Avanti (Ancient India)

AvantiMalavasAvanti KingdomMalavaMalava KingdomAvanti (India)Avanti regionMalavakasMalwa
Avanti was an ancient Indian Mahajanapada (Great Realm), roughly corresponded to the present day Malwa region.wikipedia
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History of India

ancient IndiaIndiaIndian history
Avanti was an ancient Indian Mahajanapada (Great Realm), roughly corresponded to the present day Malwa region.
Ancient Buddhist texts, like the Anguttara Nikaya, make frequent reference to these sixteen great kingdoms and republics—Anga, Assaka, Avanti, Chedi, Gandhara, Kashi, Kamboja, Kosala, Kuru, Magadha, Malla, Matsya (or Machcha), Panchala, Surasena, Vriji, and Vatsa.

Ujjain

UjjayiniUjjainiUjjayani
The janapada was divided into two parts by the Vindhyas, the northern part had its capital at Ujjayini and the southern part had its centre at Mahishmati.
It was the capital of the ancient Avanti kingdom, one of the sixteen mahajanapadas.

Mahishmati

MahismatiKing of MahismatiMahiṣmati
The janapada was divided into two parts by the Vindhyas, the northern part had its capital at Ujjayini and the southern part had its centre at Mahishmati.
Mahishmati was the most important city in the southern part of the Avanti kingdom, and later served as the capital of the Anupa Kingdom.

Malwa

MalavaMalwa PlateauMālwa
Avanti was an ancient Indian Mahajanapada (Great Realm), roughly corresponded to the present day Malwa region. According to the Vishnu Purana (II.3), the Bhagavata Purana (XII.I.36) and the Brahma Purana (XIX.17), the Avantis were associated with the Malava, the Saurashtras, the Abhiras, the Suras, the Karushas and the Arbudas and were described as dwelling along the Pariyatra (or Paripatra) mountains (a western branch of the Vindhyas).
The Malwa region had been a separate political unit from the time of the ancient Malava Kingdom.

Pradyota

Ripunjaya, the last Vitihotra ruler of Ujjayini was overthrown by his amatya (minister) Pulika, who placed his son, Pradyota on the throne.
Pradyota was the founder of Pradyota dynasty and a ruler of Avanti.

Heheya Kingdom

HaihayaHaihayasHeheya
According to the Puranic accounts, the Haihayas were the earliest rulers of Avanti, who captured the region from the Nagas.
The Puranas style the Haihayas as the first ruling dynasty of Avanti.

Mahabharata

MahābhārataMahabharatMahabharatha
The Avantis, the ancient people belonging to this realm were described as mahavala (very powerful) in the Udyoga Parva (19.24) of the Mahabharata.
The allies of the Kauravas included the kings of Pragjyotisha, Anga, Kekaya, Sindhudesa (including Sindhus, Sauviras and Sivis), Mahishmati, Avanti in Madhyadesa, Madra, Gandhara, Bahlika people, Kambojas and many others.

Nanda Empire

Nanda dynastyNandaNandas
Avanti was a part of the Magadha empire during the rule of the Shaishunaga and the Nanda dynasties.
The 14th century Jain writer Merutunga, in his Vichara-shreni, states that king Chandra Pradyota of Avanti died on the same night as the Jain leader Mahavira.

Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh StateMPM.P.
Later, they migrated to the Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh states of India.
The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the area of the ancient Avanti Mahajanapada, whose capital Ujjain (also known as Avantika) arose as a major city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE.

Vatsa

Vatsa KingdomVatsabhumiVatsas
Pradyota captured the Vatsa king Udayana but later he married his daughter Vasavadatta to Udayana.
On the other hand, Bhāsa's Pratijñāyaugandharāyaṇa says that she took "full charge of the administration" while Udayana was held as a prisoner by King Pradyota of Avanti, and "the way in which she discharged her duties excited the admiration of even experienced ministers".

Mahajanapadas

Kingdoms of Ancient IndiaMahajanapadaancient India
Avanti was an ancient Indian Mahajanapada (Great Realm), roughly corresponded to the present day Malwa region.

Shishunaga

ShushunagaSisunagaSisunaka
He was defeated by Shishunaga, the king of Magadha.
He conquered Avanti kingdom by defeating Nandivardhana or Avantivardhana, the last king of Pradyota dynasty.

Vindhya Range

VindhyaVindhyasVindhyan
The janapada was divided into two parts by the Vindhyas, the northern part had its capital at Ujjayini and the southern part had its centre at Mahishmati.

Udyoga Parva

Next book of Mahabharata: Udyoga ParvaPrevious book of Mahabharata: Udyoga ParvaUdyoga
The Avantis, the ancient people belonging to this realm were described as mahavala (very powerful) in the Udyoga Parva (19.24) of the Mahabharata.

Vishnu Purana

VishnuViṣṇu PurāṇaVishnu Puran
According to the Vishnu Purana (II.3), the Bhagavata Purana (XII.I.36) and the Brahma Purana (XIX.17), the Avantis were associated with the Malava, the Saurashtras, the Abhiras, the Suras, the Karushas and the Arbudas and were described as dwelling along the Pariyatra (or Paripatra) mountains (a western branch of the Vindhyas).

Bhagavata Purana

Srimad BhagavatamBhagavataBhagavatam
According to the Vishnu Purana (II.3), the Bhagavata Purana (XII.I.36) and the Brahma Purana (XIX.17), the Avantis were associated with the Malava, the Saurashtras, the Abhiras, the Suras, the Karushas and the Arbudas and were described as dwelling along the Pariyatra (or Paripatra) mountains (a western branch of the Vindhyas).

Brahma Purana

BrahmaBrahma PuranasStories Of Creation
According to the Vishnu Purana (II.3), the Bhagavata Purana (XII.I.36) and the Brahma Purana (XIX.17), the Avantis were associated with the Malava, the Saurashtras, the Abhiras, the Suras, the Karushas and the Arbudas and were described as dwelling along the Pariyatra (or Paripatra) mountains (a western branch of the Vindhyas).

Saurashtra (region)

SaurashtraSaurashtra regionSurashtra
According to the Vishnu Purana (II.3), the Bhagavata Purana (XII.I.36) and the Brahma Purana (XIX.17), the Avantis were associated with the Malava, the Saurashtras, the Abhiras, the Suras, the Karushas and the Arbudas and were described as dwelling along the Pariyatra (or Paripatra) mountains (a western branch of the Vindhyas).

Abhira tribe

AbhiraAbhirasAbiria
According to the Vishnu Purana (II.3), the Bhagavata Purana (XII.I.36) and the Brahma Purana (XIX.17), the Avantis were associated with the Malava, the Saurashtras, the Abhiras, the Suras, the Karushas and the Arbudas and were described as dwelling along the Pariyatra (or Paripatra) mountains (a western branch of the Vindhyas).

Karusha Kingdom

KarushaKarushasAdhirjayas
According to the Vishnu Purana (II.3), the Bhagavata Purana (XII.I.36) and the Brahma Purana (XIX.17), the Avantis were associated with the Malava, the Saurashtras, the Abhiras, the Suras, the Karushas and the Arbudas and were described as dwelling along the Pariyatra (or Paripatra) mountains (a western branch of the Vindhyas).

Dīgha Nikāya

Digha NikayaDNDigha Nikāya
The Mahagovindasuttanta of the Dighanikaya mentions an Avanti king Vessabhu (Vishvabhu) and his capital Mahissati (Mahishmati).

Gautama Buddha

BuddhaSakyamuniShakyamuni
Pradyota was contemporary to Gautama Buddha.

Ajatashatru

AjatasattuAjatshatruAjātaśatru
The Mahavagga described him as cruel and according to the Majjhima Nikaya, Ajatashatru, the king of Magadha fortified Rajagriha to protect it from an invasion led by Pradyota.