Australia

🇦🇺AUSAustralianAustralian stateCommonwealthAUCommonwealth of AustraliaWestern AustraliaAustralian GovernmentCommonwealth Government
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.wikipedia
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Australia (continent)

AustraliaAustralian continentSahul
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The continent of Australia, sometimes known in technical contexts by the names Sahul, Australinea or Meganesia to distinguish it from the country of Australia, consists of the land masses which sit on Australia's continental plate.

Tasmania

TasVan Diemen's LandTasmanian
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Tasmania (abbreviated as TAS and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.

List of islands of Australia

List of islands of QueenslandList of islands of New South WalesList of islands of Tasmania
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Australia has 8,222 islands within its maritime borders.

Canberra

Canberra, AustraliaCanberra, ACTCanberra, Australian Capital Territory
Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney.
is the capital city of Australia.

List of cities in Australia by population

most populous citythird most populous city14th overall
Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney.
This list of Australian cities by population provides rankings of Australian cities according to various systems defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

New Zealand

🇳🇿NZLNZ
The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.
New Zealand is situated some 1500 km east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1000 km south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga.

Sydney

Sydney, AustraliaSydney, New South WalesGreater Metropolitan Sydney
Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

Melbourne

Melbourne, AustraliaMelbourne, VictoriaMelbourne, VIC
The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

Brisbane

Brisbane, QueenslandBrisbane, AustraliaBrisbane, QLD
The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
Brisbane is the capital of and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia.

Perth

Perth, AustraliaPerth, Western AustraliaPerth, WA
The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
It is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.04 million living in Greater Perth.

Indonesia

🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Adelaide

Adelaide, South AustraliaAdelaide metropolitan areaAdelaide, Australia
The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
Adelaide is home to more than 75 percent of the South Australian population, making it the most centralised population of any state in Australia.

East Timor

Timor-LesteTimor LesteTimorese
The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.
Australia is the country's southern neighbour, separated by the Timor Sea.

History of Australia (1788–1850)

European settlementBritish settlementcolonisation of Australia
Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century.
The history of Australia from 1788–1850 covers the early colonial period of Australia's history, from the arrival in 1788 of the First Fleet of British ships at Sydney, New South Wales, who established the penal colony, the scientific exploration of the continent and later, establishment of other Australian colonies.

List of cities in Australia

citiesAustralian citiesCity
The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
This is a list of cities in Australia arranged by state.

Janszoon voyage of 1605–06

1606his 1605–6 voyagea voyage of discovery
After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day.
Willem Janszoon made the first recorded European landing on the Australian continent in 1606, sailing from Bantam, Java, in the Duyfken.

Oceania

South PacificPacificOceanic
It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area.
As an ecozone, Oceania includes all of Micronesia, Fiji, and all of Polynesia except New Zealand. New Zealand, along with New Guinea and nearby islands, part of the Philippine islands, Australia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia, constitute the separate Australasian ecozone.

List of mountains in Australia

List of mountains in VictoriaList of mountains in New South WalesList of mountains of New South Wales
A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east.
This is a list of mountains in Australia.

Forests of Australia

Australian native forestsForestryforests
A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east.
Australia has many forests of importance due to significant features, despite being one of the driest continents.

Banking in Australia

banksbankingbanks in Australia
Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking and manufacturing.
Banking in Australia is dominated by four major banks: Commonwealth Bank of Australia, Westpac Banking Corporation, Australia and New Zealand Banking Group, and National Australia Bank.

Deserts of Australia

desertAustralian desertsdeserts
A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east.
Named deserts of Australia cover 1371000 km2, or 18% of the Australian mainland.

Penal transportation

transportedtransportationtransporting
After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day.
Transportation on a large scale resumed with the departure of the First Fleet to Australia in 1787, and continued there until 1868.

Papua New Guinea

🇵🇬PNGNew Guinea
The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.
With the Papua Act 1905, the UK transferred this territory to the newly formed Commonwealth of Australia, which took on its administration.

ANZUS

alliance with the United StatesANZUS TreatyAustralia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty
Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism.
The Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty (ANZUS or ANZUS Treaty) is the 1951 collective security non-binding agreement between Australia and New Zealand and, separately, Australia and the United States, to co-operate on military matters in the Pacific Ocean region, although today the treaty is taken to relate to conflicts worldwide.

Australian English

EnglishAustralianAustralia
The name Australia (pronounced in Australian English ) is derived from the Latin Terra Australis ("southern land"), a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times.
Australian English (AuE; en-AU) is the set of varieties of the English language native to Australia.