Autumn

Leaves often turn orange and fall off from trees in the autumn.
Autumnal scene with yellow, orange and red leaves on trees and fallen on the ground
"Jesień" (Autumn) Józef Chełmoński picture of 1875 presenting a typical view of autumn in Polish 19th century countryside
Autumn coloration at the Kalevanpuisto park in Pori, Finland.
Maple leaves changing colour by a creek.
Pumpkin pie is commonly served on and around Thanksgiving in North America
All Saints' Day at a cemetery in Sanok – flowers and lit candles are placed to honor the memory of deceased relatives.
Harvest straw bales in a field of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Halloween pumpkins
Autumn in Sedniv, Ukraine
Autumn, by Giuseppe Collignon
Autumn, by Pierre Le Gros the Elder
Autumn (1573), by Giuseppe Arcimboldo
Autumn (1896), by Art Nouveau artist Alphonse Mucha
Autumn (1871), by Currier & Ives
This 1905 print by Maxfield Frederick Parrish illustrated John Keats' poem Autumn

One of the four temperate seasons.

- Autumn

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Season

Division of the year based on changes in weather, ecology, and the number of daylight hours in a given region.

Tropical dry season in Maharashtra, India
Tropical wet season/monsoon in Maharashtra, India
Illumination of Earth at each change of astronomical season
This diagram shows how the tilt of Earth's axis aligns with incoming sunlight around the winter solstice of the Northern Hemisphere. Regardless of the time of day (i.e. the Earth's rotation on its axis), the North Pole will be dark and the South Pole will be illuminated; see also arctic winter. In addition to the density of incident light, the dissipation of light in the atmosphere is greater when it falls at a shallow angle.
Animation of seasonal differences especially snow cover through the year
Four Seasons by Alphonse Mucha (1897)
Four temperate and subpolar seasons: (above) winter, spring, (below) summer, autumn/fall
Note: Distances are exaggerated and not to scale
The annual cycle of insolation (Sun energy, shown in blue) with key points for seasons (middle), quarter days (top) and cross-quarter days (bottom) along with months (lower) and Zodiac houses (upper). The cycle of temperature (shown in pink) is delayed by seasonal lag.
The six modern mid-latitude ecological seasons. From bottom, clockwise: prevernal, vernal, estival, serotinal, autumnal, hibernal
Wet and dry seasons
Illumination of Earth by Sun at the northern solstice.
Illumination of Earth by Sun at the southern solstice.
Diagram of the Earth's seasons as seen from the north. Far right: southern solstice
Two images showing the amount of reflected sunlight at southern and northern summer solstices respectively (watts / m{{sup|2}}).

In temperate and sub-polar regions, four seasons based on the Gregorian calendar are generally recognized: spring, summer, autumn (or fall), and winter.

Spring (season)

One of the four temperate seasons, succeeding winter and preceding summer.

Blooming flowers and trees in spring
Hundreds of sour cherry blooming in Extremadura, Spain, during spring
Late April in the Alps. At high elevations (or latitudes), spring is often the snowiest period of the year.
A willow in Stockholm in April 2016
Sowing at spring in Estonia
Holi in Nepal
Easter procession, commemorating the Resurrection of Jesus

When it is spring in the Northern Hemisphere, it is autumn in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa.

Harvest

Process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields.

Harvesting in Volgograd Oblast, Russia
Straw of hay in a field of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Harvesting maize field in Rantasalmi, South Savonia, Finland
Rye harvest on Gotland, Sweden, 1900–1910.
Sugar beet harvester. Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Harvesting rice in Alginet, Land of Valencia, 1953.

"Harvest", a noun, came from the Old English word hærf-est (coined before the Angles moved from Angeln to Great Britain) meaning "autumn" (the season), "harvest-time", or "August".

Summer

Summer in Belgium
In the middle of summer, the sun can appear even at midnight in the northern hemisphere. Photo of midnight sun in Inari, Finland.
Wet season thunderstorm at night in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.
Image of Hurricane Lester from late August 1992.
Hotels and tourists along the Atlantic Ocean shoreline in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina in summer
Children cycling during summer
Barefoot skiing
Fig trees bear fruit when summer is near
Using a handheld fan in summer

Summer is the hottest of the four temperate seasons, occurring after spring and before autumn.

Winter

Coldest season of the year in polar and temperate climates.

Forest covered in snow during Winter
Animation of snow cover changing with the seasons
In the mid-latitudes and polar regions, winter is associated with snow and ice.
In the Southern Hemisphere winter extends from June to September, pictured in Caxias do Sul in the southern highlands of Brazil.
Sea ice in the Port of Hamburg, Germany
The snowshoe hare, and some other animals, change color in winter.
River Thames frost fair, 1683, with Old London Bridge in the background
People enjoying the winter weather outdoors in Helsinki, Finland
Allegory of Winter by Jerzy Siemiginowski-Eleuter with Aeolus' Kingdom of the Winds, 1683, Wilanów Palace

It occurs after autumn and before spring.

Deciduous

Like a number of other deciduous plants, Forsythia flowers during the leafless season.
Deciduous plants in mid- to high latitudes shed their leaves as temperatures drop in autumn.
Deciduous trees were introduced to the temperate regions of Australia where they are used as ornamental plants, as seen here at a suburban street in Sydney.
alt=Aerial view of tropical deciduous trees|Dry-season deciduous tropical forest
alt=View of treetops with light spring growth scattered amid darker evergreens|Mixed tropical and subtropical deciduous forest in spring, Texas, United States
Tropical dry deciduous forests in southern India in the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

In the fields of horticulture and botany, the term deciduous means "falling off at maturity" and "tending to fall off", in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, after flowering; and to the shedding of ripe fruit.

Apple

Edible fruit produced by an apple tree .

Blossoms, fruits, and leaves of the apple tree (Malus domestica)
Apple blossom
Wild Malus sieversii apple in Kazakhstan
"Brita as Iduna" (1901) by Carl Larsson
Heracles with the apple of Hesperides
Adam and Eve by Albrecht Dürer (1507), showcasing the apple as a symbol of sin
Apple tree in Germany
Apple blossom from an old Ayrshire cultivar
Orchard mason bee on apple bloom, British Columbia, Canada
L. K. Relander, the former President of Finland, with his family picking apples in the 1930s
Different kinds of apple cultivars in a wholesale food market
Leaves with significant insect damage
An apple core, part of an apple not usually eaten, containing the seeds
Machine for paring, coring, and slicing apples, from Henry B. Scammell's 1897 handbook Cyclopedia of Valuable Receipts
'Alice'
'Ambrosia'
'Ananasrenette'
'Arkansas Black'
'Aroma'
'Belle de Boskoop'
'Bramley'
'Cox's Orange Pippin'
'Cox Pomona'
'Cripps Pink'
'Discovery'
'Egremont Russet'
'Fuji'
'Gala'
'Gloster'
'Golden Delicious'
'Goldrenette', ('Reinette')
'Granny Smith'
'Honeycrisp'
'James Grieve'
'Jonagold'
'Lobo'
'McIntosh'
'Sciros'
'Red Delicious'
'Sampion' (Shampion)
'Stark Delicious'
'SugarBee'
'Summerred'
'Tellissaare'
'Yellow Transparent'

The fruit is a pome that matures in late summer or autumn, and cultivars exist in a wide range of sizes.

World Series

Annual championship series of Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL).

Rooftop view of a 1903 World Series game in Boston
Christy Mathewson threw 3 complete-game shutouts in the 1905 World Series.
The 1919 Chicago White Sox team photo
Bill Mazeroski hit a dramatic ninth-inning walk-off home run that decided the 1960 World Series
The Catch: Willie Mays hauls in Vic Wertz's drive near the wall in Game 1 of the 1954 World Series.
1959 World Series action at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
1968 World Series program and tickets for Games 4 and 5 at Tiger Stadium
Carlton Fisk, best known for his "waving fair" home run in Game 6 of the 1975 World Series
Reggie Jackson earned the nickname "Mr. October" by hitting three consecutive home runs in the clinching game six of the 1977 World Series
President Ronald Reagan with the 1988 World Series champions: Los Angeles Dodgers
In Game 6 of the 1991 World Series, Kirby Puckett made a memorable leaping catch in left field to rob an extra-base hit. In the bottom of the 11th inning, Puckett hit a game-winning home run to send the Series to Game 7
Fireworks in SkyDome after Joe Carter's 1993 World Series-winning home run
Game 1 of the 2008 World Series between the Philadelphia Phillies (NL) and Tampa Bay Rays (AL) at Tropicana Field
In 2011, David Freese hit a game-tying two-run triple (with two outs) to send it into extra innings. In the bottom of the 11th, Freese led off with a game-winning home run to send the Series to Game 7
Chicago Cubs celebrate their 2016 World Series victory, their first in 108 years
Game action in the 1906 Series in Chicago (the only all-Chicago World Series to date)
Bill Wambsganss completes his unassisted triple play in 1920
Washington's Bucky Harris scores his home run in the fourth inning of Game 7 (October 10, 1924)
The Chicago Cubs celebrate winning the 2016 World Series, which ended the club's 108-year championship drought.

As the series is played during the fall season in North America, it is also referred to as the Fall Classic.

Saraswati

Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, art, speech, wisdom, and learning.

Saraswati by Raja Ravi Varma
Images of the goddess Saraswati may be found not only in the temples of India, but also in those of Southeast Asia, the islands of Indonesia, China and Japan. In Japan, she is known as Benzaiten (shown), and is traditionally depicted playing a biwa, in keeping with her status as a deity of music, knowledge and all that flows.
Dancing Sarasvati with eight-hands (above) is depicted in three panels of the Hoysaleswara temple, Halebid Karnataka (c. 1150 CE). One of these is shown above. She is in a classical Indian dance posture, and in one of her eight hands she holds a pen, a palm leaf manuscript, a musical instrument and the tools of major arts. The shilpins thus depicted her as the goddess of knowledge and all arts.
A carved idol of the crowned goddess Sharada from late-9th century Kashmir.
Saraswati Puja at Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School, Kolkata, West Bengal
Saraswathi Devi idol at home.
Statues of Chinese Buddhist gods, with Saraswati in the centre, at Jade Buddha Temple in Shanghai, China
Statue of Thurathadi at Kyauktawgyi Buddha Temple (Yangon)
Saraswati in an 18th-century C.E. Tibetan artwork, holding a stick zither.

She is also addressed as Sāradā (the one who offers sāra or the essence), Shāradā (the one who loves the autumn season), Veenā-pustaka-dhārini (the one holding books and a Veena), Vāgdevi, Vāgishvari (both meaning "goddess of speech"), Vāni (speech), Varadhanāyaki (the one bestowing boons), Sāvitri (consort of Brahma), and Gāyatri (mother of Vedas).

Abscission

Shedding of various parts of an organism, such as a plant dropping a leaf, fruit, flower, or seed.

Leaf litter on the forest floor. Annual autumn leaf drop in temperate zones is caused by the abscission of the mature leaves from the growth season in response to the approach of cold winter weather.
Abscission of the hypanthium during development of a nectarine fruit
Streptocarpus leaf showing abscission line in response to reduced day length

A plant will abscise a part either to discard a member that is no longer necessary, such as a leaf during autumn, or a flower following fertilisation, or for the purposes of reproduction.