Auteur

auteur theoryauteursauteuristauteur cinemaauteur filmsauteur directorauteur filmfilmmakerau-teursauteurism
An auteur (, 'author') is an artist, such as a film director, who applies a highly centralized and subjective control to many aspects of a collaborative creative work; in other words, a person equivalent to an author of a novel or a play.wikipedia
362 Related Articles

Alexandre Astruc

Auteurism originated in the French film criticism of the late 1940s as a value system that derives from the film criticism approach of André Bazin and Alexandre Astruc—dubbed auteur theory by the American critic Andrew Sarris.
His contribution to the auteur theory centers on his notion of the caméra-stylo or "camera-pen" and the idea that directors should wield their cameras like writers use their pens.

Andrew Sarris

Sarris, Andrew Sarris, Andrew
Auteurism originated in the French film criticism of the late 1940s as a value system that derives from the film criticism approach of André Bazin and Alexandre Astruc—dubbed auteur theory by the American critic Andrew Sarris.
Andrew Sarris (October 31, 1928 – June 20, 2012) was an American film critic, a leading proponent of the auteur theory of film criticism.

Film director

directordirectedfilm
An auteur (, 'author') is an artist, such as a film director, who applies a highly centralized and subjective control to many aspects of a collaborative creative work; in other words, a person equivalent to an author of a novel or a play.
Under European Union law, the director is viewed as the author of the film.

French New Wave

New Wavenouvelle vagueLeft Bank
The concept was invented to distinguish French New Wave filmmakers from studio-system directors that were part of the Hollywood establishment, and has since been applied to producers of popular music as well as to video game creators.
By means of criticism and editorialization, they laid the groundwork for a set of concepts, revolutionary at the time, which the American film critic Andrew Sarris called auteur theory.

François Truffaut

TruffautFrancois Truffaut
In François Truffaut's 1954 essay "Une certaine tendance du cinéma français" ("A certain tendency in French cinema"), he criticized the prevailing "Cinema of Quality" trend in French cinema, saying that filmmakers were being unadventurous by adapting literary classics into unimaginative films.
He supported Bazin in the development of one of the most influential theories of cinema itself, the auteur theory.

André Bazin

Andre BazinBazinBazinian
Auteurism originated in the French film criticism of the late 1940s as a value system that derives from the film criticism approach of André Bazin and Alexandre Astruc—dubbed auteur theory by the American critic Andrew Sarris.
This idea had a pivotal importance in the development of the auteur theory, the manifesto for which François Truffaut's article, "A Certain Tendency of the French Cinema", was published by his mentor Bazin in Cahiers in 1954.

New Hollywood

American New Wave1970s Hollywoodanti-establishment film
Known as the New Hollywood era, these directors were given increased control over their projects.
In New Hollywood films, the film director, rather than the studio, took on a key authorial role.

Orson Welles

WellesWellesianWelles, Orson
In her 1971 essay Raising Kane (1971), on Orson Welles's Citizen Kane, she points out how the film made extensive use of the distinctive talents of co-writer Herman J. Mankiewicz and cinematographer Gregg Toland.
He has been praised as "the ultimate auteur".

Cahiers du cinéma

Cahiers du CinemaLes Cahiers du CinémaCahiers du cinéma Japon
The French magazine Cahiers du cinéma was founded in 1951 and quickly became a focal point for discussion on the role of directors in cinema.
The article was the manifesto for the politique des Auteurs, the Young Turks' emphasis on the importance of the director in the creation of a film, which Andrew Sarris later termed the auteur theory, resulting in the re-evaluation of Hollywood films and directors such as Hitchcock, Hawks, Jerry Lewis, Robert Aldrich, Nicholas Ray, and Fritz Lang.

Heaven's Gate (film)

Heaven's GateHeaven’s GateHeaven
The phase came to end in the 1980s, when high-profile financial failures like Heaven's Gate prompted studios to reassert control.
There were major setbacks in the film's production due to cost and time overruns, negative press (including allegations of animal abuse on-set) and rumors about Cimino's allegedly authoritarian directorial style; the film resultantly opened to scathing reviews, earning only $3.5 million domestically (from an estimated $44 million budget), eventually causing its parent studio, United Artists, to collapse, and effectively destroying the reputation of Cimino, previously a rising Hollywood auteur from the success of his 1978 film The Deer Hunter, winner of the Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Director in 1979.

Author

authorswriterauthorship
An auteur (, 'author') is an artist, such as a film director, who applies a highly centralized and subjective control to many aspects of a collaborative creative work; in other words, a person equivalent to an author of a novel or a play.
Auteur

Pauline Kael

KaelKael, PaulinePauline Kael Breakout Award
Pauline Kael was an early opponent and she debated it with Andrew Sarris in the pages of The New Yorker and various film magazines.
The essay extended Kael's dispute of the auteur theory, arguing that Herman J. Mankiewicz, co-author of the screenplay, was virtually the sole author of the script and the film's actual guiding force.

Jerry Lewis

The Jerry Lewis Showfilms of Jerry LewisJerry-Lewis
From 1960, with his first self-directed film The Bellboy, Jerry Lewis was one of the earliest Hollywood studio-system actor-turned-directors to be critiqued as an auteur.
His involvement in directing, writing, editing and art direction coincided with the rise of auteur theory in French intellectual film criticism and the French New Wave movement.

Jean-Luc Godard

GodardGodardianJean Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard said, “Jerry Lewis...is the only one in Hollywood doing something different, the only one who isn’t falling in with the established categories, the norms, the principles.
The film's importance was recognized immediately and in January 1960, Godard won the Jean Vigo Prize, awarded " to encourage an auteur of the future".

Raising Kane

1971 essay on ''Citizen KaneThe Citizen Kane Book
In her 1971 essay Raising Kane (1971), on Orson Welles's Citizen Kane, she points out how the film made extensive use of the distinctive talents of co-writer Herman J. Mankiewicz and cinematographer Gregg Toland.
The essay became an extension of her dispute with critic Andrew Sarris, leading proponent of the auteur theory.

Phil Spector

Spector[Phil] SpectorSpectorian
From the 1960s, Phil Spector is considered the first auteur among producers of popular music.
Spector is considered the first auteur among musical artists for the unprecedented freedom and control he had over every phase of the recording process.

Brian Wilson

BrianWilson[Brian Wilson
Another early pop music auteur was the Beach Boys' multi-tasking leader Brian Wilson, who himself was mentored by Spector.
He is considered a major innovator in the field of music production, the principal originator of the California Sound, one of the first music producer auteurs, and the first rock producer to use the studio as its own instrument.

Hideo Kojima

[Hideo] Kojima
Japanese developer Hideo Kojima (Metal Gear series) is considered to be the first auteur of video games.
Regarded as an auteur of video games, during his childhood and adolescence he developed a strong passion for action/adventure cinema and literature.

Schreiber theory

In his 2006 book, Kipen coined the term Schreiber theory to refer to the theory that the screenwriter is the principal author of a film.
In his 2006 book The Schreiber Theory: A Radical Rewrite of American Film History, Kipen says that the influential 1950s-era auteur theory has wrongly skewed analysis towards a director-centred view of film.

Citizen Kane

RosebudCharles Foster KaneCitizen Kane (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
In her 1971 essay Raising Kane (1971), on Orson Welles's Citizen Kane, she points out how the film made extensive use of the distinctive talents of co-writer Herman J. Mankiewicz and cinematographer Gregg Toland.
The popularity of Truffaut's auteur theory helped the film's and Welles's reputation.

Fumito Ueda

Other auters include Tetsuya Nomura (Final Fantasy series), Fumito Ueda (Ico, Shadow of the Colossus, The Last Guardian), Jon Van Caneghem (Might and Magic series), Hidetaka Miyazaki (Souls series), and Ragnar Tørnquist.
He has been described by some as a video game auteur.

Howard Hawks

Howard Hawk[Howard] HawksHawks
His singular mis-en-scene, and skill behind the camera, was aligned with Howard Hawks, Alfred Hitchcock and Satyajit Ray.
Hawks has been considered by some film critics to be an auteur both because of his recognizable style and frequent use of specific thematic elements, and because of his attention to all aspects of his films, not merely directing.

Recording studio as an instrument

studio experimentationstudio as an instrumentapproached the studio as an instrument
Wilson became the first rock producer to use the studio as a discrete instrument, thus making the Beach Boys one of the first rock groups to exert studio control.
* English producer Joe Meek is considered one of the most influential engineers of all time, being one of the first to exploit the use of recording studios as instruments, and one of the first producers to assert an individual identity as an artist.

Vulgar auteurism

Vulgar auteurism
Vulgar auteurism derives its name from the auteur theory, a key component of film criticism which posits that the director is the author ("auteur") of a film and that films should be analyzed in terms of how they fit into a director's larger body of work.

The Last Guardian

Hitokui no Ōwashi Trico
Other auters include Tetsuya Nomura (Final Fantasy series), Fumito Ueda (Ico, Shadow of the Colossus, The Last Guardian), Jon Van Caneghem (Might and Magic series), Hidetaka Miyazaki (Souls series), and Ragnar Tørnquist.
GamesIndustry.bizs Rob Fahey considered that both The Last Guardian and Final Fantasy XV, which also had a protracted development cycle lasting nearly a decade, represent the last remnants of game development practices from the early 2000s, challenged by the rise of mobile gaming, independent game development, and more efficient software development practices that change the nature and role of auteurs like Ueda and Final Fantasys Tetsuya Nomura in game development.