Auteur

auteur theoryauteursauteur cinemaauteuristauteur filmsauteur filmauteurismfilmmakerau-teursauteur director
An auteur (, 'author') is an artist, usually a film director, who applies a highly centralized and subjective control to many aspects of a collaborative creative work; in other words, a person equivalent to an author of a novel or a play.wikipedia
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Alexandre Astruc

Auteurism originated in the French film criticism of the late 1940s as a value system that derives from the film criticism approach of André Bazin and Alexandre Astruc—dubbed auteur theory by the American critic Andrew Sarris.
His contribution to the auteur theory centers on his notion of the caméra-stylo or "camera-pen" and the idea that directors should wield their cameras like writers use their pens.

Andrew Sarris

Sarris, Andrew Sarris, Andrew
Auteurism originated in the French film criticism of the late 1940s as a value system that derives from the film criticism approach of André Bazin and Alexandre Astruc—dubbed auteur theory by the American critic Andrew Sarris.
Andrew Sarris (October 31, 1928 – June 20, 2012) was an American film critic, a leading proponent of the auteur theory of film criticism.

Film director

directordirectedfilm
An auteur (, 'author') is an artist, usually a film director, who applies a highly centralized and subjective control to many aspects of a collaborative creative work; in other words, a person equivalent to an author of a novel or a play.
Under European Union law, the director is viewed as the author of the film.

French New Wave

Nouvelle VagueNew WaveLeft Bank
The concept was invented to distinguish French New Wave filmmakers from studio-system directors that were part of the Hollywood establishment, and has since been applied to producers of popular music as well as to video game creators.
By means of criticism and editorialization, they laid the groundwork for a set of concepts, revolutionary at the time, which the American film critic Andrew Sarris called auteur theory.

New Hollywood

American New Wave1970s Hollywoodanti-establishment film
Known as the New Hollywood era, these directors were given increased control over their projects.
In New Hollywood films, the film director, rather than the studio, took on a key authorial role.

François Truffaut

Francois TruffautTruffautFrancois Truffault
François Truffaut criticized the prevailing "Cinema of Quality" trend in France in his 1954 essay Une certaine tendance du cinéma français ("A certain tendency in French cinema").
He supported Bazin in the development of one of the most influential theories of cinema itself, the auteur theory.

André Bazin

Andre BazinBazinBazinian
Auteurism originated in the French film criticism of the late 1940s as a value system that derives from the film criticism approach of André Bazin and Alexandre Astruc—dubbed auteur theory by the American critic Andrew Sarris.
This idea had a pivotal importance in the development of the auteur theory, the manifesto for which François Truffaut's article, "A Certain Tendency of the French Cinema", was published by his mentor Bazin in Cahiers in 1954.

Orson Welles

WellesWellesianWelles, Orson
In her 1971 essay Raising Kane (1971), on Orson Welles's Citizen Kane, she points out how the film made extensive use of the distinctive talents of co-writer Herman J. Mankiewicz and cinematographer Gregg Toland.
He has been praised as "the ultimate auteur".

Heaven's Gate (film)

Heaven's GateHeaven’s GateHeaven
The phase came to end in the 1980s, when high-profile financial failures like Heaven's Gate prompted studios to reassert control.
There were major setbacks in the film's production due to cost overruns, endless retakes, negative press (including allegations of animal abuse on-set) and rumors about Cimino's allegedly authoritarian directorial style; the film resultantly opened to scathing reviews, earning only $3.5 million domestically (from an estimated $44 million budget), eventually contributing to the management problems of its parent studio, United Artists, and effectively destroying Cimino's reputation as a filmmaker, previously a rising auteur from the success of his 1978 film The Deer Hunter, winner of the Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Director in 1979.

Cahiers du cinéma

Cahiers du CinemaLes Cahiers du CinémaCahiers du cinéma Japon
The French magazine Cahiers du cinéma was founded in 1951 and quickly became a focal point for discussion on the role of directors in cinema.
The article was the manifesto for the politique des Auteurs, the Young Turks' emphasis on the importance of the director in the creation of a film, which Andrew Sarris later termed the auteur theory, resulting in the re-evaluation of Hollywood films and directors such as Hitchcock, Hawks, Jerry Lewis, Robert Aldrich, Nicholas Ray, and Fritz Lang.

Pauline Kael

KaelKael, PaulinePauline Kael Breakout Award
Pauline Kael was an early opponent and she debated it with Andrew Sarris in the pages of The New Yorker and various film magazines.
The essay extended Kael's dispute of the auteur theory, arguing that Herman J. Mankiewicz, co-author of the screenplay, was virtually the sole author of the script and the film's actual guiding force.

Author

authorsauthorshipwriter
An auteur (, 'author') is an artist, usually a film director, who applies a highly centralized and subjective control to many aspects of a collaborative creative work; in other words, a person equivalent to an author of a novel or a play.

Jerry Lewis

The Jerry Lewis Showfilms of Jerry LewisJerry-Lewis
From 1960, with his first self-directed film The Bellboy, Jerry Lewis was one of the earliest Hollywood studio-system actor-turned-directors to be critiqued as an auteur.
His involvement in directing, writing, editing and art direction coincided with the rise of auteur theory in French intellectual film criticism and the French New Wave movement.

Phil Spector

Spector[Phil] SpectorAnnette Records
From the 1960s, record producer Phil Spector is considered the first auteur among producers of popular music.
Spector is considered the first auteur among musical artists for the unprecedented freedom and control he had over every phase of the recording process.

Jean-Luc Godard

GodardJean Luc GodardGodardian
Jean-Luc Godard said, “Jerry Lewis...is the only one in Hollywood doing something different, the only one who isn’t falling in with the established categories, the norms, the principles.
The film's importance was recognized immediately and in January 1960, Godard won the Jean Vigo Prize, awarded " to encourage an auteur of the future".

Brian Wilson

BrianBedroom TapesWilson
Another early pop music auteur was the producer-songwriter Brian Wilson, who himself was mentored by Spector.
He is considered a major innovator in the field of music production, the principal originator of the California Sound, one of the first music producer auteurs, and the first rock producer to use the studio as its own instrument.

Raising Kane

1971 essay on ''Citizen KaneThe Citizen Kane Book
In her 1971 essay Raising Kane (1971), on Orson Welles's Citizen Kane, she points out how the film made extensive use of the distinctive talents of co-writer Herman J. Mankiewicz and cinematographer Gregg Toland.
The essay became an extension of her dispute with critic Andrew Sarris, leading proponent of the auteur theory.

Hideo Kojima

[Hideo] KojimaProject 'S
Japanese developer Hideo Kojima (Metal Gear series) is considered to be the first auteur of video games.
Regarded as an auteur of video games, he developed a strong passion for action/adventure cinema and literature during his childhood and adolescence.

Schreiber theory

In his 2006 book, Kipen coined the term Schreiber theory to refer to the theory that the screenwriter is the principal author of a film.
In his 2006 book The Schreiber Theory: A Radical Rewrite of American Film History, Kipen says that the influential 1950s-era auteur theory has wrongly skewed analysis towards a director-centred view of film.

Fumito Ueda

Those who have been described as auteurs from Japan include Tetsuya Nomura (Final Fantasy, Kingdom Hearts series), Fumito Ueda (Ico, Shadow of the Colossus, The Last Guardian), Shigeru Miyamoto (Mario series, The Legend of Zelda series), Goichi "Suda51" Suda (Killer7, No More Heroes series), Hidetaka Miyazaki (Souls series), Hironobu Sakaguchi (Final Fantasy series creator), Yu Suzuki (Out Run, After Burner series, Virtua Fighter series, Shenmue series), and Yasumi Matsuno (Ogre Battle, Vagrant Story, Final Fantasy Tactics series).
He has been described by some as a video game auteur.

Citizen Kane

RosebudCharles Foster KaneCitizen Kane (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
In her 1971 essay Raising Kane (1971), on Orson Welles's Citizen Kane, she points out how the film made extensive use of the distinctive talents of co-writer Herman J. Mankiewicz and cinematographer Gregg Toland.
The popularity of Truffaut's auteur theory helped the film's and Welles's reputation.

Howard Hawks

Howard Hawk[Howard] HawksHawks
His singular mis-en-scene, and skill behind the camera, was aligned with Howard Hawks, Alfred Hitchcock and Satyajit Ray.
Hawks has been considered by some film critics to be an auteur both because of his recognizable style and frequent use of specific thematic elements, and because of his attention to all aspects of his films, not merely directing.

Hidetaka Miyazaki

Those who have been described as auteurs from Japan include Tetsuya Nomura (Final Fantasy, Kingdom Hearts series), Fumito Ueda (Ico, Shadow of the Colossus, The Last Guardian), Shigeru Miyamoto (Mario series, The Legend of Zelda series), Goichi "Suda51" Suda (Killer7, No More Heroes series), Hidetaka Miyazaki (Souls series), Hironobu Sakaguchi (Final Fantasy series creator), Yu Suzuki (Out Run, After Burner series, Virtua Fighter series, Shenmue series), and Yasumi Matsuno (Ogre Battle, Vagrant Story, Final Fantasy Tactics series).
His work in the Souls series has been seen as influential, with him winning a lifetime achievement award and generally being called an auteur of video games.

Vulgar auteurism

Vulgar auteurism, introduced by writer Andrew Tracy in an article for CinemaScope, derives its name from the auteur theory, a key component of film criticism which posits that the director is the author ("auteur") of a film and that films should be analyzed in terms of how they fit into a director's larger body of work.

Shigeru Miyamoto

dancing manDonkey KongMiyamoto
Those who have been described as auteurs from Japan include Tetsuya Nomura (Final Fantasy, Kingdom Hearts series), Fumito Ueda (Ico, Shadow of the Colossus, The Last Guardian), Shigeru Miyamoto (Mario series, The Legend of Zelda series), Goichi "Suda51" Suda (Killer7, No More Heroes series), Hidetaka Miyazaki (Souls series), Hironobu Sakaguchi (Final Fantasy series creator), Yu Suzuki (Out Run, After Burner series, Virtua Fighter series, Shenmue series), and Yasumi Matsuno (Ogre Battle, Vagrant Story, Final Fantasy Tactics series).
Calling him one of the few "video-game auteurs," The New Yorker credited Miyamoto's role in creating the franchises that drove console sales, as well as designing the consoles themselves.