
Aurangzeb in a pavilion with three courtiers below.
A Mughal prince and ladies in a garden, 18th century
Bibi Ka Maqbara, the mausoleum of Aurangzeb's wife Dilras Banu Begum, was commissioned by him
A young woman playing a Veena to a parakeet, a symbol of her absent lover. 18th-century painting in the provincial Mughal style of Bengal
Aurangzeb's tomb in Khuldabad, Maharashtra.
Female performer with a tanpura, 18th century. Color and gold on paper. Freer Gallery of Art F1907.195
Aurangzeb reading the Quran
Ascetic Seated on Leopard's Skin, late 18th century
The unmarked grave of Aurangzeb in the mausoleum at Khuldabad, Maharashtra.
Mughal Ganjifa playing cards, early 19th century, with miniature paintings – courtesy of the Wovensouls collection
Tughra and seal of Aurangzeb, on an imperial firman
The figural decoration of this example shows a strong relationship to paintings of the 17th century.<ref>{{Cite web|url=||access-date=2018-12-17|title=Box with Scenes of an Emperor Receiving Gifts, early to mid-17th century}}</ref>
In the year 1689, according to Mughal accounts, Sambhaji was put on trial, found guilty of atrocities and executed.<ref>{{cite book |last=Mehta |first=J. L. |title=Advanced Study in the History of Modern India: Volume One: 1707{{snd}}1813 |url= |access-date=29 September 2012 |date=2005 |publisher=Sterling Publishers |isbn=978-1-932705-54-6 |pages=50–}}</ref><ref name="google2">{{cite book |last=Stein |first=Burton |author-link=Burton Stein |year=2010 |orig-year=First published 1998 |editor-last=Arnold |editor-first=David |editor-link=David Arnold (historian) |title=A History of India |url= |publisher=Blackwell Publishers |edition=2nd |page=180 |isbn=978-1-4051-9509-6}}</ref>
Guru Tegh Bahadur was publicly executed in 1675 on the orders of Aurangzeb in Delhi<ref>{{Cite web |url='/Sri-Guru-Tegh-Bhadur-Sahib-Ji.html |title=A Gateway to Sikhism {{!}} Sri Guru Tegh Bhadur Sahib |website=Gateway to Sikhism |access-date=28 October 2018 |archive-url='/Sri-Guru-Tegh-Bhadur-Sahib-Ji.html#12 |archive-date=27 March 2014 |url-status=dead}}</ref>
Sarmad Kashani, a Jewish convert to Islam and Sufi mystic was accused of heresy and executed.<ref name="David Cook 2007">{{cite book |last=Cook |first=David |author-link=David Cook (historian) |year=2007 |title=Martyrdom in Islam |publisher=Cambridge University Press |page=80 |isbn=978-0-521-85040-7}}</ref>
Daulatabad cannon
Kalak Bangadi cannon.
One of the Daulatabad cannons
Kilkila cannon
Aurangabad cannon
Seventeenth-century Badshahi Masjid built by Aurangzeb in Lahore.
Bibi ka Maqbara.
Tomb of Sufi saint, Syed Abdul Rahim Shah Bukhari constructed by Aurangzeb.
Shawls manufactured in the Mughal Empire had highly influenced other cultures around the world.
Shawl makers in the Mughal Empire.
Mughal imperial carpet
March of the Great Moghul (Aurangzeb)
François Bernier, was a French physician and traveller, who for 12 years was the personal physician of Aurangzeb. He described his experiences in Travels in the Mughal Empire.
Map of the Mughal Empire by Vincenzo Coronelli (1650–1718) of Venice, who served as Royal Geographer to Louis XIV of France.
French map of the Deccan.
Half rupee
Rupee coin showing full name
Rupee with square area
A copper dam of Aurangzeb
A Mughal trooper in the Deccan.
Aurangzeb leads his final expedition (1705), leading an army of 500,000 troops.
Mughal-era aristocrat armed with a matchlock musket.
Aurangzeb, in later life, hunting with hounds and falconers

During the reigns of Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb, the dynasty reached its zenith in terms of geographical extent, economy, military and cultural influence.

- Mughal dynasty

Mughal painting, architecture, culture, clothing, cuisine and Urdu language; all were flourished during Mughal era.

- Mughal dynasty

1628 – 1658)), who hailed from the Mughal house of the Timurid dynasty.

- Aurangzeb

Other large projects included biographies or memoirs of the Mughal dynasty.

- Mughal painting

Aurangzeb (1658–1707) was never an enthusiastic patron of painting, largely for religious reasons, and took a turn away from the pomp and ceremonial of the court around 1668, after which he probably commissioned no more paintings.

- Mughal painting

Aurangzeb had a more austere nature than his predecessors, and greatly reduced imperial patronage of the figurative Mughal miniature.

- Aurangzeb
Group portrait of Mughal rulers, from Babur to Aurangzeb, with the Mughal ancestor Timur seated in the middle. On the right: Shah Jahan, Akbar and Babur, with Abu Sa'id of Samarkand and Timur's son, Miran Shah. On the left: Aurangzeb, Jahangir and Humayun, and two of Timur's other offspring Umar Shaykh and Muhammad Sultan. Created c. 1707–12

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