Automotive lighting

taillightturn signalturn signalsfog lampsindicatorsbrake lightfog lightstail lighttaillightsfog lamp
The lighting system of a motor vehicle consists of lighting and signalling devices mounted or integrated to the front, rear, sides, and in some cases the top of a motor vehicle.wikipedia
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Emergency vehicle lighting

lightbarlight barbeacons
Emergency vehicles usually carry distinctive lighting equipment to warn drivers and indicate priority of movement in traffic.
These lights may be dedicated emergency lights, such as a beacon or a light bar, or may be modified stock lighting, such as a wig-wag or hide-away light, and are additional to any standard lighting on the car such as hazard lights.

Florence Lawrence

Silent film star Florence Lawrence is often credited with designing the first "auto signaling arm", a predecessor to the modern turn signal, along with the first mechanical brake signal.
Besides her film career Lawrence is credited with designing the first "auto signaling arm", a predecessor to the modern turn signal, along with the first mechanical brake signal.

Selective yellow

selective-yellowyellow
With some regional exceptions, lamps facing rearward must emit red light, lamps facing sideward and all turn signals must emit amber light, while lamps facing frontward must emit white or selective yellow light. They may produce white or selective yellow light, and were designed for use at low speed to increase the illumination directed towards the road surface and verges in conditions of poor visibility due to rain, fog, dust or snow.
Selective yellow is a colour for automotive lamps, particularly headlamps and other road-illumination lamps such as fog lamps.

Daytime running lamp

daytime running lightsDRLDRLs
Front, side, and rear position lamps are permitted, required, or forbidden to illuminate in combination with daytime running lamps, depending on the jurisdiction and the DRL implementation.
A daytime running lamp (DRL, also daytime running light) is an automotive lighting and bicycle lighting device on the front of a roadgoing motor vehicle or bicycle, automatically switched on when the vehicle is in drive, emitting white, yellow, or amber light to increase the conspicuity of the vehicle during daylight conditions.

Mercedes-Benz E-Class (W210)

W210W210 E-ClassMercedes-Benz E-Class
Mercedes-Benz introduced the side turn signal repeaters integrated into the side view mirror in 1998, starting with its facelifted E-Class (W210).
Exterior changes included a revised front with a steeper rake, similar to the CLK, and restyled bumpers and lower body trim; additionally, sedans received new taillights, while the wagon's tailgate was redesigned, moving the CHMSL from the base of the rear window to directly above it in the underside of a small integral spoiler lip.

Wing mirror

side mirrormirrorsside-view mirror
Mercedes-Benz introduced the side turn signal repeaters integrated into the side view mirror in 1998, starting with its facelifted E-Class (W210).
Increasingly, the side mirror incorporates the vehicle's turn signal repeaters.

Light-emitting diode

LEDLEDslight emitting diodes
In 1993, the first LED tail lamps were installed on mass-production automobiles.
Light-emitting diodes are used in applications as diverse as aviation lighting, automotive headlamps, advertising, general lighting, traffic signals, camera flashes, lighted wallpaper and medical devices.

LED lamp

LEDLED lightingLED lights
LED headlamps were introduced in the first decade of the 21st century.
LED automotive lamps are widely used for their long life and small size.

Left- and right-hand traffic

right-hand driveleftleft-hand drive
The UK was the only country to require such dim-dip systems, though vehicles so equipped were sold in other Commonwealth countries with left-hand traffic.
In the European Union, vehicles must be equipped with one or two red rear fog lamps.

Imperial (automobile)

ImperialChryslerChrysler Imperial
They were factory fitted to 1965–1971-model Ford Thunderbirds, to 1967–1973 Mercury Cougars, to Shelby Mustangs between 1967 and 1970, to 1969 Imperials, to the Japanese-market 1971–1972 Nissan Cedric, and to Ford Mustangs since 2010.
Only this year the Imperial featured sequential turn signals.

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 108

FMVSS 108Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 108Federal auto safety standards
It is contained in Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 108 (FMVSS / CMVSS 108).
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 108 (FMVSS 108) regulates all automotive lighting, signalling and reflective devices in the United States.

Light

visible lightvisiblelight source
The lighting system of a motor vehicle consists of lighting and signalling devices mounted or integrated to the front, rear, sides, and in some cases the top of a motor vehicle.
Automotive lighting

Hand signals

hand signal
Alternative systems of hand signals were used earlier, and remain common for bicycles.
In some countries (such as in the Czech Republic, Canada, and the United States), hand signals are designated not only for cyclists, but for every vehicle that does not have signal lights or has damaged signal lights.

Ford Thunderbird

ThunderbirdFordT-Bird
They were factory fitted to 1965–1971-model Ford Thunderbirds, to 1967–1973 Mercury Cougars, to Shelby Mustangs between 1967 and 1970, to 1969 Imperials, to the Japanese-market 1971–1972 Nissan Cedric, and to Ford Mustangs since 2010.
For 1965, sequential turn signals were added, flashing the individual segments of the broad, horizontal tail lights in sequences from inside to outside to indicate a turn.

Fog

advection fogfreezing fogground fog
They may produce white or selective yellow light, and were designed for use at low speed to increase the illumination directed towards the road surface and verges in conditions of poor visibility due to rain, fog, dust or snow.
Automotive lighting

Amber (color)

amberamber coloramber light
With some regional exceptions, lamps facing rearward must emit red light, lamps facing sideward and all turn signals must emit amber light, while lamps facing frontward must emit white or selective yellow light.
* Amber is used in traffic lights and turn signals.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

NHTSAU.S. National Highway Traffic Safety AdministrationNational Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
A 2008 US study by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) suggests vehicles with amber rear signals rather than red ones are up to 28% less likely to be involved in certain kinds of collisions, and a 2009 NHTSA study determined there is a significant overall safety benefit to amber rather than red rear turn signals.
Cost–benefit requirements have been used as the basis for lighting-related regulation in the U.S; for example, while many countries in the world since at least the early 1970s have required rear turn signals to emit amber light so they might be distinguished from adjacent red brake lamps, U.S. regulations permit rear turn signals to emit red light on grounds of cost-effectiveness and reasonableness, while NHTSA research showed amber rear turn signals may provide additional crash-avoidance benefit, NHTSA opted to require the center high mounted 3rd brake light to achieve safety goals.

Trafficators

direction indicatorsflippersilluminated semaphore direction indicators
Some cars from the 1920s to early 1960s used retractable semaphores called trafficators rather than flashing lights.
They were common on vehicles until the introduction of the flashing amber, red or white indicators at or near the corners of the vehicle (and often along the sides as well).

List of automotive light bulb types

a designation for a type of automotive light bulb9004, 9007, and H13automotive halogen lamp
Many types of bulbs have been used.
Other automotive lighting applications such as auxiliary lamps or interior lighting may not be regulated, but common types are used by many automotive manufacturers.

Headlamp

headlightheadlightsheadlamps
Forward illumination is provided by high- ("main", "full", "driving") and low- ("dip", "dipped", "passing") beam headlamps, which may be augmented by auxiliary fog lamps, driving lamps, or cornering lamps.
Fog lamps were new for 1938 Cadillacs, and their 1954 "Autronic Eye" system automated the selection of high and low beams.

Mobility scooter

mobility scootersscooterscooters
Special warning lights, usually amber, are also sometimes mounted on slow or wide vehicles such as mobile cranes, excavators, tractors, and even mobility scooters in certain conditions.
The tiller may contain other features also, for example, a speed limiter, lighting controls (for nighttime use) and turn signals.

H1 lamp

H1H1 halogen
The first halogen lamp approved for automotive use was the H1, which was introduced in Europe in 1962, 55 W producing 1500 lm.
The H1 is a halogen lamp designed for use in automotive headlamps and fog and driving lamps.

Chrysler 300

300Chrysler 300CChrysler 300C SRT-8
Some vehicles from non-European brands which are adaptions of European-market offerings, such as the first generation Ford Transit Connect, come standard with rear fog lights, or vehicles with European market counterparts, such as the second generation Chrysler 300, have an option for them.
Exterior changes included revised sheet metal, thinner roof pillars, a more raked windshield, bi-xenon HID projector headlights, LED daytime running strips within the headlights, new taillights with LEDs and a horizontally slotted front grille with an updated version of the Chrysler winged brand emblem.

Trunk (car)

boottrunktailgate
Many cars have lights in the trunk (or boot), the engine compartment, and the glovebox and other storage compartments.
On cars with their trunk in the rear, lids sometimes incorporate a center mounted third brake light.

Lexus LS (XF40)

Lexus LS 600h LLexus LS 600hLexus LS
The Lexus LS 600h features LED low beam, position and side marker lamps in North America, and the 2009 Cadillac Escalade Platinum uses LEDs for the low and high beams, as well as for the position and side marker lamps.
Also debuting in late 2009 for the 2010 model year was the revised LS hybrids, including refreshed front and rear fascias, a four-bar grille, the addition of side mirror turn signals, and new wheel designs.